Kilo class submarine: Wikis

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OP KILO.JPG
An Iranian Kilo class submarine, the Yunes
Class overview
Builders: Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering “Rubin”, Admiralty Shipyard (Sudomekh), Shipyard 199, Nizhniy Novgorod, completed at Sevmashpredpriyatiye, Severodvinsnk, Shipyard 112, Komsolol'sk-na-Amur
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
 People's Liberation Army Navy
 Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
 Indonesian Navy
 Polish Navy
 Romanian Naval Forces
 Algerian National Navy
 Indian Navy
 Vietnamese People's Navy (2010)
Preceded by: Tango class submarine
Succeeded by: Lada class submarine
In commission: April 1982
Building: 6
Completed: 49
Active: 42
Laid up: 7
General characteristics
Displacement: Surfaced: 2,300-2,350 tons
Submerged:3,000-4,000 tons full load
Length: 70.0-74.0 meters
Draft: 6.5 m
Depth of hold: Operational: 240 meters
Maximum: 300 meters
Installed power: Diesel-electric
Propulsion: Diesel-electric propulsion
2 x 1000 kW Diesel generators
1 x 5,500-6,800 shp Propulsion motor
1 x fixed-pitch Propeller
Speed: Surfaced: 10-12 knots
Submerged: 17-25 knots
Range: With snorkel: 6,000-7,500 miles at 7 knots
Submerged: 400 miles at 3 knots
Full run: 12.7 miles at 21 knots
Endurance: 45 days
Test depth: 300 m
Complement: 52
Armament: 6/553 mm torpedo tubes
18 torpedoes
24 mines
8 SA-N-8 Gremlin or 8 SA-N-10 Gimlet Surface-to-air missiles (export submarines may not be equipped with air defense weapons)

The Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a military diesel-electric submarine that is made in Russia. The original version of the vessels were designated Project 877 Paltus (Turbot) in Russia. There is also a more advanced version, designated as Improved Kilo in the west, and Project 636 Varshavyanka in Russia. The Kilo will be succeeded by the Lada class submarine, which began sea trials in 2005.

The boats are mainly intended for anti-shipping and anti-submarine operations in relatively shallow waters. Original Project 877 boats are equipped with Rubikon MGK-400 sonar system (with NATO reporting name Shark Gill), which includes a mine detection and avoidance sonar MG-519 Arfa (with NATO reporting name Mouse Roar). Newer Project 636 boats are equipped with improved MGK-400EM, with MG-519 Afra also upgraded to MG-519EM. The improved sonar systems have reduced the number of operators needed by sharing the same console via automation.

Anechoic tiles are fitted on casings and fins to absorb the sonar sound waves of active sonar, which results in a reduction and distortion of the return signal.[1] These tiles also help attenuate sounds that are emitted from the submarine, thus reducing the range by which the sub may be detected by passive sonar.[2]

Contents

Operators

The first submarine entered service in the Soviet Navy in 1982, and the class remains in use with the Russian navy. 17 vessels are believed to still be in active service with the Russian Navy, while 7 vessels are thought to be in reserve.[3] So far, 33 vessels have been exported to several countries:

Specifications

There are several variants of the Kilo class. The information below is the smallest and largest number from the available information for all three variants of the ship.[17]

  • Displacement:
    • 2,300-2,350 tons surfaced
    • 3,000-4,000 tons submerged
  • Dimensions:
    • Length: 70-74 meters
    • Beam: 9.9 meters
    • Draft: 6.2-6.5 meters
  • Maximum speed
    • 10-12 knots surfaced
    • 17-25 knots submerged
  • Propulsion: Diesel-electric 5,900 shp (4,400 kW)
  • Maximum depth: 300 meters (240-250 meters operational)
  • Endurance
    • 400 nautical miles (700 km) at 3 knots (6 km/h) submerged
    • 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 7 knots (13 km/h) snorkeling (7,500 miles for the Improved Kilo class)
    • 45 days sea endurance
  • Armament
  • Crew: 52
  • Price per unit is US$200–250 million (China paid approx. US$1.5-2 billion for 8 Project 636 Kilo class submarines)

Gallery

See also

  • INS Sindhurakshak - an Indian submarine of the Kilo class
  • Losharik
  • Patrick Robinson - author of the novels Nimitz Class and Kilo Class; both describe hypothetical situations involving Kilo class submarines, though lacking credible detail[citation needed]. The Kilo is portrayed in many of Robinson's other novels, where the ships' stealth may be overemphasized.
  • List of ships of Algeria

References

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