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This is a Korean name; the family name is Kim.
Kim Jwa-jin
Hangul 김좌진
Hanja 金佐鎭
Revised Romanization Gim Jwa-jin
McCune–Reischauer Kim Chwajin
Pen name
Hangul 백야
Hanja 白冶
Revised Romanization Baegya
McCune–Reischauer Paegya

Kim Jwa-jin (December 16, 1889 – January 24, 1930), sometimes called the "Korean Makhno" or by his pen name Baekya, played an important role in the Korean Anarchist Movement and in the development of Korean nationalism.

Kim was born to a wealthy family of the Andong Kim lineage in Hongseong County, Chungcheong province. His father was Kim Hyeong-gyu. When Kim was 18, he released 50 families of slaves when he publicly burned the slave registry and provided each family with enough land to live on. This was the first emancipation of slaves in modern Korea.[1]

Contents

Acts

Kim Jwa-jin, had recognised and fought against Japanese imperialism from an early stage. In 1919 Kim established Northern military administration office army (북로군정서군, 北路軍政署軍). In October 21, 1920 General Kim lured up to 3,000 Japanese soldiers lead by Regimental Japanese commander Kano in the battle fields of Siberia to Chingshanli‎, where Kim's army killed or wounded many Japanese soldiers with another Korean independence army general Hong Beom-do, General Kim lead the Korean righteous armies to victory at the Battle of Cheongsanni.

Afterward general Kim was appointed as the chairman of an executive committee at the age of 38 and attempted to integrate the Independence Movement groups in Manchuria. When anarchist and nationalist groups founded a rebel state in Japanese Manchuria in the province of Shinmin in 1929, Kim Jwa-jin was chosen to lead its armed forces. He was charged with organizing and leading guerrilla attacks on the Japanese. Though the Japanese soldiers were far more experienced and better armed than Kim Jwa-jin's band, Kim's attacks were successful both in defending the young Anarchist community of Shinmin, and in encouraging other groups in North-East Asia to resist the occupiers. Kim Jwa-jin's exploits are said to be legendary in Manchuria and North Korea.

Kim Jwa-jin was assassinated in 1930 while repairing a rice mill the Korean Anarchist Federation had built in Shinmin. Although his assassin was never found, the assassin's handler was caught and executed.

Shinmin after Kim Jwa-jin

After the assassination of Kim Jwa-jin, the Anarchist Movement in Manchuria and Korea became subject to massive repression. Japan sent armies to attack Shinmin from the south, while Chinese Stalinists formerly allied with the anarchists attacked from the north. By the summer of 1932, Shinmin's most prominent anarchists were dead, and the war on two fronts was becoming untenable. The anarchists went underground and anarchist Shinmin was no more.

As a leader of the Korean independence movement, Kim is remembered in both North and South Korea. In 1991, the town of Hongseong restored his birthplace. A festival is now held in his honor every October. [2]

Family

  • Father: Kim Hyeong-Gyu
  • 1st Wife: Lady Oh (오씨 부인)
  • 2nd Wife: Lady Kim (김씨 부인)
  1. Son: Kim Du-han
  2. Grand daughter: Kim Eul-Dong
  3. Great-grandson: Song Il Gook

References

Bibliography

  • Ha Ki-rak (1986). History of the Korean anarchist movement. Seoul: Anarchist Publishing Committee.  

External links

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