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A kindergarten classroom in Afghanistan.
.About this sound Kindergarten (German, literally means "children's garden") is a form of education for young children which serves as a transition from home to the commencement of more formal schooling.^ If women are educated, that means their children will be too.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You are now in the position to help us getting African Giggles – kindergarten re-opened, in the interest of many deserving children – lacking any form of education at the moment.

^ Calling Americans to Serve at a Critical Time America is facing unprecedented challenges the economy, health care, energy, schools in need of improvement and more.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Children are taught to develop basic skills through creative play and social interaction.^ One reason for this may be that parents perceive that there are specific activities they can do to teach their children school-related basic skills, whereas ways of changing the social maturity or temperamental characteristics of their children are less apparent.
  • Readiness for Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC nces.ed.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Found that full-day children scored significantly higher in math and reading on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills and had fewer absences than half-day children.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Parents and educators everywhere who are engaged in creative efforts to develop new curricula and improve children's ecological understanding will find this book to be an invaluable resource.
  • Green Home Building: Education and Opportunities 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In most countries kindergarten is part of the preschool system[1] of early childhood education.^ Making early childhood education work.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ George W. Bush , Waco, Texas, August 13, 2002 The public education system in America is one of the most important foundations of our democracy.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Another $8 billion would go to early childhood education programs, which vary widely in quality, with the goal of establishing some standards and accountability for preschool programs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Children usually attend kindergarten any time between the ages of two and seven years, depending on the local custom.^ Gurney first taught young children in 1967, forty-two years ago.

^ My two children were very lucky to have great kindergarten teachers.
  • Kindergarten Activities 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on the view that because kindergarten is caught between early childhood education and compulsory public education, the year is often overlooked as an important time for learning.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In most of the United States and anglophone Canada, as well as in parts of Australia (New South Wales, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory) kindergarten is the word used to describe the first year of compulsory education.^ A college education in the United States can be one of the most costly in the world.
  • MediaShift . Education Archives | PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kindergarten students can use picture-word method to learn commonly used direction words, vocabulary words, illustrated picture and writing activities allow and encourage kids to express themslves.
  • free kindergarten learning activities, free kindergarten math and reading worksheets,free kids learning activites, free printable early childhood worksheets 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC prek-8.com [Source type: General]

^ The student is expected to: (A) identify the flags of the United States and Texas; (B) recite the Pledge of Allegiance; and (C) explain the use of voting as a method for group decision making.

.In British English, nursery or playgroup is the usual term for preschool education, and kindergarten is rarely used, except in the context of special approaches to education, such as Steiner-Waldorf education (the educational philosophy of which was founded by Rudolf Steiner).^ Teachers—preschool, except special education .
  • Education Administrators 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Found no differences in special education referrals.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ College or university department heads or chairpersons are in charge of departments that specialize in particular fields of study, such as English, biological science, or mathematics.
  • Education Administrators 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Purpose

.Children attend kindergarten to learn to communicate, play, and interact with others appropriately.^ Observers of trends in kindergarten scheduling argue that changing the length of the kindergarten day begs the underlying issue of creating developmentally and individually appropriate learning environments for all kindergarten children, regardless of the length of the school day (Karweit, 1992; Katz, 1995).
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ On the other hand, a leading professional association in early childhood education--the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)--has adopted the position that kindergartens should have programs and practices that are more age appropriate and that better accommodate individual differences in background, learning, and experience (Bredekamp, 1987).
  • Readiness for Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC nces.ed.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Encourage play with children of other cultures, genders, and abilities.
  • Kindergarten Family Guide | WSD 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC home.wsd.wednet.edu [Source type: General]

.A teacher provides various materials and activities to motivate these children to learn the language and vocabulary of reading, mathematics, and science, as well as that of music, art, and social behaviors.^ Kindergarten students can use picture-word method to learn commonly used direction words, vocabulary words, illustrated picture and writing activities allow and encourage kids to express themslves.
  • free kindergarten learning activities, free kindergarten math and reading worksheets,free kids learning activites, free printable early childhood worksheets 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC prek-8.com [Source type: General]

^ Some children will learn how to sound out words faster; others will read by sight or have difficulty understanding the process of reading but enjoy it anyways.

^ This activity will vary according to the age of the children you are working with.

.For children who previously have spent most of their time at home, kindergarten may serve the purpose of helping them adjust to being apart from their parents without anxiety.^ Lydia H. Sigourney The parents who are unwilling to permit their children to undergo a course of training under strict discipline, are the ones who deserve the reproof.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of children who at times went without food in 2008 rose from approximately 700,000 to 1.1 million.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The first group consisted of 16 children who participated in a full-day kindergarten program, and the second group consisted of 61 children who participated in a half-day kindergarten program.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.It may be their first opportunity to play and interact with a consistent group of children on a regular basis.^ The first group consisted of 16 children who participated in a full-day kindergarten program, and the second group consisted of 61 children who participated in a half-day kindergarten program.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Kindergarten may also allow mothers, fathers, or other caregivers to go back to part-time or full-time employment.^ Findings indicated that both schools offering full-time kindergarten had a literacy and numeracy emphasis at the center of their mandates.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Full-day kindergarten allows children and teachers time to explore topics in depth, reduces the ratio of transition time to class time, provides for greater continuity of day-to-day activities, and provides an environment that favors a more developmentally appropriate approach to the curriculum.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Full-day kindergarten may be especially beneficial for students of low socioeconomic backgrounds.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

History

Friedrich Fröbel opened the first kindergarten in Germany in 1840.
Many origins are claimed for the first kindergarten. .In Scotland in 1816, Robert Owen, a philosopher and pedagogue, opened an infant school in New Lanark.^ Duncan is an experienced and accomplished leader who is open to the new, bold and innovative ideas needed to truly improve our schools."
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Duncan is an experienced and accomplished leader who is open to the new, bold and innovative ideas needed to truly improve our schools.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

[2][3][4] Another was opened by Samuel Wilderspin in London in 1819.[5] The first kindergarten in Hungary was founded on 27 May 1828 by the countness Theresa Brunszvik (1775–1861) in her residence in the city of Buda under the name of Angyalkert (Angel garden)[2][6]. Soon the concept was reproduced all over the Hungarian kingdom, becoming a popular institution between the nobility and the middle class.
.Later, Friedrich Fröbel (1782-1852) opened the first institute of Preschool education outside of Hungary, on June 28, 1840 to mark the four hundredth anniversary of Gutenberg's invention of movable type.^ This marked Secretarys first appearance on Capitol Hill to outline the Presidents education goals.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ This will mark Secretarys first appearance on Capitol Hill to outline the Presidents education goals.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Fröbel created the name and the term Kindergarten (Children's Garden) for the Play and Activity Institute, which he had founded in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg, in the small, former principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, Germany.^ Lesson 3 or 4 Food Clap (Played like Animal Clap--again can be an independent literacy center activity or a small group activity.
  • Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.pcboe.net [Source type: General]

^ More shared reading activities can be found at: Shared Reading in Kindergarten and Preschool Posted by Elaine Engerdahl at 5:24 PM 0 comments Links to this post Labels: Shared Reading Older Posts Subscribe to: Posts (Atom) .

^ Feel free to browse for fun and educational activities for kindergarten and preschool children.

.The success of Fröbel's institute of Preschool education in Germany earned the universal denomination of Kindergarten for these kind of institutions, with which it was exported to the rest of Europe and the World.^ Baca earned a Doctorate in Educational Leadership from Seattle University, 1999.
  • Washington State Board of Education Home Page 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.sbe.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Wilder Institute was created to promote and support permaculture education and design around the world.
  • Green Home Building: Education and Opportunities 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Feel free to browse for fun and educational activities for kindergarten and preschool children.

.The first kindergarten in the United States was founded in Watertown, Wisconsin by Margarethe (Meyer) Schurz (wife of activist/statesman Carl Schurz) in 1856. It was based on Fröbelite principles that she had learned about in Europe.^ But first they learned about the flag's symbolism.

^ After-school program At Chalkley Elementary, the Tracks after-school program uses project-based learning to reinforce reading and math skills for about 150 students.

^ States will be selected based on a number of criteria, including recent policy efforts around full-day kindergarten (successful or unsuccessful).
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

Schurz’s older sister, Bertha Meyer Ronge, had opened "Infant Gardens" in London (1851), Manchester (1859), and Leeds (1860). Margarethe Schurz initially taught five children in her home (including her own daughter, Agatha) in Watertown, Wisconsin. .Her success drove her to offer her education to other children as well.^ It will expand quality early education opportunities that will put more children on the path to success.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ This assessment draws from Public Agenda's extensive archive of public opinion research on education as well as from research prepared by other prominent opinion analysts.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Waldorf Schools Waldorf schools offer a well thought out approach to K-12 education.

.While Schurz's first kindergarten was German-language, she also advocated the establishment of English-language kindergartens.^ Kindergarten English Language Arts Technology Activities .

She is credited with converting Elizabeth Peabody to the Fröbel philosophy at a meeting in Boston in 1859.
.Later that year, Peabody founded the first English-language kindergarten in America in Boston, following Schurz's model.^ Reports assessment of the first-year results of several new kindergarten initiatives in Montgomery County Public Schools.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Kindergarten English Language Arts Technology Activities .

.The first free kindergarten in America was founded in 1870 by Conrad Poppenhusen, a German industcatrialist and philanthropist who settled in College Point, NY, where he established the Poppenhusen Institute, still in existence today.^ Ruth is former student of ours, who is the first in her family to graduate from high school, and is now starting college.

^ This metaanalysis found that, overall, students who attended full-day kindergarten manifested significantly greater achievement than half-day attendees.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The first group consisted of 16 children who participated in a full-day kindergarten program, and the second group consisted of 61 children who participated in a half-day kindergarten program.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

The first publicly financed kindergarten in the United States was established in St. Louis in 1873 by Susan Blow.

Afghanistan

.In Afghanistan, the equivalent term to kindergarten is کودکستان, pronounced as kudakistan (kudak – means child and stan – means land) and is not part of the actual school system.^ Some years ago, my wife, my son, and I came to a parting of the ways with the Sommerville Public School System.
  • MediaShift . Education Archives | PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Official policy had the effect of encouraging the opening of schools, but throughout the greater part of Rome's history, neither compulsory education nor a state school system was enforced or erected.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This study surveyed regular and extended-day kindergarten teachers in the Detroit public school system.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Children between the age of 3 and 6 attend kindergartens which are often run by government.^ Based on the view that because kindergarten is caught between early childhood education and compulsory public education, the year is often overlooked as an important time for learning.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "In the fall of 1998, about 4 million children were attending kindergarten," says a National Center for Educational Statistics study.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ EJ595656 PS529663 Title: Early Childhood Education Services for Kindergarten-Age Children in Four Canadian Provinces: Scope, Nature, and Future Models.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.According to law, every government office must have kindergarten area within it.^ The delays raise the risk of children being sickened by contaminated food, according to the audit by Congress' Government Accountability Office.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Early childhood education In Afghanistan

.Early childhood development (ECD) programs address the needs and development of young children from birth to 6 years of age, their families, and their communities.^ I have been teaching Early Childhood for 26 years.

^ Bricks 4 Kidz provides project-based programs designed to teach principles and methods of engineering to children, ages 3-12, using LEGO® bricks.
  • Kindergarten Franchises: Franchising Opportunities & Business Info 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.franchising.com [Source type: News]

^ By Kittredge, Betsy Miller on July 15, 2009 10:32 AM A key piece of Presidents Obamas education agenda is helping children enter kindergarten with the skills they need to succeed by supporting comprehensive and effective early learning programs for children from birth to age 5.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.They are multidimensional and designed to support children’s health, nutritional, cognitive, social, and emotional abilities, enabling them to survive and thrive in later years.^ They reveal how much the parameters of ecological design have expanded in just a few short years.
  • Green Home Building: Education and Opportunities 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Child nutrition programs provide children with access to low-cost, nutritious food to support healthy growth and development.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Reflecting cultural values, they must be deeply rooted within families and communities, blending what are known about environments that enhance optimal child development with an understanding of traditional child-rearing practices that support and/or curtail a child’s development.^ The student will describe American culture by explaining diverse community and family celebrations and customs.

^ Understanding acoustic design, surface materials and services will provide optimal educational environments.
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Explain the things the students see in the pictures so they can learn about different community workers.

.The goal of the ECD strategy is to help families ensure that their children reach school age, not only healthy and well nourished, but intellectually curious, socially confident, and equipped with a solid foundation for lifelong learning.^ Public school teachers say they love their work and are confident in their ability to reach most students.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Teachers' views on how the public schools are performing; what children need to learn; and what schools need to be effective are explored.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hearing will further examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Develop and implement programs to provide better start in lives to younger age children before their schools (kindergarten) as well as to support school-age children who are out of school and missed their schooling by providing them Non-formal Education and vocational training.^ HUNTINGTON -- The Regional Education Service Agency (RESA 2) based in Huntington is urging West Virginia lawmakers to support boards of education and county school systems by continuing to provide funding to RESA agencies.

^ Advocating an early childhood education structure that is state-supported, accountable for high standards, sufficiently funded to include all children who need it and whose parents want it, and comparable to the systems of other high-achieving industrialized nations, this report provides baseline information about U.S. states' provision of early childhood education, including policies of preschool programs for 3- and 4-year-olds and kindergarten for 5-year-olds.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Recent research indicates that, compared with children in formal academically oriented programs, children in kindergarten programs that provided more child-initiated and informal activities rated their abilities significantly higher, had higher expectations for success on academic tasks, and were less dependent on adults for permission and approval (Stipek et al., 1995).
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

Background

ECD programs have a relatively short history in Afghanistan. They were first introduced during the Soviet occupation with the establishment in 1980 of 27 urban preschools, or kodakistan. .The number of preschools grew steadily during the 1980s, reaching a high of more than 270 by 1990, with 2,300 teachers caring for more than 21,000 children.^ Bruno Bettelheim , Austrian-American child psychologist, author (1903-1990) Example has more followers than reason.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 11,000 teachers instruct students from 164 countries.

^ The number of children who at times went without food in 2008 rose from approximately 700,000 to 1.1 million.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

These facilities were an urban phenomenon, mostly in Kabul, and were attached to schools, government offices, or factories. .Based on the Soviet model, they provided nursery care, preschool, and kindergarten for children from 3 months to 6 years of age under the direction of the Department of Labor and Social Welfare.^ Children were given montessori education, free meals and care at no or minimal charge (R50/month, if the parents could afford it).

^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The woman who puts all her efforts into closing a non profit kindergarten for children from financially underprivileged families is made “woman of the year”?

.The vast majority of Afghan families were never exposed to this system, and most of those who were never fully accepted it because it diminished the central role of the family and inculcated children with Soviet values.^ We found the vast majority of young adults, of all races, strongly believe in the value of higher education.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of them were founded by visionary businessmen who believed that children from working class and poor families should have the same educational advantages as children from families with money.

^ As the fall term approaches, our secretary has been phoning the families of the 34 children who attended our summer program to.

With the onset of civil war after the Soviet withdrawal, the number of kindergartens dropped rapidly. .By 1995, only 88 functioning facilities serving 2,110 children survived, and the Taliban restrictions on female employment eliminated all of the remaining centers in areas under their control.^ The school with half-day kindergarten served children of various ethnic backgrounds with a broad range of socioeconomic needs and was located in a suburban area.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ McGraw-Hill Construction - Continuing Education Center Infection Control in Healthcare Facilities: Creating an Environment for Healing .
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

At present, no programs of any size exist, facilities have been destroyed, and trained personnel are lacking. .In 2007, there are about 260 Kindergarten offering early year’s stimulation to over 25000 children.^ The Early Years Project examined the half-day kindergarten and half-day child-care system in Canada from the perspectives of parents, kindergarten teachers, and child-care staff.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Based on the view that because kindergarten is caught between early childhood education and compulsory public education, the year is often overlooked as an important time for learning.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The woman who puts all her efforts into closing a non profit kindergarten for children from financially underprivileged families is made “woman of the year”?

.It is estimated that 2.5 million Afghan children are less than 6 years of age.^ Of the 1.2 million jobs lost last year, 60 percent were held by workers aged 25 or younger.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Now several top private schools are offering free or greatly reduced tuition for children from families making less than $75,000.

^ If children were given rewards for drawing, they began to draw less than other children who were not rewarded for drawing.

A range of both biological and environmental risk factors act synergistically to exert a powerful negative influence on the growth and development of the Afghan child. A mix of religious and tribal customs and beliefs permeates Afghan society, with kinship substituting for government in most areas. Communities are traditionally closely knit with a strong emphasis on the extended family. Roles are clearly defined and central to the social order. Decades of war, massive displacement, and changing power structures caused the collapse of community-support networks and the erosion of the extended family—one of the most basic traditional coping mechanisms. Large numbers of women are widowed and have had to assume unaccustomed and nontraditional roles as family breadwinners. One quarter of all children die before the age of 5 as a result of birth trauma, neonatal tetanus diarrhea, pneumonia, and vaccine-preventable diseases. .Iron-deficiency anemia is widespread, affecting half to two thirds of children under 5 years of age.^ Gurney first taught young children in 1967, forty-two years ago.

^ States will need to create data collection systems that should ideally show how children perform year to year as well as how teachers affect student performance over time.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Of the 1.2 million jobs lost last year , 60 percent were held by workers under the age of 25.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Large numbers of children are chronically malnourished; 45–59% show high levels of stunting. Malnutrition half of all girls marry before the age of 18, and many soon after adolescence. .Confronted with these interlocking threats to development, children arrive at school unable to take advantage of learning opportunities.^ After all, it is where children from all over America learn to be responsible citizens, and learn to have the skills necessary to take advantage of the fantastic opportunistic society.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I hope states that dont presently meet the eligibility requirements will decide to take the steps necessary to meet them to take full advantage of this unprecedented opportunity to take our schools to the next level.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ School buildings should be safe, healthy and modern learning environments for children and teachers.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.It is not surprising that dropout rates are high.^ More than half of all students who drop out are from the so-called dropout factories the 2,000 high schools with dropout rates above 40 percent.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Figures from 1999 show that one in four children dropped out of school in grade 2 and almost one in two in grades 3 and 4. In addition to the child’s physical and health status, other factors contributing to high dropout rates are family issues and competing priorities for the child’s time, irregular teacher attendance, subject irrelevance, and poor quality of teaching.^ Each day 7,000 U.S. students drop out of high school.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ At a time of intense concern over the quality of the teaching force, this study shows that individuals entering the profession are admirably dedicated to their craft.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among those who took part in the ceremonies was Daniel Lee Murphy of Huntington, who was a candidate for a bachelor of arts degree in health and physical education-teaching.

.At present, no policies deal with early childhood and no institutions have either the responsibility or the capacity to provide such services.^ Comments (1) Today, the Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education Subcommittee continues the series of hearings devoted to strengthening early childhood education with a hearing on Improving Early Childhood Development Policies and Practices.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ CEEP provides publications and information to the worldwide early childhood and parenting communities.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Some highlights include : Early Childhood - The law provides $5 billion for early-childhood programs, including the federally funded Head Start for low-income families.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.In the past, the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs was accountable for kindergartens, nurseries, and crèches, while orphanages fell within the purview of MOE. At present, the Ministries of Education, Labor and Social Affairs, and Women’s Affairs have expressed an interest in overseeing the early childhood sector.^ Making early childhood education work.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Another $8 billion would go to early childhood education programs, which vary widely in quality, with the goal of establishing some standards and accountability for preschool programs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Comments (1) Today, the Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education Subcommittee continues the series of hearings devoted to strengthening early childhood education with a hearing on Improving Early Childhood Development Policies and Practices.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

As the Government continues to define and restructure ministerial responsibilities, the strengths and limitations of various options, including an inter-ministerial coordination agency, should be carefully considered. .While formal structures do not exist, it is not clear whether any informal childcare arrangements exist at the community level other than those provided by family members.^ To take the savings by cutting the subsidies to the lenders and recycling those on behalf of families and students and our community institutions so that we can expand the educational opportunities in this country.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.As women enter the work force, it is likely that a market for private preschool services will emerge in urban areas.^ The study also portrays the hit-or-miss career path experienced by those who enter the work force with a college or technical degree.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Crosscutting issues

.In addition to linkages with heath and nutrition, the early childhood sector addresses several crosscutting issues, including gender and children with disabilities.^ Some highlights include : Early Childhood - The law provides $5 billion for early-childhood programs, including the federally funded Head Start for low-income families.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ EJ595656 PS529663 Title: Early Childhood Education Services for Kindergarten-Age Children in Four Canadian Provinces: Scope, Nature, and Future Models.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Education Disability Policy Early Childhood Elementary and Secondary Education Higher Education Literacy and Adult Education Other Education and Youth Issues Teacher Issues .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

The roots of discrimination against girls, the stereotyping of male and female models of behavior, and the acceptance of male domination and violence against women are formed very early within the family. .These values are reinforced in the school, community, and institutions that support children and their families.^ Recommendations for school districts were also drawn from the results, including recognizing children's needs, supporting teachers, and keeping parents informed.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ About $10 billion would go to community colleges -- the biggest infusion of federal cash ever to these institutions.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ They could encourage their guests to get involved in supporting the school as well, and I know that this would benefit their business, because tourists want to get involved in helping the communities that they visit.

.Since gender-equity issues in education begin in early childhood, the strategy suggested is one of informal community-based programs that support the capacity of families and communities to provide a fair start to girls as well as boys, and help parents better perceive the capabilities of the girl-child, thus leading to a longer period of schooling and increasing the probability that girls will enter and remain in primary school.^ Promote parent and family involvement by developing outreach strategies to parents that will help them support their childrens development.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Making early childhood education work.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ CEEP provides publications and information to the worldwide early childhood and parenting communities.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The term “children with disabilities” subsumes a wide range of atypical disorders, from short-term behavior problems to long-term physical, mental, and emotional disabilities.^ Multimedia journalism is one of those terms often used to refer to a wide range of online content.
  • MediaShift . Education Archives | PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 65 percent say some children with behavior problems get misdirected into special ed.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In view of this, there is an urgent need to provide attention to children with these disabilities.^ Teachers' views on how the public schools are performing; what children need to learn; and what schools need to be effective are explored.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of these interventions were used disproportionately on some of our most vulnerable students -- children with disabilities.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.The integrated holistic approach to normal child development provides a unique opportunity to identify these children early in life and to provide them with early intervention services.^ Providing important educational services to children who are homeless or otherwise at risk of school failure.

^ Many of these interventions were used disproportionately on some of our most vulnerable students -- children with disabilities.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Research shows that these programs, which provide a variety of services ranging from pre-natal medical care to school readiness and family literacy programs, can help improve student achievement, reduce child abuse rates, improve early identification of developmental delays and disabilities, and improve access to health services.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.The recommended strategy is to equip paraprofessionals and families with the skills needed for the early identification of disabilities and intervention with infants and young children.^ Many of these interventions were used disproportionately on some of our most vulnerable students -- children with disabilities.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Promote parent and family involvement by developing outreach strategies to parents that will help them support their childrens development.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Australia and New Zealand

In each state of Australia, kindergarten (or 'kindy' for short) means something slightly different. .In New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, it is the first year of primary school.^ We'll start with our First Day of School Traditional Root Beer Float Toasts (Thanks to Crater Lake Soda for supplying the root beer this year!

^ Reports assessment of the first-year results of several new kindergarten initiatives in Montgomery County Public Schools.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The study compared four portfolio assessment scores of two groups of first grade students in the East Brunswick Public School District (New Jersey).
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

In Victoria, kindergarten is a form of preschool and may be referred to interchangeably as preschool or kindergarten. .In Victoria the phrase for the first year of primary school is called preparatory (or 'Prep' for short), as it is also called in Tasmania and Queensland.^ Choosing an Elementary School You would think it would be easier to get your child into an elementary or primary school than into a prep school.

^ We'll start with our First Day of School Traditional Root Beer Float Toasts (Thanks to Crater Lake Soda for supplying the root beer this year!

^ But schools this year likely will be slower to call off classes, based on new information.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.In Queensland, kindergarten is usually an institution for children around the age of 4 and thus it is the precursor to preschool and primary education.^ The Wilder Institute was created to promote and support permaculture education and design around the world.
  • Green Home Building: Education and Opportunities 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And this is how I bring up my children – every day I use daily things around us to educate them to all sorts of different knowledge.
  • Philosophy of Education: Famous Philosopher's Quotes on Educational Philosophy, Teaching Philosophy Truth Reality 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "In the fall of 1998, about 4 million children were attending kindergarten," says a National Center for Educational Statistics study.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The first year of primary school education in Western Australia, South Australia or the Northern Territory is referred to respectively as pre-primary, reception or transition.^ This first installment of funds will help schools save teaching jobs and maintain education programs for low-income students and students with disabilities.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ We'll start with our First Day of School Traditional Root Beer Float Toasts (Thanks to Crater Lake Soda for supplying the root beer this year!

^ Lansing -- The state Board of Education will have its first chance today to publicly review comprehensive school reforms passed by lawmakers in December.
  • detnews.com | The Detroit News | Schools | Detroit News Online -- Local and online source for in-depth news about schools and colleges in Detroit and Michigan. 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.detnews.com [Source type: News]

In New Zealand, kindergarten refers to the 2 years preceding primary school, from age 3 to 4. Primary Education starts at age 5.

Bulgaria

.In Bulgaria, the term detska gradina (деτска градина) refers to the schooling children attend from 3 to 6 years of age.^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Many famous children have attended private schools.

^ International Schools Sending your children to an international school might make sense if you plan on being in the U.S. only for a few years.

.It is followed by pre-school class, which is attended for a year before primary school.^ What happens if my child suddenly takes sick before the end of the school year?

^ Anchorage school district full-day kindergarten study: A follow-up of the kindergarten classes of 1987-88, 1988-89, and 1989-90 .
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Like many nerds, probably, it was years after high school before I could bring myself to read anything we'd been assigned then.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

Canada

Student teachers training in a kindergarten class in 1898 in Toronto, Canada.
In Ontario there are two grades of kindergarten: junior kindergarten and senior kindergarten (referred to as JK and SK). .Junior kindergarten begins for children in the calendar year in which they turn four years old.^ The Bible , Proverbs , 22:6 Children begin by loving their parents; after a time they judge them; rarely , if ever, do they forgive them.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The woman who puts all her efforts into closing a non profit kindergarten for children from financially underprivileged families is made “woman of the year”?

^ Fourteen-year-olds didn't start smoking pot because they'd heard it would help them forget their problems.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] .Both kindergarten grades are typically run on a half-day or every-other-day schedule though full day Monday to Friday kindergarten is being introduced.^ What are the effects of full-day kindergarten programs?
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ ERIC Search using descriptors "full day half day schedules" and "kindergarten."
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Full-day Kindergarten Longitudinal Effects...
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In Ontario, both the senior and junior kindergarten programs, also called the "Early Years", are optional programs.^ Outlining a kindergarten instruction program, this book addresses the length of the kindergarten day and the best practices in early literacy.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Early Years Project examined the half-day kindergarten and half-day child-care system in Canada from the perspectives of parents, kindergarten teachers, and child-care staff.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The report describes findings from a comprehensive set of data analyses covering the literacy performance of students in both kindergarten options for each of the years 1999-2000 and 2000-2001.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

Mandatory schooling begins in Grade One.
.Within the province of Quebec, junior kindergarten is called prématernelle (which is not mandatory), is attended by 4 years olds, and senior kindergarten is called maternelle, mandatory by the age of 5, this class is integrated into primary schools.^ The Secretaries would also be able to award six-year competitive grants to states to implement successful Challenge Grant Program reforms at other community and junior colleges within the state.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Choosing an Elementary School You would think it would be easier to get your child into an elementary or primary school than into a prep school.

^ This would be part of an investigation GAO launched at Millers request last year into the safety of meat served in school cafeterias.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Within the French school system in the province of Ontario, junior kindergarten and senior kindergarten are called maternelle and senior kindergarten is sometimes called jardin d'enfants, which is a calque of the German word Kindergarten.^ Jennipher's Class The Little Kids (as well call the kindergarteners and first graders) have been working on words with "b" and "n" in them.

^ This study surveyed regular and extended-day kindergarten teachers in the Detroit public school system.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In Western Canada and in Newfoundland and Labrador, there is only one year of kindergarten.^ The Early Years Project examined the half-day kindergarten and half-day child-care system in Canada from the perspectives of parents, kindergarten teachers, and child-care staff.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Participating in the study were two kindergarten teachers and their classrooms serving similar diverse inner city populations in western Canada, one a half-day program and the other a full-day program.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

After that year, the child begins grade one.
The province of Nova Scotia refers to Kindergarten as Grade Primary.

China

In the equivalent term to kindergarten is 幼儿园 (Hanyu pinyin:yòu'éryuán). .The children start attending kindergarten at the age of 2 until they are at least 6 years old.^ Here are some excerpts from the letters they sent him: "I'm ten years old.

^ From the start, education reform should include high quality early learning opportunities from birth through age 5 to help give children what they will need to grow and succeed.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The woman who puts all her efforts into closing a non profit kindergarten for children from financially underprivileged families is made “woman of the year”?

Denmark

.Two-thirds of established day-care institutions in Denmark are municipal day-care centres while the other third are privately owned and are run by associations, parents, or businesses in agreement with local authorities.^ How is it possible that Ms Bea Whittaker is awarded “woman of the year” if she is the exact and only reason that 15 children had to leave a fantastic day care centre?

^ Only then she used her right to appeal and stopped us from running the day care centre.

^ The Early Years Project examined the half-day kindergarten and half-day child-care system in Canada from the perspectives of parents, kindergarten teachers, and child-care staff.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In terms of both finances and subject-matter, municipal and private institutions function according to the same principles.^ An old principle of law was that nonprofit institutions (e.g., churches, hospitals, private schools and colleges) could not be sued for torts.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any serious rivalry from private education systems will siphon off Élites and thus fatally weaken both the drive and the financing of the state system.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.Denmark is credited with pioneering (although not inventing) forest kindergartens, in which children spend most of every day outside in a natural environment.^ Observers of trends in kindergarten scheduling argue that changing the length of the kindergarten day begs the underlying issue of creating developmentally and individually appropriate learning environments for all kindergarten children, regardless of the length of the school day (Karweit, 1992; Katz, 1995).
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Changes in American society and education over the last 20 years—such as the increase in single-parent and dual-employment households and the fact that most children now spend a significant part of the day away from home—have contributed to the popularity of all-day (every day) kindergarten programs in many communities (Gullo, 1990).
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The school with half-day kindergarten served children of various ethnic backgrounds with a broad range of socioeconomic needs and was located in a suburban area.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

Egypt

.In Egypt, children may go to kindergartens for two years (KG1 and KG2) between the ages of four and six.^ Gurney first taught young children in 1967, forty-two years ago.

^ Based on the view that because kindergarten is caught between early childhood education and compulsory public education, the year is often overlooked as an important time for learning.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ EJ595656 PS529663 Title: Early Childhood Education Services for Kindergarten-Age Children in Four Canadian Provinces: Scope, Nature, and Future Models.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

France

In France, pre-school is known as école maternelle (French for "nursery school"). .State-run, free maternelle schools are available throughout the country, welcoming children aged from 2 to 5 (although in many places, children under three may not be granted a place).^ Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License ; additional terms may apply.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Official policy had the effect of encouraging the opening of schools, but throughout the greater part of Rome's history, neither compulsory education nor a state school system was enforced or erected.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

The ages are divided into Grande section (GS: 5 year olds), Moyenne section (MS: 4 year olds), Petite section (PS: 3 year olds) and Toute petite section (TPS: 2 year olds). It is not compulsory, yet almost 100% of children aged 3 to 5 attend. It is regulated by the French department.

Germany

A German Kindergarten class.
.The German preschool is known as a Kindergarten (plural Kindergärten) or Kita (short for Kindertagesstätte), meaning ‘children's daycare center’.^ "In the fall of 1998, about 4 million children were attending kindergarten," says a National Center for Educational Statistics study.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Descriptors: Academic Achievement; Full Day Half Day Schedules; *Kindergarten; *Kindergarten Children; Literature Reviews; Preschool Curriculum; Scheduling; State of the Art Reviews .
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Children between the ages of 3 and 6 attend Kindergärten, which are not part of the school system.^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Official policy had the effect of encouraging the opening of schools, but throughout the greater part of Rome's history, neither compulsory education nor a state school system was enforced or erected.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ President Obama and Secretary Duncan have demonstrated that they are serious about transforming our schools and building a world-class education system for all children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.They are often run by city or town administrations, churches, or registered societies, many of which follow a certain educational approach as represented, e.g., by Montessori or Reggio Emilia.^ Comparison of Montessori, Waldorf & Reggio Emilia A table comparison of the three popular early childhood education approaches.

^ Facts About Reggio Emilia Reggio Emilia is an approach to early childhood education which has gained popularity throughout the western world.

Forest kindergartens are well established. .Attending a Kindergarten is neither mandatory nor free of charge, but can be partly or wholly funded, depending on the local authority and the income of the parents.^ The booklet concludes by noting that choosing a kindergarten schedule depends on multiple factors, including the students needs; the needs and wishes of parents, teachers, administrators, and community members; and the availability of space, teachers, funding, and other resources.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

Kindergärten can be open from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. or longer and may also house a .Kinderkrippe, meaning crèche, for children between the ages of nine months and two years, and possibly an afternoon Hort (often associated with a primary school) for school-age children aged 6 to 10 who spend the time after their lessons there.^ There is little trace of Hellenic boys creeping unwillingly to school: their lessons were made eminently attractive.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is not, perhaps, in the kingdom, a more dogmatical, or luxurious set of men, than the pedantic tyrants who reside in colleges and preside at public schools.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of children who at times went without food in 2008 rose from approximately 700,000 to 1.1 million.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Alongside nurseries, there are day-care nurses (called Tagesmutter, plural Tagesmütter - the formal, gender-neutral form is Tagespflegeperson(en)) working independently from any pre-school institution in individual homes and looking after only three to five children typically up to three years of age.^ Observers of trends in kindergarten scheduling argue that changing the length of the kindergarten day begs the underlying issue of creating developmentally and individually appropriate learning environments for all kindergarten children, regardless of the length of the school day (Karweit, 1992; Katz, 1995).
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Calling Americans to Serve at a Critical Time America is facing unprecedented challenges the economy, health care, energy, schools in need of improvement and more.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ There has been a trend away from half-day or alternate-day kindergarten schedules and toward full-day kindergarten in many school districts.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

These nurses are supported and supervised by local authorities.
.The term Vorschule, meaning ‘pre-school’, is used both for educational efforts in Kindergärten and for a mandatory class that is usually connected to a primary school.^ I look forward to working closely with both of them to build a stronger economy that gives all Americans the opportunity to receive a world-class education.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The bill uses definitions from existing law and creates new definitions relevant to schools: Continue reading Definitions of Terms Used in the Preventing Harmful Restraint and Seclusion in the Schools Act .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Comments (3) On Tuesday, May 19, the House Committee on Education and Labor will hold a hearing to examine abusive and deadly uses of seclusion and restraint in U.S. schools .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Both systems are handled differently in each German state.^ Any serious rivalry from private education systems will siphon off Élites and thus fatally weaken both the drive and the financing of the state system.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

The Schulkindergarten is a type of Vorschule.

Hong Kong

.Pre-primary Services in Hong Kong refers to provision of education and care to young children by kindergartens and child care centres.^ In addition, a list of grants for universal prekindergarten and full-day kindergarten from 1997 to 2003 illustrate the evolution of the FCD focus from child care to universal prekindergarten and full-day kindergarten.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The panel testified to the importance of investing in high quality early education and child care opportunities for children from birth to five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Kindergartens, registered with the Education Bureau, provide services for children from three to six years old.^ The bill will increase the education reward participants receive for this service from $4,725 to $5,350 for next year, the same as the maximum Pell Grant scholarship award.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Based on the view that because kindergarten is caught between early childhood education and compulsory public education, the year is often overlooked as an important time for learning.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Understanding acoustic design, surface materials and services will provide optimal educational environments.
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

.Child care centres, on the other hand, are registered with the Social Welfare Department and include nurseries, catering for children aged two to three, and creches, looking after infants from birth to two.^ How is it possible that Ms Bea Whittaker is awarded “woman of the year” if she is the exact and only reason that 15 children had to leave a fantastic day care centre?

^ The hearing will further examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ This study is based on two national surveys, one with 1,000 public school teachers and the other with 1,220 parents of children in public schools.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At present, most of the kindergartens operate on half-day basis offering upper, lower kindergarten classes and nursery classes.^ There has been a trend away from half-day or alternate-day kindergarten schedules and toward full-day kindergarten in many school districts.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Superintendents attributed increased academic performance and first- grade adjustment to full-day kindergarten and indicated that many parents desired full-day classes.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Low-income, urban areas should implement full-day kindergarten programs and smaller classes in first through third grades.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Some kindergartens operate full-day kindergarten classes too.^ What are the effects of full-day kindergarten programs?
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Full-day Kindergarten Longitudinal Effects...
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Full-day kindergarten programs.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Child care centres also provide full-day and half-day services with most centres providing full-day services.^ In addition, a list of grants for universal prekindergarten and full-day kindergarten from 1997 to 2003 illustrate the evolution of the FCD focus from child care to universal prekindergarten and full-day kindergarten.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Full-day versus half-day kindergarten: An experimental study .
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This study examined kindergarten teachers' perceptions regarding the change in schedule from an everyday, half-day program to an alternating day, full-day program.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The aim of pre-primary education in Hong Kong is to provide children with a relaxing and pleasurable learning environment to promote a balanced development of different aspects necessary to a child's development such as the physical, intellectual, language, social, emotional and aesthetic aspects.^ No doubt such a system of education will entail, at any rate for a century or two, certain crudities which will militate agains the development of the individual.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were no differences in any child assessment measures; the greatest gains for both groups were in the domains of language and literacy and mathematical thinking, and the smallest gains were in personal and social development.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The hearing will further examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.To help establish the culture of self-evaluation in kindergartens and to provide reference for the public in assessing the quality and standard of pre-primary education, the Education Bureau has developed Performance Indicators for pre-primary institutions in Hong Kong.^ Another $8 billion would go to early childhood education programs, which vary widely in quality, with the goal of establishing some standards and accountability for preschool programs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Superintendents attributed increased academic performance and first- grade adjustment to full-day kindergarten and indicated that many parents desired full-day classes.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Results indicated that, in terms of literacy development, attending full-day kindergarten is superior to attending three-quarter or half day kindergarten.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Commencing in the 2000/01 school year, Quality Assurance Inspection was launched to further promote the development of quality Early Childhood Education.^ Making early childhood education work.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Research shows that participants in early childhood programs are as much as 29 percent more likely to graduate from high school and 40 percent less likely to repeat grades or be placed in special education.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ We also saw that the entire panel agreed that the debate about the importance of quality early childhood education is over; study after study has shown that high quality early education does make a positive difference in a childs life.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Hungary

A Hungarian pre-school class having outdoor activities.
.In Hungary, one of the first countries to institute early-childhood schooling, the institution proves to be extremely demanding both for the children and the teachers.^ School buildings should be safe, healthy and modern learning environments for children and teachers.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Recommendations for school districts were also drawn from the results, including recognizing children's needs, supporting teachers, and keeping parents informed.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ African Giggles is a happy school with wonderful pupils and teachers, and it offers children from all backgrounds a great education.

The profession is reserved mostly only for women.[citation needed] For being accepted as nursery pedagogues, the ladies must demonstrate remarkable singing ability and memorization capabilities for poems.[citation needed] As a result, entry into the profession can be very competitive.
.The children between 3 and 6 years attend the pre-school (which in hungarian is called óvoda, or place for caring).^ Calling Americans to Serve at a Critical Time America is facing unprecedented challenges the economy, health care, energy, schools in need of improvement and more.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Its not such a good place for a children day care centre, Jens v.

^ How is it possible that Ms Bea Whittaker is awarded “woman of the year” if she is the exact and only reason that 15 children had to leave a fantastic day care centre?

.The kids arrive to the óvoda at 7am and their parents retrieve them at 3pm, however they can stay after 3pm if their parents must work beyond that time.^ The Bible , Proverbs , 22:6 Children begin by loving their parents; after a time they judge them; rarely , if ever, do they forgive them.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Full-day programs, which accommodate parents' work schedules, are now commonplace; they may benefit some disadvantaged kids more than their affluent counterparts.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In Hungary the óvoda is a place that seriously develops artistic abilities in the children, occupying them with extracts of poems from the 19th century, folkloric songs, and all kinds of musical instruments.^ Sarah Sidis, mother of William James Sidis It (obedience) is the sole duty of the children; it develops sooner than other moral feelings, for it is the root of all morality.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Hungarian óvoda institution has also been exported by the Hungarian communities all over the world, keeping the language and folkloric traditions, and having a very respectable level in countries like United States, Australia, Canada, Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela.^ To take the savings by cutting the subsidies to the lenders and recycling those on behalf of families and students and our community institutions so that we can expand the educational opportunities in this country.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Majorities of immigrants report they become comfortable in the United States quickly, even as ties to their birth country have become stronger since we last surveyed immigrants in 2002.
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

India

In India, pre-school is divided into three stages -Playgroup, Junior kindergarten (Jr. KG) and Senior kindergarten (Sr. .KG).Equlay it is divided in Two stage - LKG(Lower Kindergarten), UKG (Upper Kindergarten) Typically, a Playgroup consists of children of age group from one and half to two and half years.^ The first group consisted of 16 children who participated in a full-day kindergarten program, and the second group consisted of 61 children who participated in a half-day kindergarten program.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Data sources included semi-structured interviews with kindergarten staff, anecdotal comments generated by the teacher throughout the year for student report cards, quantitative data on student progress, and quantitative data on a comparison group of students in a half-day kindergarten.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Gurney first taught young children in 1967, forty-two years ago.

Jr. KG class would comprise children three and half to four and half years of age, and the Sr. .KG class would comprise children four and half to five and half years of age.^ Dina Titus: High-Quality Child Care from Birth to Age Five is Vital to the Future Success of Our Children .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ EJ595656 PS529663 Title: Early Childhood Education Services for Kindergarten-Age Children in Four Canadian Provinces: Scope, Nature, and Future Models.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The kindergarten is a place where young children learn as they play with materials and cope up to live with other children and teachers.^ Talks with teachers of young children: A collection.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Talks with teachers of young children: A collection .
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In the classroom, teachers found they had more time for extended projects, play and self- directed activities; however, they gave up traditional calendar activities, increased review time, and found that theme units disintegrated.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

It is also a place where adults can learn; they observe children and participate with them. It can serve as a laboratory for the study of human relations.
.The value of Kindergarten as a laboratory for studying about people will depend, in part, on the opportunities children may have there for play and for relationships with others.^ This study examined the actual and perceived effects of full-day kindergarten on students' growth in play and problem solving, language and literacy, and socioemotional development.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "In the fall of 1998, about 4 million children were attending kindergarten," says a National Center for Educational Statistics study.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ It is noted that drawing conclusions from the existing research is not easy, in part because kindergarten practices and student populations vary widely and because there are few studies in which students are assigned randomly to full- and half-day classrooms.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

The main objectives of kindergarten school are:
.
  • To develop a good physique, adequate muscular co-ordination and basic motor skill in the child.
  • To develop good health habits and to build up basic skills necessary for personal adjustments such as dressing themselves, toilet and eating habits.
  • To develop emotional maturity by guiding the child to express, understand, accept and control his feelings and emotions.
  • To develop good desirable social attitudes, manners and to encourage healthy group participation.
  • To encourage aesthetic appreciation (art, music, beauty, etc.^ Our liberal arts core curriculum provides the necessary basis for leadership and the knowledge and skills for success in a wide range of professions.
    • Search for Colleges and Universities, Admissions, Financial Aid, Scholarship, Online Degrees and Testing Information � SchoolGuides.com 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.schoolguides.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ There were no differences in any child assessment measures; the greatest gains for both groups were in the domains of language and literacy and mathematical thinking, and the smallest gains were in personal and social development.
    • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
    • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ They're still developing fine motor skills and need this practice.

    )
  • To stimulate the child’s beginning of intellectual curiosities concerning his immediate environment.
  • To encourage the child’s independence and creativity by providing him with sufficient opportunities.
“The school is an opportunity for progress of the student. Each one is having the freedom to develop freely.”
In most cases the pre-school is run as a private school. .Younger children may also be put into a special toddler/nursery group at the age of 2. It is run as part of the kindergarten.^ All this is put into your hands as your inheritance in order that you may receive it, honour it, and add to it, and one day faithfully hand it on to your children.
  • Philosophy of Education: Famous Philosopher's Quotes on Educational Philosophy, Teaching Philosophy Truth Reality 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ EJ595656 PS529663 Title: Early Childhood Education Services for Kindergarten-Age Children in Four Canadian Provinces: Scope, Nature, and Future Models.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.After finishing Senior kindergarten, a child enters Class 1 or Standard 1 of primary school.^ This years class of graduating college seniors also enters one of the toughest jobs markets in decades for recent graduates.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Anchorage school district full-day kindergarten study: A follow-up of the kindergarten classes of 1987-88, 1988-89, and 1989-90 .
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Data were collected from two schools offering full-day programs and one school offering half-day kindergarten to students in two classes.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Often kindergarten is an integral part of regular schools, though sometimes they are independent units and are often part of a larger chain.^ This study surveyed regular and extended-day kindergarten teachers in the Detroit public school system.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

Israel

In Israel, a fully developed kindergarten (or Gan) system has been developed to cope with the extremely high percentage of working women in society. There are 2 streams, private commercial and state funded. .Attendance in kindergarten is compulsory from the age of 5 years.^ Based on the view that because kindergarten is caught between early childhood education and compulsory public education, the year is often overlooked as an important time for learning.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Next, the provision of kindergarten is discussed using various state and federal data sources, with exploration of issues such as length of the kindergarten day, compulsory attendance, uncertainty about entrance age, and state differences.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Private kindergartens are supervised by the Ministry of Education and cater for children from 3 months to 5 years.^ Based on the view that because kindergarten is caught between early childhood education and compulsory public education, the year is often overlooked as an important time for learning.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "In the fall of 1998, about 4 million children were attending kindergarten," says a National Center for Educational Statistics study.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ By 4 years old, children from low-income families are already 18 months behind most other 4 year-olds.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.State kindergartens are run by qualified kindergarten teachers who undergo a 4 year training.^ States will need to create data collection systems that should ideally show how children perform year to year as well as how teachers affect student performance over time.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Subjects included 37 female teachers in a small midwestern city who had almost completed the first year of the changed schedule.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Data sources included semi-structured interviews with kindergarten teachers near the end of the academic year and a pre-post assessment of students' literacy skills.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

They cater for children from 3 to 6 years in three age groups; ages 3–4 (Trom Trom Hova), 4-5 (Trom Hova), 5-6 (Hova). At the conclusion of the Hova year (5-6) the child will either begin primary school or will repeat the Hova year, if not deemed psychologically and cognitively ready for primary school.

Japan

.Early childhood education begins at home, and there are numerous books and television shows aimed at helping mothers & fathers of preschool children to educate their children and to parent more effectively.^ Making early childhood education work.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Full Committee Hearing 10:00 AM, June 11, 2008 The Committee held a hearing on bipartisan legislation that would help strengthen American families and help more children arrive at school ready to succeed by expanding access to early childhood home visitation programs for parents and children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Among other investments, H.R. 3221 establishes an Early Learning Challenge Fund to award competitive grants to states that implement comprehensive standards-based reforms to their early learning systems to help transform early education standards and practices, build an effective early childhood workforce, and improve the school readiness outcomes of young children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Much of the home training is devoted to teaching manners, proper social behavior, and structured play, although verbal and number skills are also popular themes.^ Internet Skills: Teach them "back" and "home" and scrolling up and down.

.Parents are strongly committed to early education and frequently enroll their children in preschools.^ Another $8 billion would go to early childhood education programs, which vary widely in quality, with the goal of establishing some standards and accountability for preschool programs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The panel testified to the importance of investing in high quality early education and child care opportunities for children from birth to five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Kindergartens (yochien 幼稚園), predominantly staffed by young female junior college graduates, are supervised by the Ministry of Education, but are not part of the official education system.^ It will also boost the education awards volunteers receive in exchange for their service - encouraging more young students to get involved in service while helping them pay for college.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ El kindergarten de día completo Clearinghouse on Early Education and Parenting Clearinghouse on Early Education and Parenting The Clearinghouse on Early Education and Parenting (CEEP) is part of the the Early Childhood and Parenting (ECAP) Collaborative at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign .
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

The 58 percent of kindergartens that are private accounted for 77 percent of all children enrolled. .In addition to kindergartens there exists a well-developed system of government-supervised day-care centers (hoikuen 保育園), supervised by the Ministry of Labor.^ In addition, a list of grants for universal prekindergarten and full-day kindergarten from 1997 to 2003 illustrate the evolution of the FCD focus from child care to universal prekindergarten and full-day kindergarten.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Early Years Project examined the half-day kindergarten and half-day child-care system in Canada from the perspectives of parents, kindergarten teachers, and child-care staff.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ It is noted that drawing conclusions from the existing research is not easy, in part because kindergarten practices and student populations vary widely and because there are few studies in which students are assigned randomly to full- and half-day classrooms.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Whereas kindergartens follow educational aims, preschools are predominately concerned with providing care for infants and toddlers.^ Kiddie Academy is one of the nation's most respected providers of quality educational child care.
  • Kindergarten Franchises: Franchising Opportunities & Business Info 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.franchising.com [Source type: News]

Same as kindergartens there are public or privately run preschools. .Together, these two kinds of institutions enroll well over 90 percent of all preschool-age children prior to their entrance into the formal system at first grade.^ These are all perfect activities for this age.

^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Choose two physical attributes to sort the pictures, such as appearance (These plants all have flowers.

.The Ministry of Education's 1990 Course of Study for Preschools, which applies to both kinds of institutions, covers such areas as human relationships, health, environment, words (language), and expression.^ National Cancer Institute - How to Evaluate Health Information on the Internet Anatomy Information Intellimed - Human Anatomy Online .
  • Radiology | Radiology Education | Radiology Teaching Files | Radiology Textbooks | Radiologist - RadiologyEducation.com: A digital library of radiology education resources 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.radiologyeducation.com [Source type: Academic]

.Starting from March 2008 the new revision of curriculum guidelines for kindergartens as well as for preschools came into effect.^ On July 1st, some new benefits for students will go into effect thanks to the College Cost Reduction and Access Act .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

South Korea

In South Korea, children normally attend kindergarten between the ages of three and six in the Western age system. .(Korean children's ages are calculated differently from Western children's ages: when they are born they are one year old, rather than one day old.^ Found that full-day children scored significantly higher in math and reading on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills and had fewer absences than half-day children.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ By 4 years old, children from low-income families are already 18 months behind most other 4 year-olds.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Students in the full-day program experienced significantly greater growth in the prerequisite skills for reading than children in the half-day program, after taking into account previous ability, age, and gender.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Also, every January 1, everyone's age increases by one year regardless of when their birthday is.^ Nearly one-third of all high school students do not to graduate every year, costing the U.S. economy billions of dollars in lost revenue.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ President Obama has challenged Congress and the American people to take action by asking every American to commit to at least one year of higher education or training.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Hence in Korea, kindergarten children are called "five, six and seven" year olds.^ By 4 years old, children from low-income families are already 18 months behind most other 4 year-olds.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ (Not that I'm so old that I cannot remember the delight I took in wrestling when I was five years old—I remember really enjoying friendly wrestling, especially with my dad!

). The school year begins in March. It is followed by primary school. Normally the kindergartens are graded on a three-tier basis. They are called "Yuchi won" (Korean: 유치원).
Korean kindergartens are private schools. Costs per month vary. .Korean parents often send their children to English kindergartens to give them a head start in English.^ "Improving Head Start for America's Children" .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Such specialized kindergartens can be mostly taught in Korean with some English lessons, mostly taught in English with some Korean lessons, or completely taught in English. .Almost all middle-class parents send their children to kindergarten.^ President Obama and Secretary Duncan have demonstrated that they are serious about transforming our schools and building a world-class education system for all children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Kindergarten programs in South Korea attempt to incorporate much academic instruction alongside more playful activities. Korean kindergarteners learn to read, write (often in English as well as Korean) and do simple arithmetic. .Classes are conducted in a traditional classroom setting, with the children focused on the teacher and one lesson or activity at a time.^ There are enough cards in this file for 6 children and a teacher set.
  • Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.pcboe.net [Source type: General]

^ There are enough cards in this file for 7 children and a teacher set.
  • Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.pcboe.net [Source type: General]

^ States will need to create data collection systems that should ideally show how children perform year to year as well as how teachers affect student performance over time.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

The goal of the teacher is to overcome weak points in each child's knowledge or skills.
.Because the education system in Korea is very competitive, kindergartens are becoming more intensely academic nowadays.^ McGraw-Hill Construction - Continuing Education Center Designing Bullet Resistant Protection Panel Systems: Capture More than the Imagination .
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

Children are pushed to read and write at a very young age. They also become accustomed to regular and considerable amounts of homework. .These very young children may also attend other specialized afternoon schools, taking lessons in art, piano or violin, taekwondo, ballet, soccer or mathematics.^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.In North Korea, children attend kindergarten between the ages of four and five.^ Dina Titus: High-Quality Child Care from Birth to Age Five is Vital to the Future Success of Our Children .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Kindergartens are divided among the upper (party) class and lower (worker) class, where upper-class kindergartens are completely educational, and lower class have little education.

Kuwait

In Kuwait, Kuwaiti children may go to free kindergartens for two years (K1 and K2) between the ages of four and six.

Malawi

.In Malawi, kindergarten is known as "obuko" in Ciyawo-speaking regions and is generally available to children of ages four and five.^ Dina Titus: High-Quality Child Care from Birth to Age Five is Vital to the Future Success of Our Children .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Many English kindergartens also operate throughout the country.

Mexico

.In Mexico, kindergarten is called "kindergarden" or "kínder", with the last year sometimes referred to as "preprimaria" (primaria is the name given to grades 1 through 6, so the name literally means "prior to elementary school").^ This would be part of an investigation GAO launched at Millers request last year into the safety of meat served in school cafeterias.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.It consists of three years of pre-school education, which are mandatory before elementary school.^ The stimulus included $4.35 billion for competitive grants to states to improve elementary and secondary education -- the largest-ever amount of discretionary federal funding for school reform.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Previous nursery is optional, and may be offered in either private schools or public schools.^ Comments (2) On May 14, the House passed the 21st Century Green High-Performing Public School Facilities Act by a vote of 275-155.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ House to Vote May 14 on 21st Century Green High-Performing Public School Facilities Act .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ WHAT: Full Committee Mark-Up of H.R. 2187 21st Century Green High-Performing Public School WHEN: Tuesday, May 5, 2009 10:00 a.m.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

At private schools, kinders usually consist of three grades, and a fourth one may be added for nursery. While the first grade is a playgroup, the other two are of classroom education.
The kindergarten system in Mexico was developed by professor Rosaura Zapata (1876–1963), who received the country's highest honor for that contribution.
.In 2002, the Congress of the Union approved the Law of Obligatory Pre-schooling, which already made pre-school education for three to six-year-olds obligatory, and placed it under the auspices of the federal and state ministries of education.^ The Secretaries would also be able to award six-year competitive grants to states to implement successful Challenge Grant Program reforms at other community and junior colleges within the state.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Congress has also made a commitment to do its part by helping to make our schools part of the green solution.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Duncan also said he plans to ensure that all states have clear policies in place on seclusion, restraint and other physical interventions that are used in schools for the coming academic year.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

[2][3]

Morocco

In Morocco, pre-school is known as école maternelle, Kuttab or Ar-Rawd. .State-run, free maternelle schools are available throughout the kingdom, welcoming children aged from 2 to 5 (although in many places, children under 3 may not be granted a place).^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act will invest $1 billion each year in competitive grants to challenge states to build comprehensive, high quality early learning systems for children birth to age 5.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ In order to be eligible for funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, states are required to take steps to place effective teachers in the classrooms that need them most.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

It is not compulsory, yet almost 80% of children aged 3 to 5 attend. It is regulated by the Moroccan department of education.

Netherlands

In The Netherlands, the equivalent term to kindergarten is kleuterschool. From the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century the term Fröbelschool was also common, after Friedrich Fröbel. However this term gradually faded in use as the verb Fröbelen gained a slight derogatory meaning in everyday language. .Until 1985, it used to be a separate non-compulsory form of education (for children aged 4–6 years), after which children (aged 6–12 years) attended the primary school (lagere school).^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Comments (3) On Tuesday, May 19, the House Committee on Education and Labor will hold a hearing to examine abusive and deadly uses of seclusion and restraint in U.S. schools .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.After 1985, both forms were integrated into one, called basisonderwijs (Dutch for primary education).^ McGraw-Hill Construction - Continuing Education Center Integrating Solar Electric Systems into Roofing Design .
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

The country also offers both private and subsidized daycares, which are non compulsory, but nevertheless very popular.

Peru

.In Peru, the term nido refers to the schooling children attend from 3 to 6 years of age.^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.It is followed by primary school classes, which last for four years.^ This would be part of an investigation GAO launched at Millers request last year into the safety of meat served in school cafeterias.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Welcome to SchoolGuides.com - a comprehensive directory of four- and two-year colleges, nursing and business schools located in the United States.
  • Search for Colleges and Universities, Admissions, Financial Aid, Scholarship, Online Degrees and Testing Information � SchoolGuides.com 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.schoolguides.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But schools this year likely will be slower to call off classes, based on new information.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Some families choose to send their children to primary school at the age of 6. In 1902 the teacher Elvira Garcia and Garcia co-founder of the Society cited above, organized the first kindergarten for children 2 to 8 years old, Fanning annex to the Lyceum for ladies.^ School buildings should be safe, healthy and modern learning environments for children and teachers.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ A PV system can supply some of the energy your school needs, but may be even better as a teacher of physics, energy, and sustainability concepts.
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

^ By 4 years old, children from low-income families are already 18 months behind most other 4 year-olds.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Her studies and concern for children led her to spread through conferences and numerous documents, the importance of protecting children early and to respond to the formation of a personality based on justice and understanding, as well as the use of methods Fröbel and from Montessori and participation of parents in this educational task.^ We also saw that the entire panel agreed that the debate about the importance of quality early childhood education is over; study after study has shown that high quality early education does make a positive difference in a childs life.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The panel testified to the importance of investing in high quality early education and child care opportunities for children from birth to five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ It will expand quality early education opportunities that will put more children on the path to success.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Philippines

.In the Philippines, education officially starts at the Elementary level and placing children into early childhood education through kindergarten is optional to parents.^ Research shows that participants in early childhood programs are as much as 29 percent more likely to graduate from high school and 40 percent less likely to repeat grades or be placed in special education.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Comments (1) Today, the Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education Subcommittee continues the series of hearings devoted to strengthening early childhood education with a hearing on Improving Early Childhood Development Policies and Practices.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The panel testified to the importance of investing in high quality early education and child care opportunities for children from birth to five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Early Childhood Education in the Philippines are classified into:
  • Center-based programs, such as the Barangay day care service, public and private pre-schools, kindergarten or school-based programs, community or church-based early childhood education programs initiated by nongovernment organizations or people's organizations, workplace-related child care and education programs, child-minding centers, health centers and stations; and
  • Home-based programs, such as the neighborhood-based play groups, family day care programs, parent education and home visiting programs.
Early childhood education is strengthened through the creation of Republic Act No. 8980 or the Early Childhood Care and Development Act of 2000.

Romania

In Romania, grădiniţă, which means "little garden" is the favored form of education for preschool (under-6 or under-7) children. The children are divided in "little group" (grupa mică age 3-4), "medium group" (grupa mijlocie age up to 5) and "big group" (grupa mare up to 6 or 7). .In the last few years, private kindergartens have become popular, supplementing the state preschool education system.^ States will need to create data collection systems that should ideally show how children perform year to year as well as how teachers affect student performance over time.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The best-known rating system for green buildings in the United States, LEED struggles with its own rapid rise in popularity .
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

Russia

In the Russian Federation Детский сад (literal translation of a children's park or garden) is an Education Institution for children usually 3 to 7 years of age. It is a Детское дошкольное учреждение (child preschool institution).

Singapore

.Kindergartens in Singapore provide up to three years of pre-school programs for children aged between three and six.^ Child nutrition programs provide children with access to low-cost, nutritious food to support healthy growth and development.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Currently about 1,700 schools participate in the Direct Loan program, including 500 colleges that switched in the past year alone.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The Secretaries would also be able to award six-year competitive grants to states to implement successful Challenge Grant Program reforms at other community and junior colleges within the state.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.The three-year program, known as nursery, kindergarten 1 (K1) and kindergarten 2 (K2) prepares children for their first year in primary school education.^ This first installment of funds will help schools save teaching jobs and maintain education programs for low-income students and students with disabilities.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Big Rapids -- Ferris State University trustees have approved a new doctorate in education program at the Big Rapids schools to train community college leaders.
  • detnews.com | The Detroit News | Schools | Detroit News Online -- Local and online source for in-depth news about schools and colleges in Detroit and Michigan. 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.detnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Economists, business leaders, and child development experts agree that smart investments in early education are vital if we want to close the achievement gap and ensure our children are well prepared to thrive in school and in life.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Some kindergartens further divide nursery into N1 and N2.

United Kingdom

.The term kindergarten is rarely used in Britain to describe pre-school education; pre-schools are usually known as nursery schools or playgroups.^ Comments (3) On Tuesday, May 19, the House Committee on Education and Labor will hold a hearing to examine abusive and deadly uses of seclusion and restraint in U.S. schools .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The bill uses definitions from existing law and creates new definitions relevant to schools: Continue reading Definitions of Terms Used in the Preventing Harmful Restraint and Seclusion in the Schools Act .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Definitions of Terms Used in the Preventing Harmful Restraint and Seclusion in the Schools Act .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.However, the word "kindergarten" is used for more specialist organisations such as forest kindergartens, and is sometimes used in the naming of private nurseries which provide full-day child care for working parents.^ Many factors, including curriculum, quality daycare and more, influence where a parent decides to send their child.
  • Kindergarten Franchises: Franchising Opportunities & Business Info 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.franchising.com [Source type: News]

^ Allow a student to wear the "Royal Word" and to listen for and use the featured word throughout the day.
  • Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.pcboe.net [Source type: General]

^ Kiddie Academy is one of the nation's most respected providers of quality educational child care.
  • Kindergarten Franchises: Franchising Opportunities & Business Info 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.franchising.com [Source type: News]

.In the UK children have the option of attending nursery between the ages of three and five years, before compulsory education begins.^ The hearing will further examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The hearings will examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Before that, less structured childcare is available privately. The details vary slightly between Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
.Some nurseries are attached to state infant or primary schools, but many are provided by the private sector.^ State regulation and oversight varies greatly; many states provide no guidance or assistance regarding these behavioral interventions.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Estimates of State and School District Funding Provided by Green Schools Bill .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.The government provides funding[8] so that all children from the age of three until they start compulsory school, can receive five sessions per week of two and a half hours each, either in state-run or private nurseries.^ The hearing will further examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ In order to continue to receive funding for year three of the grant period, community colleges must meet benchmarks they set in consultation with the Secretary of Educations approval.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ By Kittredge, Betsy Miller on December 9, 2009 11:30 AM Protecting All Children in School Every child should be safe and protected while in school.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Working parents can also spend £55 per week free of income taxes[9], which is typically enough to pay for one or two days per week.^ Nearly 12 million children under age 5 regularly spend time in child care arrangements and children with working mothers spend on average 36 hours per week in such settings.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

The Scottish Government defines its requirements of nursery schools in the Early Years Framework[10] and the Curriculum for Excellence. .Each school interprets these with more or less independence (depending on their management structure), but must satisfy the Care Commission in order to retain their licence to operate.^ Calling Americans to Serve at a Critical Time America is facing unprecedented challenges the economy, health care, energy, schools in need of improvement and more.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Read more Monthly Career Newsletter Signup for MUST High School monthly career newsletter You may qualify for financial aid (Almost 90% students do qualify!
  • Online High School Diploma | GED | Accredited Diploma Program - MUST High School 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.musthighschool.com [Source type: General]

The curriculum aims to develop:
  • Successful Learners
  • Confident Individuals
  • Responsible Citizens
  • Effective Contributors
Nursery forms part of the Foundation Stage of education. .In the 1980s England and Wales officially adopted the Northern Irish system whereby children start school either in the term or year in which they will become five depending on the policy of the Local Education Authority.^ The bill will also increase the education reward they receive from $4,725 to $5,350 for next year, the same as the maximum Pell Grant scholarship award.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ From the start, education reform should include high quality early learning opportunities from birth through age 5 to help give children what they will need to grow and succeed.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ They highlight President Obama's efforts to save taxpayers $47.5 billion over ten years and make loans more dependable for students.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.In Scotland, schooling becomes compulsory between the ages of 4½ and 5½ years, depending on their birthday (school starts in August for children who were 4 by the end of the preceding February).^ In short, we know that those who start earlier, do better, and stay in school longer.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.The first year of compulsory schooling is known as Reception in England, Dosbarth Derbyn in Welsh and Primary One in Scotland and Northern Ireland.^ Nearly one-third of all high school students do not to graduate every year, costing the U.S. economy billions of dollars in lost revenue.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Howell -- Livingston County school districts are considering the first known consolidation of bus service in the state through the intermediate school district.
  • detnews.com | The Detroit News | Schools | Detroit News Online -- Local and online source for in-depth news about schools and colleges in Detroit and Michigan. 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.detnews.com [Source type: News]

United States

.In the United States kindergartens are usually part of the K-12 educational system.^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The best-known rating system for green buildings in the United States, LEED struggles with its own rapid rise in popularity .
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

^ More Department of Education Guidance: (April 1, 2009) Guidance on the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (April 1, 2009) Guidance on Title I, Part A (April 1, 2009) Guidance on IDEA, Part B (April 1, 2009) Guidance on IDEA, Part C (For Department of Education guidance on all Recovery Act funds, click here .
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.Children usually attend kindergarten around age 5 or 6. Kindergarten is considered the first year of formal education, although the child may have gone to preschool.^ The hearing will further examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Children who attend good preschools are more likely to perform well in school and graduate from high school, and are less likely to commit a crime or use drugs.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The first five years of a childs life have a lasting impact on their learning, health, and behavior.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.While kindergarten was viewed as a separate part of the elementary program, it is now fully integrated into the school system and is a full participant in schooling.^ This would be part of an investigation GAO launched at Millers request last year into the safety of meat served in school cafeterias.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Schools will be able to operate these loans using the same on-site system currently used to administer Pell Grant scholarships; almost all schools participate in the program.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Currently about 1,700 schools participate in the Direct Loan program, including 500 colleges that switched in the past year alone.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

There are many positive learning and social/behavioral benefits for children in kindergarten programs. .At the same time, it is widely felt that what children are doing during the kindergarten day is more important than the length of the school day.^ More than 700 schools in the nation closed, including nearly three dozen in the Chicago area.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Chairman Miller said , Ensuring that all children have access to healthy and nutritious meals during the school day is vital to our efforts to help all children learn and succeed.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ More than half of all students who drop out are from the so-called dropout factories the 2,000 high schools with dropout rates above 40 percent.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

"High/Scope Learning" is a style of learning that is used in many kindergartens in the United States..March 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] This learning style is very interactive and requires a great deal of the children and the teacher.^ School buildings should be safe, healthy and modern learning environments for children and teachers.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

It employs a "plan, do, review" approach which enables children to take responsibility for their learning. First the children "plan" their activities. .The teacher provides choices of activities for the children which are age-appropriate and initiate learning, whether through problem solving, reading, language, mathematics, manipulatives, etc.^ The hearing will further examine the early learning and child care needs of children and families, as well as collaborative state efforts and other initiatives to deliver high quality care and education to children from birth through age five.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ From the start, education reform should include high quality early learning opportunities from birth through age 5 to help give children what they will need to grow and succeed.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Quality standards reform that moves toward pre-service training requirements for early learning providers, and adoption of developmentally appropriate standards for teacher-child ratios and group size.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.This planning takes place, usually, when the children walk in the classroom.^ In order to be eligible for funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, states are required to take steps to place effective teachers in the classrooms that need them most.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

Then they "do" their activity. .Some of these activities include such things as a water table, building blocks, a creative dance area, "dress up" area, a reading area, and a drawing table.^ Whether it's a greenhouse or an office building, new technologies are helping designers to pry open these hermetically sealed structures and let in some fresh air .
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

The majority of the children's time is spent in this "do" activity. The last part of this approach is the review part. This is where the children and the teacher go over what they have done that day. This can be done in a large group, especially if there is a theme for the day that is used in all activities, or individually. The children discuss what they did and how they liked it and what they learned from it. .This high/scope learning has grown in popularity and is accepted largely because it allows for the children to be responsible for their own learning.^ To ensure more kids reach kindergarten ready to succeed, the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act includes an Early Learning Challenge Fund to increase the number of low-income children in high quality early learning settings.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ The Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act will invest $1 billion each year in competitive grants to challenge states to build comprehensive, high quality early learning systems for children birth to age 5.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

.In some states, it is not required for children to attend kindergarten.^ As a result of this loose patchwork of state oversight, children at some the programs have been subject to abuse and neglect with little to no accountability.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

[11] .Mandatory age of enrollment varies by state but is usually age 5 or 6. In most states a child may begin kindergarten in the fall term only if age 5 by a state-set date, usually in the summer.^ With nearly 12 million of the 18.5 million children under age five in the United States in some type of regular child care or early education setting, we must ensure that high standards are met for the care of these children.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

^ Choosing a kindergarten is an important decision for parents, one that sets the foundation for their child's education.
  • Kindergarten Franchises: Franchising Opportunities & Business Info 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.franchising.com [Source type: News]

^ These are estimates only based on available and current data and may not reflect exact allocations that states or school districts receive when these funds are actually allocated.
  • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

See also

References

  1. ^ Kindergarten definition from Microsoft Encarta CD edition, 2004.
  2. ^ a b Vag, Otto (March 1975). "The Influence of the English Infant School in Hungary". International Journal of Early Childhood (Springer) 7 (1): 132–136. http://www.springerlink.com/content/9248527032015273/. 
  3. ^ New Lanark Kids: Robert Owen
  4. ^ education in robert owen's new society: the new lanark institute and schools
  5. ^ Wilderspin, Samuel (1823). The Importance of Educating the Infant Poor. London. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=nGYWAAAAIAAJ&client=firefox-a&pg=PA3#v=onepage&q=&f=false. 
  6. ^ Budapest Lexikon, 1993
  7. ^ Ontario's school system, accessed March 5, 2008
  8. ^ Childcare regulations of the Scottish Government
  9. ^ Tax Free Childcare Regulations, UK government HMRC
  10. ^ Early Years Framework, Scottish Government, January 2009
  11. ^ [1] accessed December 23, 2008

Further reading

The following reading list relates specifically to kindergarten in North America where it is the first year of formal schooling and not part of the pre-school system as it is in the rest of the world:
  • Cryan, J. R., Sheehan, R., Wiechel, J., & Bandy-Hedden, I. G.(1992). "Success outcomes of full-day kindergarten: More positive behavior and increased achievement in the years after." Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 7(2),187-203. EJ 450 525.
  • Elicker, J., & Mathur, S.(1997). "What do they do all day? Comprehensive evaluation of a full-day kindergarten." Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 12(4), 459-480. EJ 563 073.
  • Fusaro, J. A.(1997). "The effect of full-day kindergarten on student achievement: A meta-analysis." Child Study Journal, 27(4), 269-277. EJ 561 697.
  • Gullo, D. F.(1990). "The changing family context: Implications for the development of all-day kindergarten." Young Children, 45(4), 35-39. EJ 409 110.
  • Housden, T., & Kam, R.(1992). "Full-day kindergarten: A summary of the research." Carmichael, CA: San Juan Unified School District. ED 345 868.
  • Karweit, N.(1992). "The kindergarten experience." Educational Leadership, 49(6), 82-86. EJ 441 182.
  • Koopmans, M.(1991). "A study of longitudal effects of all-day kindergarten attendance on achievement." Newark, NJ: Newark Board of Education. ED 336 494..
  • Morrow, L. M., Strickland, D. S., & Woo, D. G.(1998). "Literacy instruction in half- and whole-day kindergarten." Newark, DE: International Reading Association. ED 436 756.
  • Olsen, D., & Zigler, E.(1989). "An assessment of the all-day kindergarten movement." Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 4(2), 167-186. EJ 394 085.
  • Puleo, V. T.(1988). "A review and critique of research on full-day kindergarten." Elementary School Journal, 88(4), 427-439. EJ 367 934.
  • Towers, J. M.(1991). "Attitudes toward the all-day, everyday kindergarten." .Children Today, 20(1), 25-28. EJ 431 720.
  • West, J., Denton, K., & Germino-Hausken, E.(2000).^ Today, one-third of U.S. children and adolescents, about 25 million, are obese or overweight.
    • Education | Committee on Education and Labor 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC edlabor.house.gov [Source type: News]

    "America's Kindergartners." .Washington, DC: National Center for Educational Statistics.^ McGraw-Hill Construction - Continuing Education Center Upgrading School Facilities: Rebuilding the Nation's Schools for High Performance .
    • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ McGraw-Hill Construction - Continuing Education Center Upgrading School Facilities: Rebuilding the Nation's Schools for High-performance .
    • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

    [4]
  • McGill-Franzen, A.(2006). "Kindergarten literacy: Matching assessment and instruction in kindergarten." New York: Scholastic.
  • WestEd(2005). "Full-Day Kindergarten: Expanding Learning Opportunities." San Francisco: WestEd.

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Education article)

From Wikiquote

Quotations about education.

Contents

Sourced

General

  • Education is the factory that turns animals into human beings. […] If women are educated, that means their children will be too. If the people of the world want to solve the hard problems in Afghanistan — kidnapping, beheadings, crime and even al-Qaeda — they should invest in [our] education.
  • Education is what is left after all that has been learnt is forgotten.
    • James Bryant Conant, diary as a Harvard freshman (1910-11)
  • I found one day in school a boy of medium size ill-treating a smaller boy. I expostulated, but he replied: 'The bigs hit me, so I hit the babies; that's fair.' In these words he epitomized the history of the human race.
  • If you think that education is expensive, try ignorance.
    • Derek Bok
  • Liberty without learning is always in peril; learning without liberty is always in vain.
    • John F. Kennedy, speech on 18th May 1963 on the 90th Anniversary Convocation of Vanderbilt University [1]
  • One of the main things about teaching is not what you say but what you don't say. When you hear someone play, you have to work out the way they do things naturally and then leave them alone, because you want the naturalness to be there still.
    • Itzhak Perlman, "Teaching the Teachers" in Strad
  • The mind is not a vessel to be filled, but a fire to be kindled.
  • When you teach a man you teach a person - when you teach a woman you learn a lesson.
  • Why is it that in most children education seems to destroy the creative urge? Why do so many boys and girls leave school with blunted perceptions and a closed mind? A majority of young people seem to develop mental arteriosclerosis forty years before they get the physical kind. Another question: why do some people remain open and elastic into extreme old age, whereas others become rigid and unproductive before they’re fifty? It’s a problem in biochemistry and adult education.
    • Aldous Huxley, in an interview by Raymond Fraser and George Wickes for The Paris Review, Issue 23, Spring 1960.
  • School is punishment for the crime of being young.
    • Nana Lee
  • "To get the eduaction is our right, to spread the education is our duty"

Teachers

  • "If you are truly serious about preparing your child for the future, don't teach him to subtract - teach him to deduct."
  • "In a democratic state the schoolmaster is afraid of his pupils and flatters them, and the pupils despise both schoolmaster and paidagogos. The young expect the same treatment as the old, and contradict them and quarrel with them. In fact, seniors have to flatter their juniors, in order not to be thought morose old dotards."
    • Plato, Republic - 563 BC
  • "No matter how long you teach a fool, he still knows everything."
  • This fallacy [appeal to authority] is not in itself an error; it is impossible to learn much in today's world without letting somebody else crunch the numbers and offer us explanations. And teachers are sources of necessary information. But how we choose our "authorities" and place a value on such information, is just another skill rarely taught in our education systems. It's little wonder that to most folk, sound bites and talking heads are enough to count as experts. […] Teaching is reinforcing the appeal to authority, where anybody who seems more intelligent than you must ultimately be right. […] We educators must simply role-model critical thinking. […] Educators themselves have to be prepared to show that “evidence” and “answers” are two separate things by firmly believing that, themselves.
    • Mike McRae, Australian teacher and guest columnist, "Educating Future Critical Thinkers", Swift, 31 March 2006
  • "To teach is to touch the heart and impel it to action."
    • Louis Sullivan, architect, mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright, "Kindergarten Chats and Other Writings"
  • "The very corner-stone of an education intended to form great minds, must be the recognition of the principle, that the object is to call forth the greatest possible quantity of intellectual power, and to inspire the intensest love of truth: and this without a particle of regard to the results to which the exercise of that power may lead, even though it should conduct the pupil to opinions diametrically opposite to those of his teachers. We say this, not because we think opinions unimportant, but because of the immense importance which we attach to them; for in proportion to the degree of intellectual power and love of truth which we succeed in creating, is the certainty that (whatever may happen in any one particular instance) in the aggregate of instances true opinions will be the result; and intellectual power and practical love of truth are alike impossible where the reasoner is shown his conclusions, and informed beforehand that he is expected to arrive at them.
  • Ethics could teach us only those purposes and ideals. If the teachers seeks insight into the means by which the aim can be reached, into the facts by which the child can be molded, his way must lead from ethics to psychology. (...) Water flows downhill, anyhow, but to bring the water uphill hydraulic forces are indeed necessary. To overcome nature and instead to prepare for a life of ideals, to inhibit personal desires and instead to learn to serve the higher purposes indeed demands most serious and most systematic efforts. It is the teachers' task to make these efforts with all his best knowledge of mind and body, of social and of cultural values.
    • Hugo Munsterberg, Psychology and the Teacher, 1909 (new edition, 2006), p64-65
  • Daily contact with some teachers is itself all-sided ethical education for the child without a spoken precept. Here, too, the real advantage of male over female teachers,especially for boys, is seen in their superior physical strength,which often, if highly estimated, gives real dignity and commands real respect, and especially in the unquestionably greater uniformity of their moods and their discipline.
    • Stanley Hall - Youth: it's education, regimen and hygiene (available at gutenberg.org)
  • The schoolmaster is the person who builds up the intelligence of the pupil; the intelligence of the pupil increases in direct proportion to the efforts of the teacher; in other words, he knows just what the master has made him know and understands neither more nor less than the master has made him understand. When an inspector visits a school and questions the pupils he turns to the master, and if he is satisfied says: "Well done, teacher!" For the result is indubitably the work of the master; the discipline by which he has fixed the attention of his pupils, even to the psychical mechanism which has guided him in his teaching, all is due to him. God enters the school as a symbol in the crucifix, but the creator is the teacher.
    • Maria Montessori, Spontaneous Activity in Education (available at gutenberg.org)
  • "To make oneself interesting artificially," that is, interesting to those who have no interest in us, is indeed a very difficult task; and to arrest the attention hour after hour, and year after year, not of one, but of a multitude of persons who have nothing in common with us, not even years, is indeed a superhuman undertaking. Yet this is the task of the teacher, or, as he would say, his "art": to make this assembly of children whom he has reduced to immobility by discipline follow him with their minds, understand what he says, and learn; an internal action, which he cannot govern, as he governs the position of their bodies, but which he must win by making himself interesting, and by maintaining this interest.
    • Maria Montessori, Spontaneous Activity in Education (available at gutenberg.org)
  • Here's a lesson for all teachers: You may know what you're saying, but you never know what you're teaching.
    • Frank van Dun, note on website
  • "English Teachers. They're there for their students."
    • Gregory Alan Elliott, Twitter posting by greg_a_ellliott, August 19, 2009, 9:25 EST

Self-education and home education

  • We must encourage [each other] once we have grasped the basic points to interconnecting everything else on our own, to use memory to guide our original thinking, and to accept what someone else says as a starting point, a seed to be nourished and grown. For the correct analogy for the mind is not a vessel that needs filling but wood that needs igniting no more and then it motivates one towards originality and instills the desire for truth. Suppose someone were to go and ask his neighbors for fire and find a substantial blaze there, and just stay there continually warming himself: that is no different from someone who goes to someone else to get to some of his rationality, and fails to realize that he ought to ignite his own flame, his own intellect, but is happy to sit entranced by the lecture, and the words trigger only associative thinking and bring, as it were, only a flush to his cheeks and a glow to his limbs; but he has not dispelled or dispersed, in the warm light of philosophy, the internal dank gloom of his mind.
  • From my grandfather's father, [I learned] to dispense with attendance at public schools, and to enjoy good teachers at home, and to recognize that on such things money should be eagerly spent.
  • Study without desire spoils the memory, and it retains nothing that it takes in.

Raising children

  • Train up a child in the way he should go and when he is old, he will not depart from it.
  • Children begin by loving their parents; after a time they judge them; rarely , if ever, do they forgive them.
  • When children stop asking questions, it's time for parents to ask their own.
    • Leonid S. Sukhorukov, All About Everything
  • Children are given to us to discourage our better emotions.
  • Whatever you would have your children become, strive to exhibit in your own lives and conversation."
  • The parents who are unwilling to permit their children to undergo a course of training under strict discipline, are the ones who deserve the reproof. In the first place, everything they possess, including the children, is devoted to ambition.
  • It has been written that Boris "laid down a course of study for him in infancy." Nothing could be sillier. We tried to cultivate his curiosity on all subjects, and when he asked to answer fully, and to lead him to a greater curiosity so that he would go and find out for himself. But we never tried to push him an inch along any mental path in which he was not interested.
    • Sarah Sidis, mother of William James Sidis
  • It (obedience) is the sole duty of the children; it develops sooner than other moral feelings, for it is the root of all morality. Later on, [even] after morality becomes possible within the sphere that has been left free by the parents, obedience still remains the highest duty. The child is not permitted to want to be free outside this sphere.
    • Johann Gottlieb Fichte - The System of Ethics: According to the Principles of the Wissenschaftslehre, 2005, Cambridge, p.320
  • Exercises in being obedient can not begin too early, and I have, during an olmost daily observation of six years, discovered no harm from an early, consistent, guiding of the germinating will, provided only this guiding be done with the greatest mildness and justice, as if the infant had already an insight into the benefits of obedience.
    • William Thierry Preyer, The Mind of the Child,1890, p.345 (Preyer was the first child psychologist)
  • The old superstition that children have innate faculties of such a finished sort that they flash up and grasp the principle of things by a rapid sort of first "intellection," an error that made all departments of education so trivial, assumptive and dogmatic for centuries before Comenius, Basedow and Pestalozzi, has been banished everywhere save from moral and religious training, where it still persists in full force. (...) But parents are prone to forget that healthful and correct sentiments concerning matters of conduct are, at first, very feeble,and that the sense of obligation needs the long and careful guardianship of external authority.
    • Stanley Hall - Youth: it's education, regimen and hygiene (available at gutenberg.org)

Goal of education

  • This education forms the common mind, Just as the twig is bent, the tree's inclined.
  • Gentlemen, you are now about to embark on a course of studies which will occupy you for two years. Together, they form a noble adventure. But I would like to remind you of an important point. Nothing that you will learn in the course of your studies will be of the slightest possible use to you in after life, save only this, that if you work hard and intelligently you should be able to detect when a man is talking rot, and that, in my view, is the main, if not the sole, purpose of education.
    • John Alexander Smith, Professor of Moral Philosophy, Oxford University, 1914
  • The great object of Education should be commensurate with the object of life. It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to inspire the youthful man with an interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to teach him that there is all his strength, and to inflame him with a piety towards the Grand Mind in which he lives.

Coercion and education

  • What we need is to justify coercion, paternalistic control, blame, scolding, and punishment - all of which are less evident in trigonometry class than in a fourth grade learning long division.(...) I have argued that blame, scolding, and punishment in public schools - what I have called "the ordeal" - can be successfully defended. Students have a duty to learn, and can be held responsible for violating whatever rules, policies, or instructions are enforced to ensure that they do so.
    • Charles Howell - Syracuse University: Education, Punishment, and Responsibility src
  • (...) there is always the difficulty of difficulties, that of inducing the child to lend himself to all this endeavor, and to second the master, and not show himself recalcitrant to the efforts made on his behalf. For this reason the _moral_ education is the point of departure; before all things, it is necessary to _discipline_ the class. The pupils must be induced to _second_ the master's efforts, if not by love, then by force. Failing this point of departure, all education and instruction would be _impossible_, and the school _useless_.
    • Maria Montessori, Spontaneous Activity in Education (available on Gutenberg.org)

Philosophy of education

  • The real nature of education is at variance with the account given of it by certain of its professors.
    • Socrates, from Plato's The Republic
  • The art of being wise is the art of knowing what to overlook.
    • William James, Principles of Psychology
  • "Good teaching comes from good people."
    • Parker Palmer, The Courage to Teach
  • We must become just by doing just acts.
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book II, #4
  • It is by doing good that we become good.
    • Jean Jacques Rousseau, Emile
  • Man must develop his tendency towards the good.
    • Immanuel Kant, Thoughts on Education, #12
  • In the world of knowledge, the idea of good appears last of all, and is seen only with effort.
    • Plato, "The Allegory of the Cave"
  • From now on, I'm not doing anything I don't want to do. The world owes me happiness, fulfillment, and success. I'm just here to cash in.
    • Calvin, Calvin and Hobbes, "Homicidal Psycho Jungle Cat"
  • It is no easy task to be good.
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book II, #9
  • The most important thing is that the natural will of the child be broken.
    • August Hermann Francke, (German educator)Pädagogische Schriften, p15

History of education

  • It must also be remembered that one of the three branches of Primary Education in Hellas would be called play in England: an afternoon spent in running races, jumping, wrestling, or riding would not be regarded as work by an English schoolboy. Music, too, is usually learned during play-hours in an English school. Even Letters, when the elementary stage was past, meant reciting, reading, or learning by heart the literature of the boy's own language, and most of it not stiff literature by any means, but such fascinating fairy-tales as are found in Homer. There is little trace of Hellenic boys creeping unwillingly to school: their lessons were made eminently attractive.
    • Kenneth Freeman - 'The Schools of Hellas' p81.
  • (...) but the story that Rome created and maintained an extensive system of state-controlled and -supported schools is mainly hyperbole. (...) Official policy had the effect of encouraging the opening of schools, but throughout the greater part of Rome's history, neither compulsory education nor a state school system was enforced or erected.
    • Edward J. Power, A Legacy of Learning: A History of Western Education, 1991, p92

Sex education

Against education

Against the educational system

  • Continued adherence to a policy of compulsory education is utterly incompatible with efforts to establish lasting peace.
  • I believe that school makes complete fools of our young men, because they see and hear nothing of ordinary life there.
  • I have not the least doubt that school developed in me nothing but what was evil and left the good untouched.
    • Edvard Grieg; quoted in Henry T. Fink, Grieg and His Music (1929), page 8
  • Show me the man who has enjoyed his schooldays and I will show you a bully and a bore.
  • It is, in fact, nothing short of a miracle that the modern methods of instruction have not yet entirely strangled the holy curiosity of inquiry; for this delicate little plant, aside from stimulation, stands mainly in need of freedom; without this it goes to wreck and ruin without fail. It is a very grave mistake to think that the enjoyment of seeing and searching can be promoted by means of coercion and a sense of duty. To the contrary, I believe it would be possible to rob even a healthy beast of prey of its voraciousness, if it were possible, with the aid of a whip, to force the beast to devour continuously, even when not hungry, especially if the food, handed out under such coercion, were to be selected accordingly.
    • Albert Einstein; quoted in "Autobiographical Notes", Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, Paul Schilpp, ed. (1951), pp. 17-19
  • I hated school so intensely. It interfered with my freedom. I avoided the discipline by an elaborate technique of being absent-minded during classes.
    • Sigrid Undset, 1928 Nobel Prize in literature; quoted in Twentieth Century Authors, Kunitz and Haycraft, editors (1942), page 1432
  • Children are naturally expressive but they go to school and get it taught out of them.
    • Robert Duke, "Teaching the Teachers" in Strad
  • In my opinion the prevailing systems of education are all wrong, from the first stage to the last stage. Eduation begins where it should terminate, and youth, instead of being led to the development of their faculties by the use of their senses, are made to acquire a great quantity of words, expressing the ideas of other men instead of comprehending their own faculties, or becoming acquainted with the words they are taught or the ideas the words should convey.
    • William Duane , "Journal of the Senate of the Commonwealth of Kentucky," 1822
  • The child is regarded as a sort of a little beast, a kind of young ape, at best a little savage. The child, accordingly, is trained to act not by the light of reason, but by the command of superior force. The child is ruled by fear. Our young generation is trained by fear into discipline and obedience. We thus suppress the natural genius and originality of the child, we favor and raise mediocrity, and cultivate the philistine, the product of education, ruled by rod, not by thought.
    • Boris Sidis, Lecture on the abuse of the fear instinct in early education
  • "At school boys become gluttons and slovens, and, instead of cultivating domestic affections, very early rush into libertinism which destroys the constitution before it is formed; hardening the heart as it weakens the understanding."
    • Mary Wollstonecraft, "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects" (1792)
  • Gosh, its alot like school here isnt it?
  • "Regarding testing, students are like flowers. If we keep measuring them, will grow?"
    • Anonymous
  • "I never learned anything at all in school and didn't read a book for pleasure until I was 19 years old."

Against state education

  • There is not, perhaps, in the kingdom, a more dogmatical, or luxurious set of men, than the pedantic tyrants who reside in colleges and preside at public schools.
    • Mary Wollstonecraft, "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects" (1792)
  • A government system of education in Prussia is not inconsistent with the theory of Prussian society, for there all wisdom is supposed to be lodged in the government. But the thing is wholly inadmissible here . . . because, according to our theory, the people are supposed to be wiser than the government. Here, the people do not look to the government for light, for instruction, but the government looks to the people. The people give the law to the government. To entrust, then, the government with the power of determining the education which our children shall receive is entrusting our servant with the power to be our master. This fundamental difference between the two countries, we apprehend, has been overlooked by the board of education and its supporters.
    • Orestes Brownson, Testimony against proposed Truancy Laws before the Massachusetts Board of Education, 19th Century
  • [w]e cannot violate the principles of liberty in regard to education without furnishing at once a precedent and inducement toviolate them in regard to other matters.
    • Sir Edward Baines
  • Our whole constitutional heritage rebels at the thought of giving government the power to control men's minds.
    • Thurgood Marshall, Stanley v. Georgia, Delivering the opinion of the US. Supreme Court, 1969
  • There is, in fact, only one solution: the state, the government, the laws must not in any way concern themselves with schooling or education. Public funds must not be used for such purposes. The rearing and instruction of youth must be left entirely to parents and to private associations and institutions.
  • I would promise the whole amount were I not afraid that someday my gift might be abused for someone's selfish purposes, as I see happen in many places where teachers' salaries are paid from public funds. There is only one remedy to meet this evil: if the appointment of teachers is left entirely to the parents, and they are conscientious about making a wise choice through their obligation to contribute to the cost.
    • Pliny the Younger, Letters and Panegyricus, Book IV, XIII; London, 1969, William Heinemann, p. 277-283
    • writing to his friend Tacitus almost two thousand years ago, describing his plan to establish a secondary school in his home town, but adding that he had decided to pay only one third of the total cost
  • The school that flies the flag is, in the long run accountable to that flag and to the power and values which is represents.
    • Jonathan Kozol, as quoted by Robin Small, in "Marx and education",
Robin Small
  • A general State education is a mere contrivance for moulding people to be exactly like one another: and as the mould in which it casts them is that which pleases the predominant power in the government, whether this be a monarch, a priesthood, an aristocracy, or the majority of the existing generation; in proportion as it is efficient and successful, it establishes a despotism over the mind, leading by natural tendency to one over the body. An education established and controlled by the State should only exist, if it exists at all, as one among many competing
    • John Stuart Mill, On Liberty (1859), in The English Philosophers from Bacon to Mill, ed. Edwin A. Burtt (New York: Random House, 1939), pp. 1033–34
  • Government schooling is the most radical adventure in history. It kills the family by monopolizing the best times of childhood and by teaching disrespect for home and parents. The whole blueprint of school procedure is Egyptian, not Greek or Roman. It grows from the theological idea that human value is a scarce thing, represented symbolically by the narrow peak of a pyramid.
    • John Taylor Gatto, I Quit, I Think, 2001
  • Is it not ironical that in a planned society of controlled workers given compulsory assignments, where religious expression is suppressed, the press controlled, and all media of communication censored, where a puppet government is encouraged but denied any real authority, where great attention is given to efficiency and character reports, and attendance at cultural assemblies is compulsory, where it is avowed that all will be administered to each according to his needs and performance required from each according to his abilities, and where those who flee are tracked down, returned and punished for trying to escape - in short, in the milieu of the typical large American secondary school - we attempt to teach 'the democratic system'?
    • Royce Van Norman, "School Administration: Thoughts on Organization and Purpose," Phi Delta Kappan 47 (1966):315-16
  • Wherever is found what is called a paternal government, there is found state education. It has been discovered that the best way to insure implicit obedience is to commence tyranny in the nursery.
    • Benjamin Disraeli, British Prime Minister (1874)
  • That erroneous assumption is to the effect that the aim of public education is to fill the young of the species with knowledge and awaken their intelligence, and so make them fit to discharge the duties of citizenship in an enlightened and independent manner. Nothing could be further from the truth. The aim of public education is not to spread enlightenment at all, it is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to the same safe level, to breed and train a standardized citizenry, to put down dissent and originality. That is its aim in the United States, whatever the pretensions of politicians, pedagogues and other such mountebanks, and that is its aim everywhere else.
  • ...this has become the most notable feature of the recent history of European 'education': the enterprise of substituting 'socialization' for education. ... The design here is to reduce or abolish disparities in opportunity and thus to generate a 'fully integrated' society. Here, however, the design and its imposition upon the educational engagement are inseperable: the design itself requires that all schools shall be the same and that none shall be 'School'.
Michael Oakeshott, Education: the engagement and its frustration
  • Education: free and compulsory - what a way to learn logic!
Frank van Dun, note on website

For education

For state education

  • Of all our institutions public education is the most important. Everything depends on it, the present and the future. It is essential that the morals and political ideas of the generation which is now growing up should no longer be dependent upon the news of the day or the circumstances of the moment. Above all we must secure unity: we must be able to cast a whole generation in the same mould.
    • Napoleon Bonaparte, in an 1807 meeting of the Council of State. Quoted in "The Life and Memoirs of Count Molé", written by Mathieu Louis Molé, edited by the Marquis de Noailles. 2v London, 1923, 61.
  • "Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education. ..., namely, that the poor man, whom the law does not allow to take an ear of corn when starving, nor a pair of shoes for his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the rich, and say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in the elements, but, by further provision, in the languages, in sciences, in the useful and in elegant arts. The child shall be taken up by the State, and taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of knowledge, and, at last, the ripest results of art and science.
  • (...) success itself will decide whether the end of education, the [child's] usefullness [for the end of reason], has been attained. This is a manner of which the state is an extremely competent judge. Thus, if the state grants some office to the son, it thereby judges that his education is completed. Moreover, the judgement of the state binds the parents juridically; they ought to subordinate themselves to it for the sake of duty.
    • Johann Gottlieb Fichte - The System of Ethics: According to the Principles of the Wissenschaftslehre, 2005, Cambridge, p.323
  • When an opponent declares, "I will not come over to your side," I calmly say, "Your child belongs to us already...What are you? You will pass on. Your descendants, however, now stand in the new camp. In a short time they will know nothing else but this new community."
    • Adolf Hitler, on Public Education, speech in November 1933
  • There is a doctrine that is fundamental in American education. That is: every child born or adopted by this republic has by virtue of that fact the right to have developed whatever of talent he may possess, without reference to the quality, quantity, or type of that talent, under conditions favorable to such development, and that he shall have assured to him the oppurtunity to go as far as his ability and ambition will permit in order that he may live his life more abundantly than he otherwise could.
    • Claude L. Kulp, Ithaca High School Dedication Address, September 1960 (reprinted in The Ithaca Journal, September 26, 1960)
  • Dear rulers ... I maintain that the civil authorities are under obligation to compel the people to send their children to school. ... If the government can compel such citizens as are fit for military service to bear spear and rifle, to mount ramparts, and perform other martial duties in time of war, how much more has it a right to compel the people to send their children to school, because in this case we are warring with the devil, whose object it is secretly to exhaust our cities and principalities of their strong men.
    • Martin Luther, 1524, letter to the German rulers
    • quoted in The History of Compulsory Education in New England, John William Perrin, 1896
  • In particular, at this point also urge governing authorities and parents to rule well and to send their children to school. Point out how they are obliged to do so and what a damnable sin they commit if they do not, for thereby, as the worst enemies of God and humanity, they overthrow and lay waste both the kingdom of God and the kingdom of the world. Explain very clearly what kind of horrible damage they do when they do not help to train children as pastors, preachers, civil servants, etc., and tell them that God will punish them dreadfully for this. For in our day and age it is necessary to preach about these things. The extent to which parents and governing authorities are now sinning in these matters defies description. The devil, too, intends to do something horrible in all this.
    • Martin Luther, forword to 'the small catechismus'
    • Preface.19-20, The Book of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, Robert Kolb and Timothy J. Wengert, eds., Fortress Press: Minneapolis, 2000
  • ...whoever has a right to hang has a right to educate.
    • Lord Macaulay, Education, April 19, 1847
  • Lycurgus," says Plutarch, "resolved the whole business of legislation into the bringing up of youth." When our legislators shall have learnt wisdom from the Spartan, they will acquire, as he acquired, the power of remoulding the national character.
    • Robert Owen, Tracts on Republican Government and National Education (1840), p.14
  • there shall be compulsory education, as the saying is, of all and sundry, as far this is possible; and the pupils shall be regarded as belonging to the state rather than to their parents.
  • I think this (...) will demand, as a minimum condition, the establishment of a world State and the subsequent institution of a world-wide system of education designed to produce loyalty to the world State. No doubt such a system of education will entail, at any rate for a century or two, certain crudities which will militate agains the development of the individual. But if the alternative is chaos and the death of civilisation, the price will be worth paying.
  • Education, Public – "The single most important element in the maintenance of a democratic system."... "The better the citizenry as a whole are educated, the wider and more sensible public participation, debate and social mobility will be. Any serious rivalry from private education systems will siphon off Élites and thus fatally weaken both the drive and the financing of the state system. That a private system may be able to offer to a limited number of students the finest education in the world is irrelevant. Highly sophisticated Élites are the easiest and least original thing a society can produce. The most difficult and the most valuable is a well-educated populace."
    • John Ralston Saul, Doubter's Companion: A Dictionary of Aggressive Common Sense, Penguin, 1995
  • Education is the silver bullet. Education is everything. We don't need little changes, we need gigantic revolutionary changes. Schools should be palaces. Competition for the best teachers should be fierce. They should be getting six-figure salaries. Schools should be incredibly expensive for government and absolutely free of charge for its citizens, just like national defense. That is my position. I just haven't figured out how to do it yet.
  • Education Public - "It is established that education is absolutely vital for an advancing society, the point i am arguing is that state education creates a level playing field for all students regardless of colour, creed and class.
    • Julien V. Tempone, youth of the year award winner; for this exert on his speech on equality, 2006

For Choice in Education

"It was imagined that experiments in education were not necessary; and that, whether any thing in it was good or bad, could be judged of by the reason. But this was a great mistake; experience shows very often that results are produced precisely the opposite to those which had been expected. We also see from experiment that one generation cannot work out a complete plan of education."

Future of education

  • Within the next generation I believe that the world's leaders will discover that infant conditioning and narco-hypnosis are more efficient, as instruments of government, than clubs and prisons, and that the lust for power can be just as completely satisfied by suggesting people into loving their servitude as by flogging them and kicking them into obedience
    • Aldous Huxley, Letter to George Orwell (Smith, Grover (1969). Letters of Aldous Huxley. Chatto & Windus)

Unsourced

General

[citation needed]
  • Learning is like a jigsaw puzzle. When you first lay the pieces out, it doesn't make much sense. When you start to connect the pieces, you then begin to see how it all fits together.
    • Anonymous
  • Education is the journey from cocksure arrogance to thoughtful uncertainty.
    • Kevin Huenison
  • Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day, teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.
  • Enlighten the people generally, and tyranny and oppressions of body and mind will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day.
  • Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing that is worth knowing can be taught.
  • Education is the scientific exchange of ignorance.
    • Leonid S. Sukhorukov
  • The better the citizenry as a whole are educated, the wider and more sensible public participation, debate and social mobility will be...Highly sophisticated Élites are the easiest and least original thing a society can produce. The most difficult and the most valuable is a well-educated populace.
  • To be well-informed is to have the world at your fingers.
  • College is about three things: homework fun and sleep ... but you can only choose two.
  • The education of a man is never completed until he dies.
  • The difference between a man and an animal is that a man is educated and animals are not.
    • Muhammd Farhad
  • Knowledge is a wild thing, it must be hunted before being tamed.
    • Anonymous

Self-education and home education

[citation needed]
  • "It is impossible for a man to learn what he thinks he already knows."
  • I have never let my schooling interfere with my education.
  • "The man who doesn't read good books has no advantage over the man who can't read them."
  • Read, read, read. Do, do, do.
    • Louis L'Amour
  • The education of a man is never completed until he dies.
  • All men who have turned out worth anything have had the chief hand in their own education.

Raising children

[citation needed]
  • Parents wonder why the streams are bitter, when they themselves have poisoned the fountain.
  • It takes a whole village to raise a child.
    • Ashanti proverb
  • "To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society."
  • You are the bows from which your children as living arrows are sent forth.
  • The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike than those who think differently.
  • Let any one examine the pedagogic literature of the present; he who is not shocked at its utter poverty of spirit and its ridiculously awkward antics is beyond being spoiled. Here our philosophy must not begin with wonder but with dread; he who feels no dread at this point must be asked not to meddle with pedagogic questions.
  • A child educated only at school is an uneducated child.
    • George Santayana

Goal of education

[citation needed]
  • [Schools are] "in which raw products, children, are to be shaped and formed into finished products... manufactured like nails, and the specifications for manufacturing will come from government and industry.
    • Elwood Cubberly, Stanford's Dean of Education
  • Every teacher should realize... that he is a social servant set apart for the maintenance of the proper social order and the secring of the right social growth.
  • We shall not make these people or any of their children into philosophers or men of learning or men of science. We have not to raise up from amonth them authors, educatiors, poets or men of letters... The task we set before ourselves is very simple... we will organize children... and teach them to do in a perfect way the things [obediance] their fathers and mothers are doing in a imperfect way.
    • Rockefeller Education Board, as Quoted by John Taylor Gato
  • But if you ask what is the good of education in general, the answer is easy: that education makes good men, and that good men act nobly.
    • Plato, Greek philosopher (c. 428–c. 348)
  • Educate the heart. Let us have good men.
    • Hiram Powers, American sculptor (1805-1873)
  • I have hope that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed.
    • Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz
  • Education would be much more effective if its purpose were to ensure that by the time they leave school every student should know how much they don't know, and be imbued with a lifelong desire to know it.
  • If we are to reach real peace in this world ... we shall have to begin with the children.
  • No one has yet fully realized the wealth of sympathy, kindness and generosity hidden in the soul of a child. The effort of every true education should be to unlock that treasure.
    • Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-American anarchist writer, lecturer and activist (1869-1940)
  • The object of education is to prepare the young to educate themselves throughout their lives.
  • Life doesn't revolve around what you need to know, it revolves around what you need to understand.
  • Education is a method by which one acquires a higher grade of prejudices.

Role models

[citation needed]
  • Children need models rather than critics.
  • "A poor teacher complains, an average teacher explains, a good teacher teaches, a great teacher inspires."
  • The prime task of public education, as it came widely to be understood in this country, was political: to make the citizen more knowledgeable and thus better able to think and to judge of public affairs. In time, the function of education shifted from the political to the economic: to train people for better-paying jobs and thus to get ahead. This is especially true of the high-school movement, which has met the business demands for white-collar skills at the public's expense. In large part education has become merely vocational; in so far as its political task is concerned, in many schools, that has been reduced to a routine training of nationalist loyalties.
  • "Don't worry that children never listen to you. Worry that they are always watching you."
  • I've come to the frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element in the classroom. My personal approach creates a climate. My daily mood makes the weather. As a teacher, I possess tremendous power to make a child's life miserable or joyous. I can be the tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor. Hurt or heal. In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated and a child humanized or de-humanized.
  • The best way to teach morality is to make it a habit with children.
    • Aristotle, Greek philosopher (384-322 B.C.)
  • "The question for the child is not 'Do I want to be good?' but 'Whom do I want to be like?'"
    • Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian-American child psychologist, author (1903-1990)
  • Example has more followers than reason.
    • Christian Nevell Bovee, American author and lawyer (1820-1904)
  • The important thing is not so much that every child should be taught, as that every child should be given the wish to learn.
  • Music education begins nine months before the birth of the mother.
    • Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (1882-1967)
  • It is the kindness and not the harshness in the headmaster’s voice that pushes tough boys to cry.
    • Yiddish proverb

Against education

Against the conventional educational system (school)

[citation needed]
  • Nothing in education is so astonishing as the amount of ignorance it accumulates in the form of inert facts.
  • School is practice for the future, and practice makes perfect, and nobody's perfect, so why practice?
  • "I suppose it is because nearly all children go to school nowadays, and have things arranged for them, that they seem so forlornly unable to produce their own ideas."
  • Natural ability without education has more often raised a man to glory and virtue than education without natural ability.
  • Press on. Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing in the world is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is a proverb. Education will not; the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent.
  • Each year the child is coming to belong more to the State and less and less to the parent
  • There is no human reason why a child should not admire and emulate his teacher's ability to do sums, rather than the village bum's ability to whittle sticks and smoke cigarettes. The reason why the child does not is plain enough - the bum has put himself on an equality with him and the teacher has not.
  • Whatever the explanation, it's perfectly obvious that our educational system has nothing to do with education: it's a babysitting service designed to replicate the worst qualities of the parents.
  • How is it that little children are so intelligent and men so stupid? It must be education that does it.
  • Education is the process of casting false pearls before real swine.
  • We are students of words; we are shut up in schools, and colleges, and recitation rooms, for ten or fifteen years, and come out at last with a bag of wind, a memory of words, and do not know a thing.
  • Education makes machines which act like men and produces men who act like machines.
  • The chief reason for going to school is to get the impression fixed for life that there is a book side for everything.
  • When you take the free will out of education, that turns it into schooling
  • I am entirely certain that twenty years from now we will look back at education as it is practiced in most schools today and wonder that we could have tolerated anything so primitive.
  • There are only two places in the world where time takes precedence over the job to be done. School and prison.
  • Talent develops in tranquillity, character in the full current of human life."
  • Instead of studying for finals, what about just going to the Bahamas and catching some rays? Maybe you'll flunk, but you might have flunked anyway; that's my point.
  • No use to shout at them to pay attention. If the situations, the materials, the problems before the child do not interest him, his attention will slip off to what does interest him, and no amount of exhortation of threats will bring it back.
  • Common sense is in spite of, not as the result of education.
  • Education is not to reform students or amuse them or to make them expert technicians. It is to unsettle their minds, widen their horizons, inflame their intellects, teach them to think straight, if possible.
  • [Schools:] vast factories for the manufacture of robots.
    • Robert Lindner (1914-1956)
  • School days, I believe, are the unhappiest in the whole span of human existence.
  • The aim of public education is not to spread enlightenment at all; it is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to the same safe level, to breed a standard citizenry, to put down dissent and originality.
  • Education, the great mumbo jumbo and fraud of the age purports to equip us to live and is prescribed as a universal remedy for everything from juvenile delinquency to premature senility.
  • There is a lot to be learned from school, if you can learn to read between the lines.
    • Swami Raj
  • I believe that the testing of the student's achievements in order to see if he meets some criterion held by the teacher, is directly contrary to the implications of therapy for significant learning.
  • My schooling not only failed to teach me what it professed to be teaching, but prevented me from being educated to an extent which infuriates me when I think of all I might have learned at home by myself.
  • Education is a private matter between the person and the world of knowledge and experience, and has little to do with school or college.
  • Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense.
  • Take at hazard one hundred children of several educated generations and one hundred uneducated children of the people and compare them in anything you please; in strength, in agility, in mind, in the ability to acquire knowledge, even in morality—and in all respects you are startled by the vast superiority on the side of the children of the uneducated.
  • Education...has produced a vast population able to read but unable to distinguish what is worth reading.
  • Education rears disciples, imitators, and routinists, not pioneers of new ideas and creative geniuses. The schools are not nurseries of progress and improvement, but conservatories of tradition and unvarying modes of thought.
  • Intelligence appears to be the thing that enables a man to get along without education. Education enables a man to get along without the use of his intelligence.
    • Albert Edward Wiggam
  • when a snowflake falls from the sky it is individual and unique but the moment it is brought into a class room everyone turns into the same drop of water.
    • Calvin of Calvin and Hobbes

Against state education

[citation needed]
  • America believes in education: the average professor earns more money in a year than a professional athlete earns in a whole week.
  • Drop out of school before your mind rots from exposure to our mundane educational system. Forget about the Senior Prom, go to the library and educate yourself if you've got any guts.
  • The whole theory of modern education is radically unsound. Fortunately... education produces no effect whatsoever. If it did, it would prove a serious danger to the upper classes, and probably lead to acts of violence. in Grosvenor Square.
  • To compel a man to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves and abhors is sinful and tyrannical.
  • The founding fathers in their wisdom decided that children were an unnatural strain on their parents. So they provided jails called school, equipped with tortures called education.
  • Academies that are founded at public expense are instituted not so much to cultivate men's natural abilities as to restrain them.
  • Years of centralized education have produced nothing but failure and frustrated parents. We can resurrect our public school system if we follow the Constitution and end the federal education monopoly.
  • Men had better be without education than be educated by their rulers.
    • Thomas Hodgskin, 1823

For education

For state education

[citation needed]
  • Education is a weapon whose effects depend on who holds it in his hands and at whom it is aimed.
  • Education makes a people easy to lead, but difficult to drive; easy to govern, but impossible to enslave.
    • Henry Peter Brougham, Scottish Whig politician (Speech, January 29, 1828, to the House of Commons)
  • I just love the idea of a school in which people come to get educated and stay in the state in which they're educated.
  • The public education system in America is one of the most important foundations of our democracy. After all, it is where children from all over America learn to be responsible citizens, and learn to have the skills necessary to take advantage of the fantastic opportunistic society.
  • Education, then, beyond all other devices of human origin ... the great equalizer of the conditions of men - the balance-wheel of the social machinery. It does better than to disarm the poor of their hostility toward the rich; it prevents being poor.
  • I know, (there is) no safe depositary of the ultimate powers of society, but the people themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them, but to inform their discretion by education. This is the true corrective of abuses of constitutional power.
  • Schools should be factories in which raw products, children, are to be shaped and formed into finished products. . . manufactured like nails, and the specifications for manufacturing will come from government and industry.
    • Elwood Cubberly, future Dean of education at Stanford, in his 1905 dissertation for Columbia Teachers College.
  • Ninety-nine [students] out of a hundred are automata, careful to walk in prescribed paths, careful to follow the prescribed custom. This is not an accident but the result of substantial education, which, scientifically defined, is the subsumption of the individual.
  • The great purpose of school can be realized better in dark, airless, ugly places. … It is to master the physical self, to transcend the beauty of nature. School should develop the power to withdraw from the external world.
  • We want one class to have a liberal education. We want another class, a very much larger class of necessity, to forego the privilege of a liberal education and fit themselves to perform specific difficult manual tasks.
    • Woodrow Wilson in a speech to businessmen, and from an address to The New York City High School Teachers Association, Jan. 9th, 1909
  • It is the State which educates its citizens in civic virtue, gives them a consciousness of their mission and welds them into unity.
  • Teachers are directed to instruct their pupils... and to awaken in them a sense of their responsibility toward the community of the nation.
    • Bernhard Rust, Nazi Minister of Education; from "Racial Instruction and the National Community," 1935.
  • In our dreams, people yield themselves with perfect docility to our molding hands. The present eduction conventions of intellectual and character education fade from their minds, and, unhampered by tradition, we work our own good will upon a grateful and responsive folk. We shall not try to make these people, or any of their children, into philosophers, or men of science. We have not to raise up from them authors, educators, poets or men of letters. We shall not search for great artists, painters, musicians nor lawyers, doctors, preachers, politicians, statesmen – of whom we have an ample supply. The task is simple. We will organize children and teach them in a perfect way the things their fathers and mothers are doing in an imperfect way.
  • Teachers are directed to instruct their pupils... and to awaken in them a sense of their responsibility toward the community of the nation.
    • Bernhard Rust, Nazi Minister of Education, from "Racial Instruction and the National Community," 1935
  • "Parent choice' proceeds from the belief that the purpose of education is to provide individual students with an education. In fact, educating the individual is but a means to the true end of education, which is to create a viable social order to which individuals contribute and by which they are sustained. "Family choice' is, therefore, basically selfish and anti-social in that it focuses on the "wants' of a single family rather than the "needs' of society.
    • Association of California School Administrators
  • When school children start paying union dues, that's when I'll start representing the interests of school children.
    • Albert Shanker, Former President of the American Federation of Teachers
  • Every teacher should realize he is a social servant set apart for the maintenance of the proper social order and the securing of the right social growth.

See also

External links

Wikipedia
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Study guide

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.If you need help learning how to add content, see the editing tutorial and the MediaWiki syntax reference.^ How you can help your child with using technology: .
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^ HOW YOU CAN HELP YOUR CHILD IN SCIENCE: **All About Me Unit: Learning Goal: Observe and identify the parts of the body (eg., ears, eyes, head, hands).
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^ Teachers' views on how the public schools are performing; what children need to learn; and what schools need to be effective are explored.
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^ At Brenau University, your education doesn't simply earn you a degree—it expands your worldview, helps you discover the beauty of science and math, develops your creativity and imagination, and refines your communication and language skills.
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^ No doubt such a system of education will entail, at any rate for a century or two, certain crudities which will militate agains the development of the individual.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

However, please do not simply copy-and-paste large chunks from other projects. .You can also use the links in the blue box to help you classify this page by subject, educational level and resource type.^ Narrow the list of occupations by using criteria such as education level, salary, working conditions, etc.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

^ Life After High School You can help your children to make informed decisions about education and training after high school.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

^ You are welcome to use images and text, but please reference them with a link to relevant web page on this site.
  • Philosophy of Education: Famous Philosopher's Quotes on Educational Philosophy, Teaching Philosophy Truth Reality 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.KINDERGARTEN, a German word meaning " garden of children," the name given by Friedrich Froebel to a kind of " play-school " invented by him for furthering the physical, moral and intellectual growth of children between the ages of three and seven.^ Kindergarten means "child's garden" in German.
  • Tag: Kindergarten - Explore content tagged Kindergarten on eHow.com 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ The Kindergarten Program, as described in Early Beginnings: A Kindergarten Curriculum Guide , is designed to support the intellectual, physical, social, emotional, spiritual, and moral development of the four- and five-year-old child.

^ At that time, the kindergarten was envisioned as a "garden for children" (the literal meaning of the German word "kindergarten"), a place where children could be nurtured and allowed to grow at their own pace.
  • The Child-Centered Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.acei.org [Source type: Academic]

For the theories on which this type of school was based see Froebel. Towards the end of the 18th century Pestalozzi planned, and Oberlin formed, day-asylums for young children. .Schools of this kind took in the Netherlands the name of " play school," and in England, where they have especially thriven, of " infant schools " (q.v.^ Online private high schools Many people believe that online private schools have the best online facilities especially if they are from big colleges and universities.
  • Welcome To High Schools :: High Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC highschoolsguide.net [Source type: General]

). .But Froebel's idea of the " Kindergarten " differed essentially from that of the infant schools.^ The founder of the kindergarten movement, Friedrich Froebel, rejected the rigid structure of traditional schools, designing kindergartens to be intentionally non-academic.
  • California Kindergarten Association 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ckanet.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This free printable kindergarten kids science sheet will help kids learn different weathers and weather words.School teachers and parents can also use these worksheets for kindergarten science education, science fair ideas.
  • free kindergarten learning activities, free kindergarten math and reading worksheets,free kids learning activites, free printable early childhood worksheets 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC prek-8.com [Source type: General]

^ With the lone exception of college completers, a majority of parents continue to rate a child's school-related skills as very important or essential for kindergarten entry.
  • Readiness for Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC nces.ed.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The child required to be prepared for society by being early associated with its equals; and young children thus brought together might have their employments, especially their chief employment, play, so organized as to draw out their capacities of feeling and thinking, and even of inventing and creating.^ Play is not the work of the child: Young children's perceptions of work and play.
  • The Child-Centered Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.acei.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It would appear that the dangers of such an experiment, incorrectly performed by young children, might be anticipated; and that the benefits to be derived from its actual performance by each pupil are not so great as to justify the risk of serious injury to the child.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Words can be separated from the sentence to create a game that requires the child to put the words together to make the sentence the picture is showing.

Froebel therefore invented a course of occupations, most of which are social games. .Many of the games are connected with the " gifts," as he called the simple playthings provided for the children.^ All About Me Theme Social Studies Simple board games where children learn about cooperation and taking turns.

.These " gifts " are, in order, six coloured balls, a wooden ball, a cylinder and a cube, a cube cut to form eight smaller cubes, another cube cut to form eight parallelograms, square and triangular tablets of coloured wood, and strips of lath, rings and circles for pattern-making.^ Compare geometric shapes and identify similarities and differences of the following two and three-dimensional shapes: triangles, rectangles, squares, circles, spheres, and cubes.

.In modern kindergartens much stress has been laid on such occupations as sand-drawing, modelling in clay and paper, pattern-making, plaiting, &c.^ Make a picture by gluing seeds in a pattern around the border of a drawing.

.The artistic faculty was much thought of by Froebel, and, as in the education of the ancients, the sense of rhythm in sound and motion was cultivated by music and poetry introduced in the games.^ Students are expected to respond to rhythm and rhyme in poetry through identifying a regular beat and similarities in word sounds.

^ We thus suppress the natural genius and originality of the child, we favor and raise mediocrity, and cultivate the philistine, the product of education, ruled by rod, not by thought.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.Much care was to be given to the training of the senses, especially those of sight, sound and touch.^ Select games that nurture the developing senses - sight, smell, taste, hearing and touch - of 4- to 6-year-olds.
  • Tag: Kindergarten - Explore content tagged Kindergarten on eHow.com 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Kids can create their own 5 senses mini-book about christmas.Sense of Touch,Sense of Taste,Sense of Smell,Sense of Sight,Sense of Sound.
  • free kindergarten learning activities, free kindergarten math and reading worksheets,free kids learning activites, free printable early childhood worksheets 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC prek-8.com [Source type: General]

.Intuition or first-hand experience (Anschauung) was to be recognized as the true basis of knowledge, and though stories were to be told, instruction of the imparting and " learning-up " kind was to be excluded.^ The first workshop teaches methods and materials used in sustainable construction, and provides academic and hands on experience in sustainable design and construction.
  • Green Home Building: Education and Opportunities 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But as classrooms are now filled with a generation who grew up with computers, iPods and the Internet, more and more professors are starting to experiment with new digital learning tools.
  • MediaShift . Education Archives | PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was very relieved when African Giggles opened up in Stanford, as this small and intimate setting is exactly what I would wish for my children’s first school experience.

.Froebel sought to teach the children not what to think but how to think, in this following in the steps of Pestalozzi, who had done for the child what Bacon nearly two hundred years before had done for the philosopher.^ If this will be your child's first year in Kindergarten, here are some steps to take to be sure they...
  • Tag: Kindergarten - Explore content tagged Kindergarten on eHow.com 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Children who are younger than the eligible age, but whose parents/guardians have submitted a written request for their child to attend school the following year to their regional office of the Department.

^ How is it possible that Ms Bea Whittaker is awarded “woman of the year” if she is the exact and only reason that 15 children had to leave a fantastic day care centre?

.Where possible the children were to be much in the open air, and were each to cultivate a little garden.^ Encourage your children to get as much information and take advantage of as many opportunities as possible.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

^ Keep the lines open as you encourage them to gather as much information on a particular career as possible.
  • Home Page | Flagler County Public Schools 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.flagler.k12.fl.us [Source type: General]

.The first kindergarten was opened at Blankenburg, near Rudolstadt, in 1837, but after a needy existence of eight years was closed for want of funds.^ When Elizabeth Peabody opened the first English speaking kindergarten in the U.S. in 1860, she followed Froebels model and thus, the original U.S. kindergarten model was also decidedly non-academic and child-centered.
  • California Kindergarten Association 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ckanet.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Elementary school opening in 2011 needs a name "Westwinds area" Elementary school, located near Alamo Parkway and Culebra Road, is being funded by School Bond 2007.
  • Northside Independent School District - San Antonio, TX 78238 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC nisd.net [Source type: News]

^ To quote Kannenburg:Thirty-eight states are discussing all day 4 year-old Kindergarten because kids are not coming to school prepared.
  • Kindergarten - Blog Toplist 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: General]

.In 1851 the Prussian government declared that " schools founded on Froebel's principles or principles like them could not be allowed."^ Legislators are concerned that the bill could allow the governor to reduce the amount of federal stimulus dollars distributed to a community if a school were to recieve additional funds directly from the federal government and are seeking an interpretation of the wording.

^ An old principle of law was that nonprofit institutions (e.g., churches, hospitals, private schools and colleges) could not be sued for torts.
  • Injuries in School/College Laboratories in USA 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.rbs2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Schools should be incredibly expensive for government and absolutely free of charge for its citizens, just like national defense.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.As early as 1854 it was introduced into England, and Henry Barnard reported on it that it was " by far the most original, attractive and philosophical form of infant development the world has yet seen " (Report to Governor of Connecticut, 1854).^ Yet over time, newspaper articles began to report about attempts to infuse academic instruction into kindergarten programs.
  • California Kindergarten Association 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ckanet.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Out in the real world, nerds collect in certain places and form their own societies where intelligence is the most important thing.
  • Why Nerds are Unpopular 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.paulgraham.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the Cosmologist philosopher Tsou Yen is reported to have developed the original Chinese theory of the five elements .
  • The "Six Schools" of India, China, and Japan 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.The great propagandist of Froebelism, the Baroness Berta von MarenholtzBiilow (1811-1893), drew the attention of the French to the kindergarten from the year 1855, and Michelet declared that Froebel had " solved the problem of human education."^ Number sense Kindergarten problem-solving.
  • free kindergarten learning activities, free kindergarten math and reading worksheets,free kids learning activites, free printable early childhood worksheets 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC prek-8.com [Source type: General]

^ If the people of the world want to solve the hard problems in Afghanistan — kidnapping, beheadings, crime and even al-Qaeda — they should invest in [our] education.
  • Education - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Guess and check numbers Kindergarten problem-solving numbers math worksheets.
  • free kindergarten learning activities, free kindergarten math and reading worksheets,free kids learning activites, free printable early childhood worksheets 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC prek-8.com [Source type: General]

In Italy the kindergarten was introduced by Madame Salis-Schwabe. In Austria it is recognized and regulated by the government, though the VolksKindergarten are not numerous. .But by far the greatest developments of the kindergarten system are in the United States and in Belgium.^ Purpose of Kindergarten Many of the earliest kindergartens in the United States served the purpose of easing the acculturation of newly arrived immigrant children.
  • The Child-Centered Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.acei.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The best-known rating system for green buildings in the United States, LEED struggles with its own rapid rise in popularity .
  • McGraw-Hill Construction's Continuing Education Center | Earn AIA Continuing Education Credits Online 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC continuingeducation.construction.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Education Commission of the States (ECS) is pleased to announce that the Foundation for Child Development (FCD) recently awarded ECS a grant to undertake a study examining financing of, and access to, full-day kindergarten in the United States.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

The movement was begun in the United States by Miss Elizabeth Peabody in 1867, aided by Mrs Horace Mann and Dr Henry Barnard. The first permanent kindergarten was established in St Louis in 1873 by Miss Susan Blow and Dr W. T. Harris. .In Belgium the mistresses of the " Ecoles'gardiennes " are instructed in the " idea of the kindergarten " and " Froebel's method," and in 1880 the minister of public instruction issued a programme for the " Ecoles Gardiennes Communales," which is both in fact and in profession a kindergarten manual.^ Current policy issues are presented, including kindergarten mandates, entrance age, curriculum and instructional methods, screening and assessment, delaying kindergarten entrance, teacher shortages, and the links between prekindergarten and kindergarten.
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. Full-Day Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • CEEP. Popular Topics. El kindergarten de día completo 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC ceep.crc.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ As such, increased media attention to academic instruction in kindergarten may act to solidify public attitudes about kindergarten so that we come to think of kindergarten as synonymous with formal academic instruction.
  • California Kindergarten Association 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ckanet.org [Source type: Academic]

.For the position of the kindergarten system in the principal countries of the world see Report of a Consultative Committee upon the School Attendance of Children below the Age of Five, English Board of Education Reports (Cd.^ HUNTINGTON -- The Regional Education Service Agency (RESA 2) based in Huntington is urging West Virginia lawmakers to support boards of education and county school systems by continuing to provide funding to RESA agencies.

^ On the other hand, a leading professional association in early childhood education--the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)--has adopted the position that kindergartens should have programs and practices that are more age appropriate and that better accommodate individual differences in background, learning, and experience (Bredekamp, 1987).
  • Readiness for Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC nces.ed.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Michigan's costly retirement system threatens public schools Interactive tool: Teacher pension costs, by district Interactive map: Failing schools across the country Advertisement .
  • detnews.com | The Detroit News | Schools | Detroit News Online -- Local and online source for in-depth news about schools and colleges in Detroit and Michigan. 12 January 2010 9:58 UTC www.detnews.com [Source type: News]

.4259, 1908); and " The Kindergarten," by Laura Fisher, Report of the United States Commissioner for Education for 1903, vol.^ The paper reported “ Jack Warner, commissioner of the Rhode Island Board of Governors for Higher Education, was optimistic for the state's chances, citing the economic troubles that led to the decreased funding levels.

^ Purpose of Kindergarten Many of the earliest kindergartens in the United States served the purpose of easing the acculturation of newly arrived immigrant children.
  • The Child-Centered Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.acei.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A college education in the United States can be one of the most costly in the world.
  • MediaShift . Education Archives | PBS 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

i. ch. xvi. (Washington, 1905).
[[Kindi [Abu]] YusUF YA ` QUB IBN Ishaq Ul-Kindi, sometimes called pre-eminently " The Philosopher of the Arabs "1 flourished in the 9th century, the exact dates of his birth and death being unknown. He was born in Kufa, where his father was governor under the Caliphs Mandi and Harun al-Rashid. .His studies were made in Basra and Bagdad, and in the latter place he remained, occupying according to some a government position.^ Immigrants are holding fast to their belief that America remains the land of opportunity, according to a new Public Agenda study .
  • Public Agenda Research Studies: Education | Public Agenda 27 January 2010 23:48 UTC www.publicagenda.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the orthodox reaction under Motawakkil, when all philosophy was suspect, his library was confiscated, but he himself seems to have escaped. .His writings - like those of other Arabian philosophers - are encyclopaedic and are concerned with most of the sciences; they are said to have numbered over two hundred, but fewer than twenty are extant.^ If your child does not write with a dominant hand yet, most likely they will establish one during Kindergarten.

^ They can gain knowledge of how children from other parts of the world look, their customs, likes, dislikes, and see they are alike but different.
  • E-pals, Class connect - Kindergarten 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.gigglepotz.com [Source type: General]

^ Grayson and other Washington lawmakers have been pushing for Florida to get a waiver to the 2006 requirement, and Grayson said he thought that likely, if the state shows willingness to do its share, too.

.Some of these were known in the middle ages, for Kindi is placed by Roger Bacon in the first rank after Ptolemy as a writer on optics.^ For example, one teacher said, The kids are developmentally in the same place where they were, but the expectation is for them to be doing academic work that is first grade work; and for some of these kids, you are stepping all over their developmental foundations to teach something that they are not ready for.
  • California Kindergarten Association 24 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.ckanet.org [Source type: Academic]

His work De Somniorum Visione was translated by Gerard of Cremona and another was published as De medicinarum compositarum gradibus investigandis Libellus (Strassburg, 1531). He was one of the earliest translators and commentators of Aristotle, but like Farabi appears to have been superseded by Avicenna.
See G. Flugel, Al Kindi genannt der Philosoph der Araber (Leipzig, 1857), and T. J. de Boer, Geschichte der Philosophie im Islam (Stuttgart, 1901), pp. 90 sqq.; also ARABIAN PHILOSOPHY. (G. W. T.)

<< Kind

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also kindergarten

Contents

German

Etymology

From Kinder ("children") + Garten ("garden").

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈkɪndɐˌɡaːɐ̯tn̩/

Noun

Kindergarten m (genitive singular: Kindergartens; all plural cases: Kindergärten)
  1. Nursery school, kindergarten

Simple English

Kindergarten , literally meaning "children's garden", is the first stage in the move from home to formal schooling. Children learn through play. In most countries kindergarten is part of the pre-school system. In North America and some parts of Australia kindergarten is the first year of school. Kindergarten children are usually between three and seven years of age. Kindergarten ages vary from country to country. In Malaysia, for example, kindergarten children are at the age of six and when they are seven years old they are going to primary school.



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Kindergarten, which are similar to those in the above article.








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