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King's College London

Arms of King's College London
Motto Sancte et Sapienter
Motto in English With Holiness and Wisdom
Established 1829
Type Public
Endowment £103.7 million[1]
Principal Prof Rick Trainor[2]
Chairman of the Council Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Douro[3]
Staff 5,700
Students 21,230[4]
Undergraduates 14,010[4]
Postgraduates 7,220[4]
Location London, England, United Kingdom
51°30′43.00″N 0°06′58.00″W / 51.51194°N 0.11611°W / 51.51194; -0.11611Coordinates: 51°30′43.00″N 0°06′58.00″W / 51.51194°N 0.11611°W / 51.51194; -0.11611
Campus 5 throughout Central London
Visitor The Archbishop of Canterbury ex officio[5]
Mascot Reggie the Lion
Affiliations University of London
Russell Group
Golden Triangle
KCL Logo.png

King's College London is a constituent college of the University of London in the United Kingdom. The college was founded by King George IV and the Duke of Wellington in 1829, and its royal charter is predated in England only by those of Oxford University and Cambridge University.[6] Along with University College London, King's College London became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London in 1836.[7][8] King's has a strong academic reputation, and in 2009 was ranked 6th in the UK, 7th in Europe and 23rd in the world in the Times Higher Education rankings.[9] Its degree courses in history, politics, philosophy, classics, music, dentistry, law and medicine are especially strong, often ranking in the top 5 of national academic league tables.[10] The college is a founding member of the Russell Group;[11] constitutes the largest centre for the education of healthcare professionals in Europe; and houses six Medical Research Council Centres,[12] more than anywhere else in the world, and over a quarter of the UK's total.[13] The college is currently arranged into nine schools of study, spread across four Thames-side campuses in Central London, and one in Denmark Hill, South London.[14]



The Maughan Library on Chancery Lane is the College's main library

King's, so named to indicate the patronage of King George IV, was founded in 1829 in response to the founding of "London University", latterly known as University College London, in 1826.[15] UCL was founded, with the backing of Jews, Utilitarians and non-Anglican Christians, as a secular institution, intended to educate "the youth of our middling rich people between the ages of 15 or 16 and 20 or later".[16] The need for such an institution was due to the religious nature of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, which then educated solely the sons of wealthy Anglicans.[17] The foundation of UCL met with the disapproval of the establishment, indeed, "the storms of opposition which raged around it threatened to crush every spark of vital energy which remained".[18] The Revd Dr George D'Oyly, rector of Lambeth and governor of Wilson's School in Camberwell, opposing the secular nature of the college, published an open letter proposing the formation of a competing institution. This would be of a religious, and more particularly Anglican, nature, one which would instil, "the services of religion performed as directed in our National Church".[19] This prompted Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, the then Prime Minister to chair a public meeting which launched King's on 21 June 1828. His simultaneous support for the Anglican college and the Roman Catholic Relief Act, which was to lead to the granting of almost full civil rights to Catholics, was challenged by George Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea in early 1829. The result was a duel in Battersea Fields on 21 March that year.[20] Deliberately off-target shots were fired by both and neither was hurt.[20] "Duel Day" is still celebrated on 21 March every year, marked by various events throughout the College.[21]

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington fought a duel against the Earl of Winchilsea in 1829 over the Duke's support for the rights of Irish Catholics, and the independence of the newly-established King's

King's opened in 1831, very much in a similar academic guise to Oxford. Despite the intentions of its founders and the chapel at the heart of its buildings, the initial prospectus permitted, "nonconformists of all sorts to enter the college freely".[22] Chemistry, English literature and Commerce were among the subjects offered.[17] At this time, neither King's, nor "London University" had the ability to confer degrees, a particular problem for medical students who wished to practice. Amending this situation was aided by the appointment of Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux as Lord Chancellor, who was chairman of the governors of "London University". In this position he automatically became a governor of King's. In the understanding that the government was unlikely to grant degree-awarding powers on two institutions in London, negotiations led to the colleges federating as the "University of London" in 1836, "London University" thus being demoted to the lower status of University College.[17]

King's professors played a part in scientific and social advances of the nineteenth century, through extending higher education to women, the working class, and by offering evening classes. Perhaps the most famous scholarly research performed at King's was the work by Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins that was essential to the discovery by James D. Watson and Francis Crick of the structure of DNA.

South West Building, Strand Campus, overlooking the Thames

The first qualification issued by King's was the Associateship of King's College, or AKC. The course, which concerns questions of ethics and theology, is still awarded today to students (and staff) who take an optional three year course alongside their standard degree. Successful completion entitles the graduate to bear the letters AKC after their name.

The College today is the product of mergers with a number of other institutions over the years, including Queen Elizabeth College and Chelsea College of Science and Technology in 1985, and with the Institute of Psychiatry and the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals. Florence Nightingale's original training school for nurses is now incorporated as the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery. Today, there are nine schools of study (see below).

King's College School was created as King's Junior Department at the time of the College's founding. Originally situated in the basement of the Strand campus, the School relocated to Wimbledon in 1897. King's College School is no longer associated with King's College London.

In 2003 the College was granted degree-awarding powers in its own right, (as opposed to through the University of London) by the Privy Council. This power remained unexercised until 2007, when the College announced that all students starting courses from September 2007 onwards would be awarded degrees conferred by King's itself, rather than by the University of London. The new certificates however still make reference to the fact that King's is a constituent college of the University of London.[23] All current students with at least one year of study remaining were in August 2007 offered the option of choosing to be awarded a University of London degree or a King's degree.

Academic reputation

King’s has a strong academic reputation. According to The Guardian newspaper, King's College London, the London School of Economics, Imperial College London and University College London, each 'have international reputations that in this country only Oxbridge can beat'.[23] In 2008 The Times newspaper ranked King's 10th in the UK,[24] while in the same year King's ranked 12th in The Sunday Times,[25] 12th in The Guardian,[26] 5th in The Times Higher Education Supplement,[27] 17th in The Telegraph,[28] and 15th in The Independent.[29] Internationally, Times Higher Education QS World University Rankings places King's 23rd in the World,[9] while The G-Factor World Rankings puts King's 32nd in the world[30], the Global University Ranking ranks 36-39th worldwide[31] and the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities places King's 65th in the world.[32] According to the 2009 Times Good University Guide, several subjects taught at King’s, including Law, History, Politics, Classics, Spanish, Portuguese, Music, Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing and Food Science are among the top five in the country.[33] The Dental Institute has been known as the "Oxbridge Dentistry" as the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford do not offer Dentistry as a course of study. The College has had 24 of its subject-areas awarded the highest rating of 5 or 5* for research quality,[34] demonstrating excellence at an international level, and in 2007 it received a good result in its audit by the Quality Assurance Agency.[34] It is in the top tier for research earnings.

UK University Ranking
2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993
Times Good University Guide 12th[35] 11th[36] 10th[37] 17th[38] 17th 16th=[39] 16th 17th= 20th 18th 15th 17th 18th 15th 20th= 18th 11th 15th=
Sunday Times University Guide 12th 17th[40] 12th 13th[41] 13th[41] 13th=[42] 17th[42] 21st[42] 21st[42] 19th[42] 18th[42] 18th[42]
Times Higher Education - QS 6th[43] 5th[44] 6th[45] 8th[46] 9th[47] 13th[48]
ARWU 8th[49] 9th[50] 10th[51] 10th[52] 9th[53] 8th[54] 8th[55]
Guardian University Guide 24th[56] 21st[57] 13th[58] 8th 8th[59] 6th [60] 7th[61] 10th[62] 18th[63]
Daily Telegraph 17th=[64] 18th= 18th=[63]
The Independent 17th[65] 15th[66] 17th[66]
FT Good University Guide 10th[67] 12th[63] 15th[68] 10th[69] 12th[70]



Strand campus

Guy's Campus
The Colonnade, Guy's Campus
The Grade I listed College Chapel on the Strand Campus was redesigned in 1864 by Sir George Gilbert Scott
The Maughan Library on Chancery Lane is only a short walk from the Strand Campus

The Strand Campus is the founding campus of King's. Located next to Somerset House in the City of Westminster, and sharing its frontage along the River Thames, most of the Schools of Humanities, Law, Social Science & Public Policy and Physical Sciences & Engineering are housed here. The Campus combines the Grade I listed King's Building of 1831 designed by Sir Robert Smirke, and the Byzantine Gothic College Chapel, redesigned in 1864 by Sir George Gilbert Scott with the more modern Strand Building, completed in 1972. The Chesham Building in Surrey Street was purchased after the Second World War. The Macadam Building of 1975 houses KCLSU's activities and is named after King's alumnus Sir Ivison Macadam, first President of NUS. A National Trust-protected Roman Bath is situated on the site of the Strand Campus and can be accessed via the Surrey Street entrance. Hidden by surrounding College buildings, the Baths were mentioned by Charles Dickens in chapter thirty-five of David Copperfield. Moreover Aldwych tube station, a well-preserved but disused London Underground station, is integrated as part of the King's Strand campus. A Rifle Range is located on the site of a platform taken out of public service in 1917. (Nearest underground stations: Temple, Covent Garden)

Guy's campus

Guy's Hospital in the London Borough of Southwark, established in 1726, houses parts of King's College London School of Medicine and Dentistry (KCLMS). The founder and benefactor of the hospital, Thomas Guy, was a wealthy bookseller and a governor of St Thomas' Hospital. He lies buried in the vault beneath the 18th-century chapel at Guy's. Silk-merchant William Hunt was a later benefactor who gave money in the early nineteenth century to build Hunt's House. Today this is the site of New Hunt's House. The Henriette Raphael building, constructed in 1903, and the Gordon Museum are also located here. In addition, the Hodgkin building, Shepherd's House and Guy's chapel are prominent buildings within the campus. Guy's KCLSU centre is situated in Boland House. (Nearest underground stations: London Bridge, Borough)

Waterloo campus

Across Waterloo Bridge from the Strand Campus, the Waterloo Campus near the South Bank Centre in the London Borough of Lambeth consists of the James Clerk Maxwell Building and the Franklin-Wilkins Building, which was originally constructed as His Majesty's Stationery Office. King's acquired the building in the 1980s. The James Clerk Maxwell Building houses the Principal's Office, most of the central administrative offices of the College and part of the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing & Midwifery. The Franklin-Wilkins Building is home to the School of Health & Life Sciences that includes Pharmacy, the Department of Education and to part of the School of Nursing & Midwifery. The campus is also home to the London site of Schiller International University. (Nearest underground station: Waterloo)

St Thomas' campus

The St Thomas' Campus in the London Borough of Lambeth, facing the Houses of Parliament across the Thames, houses parts of the School of Medicine and the Dental Institute. The Florence Nightingale Museum is also located here. (Nearest underground station: Westminster)

Denmark Hill campus

Further south, King's College Hospital, the Maudsley Hospital and the Institute of Psychiatry form the Denmark Hill Campus, straddling the borders of the London Borough of Lambeth and the London Borough of Southwark in Camberwell, the only campus not situated on the River Thames. As well as the IoP, parts of the Dental Institute and School of Medicine, and a large hall of residence, King's College Hall, are housed here. The KCL library for this campus is on-site, known as the Weston Education Centre (WEC). (Nearest overground station: Denmark Hill)


King's is coming to the end of a decade of restorative and refurbishment projects, with investment of £550 million.[34] These include the Franklin-Wilkins Building at the Waterloo campus, The Maughan Library on Chancery Lane and the renovation of the chapel at the Strand campus at a cost of £750,000. The Strand Campus redevelopment won the Green Gown Award in 2007 for sustainable construction. The award recognised the ‘reduced energy and carbon emissions from a sustainable refurbishment of the historic South Range of the King's Building'.[71] King's was also the recipient of the 2003 City Heritage Award for the conversion of the Grade II* listed Maughan Library.[72] In December 2009 it was announced that King's would acquire the East Wing of Somerset House under a 78-year lease. The wing is to accommodate a cultural centre, open to the public, and allow the relocation of the college's School of Law.[73]


King's library facilities are spread across its five campuses; the College's estate also includes the library at Bethlem Royal Hospital in the London Borough of Bromley.[74] The collections encompass over one million printed books, as well as thousands of journals and electronic resources.

The Maughan Library

The Maughan Library is housed in the Grade II* listed 19th century gothic former Public Record Office building situated on Chancery Lane near the Strand Campus. The building was designed by Sir James Pennethorne and is home to the books and journals of the School's of Humanities, Law, Physical Sciences & Engineering, and Social Science & Public Policy. It also houses the Special Collections and rare books. Inside the Library is the octagonal Round Reading Room, inspired by the reading room of the British Museum, and the former Rolls Chapel (renamed the Weston Room following a donation from the Garfield Weston Foundation) with its stained glass windows, mosaic floor and monuments, including an important Renaissance terracotta figure by Pietro Torrigiano of Dr Yonge, Master of the Rolls, who died in 1516.

Other libraries

  • The Foyle Special Collections Library at Chancery Lane houses a collection of over 150,000 printed works as well as thousands of maps, slides, sound recordings and some manuscript material.[75]
  • The Tony Arnold Library at Chancery Lane houses a collection of over 3000 law books and 140 law journals. It was named after Tony Arnold, the longest serving Secretary of the Institute of Taxation. In September 2001 the library became part of the law collection of Kings College London.[76]
  • The Franklin-Wilkins Information Services Centre at the Waterloo Campus is home to extensive management and education holdings, as well as wide-ranging biomedical, health and life sciences coverage includes nursing, midwifery, public health, pharmacy, biological and environmental sciences, biochemistry and forensic science.[77]
  • The New Hunt's House Information Services Centre at Guy's Campus covers all aspects of biomedical science. There are also extensive resources for medicine, dentistry, physiotherapy and health services.[78]
  • The Weston Education Centre at the Denmark Hill Campus has particular strengths in the areas of gastroenterology, liver disease, diabetes, obstetrics, gynaecology, paediatrics and the history of medicine.[79]
  • The St Thomas' House Information Services Centre holdings cover all aspects of basic medical sciences, clinical medicine and health services research.[80]
  • The Institute of Psychiatry (IoP) Library is the largest psychiatric library in Western Europe, holding 3,000 print journal titles, 550 of which are current subscriptions, as well as access to over 3,500 electronic journals, 38,000 books, and training materials.[81]
  • The Bethlem Royal Hospital Library contains a smaller collection to support students and staff working at the hospital.[82]

Schools of study

Sappho: Classical sculpture in the King's Building, Strand Campus

The nine Schools of study at King's are as follows:

  • Arts & Humanities
  • Biomedical & Health Sciences
  • Dental Institute
  • Institute of Psychiatry
  • Law
  • Medicine
  • Nursing & Midwifery
  • Physical Sciences & Engineering
  • Social Science & Public Policy

Students' union

KCLSU logo
Reggie the Lion

King's College London Students' Union (KCLSU) is the oldest student union in London, founded just before University College London Union, and provides a good range of activities and services: over 50 sports clubs (including the Boat Club which rows on the River Thames and the Rifle Club which uses the College's shooting range located at the disused Aldwych tube station beneath the Strand Campus), 60 societies, a wide range of volunteering opportunities, 2 bars, 2 nightclubs, shops, eating places and a gym. A former President of KCLSU, Sir Ivison Macadam (after whom the Students' Union building on the Strand Campus has since been named) went on to be elected as the first President of the National Union of Students, and KCLSU has played an active role there and in the University of London Union ever since.

Roar is KCLSU's monthly magazine. It carries stories, reviews and features on a range of topics, reporting on Students' Union events, campaigns, clubs and societies, as well as coverage of the arts, books and fashion. King's Bench, has grown from strength to strength, challenging the dominance Roar once had in the media spectrum.[83] It is published tri-annually and welcomes contributions from all of King's students, either for publication in its printed edition, or on its website. The College itself also publishes a range of periodicals reporting on various aspects of King's.[84]

In the 1970s, the King's mascot, "Reggie", was buried upside-down in a pit near Waterloo Station, which was filled with concrete; only the tip of his tail remained visible. Later, he was lost for many years in the 1990s, and not recovered until he was found in a field. Having been restored at the cost of around £15,000, Reggie has been placed on display in the KCLSU Student Centre at the Strand Campus. Protected in a glass case, he is filled with concrete to prevent theft, particularly by UCL students who, prior to his burial and dumping, had also castrated him. (King's students had also stolen one UCL mascot, Phineas and, in an apocryphal legend, allegedly played football with the head of Jeremy Bentham's Auto-icon).

There are three "Reggies" in existence: the original, on display in KCLSU's Student Centre at the Strand Campus, a papier-mâché Reggie outside the Great Hall at the Strand Campus (pictured above), and a small sterling silver incarnation displayed during Graduation ceremonies.

Competition with UCL

Competition within the University of London is most intense between King's and University College London, the two oldest institutions. In the early twentieth century, rivalry was centred on their respective mascots. University College's was Phineas Maclino, a wooden tobacconist's sign of a kilted Jacobite Highlander purloined from outside a shop in Tottenham Court Road during the celebrations of the relief of Ladysmith in 1900.

King's later addition was a giant beer bottle representing "bottled youth". In 1923 it was replaced by a new mascot to rival Phineas - Reggie the Lion, who made his debut at a King's-UCL sporting rag in December 1923, protected by a lifeguard of engineering students armed with T-squares. Thereafter, Reggie formed the centrepiece of annual freshers' processions by King's students around Aldwych in which new students were typically flour bombed.

Although riots between respective College students occurred in Central London well into the 1950s, rivalry is now limited to the rugby union pitch and skulduggery over mascots, with an annual Varsity match taking place between King's College London RFC and University College London RFC.

Competition with LSE

Tensions between King's and the London School of Economics were ignited on 2 December 2005 when at least 200 students from LSE (across the road from the Strand campus) diverted off from the annual "barrel run" and caused an estimated £32,000 (The Beaver, LSE, 26 September 2006) of damage to the English department at King's.[85] Principal Rick Trainor called for no retaliation and LSE Students' Union were forced to issue an apology as well as foot the bill for the damage repair. While LSE officially condemned the action, a photograph was published in The Beaver (the LSE SU Student Newspaper) which was later picked up by The Times that showed LSE Director Sir Howard Davies drinking with members of the LSE Students' Union shortly before the barrel run - and the "rampage" - began. King's appears to have been targeted, however, principally owing to its close proximity to LSE rather than any ill-feeling. There is also somewhat of a sporting rivalry between the two institutions, albeit to a lesser extent than with UCL.

Students' accommodation

Sophocles: Classical sculpture in the King's Building, Strand Campus

King's has six halls of residence located throughout London. They are:

Intercollegiate Halls of Residence

King's also has the largest number of bedspaces in the University of London Intercollegiate Halls[86]. The halls are:


Notable alumni

Desmond Tutu, B.D. '65, M.Th. '66

Tassos Papadopoulos, President of Cyprus from 2003 to 2008 graduated from King's with a degree in Law in 1955,[87] while his predecessor Glafkos Klerides who served as President of Cyprus from 1993 to 2003 graduated with a Law degree in 1948.[88] Marouf al-Bakhit, Prime Minister of Jordan from 2005 to 2007 graduated with a PhD in War Studies in 1990,[89] France-Albert René President of Seychelles from 1977 to 2004 studied Law at King's,[90] Sir Lynden Pindling Prime Minister of The Bahamas from 1967 to 1992 graduated with a Law degree in 1952,[91] Godfrey Binaisa President of Uganda from 1979 to 1980 graduated with a Law degree in 1955,[92] Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz Prime Minister of Iraq from 1965 to 1966 graduated from King's,[93], Sir Lee Moore Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis from 1979 to 1980 graduated with a degree in Law and Theology,[94] and Sir Shridath Ramphal, former Secretary General of the Commonwealth graduated with a degree in Law in 1952.[95] King's alumni to have held senior positions in British politics include the Foreign Secretary David Owen, Baron Owen, two Speakers of the House of Commons Horace King, Baron Maybray-King (English) and James Lowther, 1st Viscount Ullswater, Leader of the House of Commons John MacGregor, Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market (Law, 1962), and the Minister of Defence Harold Watkinson, 1st Viscount Watkinson. As of the current Parliament there are 10 King's graduates in the House of Commons, and 12 King's graduates in the House of Lords. Sarojini Naidu, the first woman President of the Indian National Congress also studied at King's. [96]. In Law King's alumni include current Lord Justice of Appeal Sir Jeremy Sullivan (Law, 1967),[97] two current High Court judges, Sir David Penry-Davey (Law, 1964)[98] and Sir David Foskett (Law, 1970),[99] current Judge of the International Court of Justice Abdul Koroma (International Law, 1976),[100] and the current Chief Justice of Western Australia Wayne Martin (Law, 1975).

King's alumni in religion include the Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town Desmond Tutu (Theology, 1966),[101] the preceding Archbishop of Canterbury George Carey, Baron Carey of Clifton (Theology, 1962),[102] and the current Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth Jonathan Sacks, Baron Sacks (Theology & Religious Studies, 1981).[103] King's is also the alma mater of the current international leader of The Salvation Army Shaw Clifton (Law & Theology, 1967),[104] and at least 16 current Bishops of the Church of England and Wales.

Notable King's alumni in poetry and literature include the poet John Keats (Medicine), and the writers Thomas Hardy (French), Sir Arthur C. Clarke (Mathematics & Physics), W. Somerset Maugham, Alain de Botton (Philosophy), C.S. Forester, Charles Kingsley, Virginia Woolf, John Ruskin, Radclyffe Hall, Hanif Kureishi (Philosophy), Anita Brookner (History), Michael Morpurgo (French & English), Sir Leslie Stephen and Alexander Masters (Physics). In addition the dramatist Sir W. S. Gilbert of Gilbert and Sullivan graduated from King's.

King's is also the alma mater of the satirist Rory Bremner (Modern Languages, 1984),[105] botanist David Bellamy,[106] journalist Martin Bashir (Religious History, 1985),[107] Queen bassist John Deacon,[108] former Head of the British Army Lord Harding, and the current head of the Royal Marines Andy Salmon (Defence Studies, 1993).[109] Furthermore King's alumni include the Olympic medal winners Kieran West (War Studies, 2005), Annie Vernon (International Relations, 2007), Katherine Grainger (PhD, Law) and Frances Houghton (Hispanic Studies, 2003). King's alumni in academia include the Nobel laureates Max Theiler and Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins,[110][111] and the current Vice-Chancellors of Cambridge (Alison Richard, PhD, 1973), Lancaster (Paul Wellings, Zoology, 1975),[112] London Metropolitan (Malcolm Gillies, Music, 1981), and the University of South Africa (Barney Pityana, Theology & Religious Studies, 1981).[113]

Nobel laureates

There are nine Nobel laureates who were either students or academics at King's.[114]

Name Prize Year Awarded Rationale
Charles Barkla Nobel Prize in Physics
For the discovery of X-ray fluorescence
Sir Owen Richardson Nobel Prize in Physics
For pioneering the study of thermionics
Sir Frederick Hopkins Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
For research on vitamins and beriberi
Sir Charles Sherrington Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
For research on the nervous system
Sir Edward Appleton Nobel Prize in Physics
For exploration of the ionosophere
Max Theiler Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
For developing a vaccine for yellow fever
Maurice Wilkins Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
For the discovery of the structure of DNA
Desmond Tutu Nobel Peace Prize
For his work as Secretary-General of the South African Council of Churches
Sir James Black Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
For the development of beta-blocker and anti-ulcer drugs


See also Category:Academics of King's College London

King's has benefited from the services of academics at the top of their fields, including:


The Principal of King's is the chief academic and administrative officer of the College. To date there have been 19 Principals.

Name Entered Office Departed Office
William Otter
Hugh James Rose
John Lonsdale
Richard William Jelf
Alfred Barry
Henry Wace
Archibald Robertson
Arthur Cayley Headlam
Ronald Montagu Burrows
Sir Ernest Barker
Sir William Reginald Halliday
Sir Peter Noble
Sir John Winthrop Hackett
Richard Way
Sir Neil Cameron, Baron Cameron of Balhousie
Sir Stewart Sutherland, Baron Sutherland of Houndwood
John Beynon
Arthur Lucas
Rick Trainor


See also Category:Fellows of King's College London

Financial Endowment

According to The Sutton Trust, in 2002 King's had the fifth largest financial endowment among UK universities, the fourth largest endowment per student, and the third largest endowment in England, surpassed only by Oxford and Cambridge.[115] King's has an annual turnover of in excess of £400 million,[1] and has credit ratings of AA/Stable/A-1 (Standard & Poor's). It is also in the top group of universities for research earnings with an income of £101 million (2004-05) from grants and contracts.

Facts and figures


Shepherd's House, Guy's Campus



King's has a wholly owned and dedicated technology transfer, enterprise, and innovation company known as King's College London Business Ltd: one of the most successful in the UK.[citation needed] King's Business is responsible for business development and commercialisation and for student admission and management of the university’s research grants and contracts. In collaboration with King's Business, King's actively encourages its staff to commercialise its research and teaching and as a result has given rise to a large number of spin-out companies based on academic research. These include Proximagen Neuroscience Plc, and Cerogenix Ltd.[citation needed]

King's in fiction and film

See also


  1. ^ a b "King's College London Financial Statements, July 2009" (PDF). King's College London Financial Statements, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  2. ^ "Principal of King's College London - Professor Rick Trainor". 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  3. ^ "King's College London Council membership 2008/09". 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  4. ^ a b c "HESA - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2006/07" (Microsoft Excel spreadsheet). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  5. ^ "The Archbishop of Canterbury - Register of Lords' interests". House of Lords. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  6. ^ There remains debate as to which institution university holds the title of "England's third-oldest university" – See: Third oldest university in England debate.
  7. ^ "About King's College London=King's College London". 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  8. ^ "Royal Charter of King's College London=King's College London" (PDF). 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  9. ^ a b The Times (2009). "World University Rankings". The Times Higher Educational Supplement. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  10. ^ Good University Guide 2009, History
  11. ^ "The future of the University of London: a discussion paper from the Provost of UCL" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-11-20. 
  12. ^ "Medical Research Council centres". 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  13. ^ "About King's College London=King's College London". 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  14. ^ "King's College London: Campuses=King's College London". 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  15. ^ "Foundation of the College=King's College London". 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  16. ^ Hearnshaw, F.J.C. (1929). The Centenary History of King's College, London, 1828-1928. Harrap. p. 38. 
  17. ^ a b c Banerjee, PhD., Jacqueline. "The University of London: The Founding Colleges". Retrieved 2007-05-26. 
  18. ^ MacIlwraith, W. (1884). The Life and Writings of George Grote: An Essay. Barford & Newitt. pp. 32. 
  19. ^ Hearnshaw, F.J.C. (1929). The Centenary History of King's College, London, 1828-1928. Harrap. p. 38. 
  20. ^ a b "Foundation of the College". King's College London - History of the College. Retrieved 2006-11-20. 
  21. ^ "Alumni celebrate Duel Day=King's College London". 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  22. ^ Hearnshaw, F.J.C. (1929). The Centenary History of King's College, London, 1828-1928. Harrap. p. 80. 
  23. ^ a b "Degree Awarding Powers Frequently Asked Questions 2 August 2005". Retrieved 2006-11-20. 
  24. ^ The Times (2008). "The Times Good University Guide 2008". The Times. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  25. ^ The Sunday Times (2008). "The Sunday Times University Guide 2008". Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  26. ^ The Guardian (2008). "The Guardian University Guide 2009". Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  27. ^ The Times (2008). "World University Rankings". The Times Higher Educational Supplement. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  28. ^ The Telegraph (2008). "The Telegraph University League Table". Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  29. ^ The Independent (2008). "The Independent University League Table". Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  30. ^ G-Factor World Rankings 2007 (2007). "G-Factor World Rankings 2007". Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
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Further reading

  • Hearnshaw, F. J. C. (1929) The Centenary History of King's College London. George G. Harrap & Co.
  • Huelin, G. (1978) King's College London, 1828-1978.
  • Jones, C. K. (2004) King's College London: In the service of society.
  • Taylor, C; Williams, G; Jones, C.K (2006) King's College London: Contributions to biomedicine: A continuing story

External links


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