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King of Afghanistan
Former Monarchy
Coat of arms of Afghanistan.svg
Emblem of the God-granted Kingdom of Afghanistan and all its dependencies
King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan.jpg
Last Monarch:
King Mohammed Zahir Shah (Barakzai Dynasty)

Style His Majesty
First monarch Emir Ahmad Shah Durrani (Sadozai Dynasty)
Last monarch King Mohammed Zahir Shah (Barakzai Dynasty)
Official residence Kabul, Afghanistan
Monarchy started July 1747
Monarchy ended July 17, 1973

Before the 1600s and prior, the Afghans that lived in cities were subject to live under foreign rulers. Those who refused were forced to live nomadic style in isolated mountain regions where the law of a central government did not reach to them. The Afghans were pushing for the establishment of their own state but many attempts have failed. In early 1700s Afghan leaders or tribal chiefs from Kandahar began to organize themselves and for the first time they freed themselves from foreign rule. In 1709, Mir Wais Hotaki built a large fortress for himself and turned the town of Kandahar to the center of the Hotaki Empire. After a long series of wars, this empire was eventually replaced by the Durrani Empire which was founded by Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1747. The modern nation of Afghanistan is what's left over of the Durrani Empire.

Contents

Hotaki Empire (1709-1729)

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Hotaki Dynasty

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Mir Wais Hotaki
Emir
Mirwais-Hotak.jpeg 1709 1715
Mir Mahmud Hotaki
Emir
SHAH-MAHMUD-HOTAK.jpg 1715 1725
Ashraf Khan Hotaki
Emir
Noimage.png 1725 1729
Shah Hussain Hotak
Emir
ShahHusainHotak.PNG

Durrani Empire (1747-1823)

Sadozai Dynasty

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Ahmad Shah Durrani
Emir
Ahmad-Shah-Durani.jpeg July 1747 16 October 1772
Timur Shah Durrani
Emir
Temur-Shah.jpg 16 October 1772 18 May 1793
Zaman Shah Durrani
Emir
Shah-Zaman-Khan.jpg 18 May 1793 25 July 1801
Mahmud Shah Durrani
Emir
Noimage.png 25 July 1801 13 July 1803
Shuja Shah Durrani
Emir
Shuja Shah Durrani of Afghanistan in 1839.jpg 13 July 1803 3 May 1809
Mahmud Shah Durrani
Emir
Noimage.png 3 May 1809 1818
Ali Shah Durrani
Emir
Noimage.png 1818 1819
Ayub Shah Durrani
Emir
Noimage.png 1819 1823

Emirate of Afghanistan (1823-1926)

Barakzai Dynasty

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Dost Mohammad Khan
Emir
Dost Mohammad Khan of Afghanistan with his son.jpg 1823 2 August 1839

Sadozai Dynasty (restored)

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Shuja Shah Durrani
Emir
Shuja Shah Durrani of Afghanistan in 1839.jpg 7 August 1839 5 April 1842

Barakzai Dynasty (restored)

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Dost Mohammad Khan
Emir
Dost Mohammad Khan of Afghanistan with his son.jpg December 1842 9 June 1863
Sher Ali Khan
Emir
Sher Ali Khan of Afghanistan in 1869.jpg 9 June 1863 May 1866
Mohammad Afzal Khan
Emir
Amir-Muhammad-Afzal-Khan.jpg May 1866 7 October 1867
Muhammad Azam Khan
Emir
Amir-Muhamad-Azam-Khan.jpg 7 October 1867 21 February 1868
Sher Ali Khan
Emir
Sher Ali Khan of Afghanistan in 1869.jpg 7 October 1868 21 February 1879
Mohammad Yaqub Khan
Emir
Yaqub Khan.jpg 21 February 1879 12 October 1879
Abdur Rahman Khan
Emir
Abdur Rahman Khan.jpg 31 May 1880 1 October 1901
Habibullah Khan
Emir
Habibullah.jpg 1 October 1901 20 February 1919
Nasrullah Khan
Emir
Nasrullah Khan.png 20 February 1919 28 February 1919
Amanullah Khan
Emir
Amenoelah van Afghanistan.jpg 28 February 1919 9 June 1926

Kingdom of Afghanistan (1926-1929)

Barakzai Dynasty

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Amanullah Khan
King
Amenoelah van Afghanistan.jpg 9 June 1926 14 January 1929
Inayatullah Khan
King
King Inayatullah Khan of Afghanistan.jpg 14 January 1929 17 January 1929

Emirate of Afghanistan Restored (1929)

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Habibullah Kalakani
Emir
Noimage.png 17 January 1929 13 October 1929

Kingdom of Afghanistan Restored (1929-1973)

Barakzai Dynasty (restored)

Name Picture Reign started Reign ended
Mohammed Nadir Shah
King
Mohammed Nadir Shah.jpg 13 October 1929 8 November 1933
Mohammed Zahir Shah
King
King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan.jpg 8 November 1933 17 July 1973

See also

References


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