King of Castile: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

See also List of Castilian consorts

This is a list of counts, kings, and queens of Castile.

It is, in part, a continuation of the list of Asturian monarchs and the list of Leonese monarchs.

Contents

Counts of Castile

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Elective Counts

These counts were not hereditary, being appointed as representatives of the Asturian king in the eastern march of his realm. From as early as 867, with the creation of the county of Alava, Castile was subdivided into several smaller counties that were not reunited until 931.

Castile

(diminished territory)

  • Munio Núñez of Castrogeriz (c.899–c.901), brother-in-law of García I of León
  • Gonzalo Téllez (c.901–c.904), also count of Cerezo and Lantarón
  • Munio Núñez of Castrogeriz (again, c.904–c.909)
  • Gonzalo Fernández of Lara (c.909–915), cousin of Munio Núñez

Burgos

His acquisition of Castile resulted in reunion of Burgos with Castile, the two titles being used interchangeably thereafter

Castile & Burgos

  • Ferdinand Ansúrez (915–920), married Muniadona, widow of García I of León and sister of Munio Núñez.
  • Nuño Fernández of Amaya (920–926), brother of Gonzalo Fernández
  • Ferdinand Ansúrez (again, 926–c.929)
  • Gutier Núñez (c.929–931), probably son of Nuño Fernández

Cerezo & Lantarón

  • Gonzalo Téllez (c.897–913), also briefly count of Castile
  • Ferdinand Díaz (913–c.921), son of Diego Porcelos
  • Álvaro Herrameliz (c.921–931), also count of Alava, married Sancha, widow of Ordoño II of León and daughter of Sancho I of Pamplona

Alava

  • Rodrigo (c.867–870), count of Castile
  • Vela Jiménez (870–c.887), (said by some to have been brother of García Jiménez of Pamplona)
  • Munio Velaz (c.887–c.921), son of Vela Jiménez
  • Álvaro Herrameliz (c.921–931), also count of Cerezo and Lantarón

House of Lara

Following the appointment of Fernán González in 931 to succeed both Gutier Núñez and Álvaro Herrameliz, he reunited the divided counties of Castile, Burgos, Alava, Cerezo and Lantarón into what would become a single semi-autonomous hereditary county of Castile.

Jiménez Dynasty

With the death of Garcia, Sancho III of Navarre, the feudal overlord, appointed his own son by Mayor, sister of Garcia Sánchez, as count.

Castile Arms.svg

|Coat of arms of Castile

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Kings of Castile

Jiménez Dynasty

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Ferdinand I TumboA ferdinand1.jpg The Great 1037 27 December 1065 also King of León
Sancho II Sancho II of Castile.jpg The Strong 27 December 1065 5 October 1072  
Alfonso VI AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg The Brave 6 October 1072 30 June 1109 also King of León
Urraca UrracaRegina TumboA.jpg   30 June 1109 8 March 1126 also Queen of León

House of Burgundy

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's first husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Alfonso VII Alfonso VII.jpg The Emperor 10 March 1126 21 August 1157 also King of León
Sancho III Sancho III of Castile.jpg The Desired 21 August 1157 31 August 1158  
Alfonso VIII AlfonsoVIII.jpg The Noble 31 August 1158 6 October 1214  
Henry I Blason Castille.svg   6 October 1214 6 June 1217  
Berengaria Doña Berenguela 01.jpg The Great 6 June 1217 30 August 1217 abdicated in favor of her son, Ferdinand III; died 1246
Ferdinand III Fernando III de Castilla.png The Saint 30 August 1217 30 May 1252 also King of León from 1230; all later kings were King of León as well
Alfonso X The Learned 30 May 1252 4 April 1284 elected King of the Romans in 1257, a title which he claimed until he renounced it in 1275
Sancho IV Sancho IV de Castilla.jpg The Brave 4 April 1284 25 April 1295  
Ferdinand IV Fernando IV de León y Castilla.jpg The Summoned 25 April 1295 7 September 1312  
Alfonso XI Alfonso XI de Castilla y León.jpg The Just 7 September 1312 26 March 1350  
Peter Estatua de Pedro I el Cruel (M.A.N.) 01.jpg The Cruel 26 March 1350 23 March 1369  

Claimants as King of Castile and Léon

John of Gaunt claimed the title of King of Castile and Léon by virtue of his marriage to Constance, daughter of Pedro of Castile. He conducted several military actions, borrowing heavily from London merchants, to solidify his title, without success.

House of Trastámara

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Henry II Enrique II.jpg The Bastard 23 March 1369 29 May 1379 also claimed the throne from 1366
John I JuanIdeCastilla.JPG   29 May 1379 9 October 1390  
Henry III Segovia Alcazar stained glass 05.jpg The Infirm 9 October 1390 25 December 1406  
John II Burgos - Cartuja de Miraflores - Tumba de Juan II de Castilla.jpg   25 December 1406 21 July 1454  
Henry IV Enrique IV.jpg The Impotent 21 July 1454 14 December 1474  
Isabella I Isabeldecastilla.jpg The Catholic 14 December 1474 26 November 1504 reigned jointly with her husband, Ferdinand V
Ferdinand V Michel Sittow 004.jpg The Catholic 14 December 1474 26 November 1504 jure uxoris king, jointly with his wife Isabella I
Joanna Johanna die Wahnsinnige.jpg The Mad 26 November 1504 12 April 1555 jointly with her husband, Philip I (1506) and then with her son, Charles I (1516–1555)
Philip I 1500 Meester van de Magdalena legende - Filips de Schone, Aartshertog van Oostenrijk, Hertog van Bourgondie.jpg The Handsome 12 July 1506 25 September 1506 jure uxoris king ruling jointly with his wife, Joanna
Charles I Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor by Tizian.jpg   13 March 1516 16 January 1556 jointly with his mother, Joanna to 1555; abdicated in favor of his son, died 21 September 1558

For later monarchs of Castile, see List of Spanish monarchs. The first monarch to style himself King of Spain was Philip II, son of Charles, who was King of Castile and Aragon, among other possessions. Nevertheless the kingdom of Castile existed on its own right within the Spanish crown and with its own law until the arrival of the Bourbon dynasty after the War of Spanish Succession.

Suggested Reading

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile", pp. 235–302.

See also


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