The Full Wiki

King of Pamplona: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to List of Navarrese monarchs article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coat of Arms of the Kings of Navarre since 1212. Currently it is used as Coat of Arms of the French Basse Navarre and the ville of Donapaleu - Saint Palais, in Basse Navarre (Pyrénées-Atlantiques).

This is a list of the kings of Pamplona (Iruña in Basque), later Navarre. Pamplona was the primary name of the kingdom until its union with Aragon (1076–1134). However, the territorial designation Navarre came into use as an alternative name in the late tenth century, and the name Pamplona was retained well into the twelfth century.

Contents

Monarchs of Pamplona

Advertisements

House of Íñiguez, ? 824–905

The Íñiguez dynasty founded the Navarrese kingdom (of Pamplona) in or around 824 when they rebelled against nominal Frankish (Carolingian) authority.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Íñigo Arista
? 824–851/2
Íñigo Arista 4 children 851/2
García Íñiguez
851/2–882
son of Íñigo Arista 5 children 882
Fortún Garcés
882–905
son of García Íñiguez Oria
5 children
(deposed 905)

Monarchs of Pamplona/Navarre

House of Jiménez, 905–1076

In 905, a coalition of neighbors forced Fortún Garcés to retire to a monastery, and enthroned in his place a scion of a new dynasty. Under their reign, the name Navarre began to supplant that of Pamplona.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Sancho I Garcés
905–925
son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de Pallars Toda of Navarre
6 children
11 December 925
Resa
Jimeno Garcés
925–931
son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de Pallars Sancha of Navarre
3 children
931
García Sánchez I
931–970
919
son of Sancho I Garcés and Toda of Navarre
Andregota Galíndez of Aragon
1 child
Teresa Ramírez of León
3 children
970
aged 51
Sancho II Garcés Abarca
970–994
Sancho II Garcés Abarca after 935
son of García Sánchez I and Andregota
Urraca Fernández
4 children
December 994
García Sánchez II
994–1004
son of Sancho II Garcés Abarca and Urraca Fernández Jimena Fernández of Cea
981
4 children
1004
Sancho III the Great
1004–1035
Sancho III the Great 985
son of García Sánchez II and Jimena Fernández of Cea
Muniadona Mayor
1010
4 children
18 October 1035
García Sánchez III
1035–1054
1016
son of Sancho III the Great and Muniadona Mayor
Estefanía of Barcelona
1038
9 children
15 September 1054
Atapuerca
Sancho IV Garcés
1054–1076
1039
son of García Sánchez III and Estefanía of Barcelona
Placencia
1068
3 children
4 June 1076
Peñalén

Monarchs of Navarre and Aragon

House of Jiménez, Aragon branch 1076–1134

With the assassination of Sancho IV, Navarre was invaded by his cousins Alfonso VI of Castile and Sancho Ramirez of Aragon, and the latter made king, leading to a half-century of Aragonese control.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Sancho V Ramirez
1076–1094
Aragon 1042
son of Ramiro I of Aragon and Ermesinde of Bigorre
Isabel of Urgel
1065
1 child
Felicia of Roucy
1076
2 children
4 June 1094
Huesca
aged 48
Peter
1094–1104
Aragon 1068
son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón and Navarre and Isabel of Urgel
Agnes of Aquitaine
1086
2 children
Bertha of Aragon
1097
No children
28 September 1104
Aran Valley
aged 36
Alfonso
1104–1134
Aragon 1073
son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón and Navarre and Felicia of Roucy
Urraca of Castile
1109
No children
8 September 1134
Huesca
aged 61

Monarchs of Navarre

House of Jiménez, senior line (restoration), 1134–1234

The death of Alfonso led to a succession crisis in Aragon, and the nobles of Navarre took advantage to reestablish an independent monarchy, crowning a grandnephew (through an illegitimate brother) of the assassinated Sancho IV.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
García Ramírez
1134–1150
García Ramírez the Restorer son of Ramiro Sánchez of Monzón and Cristina Rodríguez Díaz de Vivar Marguerite de l'Aigle
1130
4 children
Urraca of Castile
24 June 1144
2 children
21 November 1150
Lorca
Sancho VI
1150–1194
Sello de Sancho el Sabio.svg 1133
son of García Ramírez and Marguerite de l'Aigle
Sancha of Castile
1157
6 children
27 June 1194
Pamplona
Sancho VII
1194–1234
García Ramírez the Restorer 1157
Tudela
son of Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile
Constance of Toulouse
1195
6 children
7 April 1234
Tudela

House of Champagne, 1234–1284

The death of Sancho VII, the last of the Jimenez kings, led to the crown of Navarre being inherited by the son of his sister Blanca, Countess of Champagne, she having been regent during much of her brother's reign.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Theobald I
1234–1253
House of Champagne 30 May 1201
Troyes
son of Theobald III of Champagne and Blanca of Navarre
Gertrude of Dagsburg
1220
No children
Agnes of Beaujeu
1222
1 child
Margaret of Bourbon
1232
6 children
8 July 1253
Pamplona
aged 52
Theobald II
1253–1270
House of Champagne 1238
son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret of Bourbon
Isabelle of France
6 April 1255
No children
4 December 1270
Trapani
aged 32
Henry I
1270–1274
House of Champagne 1244
son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret of Bourbon
Blanche of Artois
1269
2 children
22 July 1274
aged 30
Joan I
1274–1305
Joan 14 January 1271
Bar-sur-Seine
daughter of Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois
Philip IV of France
16 August 1284
7 children
4 April 1305
Château de Vincennes
aged 34

House of Capet, 1284–1349

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Philip I (Philip IV of France)
1284–1305
House of Capet 1268
Fontainebleau
son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon
Joan I of Navarre
16 August 1284
7 children
29 November 1314
Fontainebleau
aged 46
Louis I (Louis X of France)
1305–1316
House of Capet 4 October 1289
Paris
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Margaret of Burgundy
21 September 1305
1 child
Clémence d'Anjou
19 August 1315
1 child
5 June 1316
Vincennes
aged 26
John I
1316
House of Capet 15 November 1316
Paris
son of Louis X of France and Clémence d'Anjou
never married 20 November 1316
Paris
5 days
Philip II (Philip V of France)
1316–1322
House of Capet 1292
Lyon
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Jeanne II, Countess of Burgundy
1307
7 children
3 January 1322
Longchamp
aged 29
Charles I (Charles IV of France)
1322–1328
House of Capet 19 June 1294
Clermont
son of Philip IV of France and Jeanne I of Navarre
Blanche de Bourgogne
1307
2 children
Marie de Luxembourg
1322
4 children
1 February 1328
Vincennes
aged 34
Joan II
1328–1349
House of Capet 28 January 1312
Charenton-le-Pont
daughter of Louis X of France and Margaret of Burgundy
Philip III of Navarre
8 children
6 October 1349
Charenton-le-Pont
aged 37

House of Évreux, 1328–1441

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Philip III
1328–1343
House of Évreux 27 March 1306
son of Louis count of Evreux and Margaret of Artois
Joan II of Navarre
8 children
16 September 1343
Jerez de la Frontera
aged 37
Charles II
1349–1387
House of Évreux 10 October 1332
Évreux
son of Philip III of Navarre and Joan II of Navarre
Joan of France
7 children
1 January 1387
Pamplona
aged 54
Charles III
1387–1425
House of Évreux 22 July 1361
Nantes
son of Charles II of Navarre and Joan of France
Eleanor of Castile
1375
8 children
8 September 1425
Olite
aged 64
Blanche I
1425–1441
House of Évreux 1385
Castile
daughter of Charles III of Navarre and Eleanor of Castile
Martin I of Sicily
26 December 1402
1 child
John II of Aragon
10 June 1420
4 children
3 April 1441
Santa María la Real de Nieva
aged 56

House of Trastámara, 1425–1479

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
John II
1425–1479
John II 29 June 1397
Medina del Campo
son of Ferdinand I and Eleanor of Alburquerque
Blanche I of Navarre
6 November 1419
4 children
Juana Enríquez
2 children
20 January 1479
Barcelona
aged 81
Eleanor
1479
Aragon Navarre 2 February 1425
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
11 children
12 February 1479
Tudela
aged 54

Claimants against John II, 1441–1464

During the war against king John II, there were two who claimed his throne.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles IV
House of Trastamara
1441–1461
Charles of Viana 29 May 1421
Peñafiel
son of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Agnes of Cleves
No children
23 September 1461
Barcelona
aged 40
Blanche II
House of Trastamara
1461–1464
Aragon Navarre 1424
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Henry IV of Castile
No children
2 December 1464
Orthez
aged 40

House of Foix, 1479–1518

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Francis Phoebus
1479–1483
Navarre Foix 12 April 1467
son of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana and Magdalena of Valois
never married 12 February 1483
Pau
aged 16
Catherine
1483–1517
Navarre Foix 1468
daughter of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana and Magdalena of Valois
John III of Navarre
13 children
12 February 1517
Mont-de-Marsan
aged 49

House of Albret, 1518–1572

John III was defeated by Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1512, who then conquered southern Navarre for the Crown of Aragon and was crowned king. See the List of Aragonese and Spanish monarchs for this line. The monarchs of Navarre after 1512 thus only reigned over Lower Navarre, the part of Navarre north of the Pyrenees.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
John III
1484–1516
Navarre-Albret 1469
son of Alain I of Albret and Francoise of Châtillon-Limoges
Catherine of Navarre
13 children
14 June 1516
Pau
aged 47
Henry II
1517–1555
Navarre-Albret 18 April 1503
Sangüesa
son of John III of Navarre and Catherine of Navarre
Marguerite de Navarre
1526
2 children
25 May 1555
Hagetmau
aged 52
Joan III
1555–1572
Joan III 7 January 1528
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
daughter of Henry II of Navarre and Marguerite of Navarre
Antoine of Bourbon
20 October 1548
5 children
9 June 1572
Paris
aged 44

House of Bourbon, 1572–1620

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Henry III (Henry IV of France)
1572–1610
Navarre-Albret 13 December 1553
Pau
son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne III of Navarre
Marie de Médicis
17 December 1600
6 children
14 May 1610
Paris
aged 57
Louis II (Louis XIII of France)
1610–1620
Louis II 27 September 1601
Château de Fontainebleau
son of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici
Anne of Austria
24 November 1615
6 children
14 May 1643
Paris
aged 41

Henry III of Navarre became Henry IV of France and thereafter the crown of Navarre passed to the kings of France. In 1620, the Kingdom was merged into France; however, the French kings continued to use the title King of Navarre until 1791, and it was revived again from 1814 to 1830 during the Bourbon Restoration.

The Bourbon Carlist pretenders to the throne of Spain had Spanish Navarre as a stronghold during the Carlist Wars, but their claim was to all the Spanish royal titles in general.

Current claimants

  • Juan Carlos I, the reigning king of Spain (which is the current country to where most of the territories of historical Navarre belong), uses the title King of Navarre as part of his more extended titulary, inherited from earlier monarchs of Spain (Castile and Aragon) and based on the conquest of the majority of the ancient kingdom by Ferdinand II of Aragon.

References

See also

External links



Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message