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The following is a list of monarchs of Kingdom of Sardinia.

Contents

Early medieval rulers

Judges

Sardinia was divided from the 11th century in four autonomous principalities, called giudicati.

Some of these rulers occasionally took the style of king (rex):

Some ruled with the title King of Sardinia (rex Sardiniae) by grant of the Holy Roman Emperor:

None of these rulers had effective authority over the whole isle.

Monarchs of Sardinia

Aragonese direct rule, 1323–1516

King James II of Aragon received royal investiture from Pope Boniface VIII in 1297 as Rex Sardiniae et Corsicae. The Aragonese did not take actual possession of the isle until 1323, after a victorious military campaign against the Pisans.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
James
13231327
James I 10 August 1267
Valencia
son of Peter I and Constantia of Sicily
Isabella of Castile
1 December 1291
No children

Blanche of Anjou
29 October 1295
10 children

Marie de Lusignan
15 June 1315
No children

Elisenda de Montcada
25 December 1322
No children
5 November 1327
Barcelona
aged 60
Alfonso I
13271336
Alfonso I 1299
Naples
son of James II of Aragon and Blanche of Anjou
Teresa d'Entença
1314
7 children

Eleanor of Castile
2 children
27 January 1336
Barcelona
aged 37
Peter
13361387
Peter 5 October 1319
Balaguer
son of Alfonso IV and Teresa d'Entença
Maria of Navarre
1338
2 children

Leonor of Portugal
1347
No children

Eleanor of Sicily
4 children
5 January 1387
Barcelona
aged 68
John I
13871396
Peter IV 27 December 1350
Perpignan
son of Peter IV of Aragon and Eleanor of Sicily
Martha of Armagnac
1 child

Yolande of Bar
3 children
19 May 1396
Foixà
aged 46
Martin
13961410
Martin I 1356
Girona
son of Peter IV of Aragon and Eleanor of Sicily
Maria de Luna
13 June 1372
4 children

Margarita of Aragon-Prades
1409
No children
31 May 1410
Barcelona
aged 54
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ferdinand I
14121416
Ferdinand I 27 November 1380
Medina del Campo
son of John I of Castile and Eleanor of Aragon
Eleanor of Alburquerque
1394
8 children
2 April 1416
Igualada
aged 36
Alfonso II
14161458
Alfonso V 1396
Medina del Campo
son of Ferdinand I and Eleanor of Alburquerque
Maria of Castile
1415
No children
27 June 1458
Naples
aged 52
John II
14581479
John II 29 June 1397
Medina del Campo
son of Ferdinand I and Eleanor of Alburquerque
Blanche I of Navarre
6 November 1419
4 children

Juana Enríquez
2 children
20 January 1479
Barcelona
aged 81
Ferdinand II
14791516
Ferdinand II 10 March 1452
son of John II of Aragon and Juana Enriquez
Isabella of Castile
19 October 1469
5 children

Germaine of Foix
1505
No children
23 January 1516
Madrigalejo
aged 54

Spanish direct rule, 1516–1713

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles I
15161554
Charles IV 24 February 1500
Ghent
son of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile
Isabella of Portugal
10 March 1526
3 children
21 September 1558
Yuste
aged 58
Philip I
15541598
Philip I 21 May 1527
Valladolid
son of Charles IV and Isabella of Portugal
Maria of Portugal
1543
1 child

Mary I of England
1554
No children

Elisabeth of Valois
1559
2 children

Anna of Austria
4 May 1570
5 children
13 September 1598
Madrid
aged 71
Philip II
15981621
Philip II 14 April 1578
Madrid
son of Philip I and Anna of Austria
Margaret of Austria
18 April 1599
5 children
31 March 1621
Madrid
aged 42
Philip III
16211665
Philip III 8 April 1605
Valladolid
son of Philip II and Margaret of Austria
Elisabeth of Bourbon
1615
7 children

Mariana of Austria
1649
5 children

17 September 1665
Madrid
aged 60
Charles II
16651700
Charles V 6 November 1661
Madrid
son of Philip III and Mariana of Austria
Maria Luisa of Orléans
19 November 1679
No children

Maria Anna of Neuburg
14 May 1690
No children

1 November 1700
Madrid
aged 38
Philip IV
17001713
Charles V 19 December 1683
Versailles
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Anna of Bavaria
Maria Luisa of Savoy
2 November 1701
4 children

Elisabeth of Parma
24 December 1714
7 children

9 July 1746
Madrid
aged 62

At the end of the War of the Spanish Succession, by the Treaty of Utrecht, Sardinia was ceded to Austria

Austrian direct rule, 1713–1720

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles III
17131720
Charles VI 1 October 1685
Vienna
son of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg
Elisabeth Christine
1 August 1708
4 children
20 October 1740
Vienna
aged 55

Spanish forces invaded the kingdom in 1718 during the War of the Quadruple Alliance. Emperor Charles VI ceded it to the Duke of Savoy by the Treaty of The Hague.

House of Savoy, 1720–1861

The monarchs of the House of Savoy ruled from their mainland capital of Turin but styled themselves primarily with the royal title of Sardinia as superior to the original lesser title of Duke of Savoy. However, their numeral order continued the Savoyard list, and they always styled themselves as "of Savoy" and never "of Sardinia".

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Victor Amadeus II
17201730
Victor Amadeus 14 May 1666
Turin
son of Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy and Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours
Anne Marie of Orléans
10 April 1684
6 children
31 October 1732
Moncalieri
aged 66
Charles Emmanuel III
17301773
Charles Emmanuel III 27 April 1701
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and Anne Marie of Orléans
Anne Christine Louise of Bavaria
1 child

Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg
6 children

Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine
3 children
20 February 1773
Turin
aged 72
Victor Amadeus III
17731796
Victor Amadeus III 26 June 1726
Turin
son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg
Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
12 children
16 October 1796
Moncalieri
aged 70
Charles Emmanuel IV
17961802
Charles Emmanuel IV 24 May 1751
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Marie Clotilde of France
1775
No children
6 October 1819
Rome
aged 68
Victor Emmanuel I
18021821
Victor Emmanuel I 24 July 1759
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
21 April 1789
7 children
10 January 1824
Moncalieri
aged 65
Charles Felix
18211831
Charles Felix 6 April 1765
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Maria Christina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
7 March 1807
No children
27 April 1831
Turin
aged 66
Charles Albert
18311849
Charles Albert 2 October 1798
Turin
son of Charles Emmanuel of Savoy, 6th Prince of Carignano and Maria Cristina of Saxony
Maria Theresa of Tuscany
1817
3 children
28 July 1849
Porto
aged 50
Victor Emmanuel II
18491861
Victor Emmanuel II 14 March 1820
Turin
son of Charles Albert of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Tuscany
Maria Adelaide of Austria
1842
8 children

Rosa Teresa Vercellana Guerrieri
1869
2 children
9 January 1878
Rome
aged 57

Between 1859 and 1861 the Kingdom of Sardinia incorporated the majority of Italian states. On March 17, 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed King of Italy by the Parliament in Turin.

See also








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