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Regno di Etruria
Kingdom of Etruria
Client state of the French Empire



Capital Florence
Language(s) Italian
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Monarchy
 - 1801-1803 Louis I
 - 1803-1807 Louis II
Historical era Napoleonic Wars
 - Established March 21, 1801
 - Disestablished December 10, 1807
Currency Tuscan pound

The Kingdom of Etruria (Italian: Regno di Etruria) was a kingdom comprising the larger part of Tuscany which existed between 1801 and 1807. It took its name from Etruria, the old Roman name for the land of the Etruscans.

It was created by the Treaty of Aranjuez, signed on 21 March 1801. In the context of a larger agreement between Napoleonic France and Spain, the Bourbons of Parma were compensated for the loss of their territories in Northern Italy, which had been occupied by French troops since 1796: in return for Ferdinand, Duke of Parma relinquishing his claims, his son Louis was compensated with the Kingdom of Etruria, a new kingdom created out of the old Grand Duchy of Tuscany. To make way for the Bourbons, the Habsburg Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinand III, was ousted and compensated with the secularized land of the Archbishop of Salzburg.

The first King, Louis I, died young in 1803 and his young son Charles Louis succeeded as King Louis II. His mother Maria Louisa of Spain, Queen of Etruria was appointed regent.

In 1807, Napoleon dissolved the Kingdom again and integrated it into France, turning it into three French départements: Arno, Méditerranée and Ombrone.

The king and his mother were promised the throne of a new Kingdom of Northern Lusitania (in the North of Portugal) but this plan never materialized due to the break between Napoleon and the Spanish Bourbons in 1808.

After Napoleon's downfall in 1814 Tuscany itself was restored to its Habsburg Grand Dukes. In 1815 the Duchy of Lucca was carved out of Tuscany as a temporary compensation for the Bourbons of Parma until in 1847 they could resume their rule over Parma.

See also



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