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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kingdom of Great Britain1

 

1707–1801
Flag Royal coat of arms
Motto
Dieu et mon droit
(English: "God and my right")2
Anthem
God Save the King/Queen
Territory of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Capital London
Language(s) English (throughout)

Cornish (Cornwall)
Scots (Scotland)
Scottish Gaelic (Scotland)
Welsh (Wales)
Government Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1707–14 Anne
 - 1714–27 George I
 - 1727–60 George II
 - 1760–1801 George III
Prime Minister
 - 1721–42 Robert Walpole
 - 1783–1801 William Pitt the Younger
Legislature Parliament
 - Upper house House of Lords
 - Lower house House of Commons of Great Britain
Historical era 18th century
 - 1707 Union 1 May 1707
 - 1801 Union 1 January 1801
Area
 - 1801 230,977 km2 (89,181 sq mi)
Population
 - 1801 est. 16,345,646 
     Density 70.8 /km2  (183.3 /sq mi)
Currency Pound sterling
Today part of  United Kingdom3
1Scots: Kinrick o Great Breetain, Welsh: Teyrnas Prydain Fawr
2 The Royal motto used in Scotland was In My Defens God Me Defend.
3 England,  Scotland,  Wales.

The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain,[1][2] was a sovereign state in northwest Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1801. It was created by the merger of the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England, under the Acts of Union 1707, to create a single kingdom encompassing the whole of the island of Great Britain and its minor outlying islands, excluding Ireland—which remained a separate jurisdiction under the British crown. A single parliament and government, based in Westminster, controlled the new kingdom. The kingdoms had shared the same monarch since James VI, King of Scots became King of England in 1603 following the death of Queen Elizabeth I.

The Kingdom of Great Britain was superseded by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801, when the Kingdom of Ireland was merged with it with the enactment of the Act of Union (1800) following the suppression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.

Contents

Name

Occasionally, the Kingdom of Great Britain is given the alternative name of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, which is often shortened to United Kingdom. There is substantial debate over whether the latter name is acceptable.[3] The Treaty of Union refers to the United Kingdom of Great Britain in several places: it is argued that the word "United" is only an adjective, and not part of the style, citing the subsequent Acts of Union themselves, which explicitly state the name of the new state: that England and Scotland were "united into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".[4]

The name "United Kingdom" is sometimes preferred for purposes of continuity, particularly in the military and colonial spheres. At the time of the Act of Union 1800, which unambiguously styled the new state as the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland", the British were embroiled in the Great French War and the British Empire possessed many colonies in North America, India, and Australia. Some who would otherwise prefer the term "Kingdom of Great Britain" thus use "United Kingdom" to avoid using two different names for a single military and colonial power, which may confuse the discussion.

Monarchs

References

  1. ^ Welcome parliament.uk, accessed 7 October, 2008
  2. ^ Act of Union 1707, Article 2.
  3. ^ "Rough guide to British history". 29 April 2006. The Times. URL accessed 13 May 2006.
  4. ^ Act of Union 1707, Article 1.

See also

Preceded by:
Kingdom of England
c. 927–1 May 1707
Kingdom of Scotland
c. 843–1 May 1707
Kingdom of Great Britain
1 May 1707 – 1 January 1801
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1 January 1801–6 December 1922
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Simple English

Kingdom of Great Britain

State union

File:Flag of
File:Flag of
1707 – 1800 File:Flag of the United
File:Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg File:Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
Flag Royal coat of arms
Motto: Dieu et mon droit
(French: "God and my right")1
Anthem: God Save the King/Queen
Capital London
51°30′N 0°07′W
Language(s) English (throughout)
Welsh (Wales)
Scots (Scotland)
Scottish Gaelic (Scotland)
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1707–1714 Anne
 - 1714–1727 George I
 - 1727–1760 George II
 - 1760–1801 George III
Prime Minister
 - 1721–1742 Robert Walpole
 - 1783–1801 William Pitt the Younger
Legislature Parliament
 - Upper house House of Lords
 - Lower house House of Commons
History
 - 1707 Union May 11707
 - 1801 Union December 311800
Area
 - 1801 230,977 km2
89,181 sq mi
Population
 - 1801 est. 10,942,646 
     Density 47.4 /km² 
122.7 /sq mi
Currency Pound sterling
1 The Royal motto used in Scotland was Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").

The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain,[1] was a state in Western Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1800. It was created by the merger of the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England, under the Acts of Union 1707, to create a single kingdom that included the whole of the island of Great Britain. A new single parliament and government, based in Westminster in London, controlled the new kingdom. The two separate kingdoms of Scotland and England had shared the same monarch since James VI, King of Scots, became King of England in 1603 following the death of Queen Elizabeth I.

The Kingdom of Great Britain was followed by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801 when the Kingdom of Ireland became part of the United Kingdom by the Act of Union 1800 after the suppression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.

Monarchs

  • Anne (1707–1714), previously Queen of England, Queen of Scotland, and Queen of Ireland since 1702.
  • George I (1714–1727)
  • George II (1727–1760)
  • George III (1760–1801), continued as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1820.

References

  1. Act of Union 1707, Article 2.
Preceded by:
Kingdom of England
c 927–30 April1707
Kingdom of Scotland
c 843–30 April1707
Kingdom of Great Britain
1 May 170731 December 1800
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1 January 18015 December1922


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