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Lietuvos Karalystė
Kingdom of Lithuania
Client of the German Empire

 

1918

Flag

Capital Vilnius
Government Monarchy
King Mindaugas II
Legislature Council of Lithuania
Historical era World War I
 - Lithuanian independence February 16, 1918
 - Treaty of Brest-Litovsk March 3, 1918
 - Recognized by Germany March 23, 1918
 - Monarch elected July 13, 1918
 - Republic declared November 2, 1918
 - German surrender November 9, 1918

The Kingdom of Lithuania was a short lived constitutional monarchy created towards the end of the First World War when Lithuania was under German occupation. The Council of Lithuania had declared Lithuania's independence of February 16, 1918. Germany recognised Lithuania's independence on March 23, 1918. Four Months later on July 4, 1918 the Council of Lithuania voted to offer the throne to the German noble Duke Wilhelm of Urach although this was a controversial decision with many members leaving in protest. Duke Wilhelm accepted the offer on July 13, 1918 and took the name Mindaugas II. On November 2, 1918 the council changed the constitution replacing it with a republican one thereby ending the short reign of King Mindaugas II.

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