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Suðreyjar ok Norðreyjar
Kingdom of Mann and the Isles

1079–1266
 

Location of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles at the end of the eleventh century
Capital Castletown, Isle of Man
Language(s) Norse
Manx
Scottish Gaelic
Religion Christianity
Government Monarchy
King
 - 1079–1095 Godred IV Crovan
 - 1252–1265 Magnus III of the Isle of Man
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Battle of Skyhill 1079
 - Scottish takeover 1266
 - Treaty of Perth 1266

The Kingdom of Mann and the Isles was a Norse kingdom that existed in the British Isles between 1079 and 1266, and whose kings were vassals of the King of Norway.

The Kingdom had two parts, Sodor (Old Norse: 'Suðr-eyjar'), or the South Isles (the Hebrides and Mann), and Norðr (Old Norse: 'Norðr-eyjar'), or the North Isles (the Orkneys and Shetland).

In 1164 it was split into the Kingdom of the Hebrides and the Kingdom of Mann.

Even today, the Bishop of the Isle of Man is the Bishop of Sodor and Man.

Contents

Formation

The kingdom was formed by Godred Crovan when he seized the Isle of Man from other Vikings, probably from Dublin in 1079. In the first two attempts at capturing the island Godred was defeated, it was only after his third try that he was victorious at the Battle of Skyhill near Ramsey. Previously, the islands had been taken between c.700–900 AD, during the Viking invasions of the British Isles. Up until the arrival of Godred the islands had been administered by the Norse Kingdoms of Dublin and Orkney.

Extent

The Kingdom covered the islands of the northern Irish Sea and off the west coast of mainland Scotland. Specifically, this is:

The later Kingdom of Mann was centred around the Isle of Man but also contained the Outer Hebrides, the Inner Hebrides forming the Kingdom of the Hebrides. The Earldom of Orkney was the furthest extent of the Manx kingdom, which included parts of the Scottish mainland such as Sutherland, Caithness and Inverness. The Kingdom was highly influential in remote western parts of Scotland and eastern parts of Ireland, such as Furness, Whithorn, Argyll and Galloway. At certain times the Kingdom became a domain to the Kings of Dublin and Kings of Jorvik.

The kingdom's end

The two kingdoms were granted to Scotland in 1266, at the Treaty of Perth.

See also

References

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