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(sometimes also Sapa, Maysapan or Nasapan)
Capital Maysapan (now Santa Ana)
Government Rajahnate
 - Established unknown
 - Conquest by Spain 1571
History of Philippines
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This article is part of a series
Early History(pre-900)
Tabon Man
Arrival of the Negritos
Austronesian expansion
Angono Petroglyphs
Classical Epoch (900-1521)
Country of Mai
Dynasty of Tondo
Confederation of Madyaas
Kingdom of Maynila
Kingdom of Namayan
Rajahnate of Butuan
Rajahnate of Cebu
Sultanate of Maguindanao
Sultanate of Sulu
Colonial Era (1565-1946)
Spanish period (1521–1898)
British Rule
Spanish East Indies
Philippine Revolution (1896-1898)
First Philippine Republic
American period (1898–1946)
Philippine–American War
Commonwealth of the Philippines
Japanese Occupation (1942–1944)
Second Philippine Republic
Contemporary Period (1946-present)
Third Republic
Marcos Dictatorship
Fifth Republic
Military history
Communications history
Demographic history
Transportation history

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The ancient Kingdom of Namayan, alternately referred to as the Kingdom of Sapa, Maysapan or Nasapan after its capital which goes by those names, was one of three major kingdoms that dominated the area around the upper portion of the Pasig River and the coast of Laguna Lake in the Philippines before the arrival of Spanish colonizers in the 1500s.

Namayan is said to be the oldest of the three kingdoms, pre-dating the kingdoms of Tondo and Maynila.[1] Formed by a confederation of barangays, it is said to have achieved its peak in 1175.[2]


Territorial range

Namayan's territory has been described bordering Manila Bay, the Pasig river, and Laguna Lake.[1][2] A more precise description of Namayan's administrative area is given by Franciscan scholar Fr. Felix de Huerta, who, noting that Namayan was a confederation of several barangays, identified these component communities as they were named during the mid 1800s.[3]

These were:

Moreover, administrative and political records of Spanish Manila indicate that these settlements mentioned as territories of the Kingdom of Sapa were recorded in 1578 as parts and visitas of Sta. Ana de Sapa.[1]

The capital, Sapa, would later be called Maysapan, and then Santa Ana de Sapa, and is known today simply as Santa Ana, a district of the City of Manila.[2]

Fr. Huertas notes that “this town takes its name from the titular saint and the addition of Sapa for its having been established in a site immediately upon an estuary or rivulet proceeding from the Pasig River, which the natives call Sapa and the name of the town itself.[3]

Rulers of Namayan

Fr. Huertas also recorded the history of Namayan's rulers. It had been ruled from Sapa by Lakan Tagkan (Lacatagcan, Takhan), and Lady Buan. Their known issue was five individuals of whom the principal was named Palaba. Palaba sired a son named Laboy who, in turn, had a son named Calamayin whose own son was christened Martín when he converted to Catholicism.[3]


Other notable heirs

Of perhaps greater interest, however, is Tagkan's child by his Bornean slave-wife. The child, named Pasay, inherited the territory known today as the territories of Culi-culi, Baclaran and the modern city which still bears the name of this individual.[1] There is some discrepancy as to whether Pasay was a son or daughter, with some legends referring to "Dayang-dayang Pasay" ("Princess" Pasay).[2][3]

After colonization

When the parish of Sta. Ana de Sapa was founded in 1578, Franciscan missionaries chose to build their church, and thus another settlement, some distance away from the ancient town, so today's Santa Ana is no longer located at the original site of Namayan's capital.[3] This has raised some questions about pre-colonial graves that have recently been excavated near the Santa Ana church.[1]

During the Spanish colonial era, Santa was a fishing village whose other industries included carpentry and masonry, piña-embroidery, and the production of tinapa, cigar, bricks, sugar, and bread. A street named Lamayan (which in tagalog means "the site of a wake") is said to be the site of the ancient capital where Lacatagcan and Buan ruled.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "The Kingdom of Namayan and Maytime Fiesta in Sta. Ana of Old Manila". Traveler on Foot: A Travel Journal. May 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-27.  
  2. ^ a b c d "About Pasay -- History: Kingdom of Namayan". pasay city government website. City Government of Pasay. Retrieved 2008-02-05.  
  3. ^ a b c d e Huerta, Felix, de (1865). Estado Geografico, Topografico, Estadistico, Historico-Religioso de la Santa y Apostolica Provincia de San Gregorio Magno. Binondo: Imprenta de M. Sanchez y Compañia.  

Additional reading


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