|History of Philippines|
This article is part of a series
|Arrival of the Negritos|
|Classical Epoch (900-1521)|
|Country of Mai|
|Dynasty of Tondo|
|Confederation of Madyaas|
|Kingdom of Maynila|
|Kingdom of Namayan|
|Rajahnate of Butuan|
|Rajahnate of Cebu|
|Sultanate of Maguindanao|
|Sultanate of Sulu|
|Colonial Era (1565-1946)|
|Spanish period (1521–1898)|
|Spanish East Indies|
|Philippine Revolution (1896-1898)|
|First Philippine Republic|
|American period (1898–1946)|
|Commonwealth of the Philippines|
|Japanese Occupation (1942–1944)|
|Second Philippine Republic|
|Contemporary Period (1946-present)|
The ancient Kingdom of Namayan, alternately referred to as the Kingdom of Sapa, Maysapan or Nasapan after its capital which goes by those names, was one of three major kingdoms that dominated the area around the upper portion of the Pasig River and the coast of Laguna Lake in the Philippines before the arrival of Spanish colonizers in the 1500s.
Namayan's territory has been described bordering Manila Bay, the Pasig river, and Laguna Lake. A more precise description of Namayan's administrative area is given by Franciscan scholar Fr. Felix de Huerta, who, noting that Namayan was a confederation of several barangays, identified these component communities as they were named during the mid 1800s.
Moreover, administrative and political records of Spanish Manila indicate that these settlements mentioned as territories of the Kingdom of Sapa were recorded in 1578 as parts and visitas of Sta. Ana de Sapa.
The capital, Sapa, would later be called Maysapan, and then Santa Ana de Sapa, and is known today simply as Santa Ana, a district of the City of Manila.
Fr. Huertas notes that “this town takes its name from the titular saint and the addition of Sapa for its having been established in a site immediately upon an estuary or rivulet proceeding from the Pasig River, which the natives call Sapa and the name of the town itself.”
Fr. Huertas also recorded the history of Namayan's rulers. It had been ruled from Sapa by Lakan Tagkan (Lacatagcan, Takhan), and Lady Buan. Their known issue was five individuals of whom the principal was named Palaba. Palaba sired a son named Laboy who, in turn, had a son named Calamayin whose own son was christened Martín when he converted to Catholicism.
Of perhaps greater interest, however, is Tagkan's child by his Bornean slave-wife. The child, named Pasay, inherited the territory known today as the territories of Culi-culi, Baclaran and the modern city which still bears the name of this individual. There is some discrepancy as to whether Pasay was a son or daughter, with some legends referring to "Dayang-dayang Pasay" ("Princess" Pasay).
When the parish of Sta. Ana de Sapa was founded in 1578, Franciscan missionaries chose to build their church, and thus another settlement, some distance away from the ancient town, so today's Santa Ana is no longer located at the original site of Namayan's capital. This has raised some questions about pre-colonial graves that have recently been excavated near the Santa Ana church.
During the Spanish colonial era, Santa was a fishing village whose other industries included carpentry and masonry, piña-embroidery, and the production of tinapa, cigar, bricks, sugar, and bread. A street named Lamayan (which in tagalog means "the site of a wake") is said to be the site of the ancient capital where Lacatagcan and Buan ruled.