Kinuyo Tanaka: Wikis


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Kinuyo Tanaka

Kinuyo Tanaka in Jinsei no onimotsu (1935)
Born November 29, 1909(1909-11-29)
Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan
Died March 21, 1977 (aged 67)
Years active 1924-1976
Spouse(s) Hiroshi Shimizu (1927-1929, not legally married)
Screenwriter Yoshikata Yoda, Actress-Director Kinuyo Tanaka, and Director Kenji Mizoguchi visit Paris, 1953
The poster of Kinuyo Tanaka's representative work The Life of Oharu(1952).

Kinuyo Tanaka (田中絹代 Tanaka Kinuyo, 29 November 1909 – 21 March 1977) was a Japanese actress and director.

Tanaka was born in Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. She became a leading actress at an early age, appearing in Yasujiro Ozu's I Graduated, But... in 1929. The following year she played the lead in Aiyoku no ki, and in 1931 she appeared in Japan's first talkie, The Neighbor's Wife and Mine, directed by Heinosuke Gosho.

She had a close working relationship with director Kenji Mizoguchi, having parts in 15 of his films, including leading roles in The Life of Oharu (1952), Ugetsu (1953) and Sansho the Bailiff (1954). Their working relationship ended when Mizoguchi countered a recommendation from the Directors Guild for the Nikkatsu studio to hire her as a director. Despite this, the production of her second film as director went ahead, but Tanaka never forgave Mizoguchi, and the reasons for his behaviour are unclear.[1] She also played Noboru Yasumoto's mother in Akira Kurosawa's Red Beard (1965). For her portrayal in Kei Kumai's Sandakan N° 8 she won in 1975 the Silver Bear at the Berlinale. Her last screen appearance was in 1976 in Kei Kumai's Kita No Misaki.

Tanaka was the first Japanese woman who worked as a film director. Her first directing job was on the film Love Letter in 1953, and she made five further films in that role.


Selected Filmography


She has appeared in more than 259 films[2] (incomplete)

  • 1929 I Graduated, But... (大学は出たけれど Daigaku wa detakeredo) - directed by Yasujirō Ozu (小津安二郎)
  • 1930 I Flunked, But... (落第はしたけれど Rakudai wa shitakeredo) - directed by Yasujirō Ozu
  • 1931 The Neighbor's Wife and Mine (マダムと女房 Madamu to Nyōbō) - directed by Heinosuke Gosho (五所平之助)
  • 1933 Izu no Odoriko (伊豆の踊子) - directed by Heinosuke Gosho
  • 1933 Woman of Tokyo (東京の女 Tōkyō no Onna) - directed by Yasujirō Ozu
  • 1933 Dragnet Girl (非常線の女 Hijōsen no Onna) - directed by Yasujirō Ozu
  • 1935 Okoto and Sasuke (春琴抄 お琴と佐助 Shunkinshō Okoto to Sasuke) - directed by Yasujirō Shimazu (島津保次郎)
  • 1935 Burden of Life (人生のお荷物 Jinsei no Onimotsu) - directed by Heinosuke Gosho
  • 1938 Flower in Storm (愛染かつら Aizen-Katsura) - directed by Hiromasa Nomura (野村浩将)
  • 1941 Ornamental Hairpin (簪 Kanzashi) - directed by Hiroshi Shimizu (清水宏)
  • 1944 Riku-gun (陸軍) - directed by Keisuke Kinoshita (木下惠介)
  • 1944 The Swordsman (宮本武蔵 Miyamoto Musashi) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi (溝口健二)
  • 1945 A Tale of Archery at the Sanjusangendo (三十三間堂通し矢物語 Sanjūsangendō Tōshiya Monogatari) - directed by Mikio Naruse (成瀬巳喜男)
  • 1946 Utamaro and His Five Women aka Five Women Around Utamaro (歌麿をめぐる五人の女 Utamaro o meguru gonin no Onna) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1947 The Love of Sumako the Actress (女優須磨子の恋 Joyū Sumako no koi) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1948 Women of the Night (夜の女たち Yoru no Onna-tachi) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1948 A Hen in the Wind (風の中の牝鶏 Kaze no naka no Mendori) - directed by Yasujirō Ozu
  • 1949 Flame of My Love aka My Love Burns (わが恋は燃えぬ Waga koi wa moenu) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1950 An Engagement Ring (婚約指環 Kon'yaku-yubiwa) - directed by Keisuke Kinoshita
  • 1950 The Munekata Sisters (宗方姉妹 Munekata Kyōdai) - directed by Yasujirō Ozu
  • 1951 The Inner Palace Conspiracy (おぼろ駕籠 Oboro-Kago) - directed by Daisuke Itō (伊藤大輔)
  • 1951 Ginza Cosmetics (銀座化粧 Ginza Keshō) (1951) - directed by Mikio Naruse
  • 1951 Miss Oyu (お遊さま Oyū-sama) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1951 The Lady of Musashino aka Lady Musashino (武蔵野夫人 Musashino-Fujin) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1952 The Life of Oharu (西鶴一代女 Saikaku ichidai-onna) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1952 Mother (おかあさん Oksan) - directed by Mikio Naruse
  • 1953 Entotsu no mieru basho - directed by Heinosuke Gosho
  • 1953 Ugetsu aka Tales of Moonlight and Rain (雨月物語 Ugetsu-monogatari) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1954 Sansho the Bailiff (山椒太夫 Sanshō-dayū) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1954 Onna no koyomi (女の暦 Onna no koyomi) - directed by Seiji Hisamatsu (久松静児)
  • 1954 The Woman in the Rumor aka The Crucified Woman (噂の女 Uwasa no onna) - directed by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1956 Arashi - directed by Hiroshi Inagaki
  • 1956 Flowing (流れる Nagareru) - directed by Mikio Naruse
  • 1958 Equinox Flower (彼岸花 Higanbana) - directed by Yasujirō Ozu
  • 1960 Her Brother (おとうと Otōto) - directed by Kon Ichikawa (市川崑)
  • 1962 Lonely Lane aka A Wanderer's Notebook (放浪記 Horoki) - directed by Naruse Mikio
  • 1963 Alone on the Pacific (太平洋ひとりぼっち Taiheiyō hitori-bocchi) - directed by Kon Ichikawa
  • 1965 Red Beard (赤ひげ Aka-hige) - directed by Akira Kurosawa (黒澤明)
  • 1974 Sandakan N° 8 (サンダカン八番娼館 望郷) - directed by Kei Kumai (熊井啓)
  • 1975 Kenji Mizoguchi: The Life of a Film Director (ある映画監督の生涯 Aru eiga-kantoku no shogai) - directed by Kaneto Shindō (新藤兼人)
  • 1976 Kita No Misaki (北の岬) - directed by Kei Kumai




  1. ^ Tony Rayns video essays in the Masters of Cinema edition of Chikamatsu Monogatari/Uwasa no onna set.
  2. ^ 258 films according to "田中絹代" (in Japanese). Japanese Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-12-05.   and plus 1 film Kōge(香華)

See also


External links

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