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Kirkwood, Missouri
—  City  —
Kirkwood Amtrak Station
Location of Kirkwood, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°34′50″N 90°24′51″W / 38.58056°N 90.41417°W / 38.58056; -90.41417
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Government
 - Mayor Arthur J. McDonnell
Area
 - Total 9.3 sq mi (24.0 km2)
 - Land 9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 659 ft (201 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 27,324
 - Density 2,961.3/sq mi (1,143.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 29-39044[1]
GNIS feature ID 0756252[2]
Website www.kirkwoodmo.org

Kirkwood is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri. As of 2006, the city population was 26,936[3]. Founded in 1853, the city is named for James Pugh Kirkwood, builder of the Pacific Railroad through that town. It was the first planned suburb located west of the Mississippi River.[4][5]

The Kirkwood Pioneers and Webster Groves Statesmen alternate as hosts of the Turkey Day game, the longest-running football high-school rivalry west of the Mississippi. Held annually, Thanksgiving Day 2007 marked the 100th anniversary of the first match.[6]

Contents

History

Plans for a new community close to St. Louis began following the St. Louis Fire (1849) and the 1849 cholera outbreak that killed a tenth of the residents of downtown St. Louis. Kirkwood was the first suburban municipality built outside of the Saint Louis City boundaries.

Hiram W. Leffingwell and Richard Smith Elliott bought land 14 miles (23 km) from downtown in 1850 at about the same time James P. Kirkwood was laying out a route for the Pacific Railroad. When the railroad reached the community in 1853, the developers sold lots for the Kirkwood Association. Other Leffingwell developments were to include the construction of Grand Avenue and the establishment of Forest Park.[7]

The original town plat including quarter section blocks and families could be a block estate of 5 acres (20,000 m2). Deed restrictions prohibited industrial development.

The train station of Richardsonian Romanesque style was built in 1893. It is now on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and is a symbol of the town. It is the only station stop that Amtrak makes in the Missouri metropolitan area outside of St. Louis. Among the four other buildings in the city listed on the NRHP is a Frank Lloyd Wright house in Ebsworth Park Foundation.

In 1895 the Meramec Highlands resort was built on the bluffs above the Meramec River.

Normally low in crime, during 2007 and 2008, Kirkwood was the site of two sensational ones. On January 12, 2007, Michael J. Devlin was arrested for abducting 13-year-old William "Ben" Ownby. Police investigating the case discovered Ownby and also 15-year-old Shawn Hornbeck living at Devlin's apartment. Hornbeck had been missing since the age of 11 when he was abducted from near his home in Richwoods, Missouri. The Shawn Hornbeck Foundation was set up to find him and other missing children.

On February 7, 2008 a gunman shot multiple people at a Kirkwood city council session, killing five: Council Member Connie Karr, Council Member Michael H. T. Lynch, Public Works Director Kenneth Yost, and two police officers, Sgt. William Biggs and Officer Tom Ballman. Kirkwood mayor Mike Swoboda and Suburban Journals reporter Todd Smith were wounded. The gunman, Kirkwood resident Charles "Cookie" L. Thornton, was shot and killed by police. Swoboda died the same year on September 6, 2008, as he succumbed to cancer as well as complications from the February shootings.

Geography

Kirkwood is located at 38°34′50″N 90°24′51″W / 38.58056°N 90.41417°W / 38.58056; -90.41417 (38.580652, -90.414289)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.3 square miles (24.0 km²), of which, 9.2 square miles (23.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.54%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 27,324 people, 11,763 households, and 7,257 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,961.3 people per square mile (1,143.0/km²). There were 12,306 housing units at an average density of 1,333.7/sq mi (514.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.76% White, 7.07% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There are 11,763.5 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $70,261, and the median income for a family was $89,219[9]. Males had a median income of $51,515 versus $36,235 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,012. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Economy

Shop 'n Save, a grocery store chain, is headquartered in Kirkwood.[10]

References

External links

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