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Krishna
కృష్ణా నది, ಕೃಷ್ಣಾ ನದಿ, कृष्णा नदी
River
Country  India
States Maharastra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh
Tributaries
 - left Bhima, Dindi, Peddavagu, Halia, Musi, Paleru, Munneru
 - right Koyna, Panchganga, Dudhganga, Ghataprabha, Tungabhadra
Source Mahabaleswar
 - elevation 1,337 m (4,386 ft)
 - coordinates 17°55′28″N 73°39′36″E / 17.92444°N 73.66°E / 17.92444; 73.66
Mouth
 - location Bay Of Bengal, India
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Length 1,400 km (900 mi) approx.
Basin 258,948 km2 (100,000 sq mi) approx.
This article is about an Indian river. For other meanings, see Krishna (disambiguation) and Krishnaveni.
Krishna in Vijayawada in 2007

The Krishna River (Marathi: कृष्णा नदी, Kannada: ಕೃಷ್ಣಾ ನದಿ , Telugu: కృష్ణా నది), is one of the longest rivers in central-southern India (about 1400 km in length).

Contents

Course

It rises at Mahabaleswar in Maharashtra in the west and meets the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh, on the east coast. It also flows through the state of Karnataka. The delta of the river is one of the most fertile regions in Bharat and was the home to ancient Satavahana and Ikshvaku sun dynasty, kings.

Sangli is the largest city on the river Krishna in Maharashtra state while Vijayawada is the largest city on the River Krishna in Andhra Pradesh state of India.

Ecologically, this is one of the disastrous rivers in the world, in that it causes heavy soil erosion during the monsoon season. It flows fast and furious, often reaching depths of over 75 feet (23 m). Ironically, there is a saying in Marathi (language of Maharashtra) "sunt vaahate Krishnamaai" which means "quiet flows Krishna". This term is also used to describe how a person should be, as quiet as Krishna. But, in reality, Krishna causes a high degree of erosion between June and August. During this time, Krishna takes fertile soil from Maharashtra, Karnataka and western Andhra Pradesh towards the delta region.

Tributaries

Its most important tributary is the Tungabhadra River, which is formed by the Tunga River and Bhadra River that originate in the Western Ghats. Other tributaries include the Koyna River, Bhima River (and its tributaries such as the Kundali River feeding into the Upper Bhima River Basin), Malaprabha River, Ghataprabha River, Yerla River, Warna River, Dindi River, Musi River and Dudhganga River.

The rivers Koyna River, Vasna, Panchganga River, Dudhganga, Ghataprabha River, Malaprabha River and Tungabhadra River join Krishna from the right bank; while the Yerla River, Musi River, Maneru and Bhima rivers join the Krishna from the left bank

Three tributaries meet Krishna river near Sangli. Warana River meets Krishna river near Sangli at Haripur. This spot is also known as Sangameshwar. Panchganga River meets Krishna river at Narsobawadi near Sangli. These places are very holy. It is said that Lord Dattatraya spent some of his days at Audumber on the banks of river Krishna.Sangameswaram of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh is a famous pilgrim center for Hindus where Tungabhadra and Bhavanasi rivers join krishna. sangameswaram temple is now drowned in the Srisailam reservoir and visible for devotees only during summer when the reservoir's water level comes down[1]

Bridges

  • Irwin Bridge, Sangli - This is one of the oldest, historic and largest bridges built on river Krishna during the British rule. This Bridge is built of Red colored stone and has two passages to climb down in the middle of the bridge and view the river water. The Ex Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Late Shri Vasantdada Patil who led the freedom struggle in Western Maharashtra himself jumped into river Krishna from Irwin Bridge when he was chased by the British army.
  • Ankali Bridge, Sangli - This is also one of the oldest bridges built during the British rule. This bridge connects Maharashtra to Karnataka state.

Places and Temples

Temples like Dattadeva temple, which is very dear to the people of Maharashtra is located on the banks of Krishna at Narasoba Waadi and Audumber near Sangli. Also, Sangameshwar Shiva Temple at Haripur and Ramling Temple are located on the banks of river Krishna near Sangli.

Popular pilgrim spots like Audumber and Narsobawadi are located on the banks of river Krishna near Sangli in Maharashtra state. Kudalasangama is located near Bagalkot, in Karnataka which is an Aikya linga of Basaveshwara. Srisailam, one of the twelve jyotirlingas, has an ancient temple for Lord Shiva.sangameswra swamy temple (seen only during summer) is situated near atmakur. The international Kalachakra festival was celebrated in the presence of Dalai Lama in Amaravati, the capital of imperial Satavahanas who held sway over South India for 400 years and a great seat of Buddhist learning and wisdom. Vijayawada on the left bank of the river has a famous temple situated on Indrakeeladri mountain dedicated to Goddess Kanaka Durga.

There are many popular temples on Krishna River & Wai is also one of the popular & ancient city located on this holy river. There is a big 7 constructions called " Ghat" on his banks. There is " Krushnabai Utsav" celebrated for 1–2 months during January to February on this ghats. This utsav is celebrated because it is said that, Krushnabai gave Victory to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj against The Aphajhal Khan. this year 2009, this incident has 350 years old. There is a big Ganpati mandir constructed in 1764 & it is so popular.

Dams

There are many dams constructed across the Krishna river.

Amar DAM

Krishna Basin

Krishna Basin extends over an area of 258,948 km² which is nearly 8% of total geographical area of the country. The basin lies in the states of Andhra Pradesh (113,271 km²), Karnataka (76,252 km²) and Maharashtra (69,425 km²).

Krishna river rises in the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1337 m just north of Mahabaleshwar, about 64 km from the Arabian Sea and flows for about 1400 km and outfalls into the Bay of Bengal. The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.

Most part of this basin comprises rolling and undulating country except the western border which is formed by an unbroken line of ranges of the Western Ghats. The important soil types found in the basin are black soils, red soils, laterite and lateritic soils, alluvium, mixed soils, red and black soils and saline and alkaline soils.

An average annual surface water potential of 78.1 km³ has been assessed in this basin. Out of this, 58.0 km³ is utilisable water. Culturable area in the basin is about 203,000 km², which is 10.4% of the total culturable area of the country.

Floods

In 2009 October Heavy Floods occurred, isolating 350 villages and leaving millions homeless.[2] which are never seen in over 1000 years and resulted in heavy damage to Kurnool,Mahabubnagar,guntur,Krishna and Nalagonda Districts. Entire Kurnool city is surrounded by 10 feet water for nearly 3 days.

With water inflow of 1.11 million Cusec at the Prakasam Barriage,which is surpassed previous record of 1.08 Million Cusec recorded in the year 1903.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ srisailam project manual
  2. ^ "Flooding along the Krishna River : Natural Hazards". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=40601. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Kistna discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.








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