Kit Bond: Wikis

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Kit Bond


Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 3, 1987
Serving with Claire McCaskill
Preceded by Thomas Eagleton

In office
January 12, 1981 – January 14, 1985
Lieutenant Kenneth Rothman
Preceded by Joseph Patrick Teasdale
Succeeded by John Ashcroft

In office
January 8, 1973 – January 10, 1977
Lieutenant William C. Phelps
Preceded by Warren Eastman Hearnes
Succeeded by Joseph Patrick Teasdale

In office
1971–1973
Governor Warren E. Hearnes
Preceded by Haskell Holman
Succeeded by John Ashcroft

In office
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Dale Bumpers
Succeeded by John Kerry
In office
January 20 – June 6, 2001
Preceded by John Kerry
Succeeded by John Kerry

Born March 6, 1939 (1939-03-06) (age 71)
St. Louis, Missouri
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Linda Bond
Residence Mexico, Missouri
Alma mater Princeton University
University of Virginia School of Law
Occupation attorney
Religion Presbyterian
Signature

Christopher Samuel "Kit" Bond (born March 6, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Missouri and a member of the Republican Party. First elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986, he defeated Democrat Harriett Woods by a margin of 53%-47%. He was re-elected in 1992, 1998, and 2004. On January 8, 2009, he announced that he will not seek re-election to a fifth term in 2010.[1]

Before his career in the U.S. Senate, Bond served two terms as Governor of Missouri, from 1973 to 1977 and from 1980 to 1985. He was previously State Auditor of Missouri from 1971 to 1973.

Contents

Early life and career

A sixth-generation Missourian, Bond was born in St. Louis, Missouri, to Elizabeth Green and Arthur D. Bond.[2] His father was captain of the 1924 Missouri Tigers football team and a Rhodes Scholar. His maternal grandfather, A.P. Green, founded A.P. Green Industries, a fireclay manufacturer and a major employer for many years in Bond's hometown Mexico, Missouri. Kit Bond graduated from Deerfield Academy in 1956, Princeton University in 1960, and the University of Virginia School of Law in 1963. From 1963 to 1964, Bond served as a law clerk to the Honorable Elbert Tuttle, then Chief Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in Atlanta, Georgia. From 1964 to 1967, Bond practiced law at Covington & Burling in Washington, D.C.

Initial public service

Bond's rise in Missouri politics was meteoric:[citation needed] four years after returning to his home state, he was elected governor. Bond moved back to his hometown of Mexico, Missouri in the fall of 1967, and ran for Congress in 1968. He won the Republican primary in August, and nearly defeated incumbent, Democratic Congressman Bill Hungate in November, winning 48%. Then-Attorney General John Danforth hired Bond as an Assistant Attorney General in 1969, where Bond led the office's Consumer Protection Division. At the age of 31, Bond was elected Missouri State Auditor in 1970; two years later, Bond captured the governor's mansion by 55% to 45%, making him, at 33 years of age, the youngest governor in the history of Missouri. Kit Bond was the first Republican in 28 years to serve as governor of Missouri. In 1976, he was on the short list of to be Gerald Ford's vice presidential running mate.[3]

In many ways Bond governed as a moderate during his first term as governor: for example, he drew criticism from conservatives for his support of the Equal Rights Amendment. While governor, on June 25, 1976 he signed an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order against Mormons issued by Governor Lilburn Boggs on October 27, 1838. In 1976, in a surprising upset, Bond was narrowly defeated for re-election by Democrat Joseph P. Teasdale, then Jackson County Prosecutor. Teasdale's tenure was rocky, and in 1980 Bond made a successful comeback, defeating fellow Republican and incumbent Lieutenant Governor Bill Phelps in the primary, and Teasdale in November. Among Bond's most noted accomplishments was taking the Parents As Teachers program statewide.

Bond was succeeded as governor in 1985 by John Ashcroft, also a Republican. Ashcroft later served alongside Bond in the Senate.

U.S. Senate

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Committee assignments

"I've known Kit Bond for over twenty years, and he's one of the smartest guys up there (in Congress)." – Jed Babbin, Dennis Miller Radio Show, February 12, 2010

Elections

After Sen. Thomas Eagleton decided not to run for re-election, Bond was elected Senator in 1986, defeating Lieutenant Governor Harriett Woods by 53% to 47% . Bond was re-elected in 1992 by less than expected over St. Louis County Councilwoman Geri Rothman-Serot. In 1998 Bond decisively defeated Attorney General Jay Nixon and Libertarian Tamara Millay after a hard-fought campaign, and in 2004 he won re-election over Democratic challenger State Treasurer Nancy Farmer with 56 percent of the vote.

Facing the expiration of his fourth full term in January 2011, Bond announced on January 8, 2009 that he did not plan to seek a fifth term and would not stand for re-election in November 2010.[1]

Approval ratings

Source Date Approve Disapprove Undecided
Survey USA September 30, 2009 45% 45% 10%

Issues

Environmental record

The environmental watchdog group Republicans for Environmental Protection (REP) has given Bond an exceptionally low rating of –2 for the 109th United States Congress, citing anti-environment votes on seven out of seven issues deemed critical by the organization. According to the 2006 REP scorecard, Bond supported oil drilling both offshore and in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, while opposing a bill for “efficiency and renewable-resource programs to improve energy security, lower costs, and reduce energy-related environmental impacts."[4] He strongly favors zero-carbon energy from nuclear power.[5]

Torture

Bond has opposed setting forth interrogation methods used by the Central Intelligence Agency to conform to the U.S. Army Field Manual. While drawing criticism for being one of only nine senators to oppose such a bill, Bond made it clear from his remarks on the floor that he does not favor or approve of torture, but he does not approve of making interrogation techniques public information on the basis that it would allow enemy combatants to train and prepare themselves for what they might go through if captured. Bond also drew criticism when, during a debate he made a comment comparing waterboarding to swimming, stating "There are different ways of doing it. It's like swimming, freestyle, backstroke," in response to the question "do you think that waterboarding... constitutes torture?"[6]

Free trade

Bond has been a great supporter of expanding free trade to the third world, and he believes in giving presidential authority to fast track trade relations.[citation needed] He has voted for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and believes in permanently normalizing trade relations with China and Vietnam

Government reform

While Bond voted in favor in banning members of Congress from receiving gifts from lobbyists[citation needed], he has generally opposed campaign reform. He voted against the McCain Feingold Act for bipartisan campaign finance solutions. Bond also voted against limiting contributions from corporations or labor.

Civil and gay rights

Bond received an 11% rating from the NAACP.[7] He has voted consistently against same-sex marriage, supporting the proposed constitutional ban of it.

On June 25, 1976 Kit Bond officially ordered the recension of Executive Order Number 44 issued by Lilburn W. Boggs that ordered the expulsion or extermination of all Mormons from the State of Missouri and issued an apology to the Mormons on behalf of all Missourians.[8][9]

As governor of the state of Missouri in 1983, Bond signed a declaration of recognition in support of the group known as the Northern Cherokee, now called the Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory attempting to grant a form of State recognition by way of executive order. This act was part of the group's attempt to gain Federal Recognition and to receive the related benefits for the group.[10][11][12]

Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy

In October 2008, Bond apologized to former U.S. Attorney Todd Graves, after a U.S. Justice Department report cited Bond for forcing Graves out over a disagreement with Representative Sam Graves.[13] Following the report, Attorney General Michael Mukasey appointed a special prosecutor to investigate whether former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and other officials involved in the firings of nine U.S. attorneys broke the law.[14] Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington filed an Ethics Committee complaint against Bond over his role in the ouster of Graves.[15]

In 2009, it was revealed according to White House documents that Graves was put on a dismissal list a month after White House e-mail indicated that his replacement was part of a deal between Bond and the Bush administration.[16] The e-mail suggested that Graves was replaced with a candidate favored by Bond for clearing the way for an appointment of a federal judge from Arkansas on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals.[16]

Personal life

Bond's son Sam returned in the fall of 2007 from his second tour of duty in Iraq, and is an officer in the United States Marine Corps.

In 1994, Bond's wife, Carolyn, filed for a divorce, which was finalized the following year. Bond married Linda Pell, now Linda Bond, in 2002. She grew up in the Kansas City suburb of Gladstone and works as a consultant to the National Republican Senatorial Committee. She and Bond had dated for about a year before they were engaged on May 17, 2001, and had also dated in 1996 and 1997. It is her second marriage as well.

After winning his second term as Governor, Bond sued his investment manager and Paine Webber, alleging his $1.3 million trust fund had been drained. He was one of several clients who sued, and he settled in 1996 for $900,000.[citation needed]

In 2009, Bond co-authored a book with Lewis Simons entitled The Next Front: Southeast Asia and the Road to Global Peace with Islam.[17]

Bond has permanent vision loss in one eye, which he attributes to undiagnosed amblyopia during childhood.[18][19]

Electoral history

On January 8, 2009, Senator Bond announced that he will not be seeking re-election in 2010.[20]

2004 Missouri United States Senatorial Election

Kit Bond (R) (inc.) 56%
Nancy Farmer (D) 42.8%
Kevin Tull (Lib.) 0.7%
Don Griffin (Constitution) 0.4%

1998 Missouri United States Senatorial Election

Kit Bond (R) (inc.) 52.7%
Jay Nixon (D) 43.8%
Tamara Millay (Lib.) 2%
Curtis Frazier (U.S. Taxpayers) 1%
James F. Newport (Reform) 0.5%

1992 Missouri United States Senatorial Election

Kit Bond (R) (inc.) 51.9%
Geri Rothman-Serot (D) 44.9%
Jeanne Bojarski (Lib.) 3.2%

1986 Missouri United States Senatorial Election

Kit Bond (R) 52.6%
Harriet Woods (D) 47.4%

1980 Missouri Gubernatorial Election

Kit Bond (R) 52.6%
Joseph P. Teasdale (D) 47%
Helen Savio (Socialist Workers) 0.3%

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "Sen. Kit Bond of Mo. announces retirement". United Press International. 2009-01-08. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2009/01/08/Sen-Kit-Bond-of-Mo-announces-retirement/UPI-17941231455897/. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  2. ^ "Genealogy of Christopher Samuel "Kit" Bond". rootsweb.com. Robert Battle. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~battle/senators/bond.htm. Retrieved November 17, 2009. 
  3. ^ TheHill.com - Senators say whether they’d agree to be vice president
  4. ^ Republicans for Environmental Protection 2006 Scorecard
  5. ^ http://bond.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=ContactUs.Newsletters&ContentRecord_id=831a5745-98ce-8529-5a84-d846885bcf46&Region_id=&Issue_id=
  6. ^ Online NewsHour: Debate | Lawmakers Mull CIA Tape Probe | December 11, 2007 | PBS
  7. ^ "Kit Bond on Civil Rights". ontheissues.org. On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/Domestic/Kit_Bond_Civil_Rights.htm. Retrieved November 11, 2009. 
  8. ^ http://www.columbiamissourian.com/stories/2007/07/28/growing-mormon-church/
  9. ^ http://bransonmissouri.missourinetizen.com/2008/09/mormon-massacre-and-apology.html
  10. ^ Gilbert, Joan (1996). The Trail of Tears across Missouri. Columbia, Missouri: The Curators of the University of Missouri. p. 100. ISBN 0-8262-1063-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=b0lM1PN6WmEC. Retrieved November 17, 2009. 
  11. ^ Bond, Christopher S. (June 22, 1983). "Proclamation: Office of the Governor State of Missouri". angelfire.com. ncolt. http://www.angelfire.com/mo2/ncnolt/Missouri_Bond.html. Retrieved November 17, 2009. 
  12. ^ Federalism and the State Recognition of Native American Tribes: A Survey of State-Recognized Tribes and State Recognition Processes Across the United States By Alexa Koenig and Jonathan Stein pages 60-64
  13. ^ "Kit Bond apologizes for staff's role in firing of federal prosecutor". The News Leader. September 30, 2008. http://www.news-leader.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080930/BLOGS09/80930039. Retrieved 2007-05-17. 
  14. ^ "Prosecutor will investigate firings of nine U.S. Attorneys". The Miami Herald. September 29, 2008. http://www.miamiherald.com/news/politics/AP/story/706763.html. Retrieved 2007-05-17. 
  15. ^ "Group files ethics complaint against Bond". Kansas City Star. September 29, 2008. http://primebuzz.kcstar.com/?q=node/14724. Retrieved 2007-05-17. 
  16. ^ a b Johnson, Carrie (August 11, 2009). "Documents Detail Campaign to Oust U.S. Attorney". washingtonpost.com. The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/08/11/AR2009081102104_2.html. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  17. ^ Meyers, Jim (September 30, 2009). "Kit Bond: Negotiating with Iran Leads to 'Nightmare' Scenario". newsmax.com. Newsmax Media. http://www.newsmax.com/headlines/kit_bond_islam_iran_obama/2009/09/30/266749.html. Retrieved December 2, 2009. 
  18. ^ U.S. Senator raises awareness of amblyopia - - Ophthalmology Times
  19. ^ Geriatrics and Nursing Facility
  20. ^ Bond will not seek another term By MANU RAJU The Politico 1/8/09 10:33 AM EST

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Haskell Holman
Missouri State Auditor
1971 – 1973
Succeeded by
John Ashcroft
Preceded by
Warren E. Hearnes
Governor of Missouri
1973 – 1977
Succeeded by
Joseph P. Teasdale
Preceded by
Joseph P. Teasdale
Governor of Missouri
1981 – 1985
Succeeded by
John Ashcroft
Preceded by
Dale Bumpers
Chairman of the Senate Small Business Committee
1995 – 2001
Succeeded by
John Kerry
United States Senate
Preceded by
Thomas Eagleton
United States Senator (Class 3) from Missouri
1987 – present
Served alongside: John Danforth, John Ashcroft,
Jean Carnahan, Jim Talent, Claire McCaskill
Incumbent
United States order of precedence
Preceded by
Harry Reid
D-Nevada
United States Senators by seniority
21st
Succeeded by
Kent Conrad
D-North Dakota

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