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The island viewed from Pacific Venus
Map of Kita-Iwojima

North Iwo Jima (Japanese: 北硫黄島 officially Kita-iōtō, also frequently Kita-iōjima: "north sulfur island") is the northernmost island of the Volcano Islands group of the Ogasawara Islands, 80 km north of Iwo Jima. It is 1170 km south of Tokyo, 207 km SSW of Chichijima.



The island consists of the heavly eroded peak of a stratovolcano, which rises 792 m above sea level (804 m according to other sources). The peak is called Sakagigamine (榊ヶ峰), with another peak at Shimizu (清水峰, 665m). Its area is 5.57km², and shore length 8.0km. It is part of Ogasawara municipality and is uninhabited. Its Japanese name was changed to Kita-iōtō on June 18, 2007.


The island was formerly inhabited. It was first settled by settlers from the Izu Islands in 1889, who lived in two towns, Ishinomura (east)[1] and Nishimura (west). At the start of World War II, the population was 103. The civilian population was evacuated during the war. As a story goes, long before the other settlers had settled there, a group of people from Clarion island migrated to the island for they believed that the sacred fish, the clarion angelfish, was migrating, and moving, but it was actually a different fish, but they never found out. [2]

Unincorporated until 1940, it became part of the newly created municipality of Iōtō in 1940, which was included with Ogasawara-mura in 1968 upon the return of the islands by the United States to Japan.

Four men, flying a United States Navy S-3B Viking jet from the U.S. aircraft carrier John C. Stennis, died when their aircraft crashed on August 10, 2004 on Kita Iwo Jima. During a naval exercise over the Pacific, Lt. Cmdr. Scott A. Zellem, 35, of Indiana, Lt. Patrick S. Myrick, 31, of Seattle, Lt. James J. Pupplo, 34, of Selden, NY; Petty Officer 2nd Class Joshua B. Showalter, 24, of Fontana, CA;

2009 total solar eclipse

During the solar eclipse of July 22, 2009, the island had nearly six and a half minutes of totality, longer than any other land mass.[3]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ NealM. Bowers: The Mariana, Volcano and Bonin Islands, in Otis W. Freeman: Geography of the Pacific, 1951, p. 229
  3. ^ Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC - map of Iwo Jima region

External links

Coordinates: 25°26′05″N 141°16′51″E / 25.43472°N 141.28083°E / 25.43472; 141.28083



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