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In this Japanese name, the family name is Kitasato.
Kitasato Shibasaburō

Baron Kitasato Shibasaburō
Born January 29, 1853(1853-01-29)
Oguni, Kumamoto, Japan
Died June 13, 1931 (aged 78)
Nationality Japan
Fields bacteriologist
Institutions Tokyo Imperial University
Known for bubonic plague
Influences Robert Koch

Baron Kitasato Shibasaburō (北里 柴三郎 Kitasato Shibasaburō ?, January 29, 1853- June 13, 1931) was a Japanese physician and bacteriologist. He is remembered as the co-discoverer of the infectious agent of bubonic plague in Hong Kong in 1894, almost simultaneously with Alexandre Yersin.

Contents

Biography

Kitasato was born in Okuni village, Higo Province, (present-day Oguni Town, Kumamoto prefecture, Kyūshū). He was educated at Kumamoto Medical School and Tokyo Imperial University.

He studied under Dr. Robert Koch in University of Berlin from 1885 to 1891. In 1889, he was the first person to grow the tetanus bacillus in pure culture, and in 1890 cooperated with Emil von Behring in developing a serum therapy for tetanus using this pure culture. He also worked on antitoxins for diphtheria and anthrax. Kitasato and Behring demonstrated the value of antitoxin in preventing disease by producing a passive immunity to tetanus in an animal that received graded injections of blood serum from another animal infected with the disease.

After returning to Japan in 1891 he founded the Institute for Study of Infectious Diseases with the assistance of Fukuzawa Yukichi. One of his early assistants was August von Wassermann. Kitasato demonstrated how dead cultures can be used in vaccination. He also studied the mode of infection in tuberculosis.

He traveled to Hong Kong in 1894 at the request of the Japanese government during an outbreak of the bubonic plague, and successfully identified the bacterium causing the disease; his results were not as widely disseminated as Yersin's, however,Yersin was for many years given primary credit for the discovery, and the bacterium was named after him. Four years later, Kitasato and his student Kiyoshi Shiga were able to isolate and describe the organism that caused dysentery.

When the Institute for Infectious Diseases was incorporated into Tokyo Imperial University in 1914, he resigned in protest and founded the Kitasato Institute (the forerunner of Kitasato University), which he headed for the rest of his life.

In September 1921 Dr. Kitasato founded, together with several medical scientists, the Sekisen Ken-onki Corporation with the intention of manufacturing the most reliable clinical thermometer possible. The company was later renamed Terumo Corporation.

He also was the first dean of Medicine at Keio University, first president of the Japan Medical Association, and served on the House of Peers. He was ennobled with the title of danshaku (baron) in the kazoku peerage system in 1924.

See also

References

  • Sri Kantha, S. A Centennial review; the 1890 Tetanus antitoxin paper of von Behring and Kitasato and the related developments. Keio Journal of Medicine, March 1991, 40(1): 35-39.
  • Sri Kantha, S. The legacy of von Behring and Kitasato. Immunology Today, Sept.1992, 13(9): 374.
  • Kyle, Robert A. Shibasaburo Kitasato-Japanese bacteriologist. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 1999
  • Orent, Wendy. Plague: The Mysterious Past and Terrifying Future of the World's Most Dangerous Disease. Free Press 2004, ISBN 0-7432-3685-8
  • Porter, Roy. Blood and Guts: A Short History of Medicine. W. W. Norton & Company; Reprint edition (June 2004). ISBN 0-393-32569-5

External links

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In this Japanese name, the family name is Kitasato.
Kitasato Shibasaburo
File:Kitasato
Baron Kitasato Shibasaburō
Born January 29, 1853(1853-01-29)
Oguni, Kumamoto, Japan
Died June 13, 1931 (aged 78)
Nationality Japan
Fields bacteriologist
Institutions Tokyo Imperial University
Known for bubonic plague
Influences Robert Koch

Baron Kitasato Shibasaburō (北里 柴三郎 Kitasato Shibasaburō?, January 29, 1853- June 13, 1931) was a Japanese physician and bacteriologist. He is remembered as the co-discoverer of the infectious agent of bubonic plague in Hong Kong in 1894, almost simultaneously with Alexandre Yersin.

Contents

Biography

Kitasato was born in Okuni village, Higo Province, (present-day Oguni Town, Kumamoto prefecture, Kyūshū). He was educated at Kumamoto Medical School and Tokyo Imperial University.

He studied under Dr. Robert Koch in University of Berlin from 1885 to 1891. In 1889, he was the first person to grow the tetanus bacillus in pure culture, and in 1890 cooperated with Emil von Behring in developing a serum therapy for tetanus using this pure culture. He also worked on antitoxins for diphtheria and anthrax. Kitasato and Behring demonstrated the value of antitoxin in preventing disease by producing a passive immunity to tetanus in an animal that received graded injections of blood serum from another animal infected with the disease.

After returning to Japan in 1891 he founded the Institute for Study of Infectious Diseases with the assistance of Fukuzawa Yukichi. One of his early assistants was August von Wassermann. Kitasato demonstrated how dead cultures can be used in vaccination. He also studied the mode of infection in tuberculosis.

He traveled to Hong Kong in 1894 at the request of the Japanese government during an outbreak of the bubonic plague, and successfully identified the bacterium causing the disease; his results were not as widely disseminated as Yersin's, however,Yersin was for many years given primary credit for the discovery, and the bacterium was named after him. Four years later, Kitasato and his student Kiyoshi Shiga were able to isolate and describe the organism that caused dysentery.

When the Institute for Infectious Diseases was incorporated into Tokyo Imperial University in 1914, he resigned in protest and founded the Kitasato Institute (the forerunner of Kitasato University), which he headed for the rest of his life.

In September 1921 Dr. Kitasato founded, together with several medical scientists, the Sekisen Ken-onki Corporation with the intention of manufacturing the most reliable clinical thermometer possible. The company was later renamed Terumo Corporation.

He also was the first dean of Medicine at Keio University, first president of the Japan Medical Association, and served on the House of Peers. He was ennobled with the title of danshaku (baron) in the kazoku peerage system in 1924.

See also

  • Kitasato flask, laboratory glassware named on his honor.

References

  • Sri Kantha, S. A Centennial review; the 1890 Tetanus antitoxin paper of von Behring and Kitasato and the related developments. Keio Journal of Medicine, March 1991, 40(1): 35-39.
  • Sri Kantha, S. The legacy of von Behring and Kitasato. Immunology Today, Sept.1992, 13(9): 374.
  • Kyle, Robert A. Shibasaburo Kitasato-Japanese bacteriologist. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 1999
  • Orent, Wendy. Plague: The Mysterious Past and Terrifying Future of the World's Most Dangerous Disease. Free Press 2004, ISBN 0-7432-3685-8
  • Porter, Roy. Blood and Guts: A Short History of Medicine. W. W. Norton & Company; Reprint edition (June 2004). ISBN 0-393-32569-5

External links


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