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Kittson County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kittson County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the U.S. highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Seat Hallock
Largest city Hallock
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,104 sq mi (2,858 km²)
1,097 sq mi (2,841 km²)
6 sq mi (17 km²), 0.58%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

5,285
5/sq mi (2/km²)
Founded March 9, 1878 [1]
Named for Norman Wolfred Kittson, an early pioneer of the area.
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kittson.mn.us

Kittson County is a county located in the state of Minnesota, United States. It is named after Canadian fur trader and railroad entrepreneur Norman Kittson. As of 2000, the population was 5,285. However, KARE11.com has reported that as of February 4th, 2008, Kittson County now has 4,691 inhabitants. Skull Lake is Kittson County's only natural lake. Lake Bronson, for which the city of Lake Bronson takes its name, is man-made. Its county seat is Hallock[1].

The county was officially organized on February 25, 1879, having been part of the Pembina District prior to that time. The county also included the western portion of what is now Roseau County until 1894.

Contents

Name origins

The county is named after Norman W. Kittson, an early fur trader & partner of the American Fur Company. He increased the fur trading traffic significantly by increasing the use of oxcarts. He was also responsible for the pioneering of the steamboat in the Red River and was active with James J. Hill in the development of the railroad. His contributions played an important role in the settlement of the county.

History

Kittson County was once part of glacial Lake Agassiz. Evidence of this prehistoric lake can still be seen in the topography of the county today. Remnants of "McCauleyville Beach" of Lake Agassiz, can be found on the eastern portion of the county. This is an area of sandy soil and sand ridges. Other evidence of the glacier and Lake Agassiz is the approximately 140' drop in elevation from the eastern portion of the county to the western part, near the Red River. This is where one can find the black, rich soil that the Red River Valley is famous for. Evidence of occupation dating back 1800 years has been confirmed through archaeological expeditions done in the 1930's and the 1970's around the burial mounds that are located on the sand ridges in the eastern part of the county. This dates back to the "Woodland Period". Evidence has been found that the Laurel, Arvilla, St. Croix & Blackduck complexes were the early occupants of the county. However, approximately 400 years ago, the Cree, Assiniboin, Sioux and Ojibway inhabited the county.

The early explorers of the region were the fur traders. Pembina, North Dakota's oldest settlement, which was located just across the Red River of the North, dates its beginning to 1797 when the first trading post was established by Charles Baptiste Chaboillez of the Northwest Fur Company. The Hudson Bay and the American Fur Companies were also situated in Pembina as the fur trading industry increased. The fur traders and voyageurs traveled on the eastern side of the Red, which eventually would be Kittson County. Alexander Henry, who erected a fort for the Northwest Company in Pembina, is considered to be the first white man to test agriculture in the valley. Joe Rolette, who started a fur post for the American Fur Company in Pembina, and Norman W. Kittson, were two "explorers" that predominately opened this area by developing the Red River Ox Cart trails and broadening the use of the ox carts. The need for the ox carts diminished as the steamboats became the new mode for transporting furs and supplies, Eventually, the steamboats were replaced by the railroad.

St. Vincent, which is located directly across the Red River from Pembina, was settled in 1857. With rumors of a railroad coming through, settlers moved across the river from Pembina to stake their claims. Many of these early settlers were Metis, a mixture of native and naturlized North Americans, Nearly twenty years later, in 1878, the St. Paul & Pacific Railroad line finally reached St. Vincent and opened up the area to settlement. This railroad extended through the western portion of the county. The communities of Donaldson, Kennedy, Hallock, Northcote, Humboldt and St. Vincent were established along this line. It wasn't until the early 1900's when the eastern portion of the county was settled. The Soo Line railroad was completed in 1904 and the communities of Karlstad, Halma, Bronson, Lancaster, Orleans and Noyes were established. Scandinavians, Ukrainians, Polish, Scottish, Irish, English, Germans, French Canadians and Metis all contributed to Kittson County's "melting pot".

Once home to over 10,000 residents, the county population declined below 5000 in 2006.[2]

Historic Sites

There are currently three sites in the county that are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. They include the St. Nicholas Orthodox Church, located in Caribou Township, the burial mounds referred to as the "Lake Bronson Site" which is located in Norway & Percy Twps. and the Lake Bronson State Park WPA/Rustic Style Historic Resources which include an observation tower and several buildings. The Lake Bronson State Park also has interpretive sites for the tower, a pioneer cemetery and the WPA camp.

City names

Hallock was named after Charles Hallock, the founder of the magazine, Forest and Stream. He was an avid sportsman who purchased one of the early town sites and built Hotel Hallock, a place for travelers and sportsmen. The town was built around this location.

Donaldson was named after Captain Hugh Donaldson, a veteran and American Civil War officer who came to the area in 1878 and became a dominant figure of the community.

Humboldt was named after the German scientist, Alexander von Humboldt.

Karlstad was named after a Swedish immigrant, Carl August Carlson, who allowed the Soo Line to put the railroad through his homestead. The name also came from the city of Karlstad, Sweden.

Kennedy was named after John Swart Kennedy, a native of Scotland who had a connection with James J. Hill's interests.

Bronson was named after the first settlers in the area, Giles and Margaret Bronson. It became Lake Bronson in the late 1930's after the dam was built and their homestead became part of the lake.

Lancaster was named after an official of the Soo Line, believed to have come from Lancashire County in England.

Northcote was named for Sir Henry Stafford Northcote, an English Statesman and financier who had financial interests in James J. Hill's projects.

Noyes was named after J. A. Noyes, the first Deputy Collector of Customs at the U. S./Canadian port of entry.

St. Vincent was named after St. Vincent de Paul, founder of missions and hospitals in France.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,104 square miles (2,858 km²), of which 1,097 square miles (2,841 km²) is land and 6 square miles (17 km²) (0.58%) is water.

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Major highways

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1920 10,638
1930 9,688 −8.9%
1940 10,717 10.6%
1950 9,649 −10.0%
1960 8,343 −13.5%
1970 6,853 −17.9%
1980 6,672 −2.6%
1990 5,767 −13.6%
2000 5,285 −8.4%

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,285 people, 2,167 households, and 1,447 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,719 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.09% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.1% were of Norwegian, 25.7% Swedish, 13.7% German and 6.6% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. Kittson County has the highest percentage of Swedish speakers of any county in the United States.

There were 2,167 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 21.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,515, and the median income for a family was $40,072. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $21,320 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,525. About 8.00% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Cities Townships Unorganized Unincorporated

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ Jane Helmke (2008). "Struggle for survival in Kittson County". KARE. http://origin.kare11.com/news/investigative/extras/extra_article.aspx?storyid=496115&catid=57. Retrieved November 24, 2009.  
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

Coordinates: 48°47′N 96°47′W / 48.78°N 96.78°W / 48.78; -96.78


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Kittson County, Minnesota
Map
File:Map of Minnesota highlighting Kittson County.png
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the USA highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded March 9, 1878 [1]
Seat Hallock
Largest City Hallock
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.58%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

5285
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.kittson.mn.us
Named for: Norman Wolfred Kittson, an early pioneer of the area.

Kittson County is a county located in the state of Minnesota, United States. It is named after fur trader and railroad entrepreneur Norman Kittson. As of 2000, the population is 5,285. Skull Lake is Kittson County's only natural lake. Lake Bronson, for which the city of Lake Bronson takes its name, is man-made. Its county seat is Hallock6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,858 km² (1,104 sq mi). 2,841 km² (1,097 sq mi) of it is land and 17 km² (6 sq mi) of it (0.58%) is water.

Major Highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 5,285 people, 2,167 households, and 1,447 families residing in the county. The population density was 2/km² (5/sq mi). There were 2,719 housing units at an average density of 1/km² (2/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.09% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.1% were of Norwegian, 25.7% Swedish, 13.7% German and 6.6% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,167 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 21.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,515, and the median income for a family was $40,072. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $21,320 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,525. About 8.00% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Cities Townships Unorganized


Coordinates: 48°47′N 96°47′W / 48.78, -96.78

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kittson County, Minnesota. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Kittson County, MinnesotaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Minnesota  +
Short name Kittson County  +

This article uses material from the "Kittson County, Minnesota" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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