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Kleptomania
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 F63.2
ICD-9 312.32
MeSH D007174

Kleptomania (also spelled cleptomania; from Greek: κλέπτειν, kleptein, "to steal", and μανία, "mania") is the condition of not being able to resist the urge to collect or hoard things. People with this disorder are compelled to steal things, generally, but not limited to objects of little or no significant value, such as pens, paper clips, and tape. Some kleptomaniacs may not even be aware that they have committed the theft.

Kleptomania was first officially recognized in the US as a mental disorder in the 1960s in the case of the state of California v. Douglas Jones.[citation needed]

Kleptomania is distinguished from shoplifting or ordinary theft, as shoplifters and thieves generally steal for monetary value, or associated gains and usually display intent or premeditation, while kleptomaniacs are not necessarily contemplating the value of the items they steal or even the theft until they are compelled without motive. Of all reported shoplifting, less than 5% are actually committed by kleptomaniacs.[citation needed]

This disorder usually manifests during puberty and, in some cases, may never stop and lasts throughout the person's life.

People with this disorder are likely to have a comorbid condition, specifically paranoid, schizoid or borderline personality disorder.[1] Kleptomania can occur after traumatic brain injury and carbon monoxide poisoning.[2][3]

Kleptomania is usually thought of as part of the obsessive-compulsive disorder spectrum, although emerging evidence suggests that it may be more similar to addictive and mood disorders. In particular, this disorder is frequently co-morbid with substance use disorders, and it is common for individuals with kleptomania to have first-degree relatives who suffer from a substance use disorder.[4]

Relationship to OCD

Kleptomania is frequently thought of as being a part of obsessive-compulsive disorder, since the irresistible and uncontrollable actions are similar to the frequently excessive, unnecessary and unwanted rituals of OCD. Some individuals with kleptomania demonstrate hoarding symptoms that resemble those with OCD.[5]

Prevalence rates between the two disorders do not demonstrate a strong relationship. Studies examining the comorbidity of OCD in subjects with kleptomania have inconsistent results, with some showing a relatively high co-occurrence (45%-60%)[6][7] while others demonstrate low rates (0%-6.5%).[8][9] Similarly, when rates of kleptomania have been examined in subjects with OCD, a relatively low co-occurrence was found (2.2%-5.9%).[10][11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Grant JE (2004). "Co-occurrence of personality disorders in persons with kleptomania: a preliminary investigation". J. Am. Acad. Psychiatry Law 32 (4): 395–8. PMID 15704625. 
  2. ^ Aizer A, Lowengrub K, Dannon PN (2004). "Kleptomania after head trauma: two case reports and the combination treatment strategies". Clinical neuropharmacology 27 (5): 211–5. PMID 15602100. 
  3. ^ Gürlek Yüksel E, Taşkin EO, Yilmaz Ovali G, Karaçam M, Esen Danaci A (2007). "[Case report: kleptomania and other psychiatric symptoms after carbon monoxide intoxication]" (in Turkish). Türk psikiyatri dergisi = Turkish journal of psychiatry 18 (1): 80–6. PMID 17364271.  Full text available.
  4. ^ Grant JE (2006). "Understanding and treating kleptomania: new models and new treatments". The Israel journal of psychiatry and related sciences 43 (2): 81–7. PMID 16910369.  Full text PDF
  5. ^ Grant JE, Kim SW (2002). "Clinical characteristics and associated psychopathology of 22 patients with kleptomania". Comprehensive psychiatry 43 (5): 378–84. doi:10.1053/comp.2002.34628. PMID 12216013. 
  6. ^ Presta S, Marazziti D, Dell'Osso L, Pfanner C, Pallanti S, Cassano GB (2002). "Kleptomania: clinical features and comorbidity in an Italian sample". Comprehensive psychiatry 43 (1): 7–12. doi:10.1053/comp.2002.29851. PMID 11788913. 
  7. ^ McElroy SL, Pope HG, Hudson JI, Keck PE, White KL (1991). "Kleptomania: a report of 20 cases". The American journal of psychiatry 148 (5): 652–7. PMID 2018170. 
  8. ^ Baylé FJ, Caci H, Millet B, Richa S, Olié JP (2003). "Psychopathology and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in patients with kleptomania". The American journal of psychiatry 160 (8): 1509–13. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.160.8.1509. PMID 12900315.  Full text available
  9. ^ Grant JE (2003). "Family history and psychiatric comorbidity in persons with kleptomania". Comprehensive psychiatry 44 (6): 437–41. doi:10.1016/S0010-440X(03)00150-0. PMID 14610719. 
  10. ^ Matsunaga H, Kiriike N, Matsui T, Oya K, Okino K, Stein DJ (2005). "Impulsive disorders in Japanese adult patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder". Comprehensive psychiatry 46 (1): 43–9. doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.07.001. PMID 15714194. 
  11. ^ Fontenelle LF, Mendlowicz MV, Versiani M, (2005) Impulse control disorders in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatr Clin Neurosci. 59:30-37.

Simple English

Kleptomania (Greek: κλέπτειν, kleptein, "to steal", μανία, "mania") is a mental disorder violent urge to steal condition of not being able to resist the urge to collect or hoard things. Some may not be aware that they have committed the theft. It is often found in people who have other mental disorders, such as depression, panic attacks, bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, obsessive-compulsive disorder and drug addiction.[1] The condition is more common in females, and especially those with bulimia.[1]

References









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