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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Knights of the Round Table were those men awarded the highest order of Chivalry at the Court of King Arthur in the literary cycle the Matter of Britain. The table at which they met was created to have no head or foot, representing the equality of all the members. Different stories had different numbers of knights, ranging from only 12 to 150 or more. The Winchester Round Table, which dates from the 1270s, lists 25 names of knights.

Sir Thomas Malory describes the Knights' code of chivalry as:

  • To never do outrage nor murder
  • Always to flee treason
  • To by no means be cruel but to give mercy unto him who asks for mercy
  • To always do ladies, gentlewomen and widows succor
  • To never force ladies, gentlewomen or widows
  • Not to take up battles in wrongful quarrels for love or worldly goods

Contents

Origins of the Round Table

The first writer to describe the Round Table was Wace, whose Roman de Brut was an elaboration of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae. The actual table itself was round to represent that each knight was of equal value to the king and thus there was no 'head' of the table, although one understood that Arthur's place was 'the head.' In later writings, the table was said to be a gift to King Arthur from his father-in-law, King Leodogran of Cameliard, as a wedding gift upon the marriage of Arthur to Guinevere.

The company was used by many subsequent authors. However, even the earliest writers ascribe to Arthur a following of extraordinary warriors. In Geoffrey, Arthur's court attracts the greatest heroes from all of Europe. In the Welsh Arthurian material, much of which is included in the Mabinogion, Arthur's men are attributed with great abilities. Some of the characters from the Welsh material even appear under altered names as Knights of the Round Table in the continental romances, the most notable of which are Cai (Sir Kay), Bedwyr (Sir Bedivere), and Gwalchmai (Sir Gawain).

List of Knights

Additional knights

In addition, Malory's account includes many obscure knights during the episode containing Sir Urry:

  • King Angwish of Ireland
  • Earl Aristance
  • Sir Azreal
  • Sir Arrok
  • Sir Ascamore
  • Sir Balan (brother of Sir Balin, whom he killed by accident in a duel in which both wore helmets and did not know who they were fighting)
  • Sir Balin (brother of Sir Balan, whom he killed by accident in a duel in which both wore helmets and did not know who they were fighting)
  • Sir Barrant le Apres (King with a Hundred Knights)
  • Sir Bellenger le Beau
  • Sir Belliance le Orgulous
  • Sir Blamor de Ganis
  • Sir Bleoberis de Ganis
  • Sir Borre le Cœur Hardi (King Arthur's son)
  • Sir Brandiles
  • Sir Brian de Listinoise
  • King Carados of Scotland
  • Sir Cardok
  • Duke Chalance of Clarence
  • King Clariance of Northumberland
  • Sir Clarus of Cleremont
  • Sir Clegis
  • Sir Clodrus
  • Sir Colgrevance
  • Sir Crosslem
  • Sir Damas
  • Sir Degrave sans Villainy (fought with the giant of the Black Lowe)
  • Sir Degrevant
  • Sir Dinas le Seneschal de Cornwall
  • Sir Dinas
  • Sir Dodinas le Savage
  • Sir Dornar
  • Sir Driant
  • Sir Edward of Caernarvon
  • Sir Edward of Orkney
  • Sir Epinogris (son of King Clariance of Northumberland)
  • Sir Fergus
  • Sir Florence (son of Gawain by Sir Brandiles's sister)
  • Sir Gahalantine
  • Sir Galahalt (a duke known as the Haut Prince)
  • Sir Galihodin
  • Sir Galleron of Galway
  • Sir Gauter
  • Sir Gillimer
  • Sir Grummor Grummorson
  • Sir Gumret le Petit
  • Sir Harry le Fils Lake
  • Sir Hebes (not Hebes le Renowne)
  • Sir Hebes le Renowne
  • Sir Hectimere
  • Sir Helian le Blanc
  • Sir Herminde
  • Sir Hervis de la Forest Savage
  • Sir Ironside (Knight of the Red Launds)
  • Sir Kay l'Estrange (not Kay, Arthur's seneschal)
  • Earl Lambaile
  • Sir Lambegus
  • Sir Lamiel of Cardiff
  • Sir Lavain
  • Sir Lovell (son of Gawain by Sir Brandiles's sister)
  • Sir Lucan the Butler
  • Sir Mador de la Porte
  • Sir Marrok (whose wife turned him into a werewolf)
  • Sir Melias de l'Isle
  • Sir Melion of the Mountain
  • Sir Meliot de Logris
  • Sir Menaduke
  • Sir Morganor
  • King Nentres of Garlot
  • Sir Neroveus
  • Sir Ozanna le Cœur Hardi
  • Sir Perimones (brother to Persant and Pertolepe; called the Red Knight)
  • Sir Persant
  • Sir Pertolepe
  • Sir Petipace of Winchelsea
  • Sir Plaine de Fors
  • Sir Plenorius
  • Sir Priamus
  • Sir Reynold
  • Sir Sadok
  • Sir Selises of the Dolorous Tower
  • Sir Sentrail
  • Sir Severause le Breuse (known for rejecting battles with men in favour of giants, dragons, and wild beasts)
  • Sir Suppinabiles
  • Earl Ulbawes
  • Sir Urry
  • Sir Uwain le Avoutres
  • Sir Villiars the Valiant

References

See also

External links


Simple English

The Knights of the Round Table were characters in the legends about King Arthur. They were the best knights in King Arthur's kingdom, and lived in King Arthur's castle, Camelot. They were called the Knights of the Round Table because of a special table in Camelot, that was round instead of rectangular. This meant that everyone who sat around it was seen as equal.

(see Round table.)

Contents

Code of Chivalry

In order to become a Knight of the Round Table, a knight had to prove he was chivalrous (polite) enough. In the legend, the knights swore a Code of Chivalry, which is much like an oath is today. This meant that they promised to uphold the rules given to them once they became a Knight of the Round Table.

Sir Thomas Malory (c. 1405 - March 14th, 1471) was an English writer, who wrote a book based on the legend of King Arthur. It was called Le Morte d'Arthur. In it, he wrote his version of the Code of Chivalry:

  • To never do outrage nor murder (not to fight or murder anybody)
  • Always to flee treason (not to commit treason, a crime where you go against your country or king)
  • To by no means be cruel but to give mercy unto him who asks for mercy (To be fair to people, and not be cruel)
  • To always do ladies, gentlewomen and widows succor ('succor' is an old word for food; this means that the knight must promise to give food to women if they need it)
  • To never force ladies, gentlewomen or widows (to never do any harm to women)
  • Not to take up battles in wrongful quarrels for love or worldly goods (not to start a pointless fight)

List of the Knights of the Round Table

In different stories, there are different numbers of knights, ranging from 12 to more than 150. The Winchester Round Table says there were 25 Knights. However, the most commonly listed Knights of the Round Table are these:

  • King Arthur
  • Sir Gawain
  • Sir Lancelot (also called Launcelot du Lac)
  • Sir Perceval
  • Sir Galahad
  • Sir Bors
  • Sir Kay
  • Bedivere
  • Lucan the Butler
  • Sir Griflet
  • Sir Yvain (sometimes called Ywain or Owain)
  • Sir Erec
  • Cador
  • Hoel
  • King Pellinor
  • Tristan (also written Tristam)
  • Morholt (also written Marhaus)
  • Palemedes
  • Dinadan

Other Knights

This is a list of other knights mentioned as being Knights of the Round Table.

  • Sir Aglovale, son of King Pellinore of Listinoise
  • Sir Agravaine, son of King Lot of Orkney
  • King Enion, Beignon (Benion in Breton, a celtic language spoken in areas of France)
  • King Bagdemagus
  • Sir Breunor
  • Sir Caradoc, called "Caradoc Vreichvras", or "Caradoc Strong Arm"
  • Sir Colgrevance
  • Sir Constantine, son of Cador, who became king after King Arthur's death
  • Sir Dagonet, the court jester
  • Sir Daniel
  • Sir Ector, Arthur's foster father and Sir Kay's father
  • Sir Ector de Maris, the son of a king called King Ban
  • Sir Elyan the White, the son of Sir Bors
  • Sir Gaheris
  • Sir Galehaut, friend of Lancelot
  • Sir Galeshin (son of Elaine and King Nentres)
  • Sir Gareth, also called Goodhands
  • Sir Geraint (see also Erec)
  • Sir Gingalain, first named Sir "Fair Unknown". He is Gawain's son
  • Sir Lamorak
  • King Leodegrance, Guinevere's father and keeper of the Round Table
  • Sir Lionel
  • Sir Maleagant, who abducted Guinevere
  • Sir Meliant de Lis
  • Sir Mordred, Arthur's illegitimate son who went on to destroy the kingdom
  • Sir Pelleas, husband of the Lady of the Lake
  • Sir Sagramore le Desirous
  • Sir Safir, brother of Palamedes
  • Sir Segwarides, brother of Palamedes
  • Sir Tor
  • King Uriens
  • Sir Ywain the Bastard, also son of Uriens

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