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Personification of knowledge (Greek Επιστημη, Episteme) in Celsus Library in Ephesus, Turkey.
.Knowledge is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as (i) expertise, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject; (ii) what is known in a particular field or in total; facts and information; or (iii) awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation.^ Experiential Foundationalism, then, combines to two crucial ideas: (i) when a justified belief is basic, its justification is not owed to any other belief; (ii) what in fact justifies basic beliefs are experiences.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ However, when we think of the sheer breadth of the knowledge we derive from testimony, one wonders whether one's personal experiences constitute an evidence base rich enough to justify the attribution of reliability to the totality of the testimonial sources one tends to trust.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Although such knowledge is of epistemological interest as well, we shall focus on knowledge of propositions and refer to such knowledge using the schema ‘ S knows that p ’, where ‘ S ’ stands for the subject who has knowledge and ‘ p ’ for the proposition that is known.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Philosophical debates in general start with Plato's formulation of knowledge as "justified true belief."^ This time, his belief is justified and true.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Why not say that knowledge is true belief?
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For true beliefs to count as knowledge, it is necessary that they originate in sources we have good reason to consider reliable.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.There is however no single agreed definition of knowledge presently, nor any prospect of one, and there remain numerous competing theories.^ Why should we insist that no one can have knowledge without it?
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Most likely, there isn't one single concept of knowledge that permits consensus on what the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge are.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the very highest plane everything is One; there are no conflicts and divisions, in that both sides of the conflict need one another for the higher emergences.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Knowledge acquisition involves complex cognitive processes: perception, learning, communication, association and reasoning.^ Knowledge One stage of gaining a knowledge involves the learning of the individual pieces of the puzzle.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The reason why the subjects, from their own point of view, are not obliged to believe otherwise is that they are either cognitively deficient or live in a benighted and isolated community.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ One family of epistemological issues about perception arises when we concern ourselves with the psychological nature of the perceptual processes through which we acquire knowledge of external objects.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The term knowledge is also used to mean the confident understanding of a subject with the ability to use it for a specific purpose if appropriate.^ Knowledge) Integral Knowledge vs. Ignorance The ability to simply know things in their completeness, fullness, and in their integral relationship, is what we mean by "Knowledge" or "Integral Knowledge."
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The mental is knowledge and understanding; our ability to comprehend; the thoughts and ideas we have; the values we cherish and the goals we subscribe, to name several.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Meaning of Integral Knowledge Integral knowledge is that which explains each item in terms of every other item or aspect.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

See knowledge management for additional details on that discipline.

Contents

Defining knowledge (philosophy)

Robert Reid, Knowledge (1896). Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.
.We suppose ourselves to possess unqualified scientific knowledge of a thing, as opposed to knowing it in the accidental way in which the sophist knows, when we think that we know the cause on which the fact depends, as the cause of that fact and of no other, and, further, that the fact could not be other than it is.^ In other words, you know what things are dangerous, what things are harmful, and so you leave them alone and don't touch them.

^ External Knowledge (EK) : S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p ; S is externally justified in believing that p (in a way that degettierizes S's belief).
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A further question is whether, if God exists, knowledge of God might not also be possible in other ways, for example, on the basis of perception or perhaps mystical experiences.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Now that scientific knowing is something of this sort is evident — witness both those who falsely claim it and those who actually possess it, since the former merely imagine themselves to be, while the latter are also actually, in the condition described.^ Since it is false, it is not the sort of thing anybody can know.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So it's possible to know something false after all.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the barn he is looking at is an actual barn, it would appear that the perceptual process that causes Henry to believe this does not relate him to anything false.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Consequently the proper object of unqualified scientific knowledge is something which cannot be other than it is.^ Following are the steps for that small team, although, like other knowledge work processes, it is less linear than this step-by-step process would appear.

^ So little is actually known about knowledge that it becomes difficult to express anything other than contempt for the unknown.
  • Knowledge - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My actions and words are none other than my own based upon the spiritual teachings of the Tunkasila and the spiritual knowledge of the Star Nations.

 
Aristotle, Posterior Analytics (Book 1 Part 2)
The definition of knowledge is a matter of on-going debate among philosophers in the field of epistemology. .The classical definition, described but not ultimately endorsed by Plato [1], specifies that a statement must meet three criteria in order to be considered knowledge: it must be justified, true, and believed.^ The JTB Analysis of Knowledge : S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p ; S is justified in believing that p .
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For true beliefs to count as knowledge, it is necessary that they originate in sources we have good reason to consider reliable.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ External Knowledge (EK) : S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p ; S is externally justified in believing that p (in a way that degettierizes S's belief).
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Some claim that these conditions are not sufficient, as Gettier case examples allegedly demonstrate.^ As we have seen, they take the existence of examples like BonJour's clairvoyant Norman as a decisive reason to reject this sufficiency claim.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Call the condition needed to rule out Gettier-cases the 'G-condition'.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Gettier cases need not involve any inference, there are possible cases of justified true belief in which the subject fails to have knowledge although condition (iv) is met.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.There are a number of alternatives proposed, including Robert Nozick's arguments for a requirement that knowledge 'tracks the truth' and Simon Blackburn's additional requirement that we do not want to say that those who meet any of these conditions 'through a defect, flaw, or failure' have knowledge.^ Truth and certitude are conditions of knowledge.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Say: 'Are those who know equal to those who know not?'
  • Knowledge (Islaam.Com) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.islaam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Philosophers who think that knowledge requires evidence would say that it is not.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Richard Kirkham suggests that our definition of knowledge requires that the belief is self-evident to the believer.^ Therefore, knowledge requires belief.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ External Knowledge (EK) : S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p ; S is externally justified in believing that p (in a way that degettierizes S's belief).
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to both EK and IK, knowledge requires true belief.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[2]
.In contrast to this approach, Wittgenstein observed, following Moore's paradox, that one can say "He believes it, but it isn't so", but not "He knows it, but it isn't so". [3] He goes on to argue that these do not correspond to distinct mental states, but rather to distinct ways of talking about conviction.^ The second of these goes as follows.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ External Knowledge (EK) : S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p ; S is externally justified in believing that p (in a way that degettierizes S's belief).
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If this conclusion were true, then we would be in a radical way mistaken about what we think we know.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.What is different here is not the mental state of the speaker, but the activity in which they are engaged.^ Owing to associations and differences in mental attitudes, the fringe of consciousness will vary and somewhat modify the total mental state, but the focus of consciousness, knowledge itself, will be essentially the same.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to a different version of foundationalism, (B) is justified not by virtue of possessing some kind of privileged status, but by some further mental state of yours.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Even though there are significant physical differences between Tim and Tim*, mentally they are alike.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.For example, on this account, to know that the kettle is boiling is not to be in a particular state of mind, but to perform a particular task with the statement that the kettle is boiling.^ Procedural knowledge is knowing how to control the revant factors for examing some phenomenon (Reber & Reber, 2001), performing a certain task or completing an activity.
  • Procedural knowledge - WikEd 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC wik.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a person S is internally justified in believing a certain thing, then this may be something he can know just by reflecting upon his own state of mind.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Wittgenstein sought to bypass the difficulty of definition by looking to the way "knowledge" is used in natural languages.^ Any definition of knowledge lies very much within the context in which the word is being used at any given moment.
  • knowledge Articles, Posts, Blogs, Videos - Technorati 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC technorati.com [Source type: General]

^ Given the reality and nature of knowledge by acquaintance, it follows that knowledge does not begin with presuppositions, language, concepts, one’s cultural standpoint, worldview or anything else.
  • What is Knowledge? | The Scriptorium Daily: Middlebrow 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.scriptoriumdaily.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As always, Aristotle assumed that the structure of language and logic naturally mirrors the way things really are.
  • Aristotle: Reality and Knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.philosophypages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He saw knowledge as a case of a family resemblance. .Following this idea, "knowledge" has been reconstructed as a cluster concept that points out relevant features but that is not adequately captured by any definition.^ The following definition captures this thought: .
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So one's ability to have a fuller, integral knowledge of a concept or idea is related to the level of consciousness of the individual.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following, supplementary chapter discusses the issues that arise when we try to solve this paradox and examines how they bear on our understanding of the concept of knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[4]

Communicating knowledge

Symbolic representations can be used to indicate meaning and can be thought of as a dynamic process. .Hence the transfer of the symbolic representation can be viewed as one ascription process whereby knowledge can be transferred.^ One family of epistemological issues about perception arises when we concern ourselves with the psychological nature of the perceptual processes through which we acquire knowledge of external objects.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This limited knowledge, this Ignorance of the whole is rooted in the exclusive nature of Mind, which tends to embrace one view of a thing and avoid all others.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Other forms of communication include imitation, narrative exchange along with a range of other methods. .There is no complete theory of knowledge transfer or communication.^ Second, there is reliabilism as a theory of knowledge (K-reliabilism).
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ They would say that, if we conceive of knowledge as reliably produced true belief, there is no need for justification.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The "fruits" of such activity are demonstrably false theories such as foundationalism, as well as endless and arcane debates in the attempt to tackle questions to which there no answers.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.While many would agree that one of the most universal and significant tools for the transfer of knowledge is writing (of many kinds), argument over the usefulness of the written word exists however, with some scholars skeptical of its impact on societies.^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [He also has the most long term impact on the development of society.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And second, externalists would say that what we want from justification is the kind of objective probability needed for knowledge, and only external conditions on justification imply this probability.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In his collection of essays Technopoly Neil Postman demonstrates the argument against the use of writing through an excerpt from Plato's work Phaedrus (Postman, Neil (1992) Technopoly, Vintage, New York, pp 73).^ New York: Columbia Press, pp.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In the 1960s film 'The Apartment,' C. C. Baxter is a lonely office drone working for an insurance company in New York City.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

In this excerpt the scholar Socrates recounts the story of Thamus, the Egyptian king and Theuth the inventor of the written word. .In this story, Theuth presents his new invention "writing" to King Thamus, telling Thamus that his new invention "will improve both the wisdom and memory of the Egyptians" (Postman, Neil (1992) Technopoly, Vintage, New York, pp 74).^ New York: Columbia Press, pp.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ At time t , his clairvoyance causes Norman to form the belief that the president is presently in New York.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.King Thamus is skeptical of this new invention and rejects it as a tool of recollection rather than retained knowledge.^ Rather, we need to create a new basis of consciousness from which these instant knowledge experiences of spiritualized Mind can more readily occur.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To perceive this many-sided whole, rather than the obvious one or two parts is a spiritual quality known as 'integral knowledge.'
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.He argues that the written word will infect the Egyptian people with fake knowledge as they will be able to attain facts and stories from an external source and will no longer be forced to mentally retain large quantities of knowledge themselves (Postman, Neil (1992) Technopoly, Vintage, New York ,pp 74).^ New York: Columbia Press, pp.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For true beliefs to count as knowledge, it is necessary that they originate in sources we have good reason to consider reliable.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ What proposition a "knowledge"-attributing sentence expresses depends on what concept of knowledge the person who uses that sentence (in spoken or written form) has in mind when using the word ‘know’.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Andrew Robinson also highlights, in his work The Origins of Writing, the possibility for writing to be used to spread false information and there for the ability of the written word to decrease social knowledge (Robinson, Andrew (2003) The Origins of Writing in Crowley and Heyer (eds) Communication in History: Technology, Culture, Society, Boston pp 34).^ What proposition a "knowledge"-attributing sentence expresses depends on what concept of knowledge the person who uses that sentence (in spoken or written form) has in mind when using the word ‘know’.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Ignorance we have extremely limited knowledge that is there, that is unfolding at any moment in time; we have false and error-filled knowledge; non-integral, related to the whole knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Experienced Knowledge Communicates Well When an individual actually experiences the ideas that he propounds, then his writings has a added power; it's meaning will more be communicated to others; i.e.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.People are often internalizing new information which they perceive to be knowledge but are in reality fill their minds with false knowledge.^ Empiricists have argued that a priori knowledge is limited to the realm of the analytic , consisting of propositions of a somehow inferior status because they are not really "about the world".
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If animals could have the sort of justification internalists have in mind, internalism would be compatible with animal knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to direct realism , we can acquire such knowledge because we can directly perceive such objects.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Situated knowledge

.Situated knowledge is knowledge specific to a particular situation.^ Within a particular problem-solving strategy, domain-dependent knowledge plays specific roles.
  • Papers on Knowledge Acquisition 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.isi.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In praxis there can be no prior knowledge of the right means by which we realize the end in a particular situation.
  • knowledge @ the informal education homepage 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.infed.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Field-based knowledge is complex in that it has to account for many interacting variables, often subconsciously, and can be specific to geography, a mill or even a particular machine.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
.Some methods of generating knowledge, such as trial and error, or learning from experience, tend to create highly situational knowledge.^ When we are receptive to learning, experience can generate knowledge of great value.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Experience generates knowledge, but not always.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, if we make such direct access of knowledge a conscious act, then we can have these truth experiences constantly.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.One of the main benefits of the scientific method is that the theories it generates are much less situational than knowledge gained by other methods.^ Following are the steps for that small team, although, like other knowledge work processes, it is less linear than this step-by-step process would appear.

^ Men are more readily contented with no intellectual light than with a little; and wherever they have been taught to acquire some knowledge in order to please others, they have most generally gone on to acquire more, to please themselves.

^ In comparison to other business performance measure and control methods, alignment with KPI is much more easier to implement and use.
  • Knowledge management Balanced Scorecard (BSC) Metrics (KPI) Template for Excel 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.strategy2act.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed] .Situational knowledge is often embedded in language, culture, or traditions.^ For many indigenous people today, the communication of traditional knowledge is hampered by competition from other cultures that capture the imagination of the young.
  • What is Traditional Knowledge? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.nativescience.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Too often, traditional knowledge is incorrectly made parallel only to science.
  • What is Traditional Knowledge? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.nativescience.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, their experiences often validate, inform and give new meaning and value to traditional knowledge.
  • What is Traditional Knowledge? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.nativescience.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Knowledge generated through experience is called knowledge "a posteriori", meaning afterwards.^ Experience generates knowledge, but not always.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Each successful experience in life generates knowledge, but it also generates a sense of accomplishment which the ego appropriates as its own.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

The pure existence of a term like "a posteriori" means this also has a counterpart. In this case that is knowledge "a priori", meaning before. .The knowledge prior to any experience means that there are certain "assumptions" that one takes for granted.^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most likely, there isn't one single concept of knowledge that permits consensus on what the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge are.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ First, when what we mean by ‘know’ changes from one context to another, what changes is the standards that we think must be met if someone is to have knowledge of something.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.For example if you are being told about a chair it is clear to you that the chair is in space, that it is 3D.^ In an ordinary, low-standard context, you don't worry about being a BIV. It's not an error possibility you ignore.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This knowledge is not knowledge that one can "forget", even someone suffering from amnesia experiences the world in 3D. See also: a priori and a posteriori.^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The laws of life response are understood when we experience all its variations; when we see all of the inner levers that elicit sudden good fortune from the world around us.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It would be based on a pool of real world experiences gathered from others and one's own self.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Partial knowledge

.One discipline of epistemology focuses on partial knowledge.^ Partial knowledge or knowledge of the part cannot claim to be pure knowledge or a valid one.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.In most realistic cases, it is not possible to have an exhaustive understanding of an information domain, so then we have to live with the fact that our knowledge is always not complete, that is, partial.^ From that inner poise and status we can see the abundant myriad of facts around us, which in their multiplicity and variety lend themselves to insights; and from insights to greater conclusions, to what we call the "integral knowledge and understanding" that Sherlock Holmes had at the end of every case.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Direct realists can be more liberal about the foundation of our knowledge of external objects.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ By moving to the depths, and overcoming our ego, we overcome our Ignorance, and Mind rises to Higher, Illumined, and Intuitive states where knowledge of objects become complete.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most real problems have to be solved by taking advantage of a partial understanding of the problem context and problem data.^ For most people, life is a series of problems to be solved.
  • Hacking Knowledge: 77 Ways to Learn Faster, Deeper, and Better | OEDb 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC oedb.org [Source type: General]

^ You cant solve the problems of Information Age business or gain a competitive advantage simply by throwing more information and people at the problems.
  • What is knowledge management? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.media-access.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the core of this problem is that we don’t really understand non-incremental change due to the properties of information and a whole host of cognitive biases.
  • Rethinking the Knowledge Economy 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC synaptify.com [Source type: General]

.That is very different from the typical simple maths problems one might solve at school, where all data is given and one has a perfect understanding of formulas necessary to solve them.^ One problem for explanatory coherentists is to make us understand, in nonepistemic terms, why the favored explanation is really better than the competing explanations.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Integral Knowledge of the Depths that Enables Perfect Decisions Decision-making is simple, but a mere formality, once one has acquired the necessary man-sided integral knowledge of the subject or matter at hand.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Untitled Decision-making is simple, but a mere formality, once one has acquired the necessary man-sided integral knowledge of the subject or matter at hand.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.This idea is also present in the concept of bounded rationality which assumes that in real life situations people often have a limited amount of information and make decisions accordingly.^ In life, we are often confronted by crossroad decisions.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Making a decisive decision can make life respond in this way.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In every situation in life, every element that presents itself serves a purpose.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Scientific knowledge

.The development of the scientific method has made a significant contribution to our understanding of knowledge.^ The following, supplementary chapter discusses the issues that arise when we try to solve this paradox and examines how they bear on our understanding of the concept of knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to this objection, Newtonian Physics is part of our overall scientific knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The mental is knowledge and understanding; our ability to comprehend; the thoughts and ideas we have; the values we cherish and the goals we subscribe, to name several.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning.^ According to the typical construal of coherentism, the view says that a given belief is justified, the subject must have certain further beliefs that constitute reasons for the given belief.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[5] .The scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses.^ No amount of observation and collection of data could have led anyone to conceive that it is the earth that goes around the sun.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

[6]. .Science, and the nature of scientific knowledge have also become the subject of Philosophy.^ A time comes when this partial knowledge becomes perfect knowledge or complete knowledge when the field of observation can be organised into a subject or a branch of science.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To bring epistemology on the right path, it must be made a part of the natural sciences and become cognitive psychology.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ History of Ideas History and Philosophy of Science and Technology Rhetoric of Inquiry / Epistemic Rhetoric / Rhetoric of Science Sociology of Knowledge / Sociology of Science and Technology Feminist: .

As science itself has developed, knowledge has developed a broader usage which has been developing within biology/psychology—discussed elsewhere as meta-epistemology, or genetic epistemology, and to some extent related to "theory of cognitive development".    
.Note that "epistemology" is the study of knowledge and how it is acquired.^ First published Wed Dec 14, 2005 Defined narrowly, epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to some, it includes the project of studying and legitimizing special ways in which only women can acquire knowledge.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As the study of knowledge, epistemology is concerned with the following questions: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge?
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Science is “the process used everyday to logically complete thoughts through inference of facts determined by calculated experiments. Sir Francis Bacon, critical in the historical development of the scientific method, his works established and popularized an inductive methodology for scientific inquiry. His famous aphorism, "knowledge is power", is found in the Meditations Sacrae (1597).[7].
.Until recent times, at least in the Western tradition, it was simply taken for granted that knowledge was something possessed only by humans (and/or God) — and probably adult humans at that.^ Progress that is T owards the Whole All progress arose in humanity only when partial knowledge embraced a wider part, a movement towards the whole.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And second, externalists would say that what we want from justification is the kind of objective probability needed for knowledge, and only external conditions on justification imply this probability.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Note that, at the same time, animals possess a power of vitality not found in mentalized human beings, in whom that energy is absorbed as mental consciousness.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Sometimes the notion might stretch to (ii) Society-as-such, as in (e.g.) "the knowledge possessed by the Coptic culture" (as opposed to its individual members), but that was not assured either. .Nor was it usual to consider unconscious knowledge in any systematic way until this approach was popularized by Freud.^ However, according to an alternative approach that has in the last three decades become increasingly popular, what stands in the way of epistemic luck — what turns a true belief into knowledge — is the reliability of the cognitive process that produced the belief.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This approach — reliabilism, as it is usually called — can be carried out in two different ways.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[8]
.Other biological domains where "knowledge" might be said to reside, include: (iii) the immune system, and (iv) in the DNA of the genetic code.^ A further question is whether, if God exists, knowledge of God might not also be possible in other ways, for example, on the basis of perception or perhaps mystical experiences.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

See the list of four "epistemological domains":   Popper, (1975)[9]; and Traill (2008 [1]: Table S, page 31)—also references by both to Niels Jerne.
.Such considerations seem to call for a separate definition of "knowledge" to cover the biological systems.^ And from insights we can have integral insights and illuminations and intuitions that lead to ever greater conclusions, until we reach what we call the "integral knowledge and understanding" that Holmes seemed to have had at the end of every case.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.For biologists, knowledge must be usefully available to the system, though that system need not be conscious.^ Rather, we need to create a new basis of consciousness from which these instant knowledge experiences of spiritualized Mind can more readily occur.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Thus the criteria seem to be:
  • The system should apparently be dynamic and self-organizing (unlike a mere book on its own).
  • The knowledge must constitute some sort of representation of "the outside world"[10], or ways of dealing with it (directly or indirectly).
  • There must be some way for the system to access this information quickly enough for it to be useful.

Religious meaning of knowledge

.In many expressions of Christianity, such as Catholicism and Anglicanism, knowledge is one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.^ Genius belongs to one aspect of the myriad-faced knowledge which is one of the 12 aspects of the Spirit.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To perceive this many-sided whole, rather than the obvious one or two parts is a spiritual quality known as 'integral knowledge.'
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Spiritual Knowledge Based on Insights Such spiritual-like experiences, like illuminations and intuitions of knowledge, normally come only after one has done his fact gathering, has a basic knowledge, that has coagulated into insights.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]
.In Islam, knowledge (Arabic: علم, ʿilm) is given great significance.^ Knowing what to consider as conditions unfold in a given moment would be a great skill and knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

."The All-Knowing" (al-ʿAlīm) is one of the 99 names reflecting distinct attributes of God.^ All media is unnecessary for one who can know it directly.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Limitations of Mind to Know Whole Truth The mind accepts one truth out of all truths, and asserts that truth as the whole.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Levels of Perceiving Positive and Negative In ascending order of Truth one can know: -The positive in a negative -That a negative is a positive -That there is no negative and positive -That there just IS ness -That there is Brahman, inclusive and beyond All .
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

The Qur'an asserts that knowledge comes from God (2:239) and various hadith encourage the acquisition of knowledge. Muhammad is reported to have said "Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave" and "Verily the men of knowledge are the inheritors of the prophets". Islamic scholars, theologians and jurists are often given the title alim, meaning "knowledgable".[citation needed]
Hindu Scriptures present two kinds of knowledge, Paroksha Gnyana and Aporoksha Gnyana. Paroksha Gnyana (also spelled Paroksha-Jnana) is secondhand knowledge: knowledge obtained from books, hearsay, etc. .Aporoksha Gnyana (also spelled Aparoksha-Jnana) is the knowledge borne of direct experience, i.e., knowledge that one discovers for oneself.^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Intuitions of Knowledge Intuition are direct descent of the object knowledge into one's mind without thought.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, if we make such direct access of knowledge a conscious act, then we can have these truth experiences constantly.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

[12]
The Old Testament's tree of the knowledge of good and evil contained the knowledge that separated Man from God: "And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil…" (Genesis 3:22)
.In Gnosticism divine knowledge or gnosis is hoped to be attained and escape from the demiurge's physical world.^ The Emerging Multi-sided Understanding in the World In The Live Divine, Sri Aurobindo explains that we humans exist in an essential Ignorance, on its way to an Integral Knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.And in Thelema knowledge and conversation with one's Holy Guardian Angel is the purpose of life, which is similar to Gnosis or enlightenment in other mystery religions.^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a similar manner, one could make all sorts of predictions based on our knowledge of any of the inner laws of life response.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To maintain one's objectivity with respect to other nations, races, religions, and schools of thought is not so easy.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In Plato's Theaetetus, Socrates and Theaetetus discuss three definitions of knowledge: knowledge as nothing but perception, knowledge as true judgment, and, finally, knowledge as a true judgment with an account. Each of these definitions is shown to be unsatisfactory.
  2. ^ http://www.centenary.edu/attachments/philosophy/aizawa/courses/epistemologyf2008/kirkham1984.pdf
  3. ^ Ludwig Wittgenstein, On Certainty, remark 42
  4. ^ Gottschalk-Mazouz, N. (2008): „Internet and the flow of knowledge“, in: Hrachovec, H.; Pichler, A. (Hg.): Philosophy of the Information Society. Proceedings of the 30. International Ludwig Wittgenstein Symposium Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria 2007. Volume 2, Frankfurt, Paris, Lancaster, New Brunswik: Ontos, S. 215-232. http://www.uni-stuttgart.de/philo/fileadmin/doc/pdf/gottschalk/ngm-internetflow-2008.pdf
  5. ^ "[4] Rules for the study of natural philosophy", Newton 1999, pp. 794-6, from the General Scholium, which follows Book 3, The System of the World.
  6. ^ scientific method, Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  7. ^ "Sir Francis Bacon - Quotationspage.com". http://www.quotationspage.com/quote/2060.html. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  8. ^ There is quite a good case for this exclusive specialization used by philosophers, in that it allows for in-depth study of logic-procedures and other abstractions which are not found elsewhere. However this may lead to problems whenever the topic spills over into those excluded domains—e.g. when Kant (following Newton) dismissed Space and Time as axiomatically "transcendental" and "a priori" — a claim later disproved by Piaget's clinical studies. It also seems likely that the vexed problem of "infinite regress" can be largely (but not completely) solved by proper attention to how unconscious concepts are actually developed, both during infantile learning and as inherited "pseudo-transcendentals" inherited from the trial-and-error of previous generations. See also "Tacit knowledge".
    • Piaget, J., and B.Inhelder (1927 / 1969). The child's conception of time. Routledge & Kegan Paul: London.
    • Piaget, J., and B.Inhelder (1948 / 1956). The child's conception of space. Routledge & Kegan Paul: London.
  9. ^ Popper, K.R. (1975). "The rationality of scientific revolutions"; in Rom Harré (ed.), Problems of Scientific Revolution: Scientific Progress and Obstacles to Progress in the Sciences. Clarendon Press: Oxford.
  10. ^ This "outside world" could include other subsystems within the same organism—e.g. different "mental levels" corresponding to different Piagetian stages. See Theory of cognitive development.
  11. ^ "Part Three, No. 1831". Catechism of the Catholic Church. http://www.scborromeo.org/ccc/p3s1c1a7.htm#1831. Retrieved 2007-04-20. 
  12. ^ Swami Krishnananda. "Chapter 7". The Philosophy of the Panchadasi. The Divine Life Society. http://www.swami-krishnananda.org/panch/panch_07.html. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Knowledge is what is known; the confident understanding of a subject, potentially with the ability to use it for a specific purpose.^ Although such knowledge is of epistemological interest as well, we shall focus on knowledge of propositions and refer to such knowledge using the schema ‘ S knows that p ’, where ‘ S ’ stands for the subject who has knowledge and ‘ p ’ for the proposition that is known.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It becomes practically useful knowledge when a process of a thing is known, e.g.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The mental is knowledge and understanding; our ability to comprehend; the thoughts and ideas we have; the values we cherish and the goals we subscribe, to name several.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

Alphabetized by author or work.
.
  • To wisdom belongs the intellectual apprehension of things eternal; to knowledge, the rational apprehension of things temporal.^ If so, you are a true rational individual, well on the way of the spiritual path of knowledge and wisdom.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This adds to the collective knowledge and wisdom of the firm, leading to more rational decisions and actions that lead to successful outcomes.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Rational and objective knowledge has gradually become the basis of what we call modern intelligence and intellectual activity, which can be observed in a wide cross section of mankind.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    • St. Augustine of Hippo, as quoted in The Anchor Book of Latin Quotations : with English translations‎ (1990) by Norbert Guterman, p. 375
  • Knowledge is good. .
  • Knowledge is power.^ Emergence from Knowledge to Knowledge-Will in Animal to Human In the subconscious instinct of the animal, we see the play of a severely limited (involved) but almost infallible knowledge expressing with a decisive power uncharacteristic of human beings.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Francis Bacon, Meditationes Sacræ [Sacred Meditations] (1597) "De Hæresibus" [Of Heresies]
  • I have taken all knowledge to be my province. .
  • Through wisdom is an house builded; and by understanding it is established: And by knowledge shall the chambers be filled with all precious and pleasant riches.^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Through my comprehensive understanding and knowledge, I become more aware of the multiplicity of truths I am grappling with, of the variety of factors that are at play in any given situation.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Through meditation and other techniques, we can penetrate our deeper nature, establish Stillness and Silence in the depths of our being, enabling integral knowledge, i.e.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • A man who knows how little he knows is well, a man who knows how much he knows is sick.^ We can then begin to know how each part relates to all others, as well as the Whole and Essence.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To know how much the concerned people miss because of ignorance created by circumstances is amazing.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A Man's True Rationality Who can truly know a man's True Rationality till we see him from all perspectives; e.g.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • You can't manage knowledge — nobody can.^ The idea is that, if you are a BIV, you are reduced to a mere brain which is stimulated in such a way that the delusion of a normal life results.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If so, you are a true rational individual, well on the way of the spiritual path of knowledge and wisdom.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our fundamental Ignorance of the ways of life and cosmos begins to be replaced by the beginnings of a truer and deeper and more integral perception and Knowledge.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .What you can do is to manage the environment in which knowledge can be created, discovered, captured, shared, distilled, validated, transferred, adopted, adapted and applied.^ Several knowledge management roles are organized under the Knowledge Transfer Dept.
    • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Traditional organizational roles typically do not address either knowledge management or the cross-functional, cross-organizational process by which knowledge is created, shared and applied.
    • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Consistent collective compliance with these expectations creates and continually reinforces the perception of the forum as a reliable and efficient means for sharing knowledge and getting problems solved.
    • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .
    • Chris Collison and Geoff Parcell, Learning to Fly - Practical Knowledge Management from Leading and Learning Organizations (2005), Chapter 2, pages 24-25.
  • The Master said, "Yu, shall I teach you what knowledge is?^ Several knowledge management roles are organized under the Knowledge Transfer Dept.
    • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Successful knowledge management organizations proactively manage and reorganize their repositories as an ongoing activity rather than waiting for decline to set in before acting.
    • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Moses replied in the affirmative and added, "May I follow you so that you teach me of that knowledge which you have been taught."
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .When you know a thing, to hold that you know it; and when you do not know a thing, to allow that you do not know it; — this is knowledge."^ In other words, you know what things are dangerous, what things are harmful, and so you leave them alone and don't touch them.

    ^ Knowledge) Integral Knowledge vs. Ignorance The ability to simply know things in their completeness, fullness, and in their integral relationship, is what we mean by "Knowledge" or "Integral Knowledge."
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Untitled When you explain things [to others] you already know, the understanding grows in the mind occupying the corners it has not occupied.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Confucius in The Analects 2:17, as translated by Arthur Waley
    • Variant translation: "Yu, shall I teach you about knowledge?^ Moses replied in the affirmative and added, "May I follow you so that you teach me of that knowledge which you have been taught."
      • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

      ^ This requires knowledge not only of products and their underlying chemistry, but knowledge about their application in various contexts.
      • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

      ^ That's about as far as the results of worldly knowledge can take you.

      .What you know, you know, what you don't know, you don't know.^ In other words, you know what things are dangerous, what things are harmful, and so you leave them alone and don't touch them.

      ^ When the skeptics get their argument started with some other proposition about which you are likely to agree you don't know it, what do they have in mind?
      • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Since they agree that you don't know that your are not a BIV, so they accept the first premise.
      • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

      .This is knowledge."
  • I want to know God's thoughts — the rest are mere details.^ You don't want the knowledge that comes from directed thought and evaluation: Stop.

    ^ So if, with Dretske, we want an account of knowledge that includes animals among the knowing subjects, we might want to abandon the traditional JTB account in favor of K-reliabilism.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thought of itself merely attracts more knowledge and thought if it attracts anything, -Thought with will expressing an intension attracts vital results (sales, money, romance, etc.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • I owe all my knowledge to the German inventor, Johannes Gutenberg!^ It is Inner Curiosity that is spiritual in nature, as the Mind rests in quietude, open to and allowing True Knowledge to descend into it from all sides.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This limited knowledge, this Ignorance of the whole is rooted in the exclusive nature of Mind, which tends to embrace one view of a thing and avoid all others.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In terms of our inquiry into the nature of true knowledge we can say that I have the conception of an idea with my mind ; I have perception of the ideas through my vital, i.e.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Mehmet ildan, as quoted in "The Theatre Play: Emmanuel Arago's Diary; 2004."
  • As our circle of knowledge expands, so does the circumference of darkness surrounding it.^ As we do so, our mind expands further, as we more frequently have illuminations and visions of insight and knowledge.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As a result, our mind tends to expand upward, opening to the universal plane where all knowledge resides.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Albert Einstein as quoted in Paper Prototyping : The Fast and Easy Way to Design and Refine User Interfaces (2003) by Carolyn Snyder
    • The knowledge that we have can be analogous to a circle. .Inside the circle is what we know and what we call knowledge; outside the circle is what we don't know and need to explore.^ Instead, we need to know all parts, including the Whole, which will bring us to Knowledge.
      • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

      .As our circle of knowledge expands, so does the circumference of darkness surrounding it.^ As we do so, our mind expands further, as we more frequently have illuminations and visions of insight and knowledge.
      • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ As a result, our mind tends to expand upward, opening to the universal plane where all knowledge resides.
      • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

      So the more we know, the more we feel that we don't know. .
      • Tian Hao, stating an idea he says had inspired him since childhood, and attributes to Albert Einstein, in Electrorheological Fluids : The Non-aqueous Suspensions (2005), Introduction (15 July 2005), p.^ The problem with this approach is that it could take a lifetime to learn even a few ideas since we would have to wait for him to first experience it in his life.
        • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

        v
  • Knowledge is discovered, when ignorance is lost. .
    • Jason F. Klein, "As life is written", Sonoma State University (1992)
  • As we know, There are known knowns; there are things we know we know.^ If a person S is internally justified in believing a certain thing, then this may be something he can know just by reflecting upon his own state of mind.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are many things that you think you know but actually fail to know.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .We also know, there are known unknowns, that is to say, we know there are some things we do not know.^ If the representation makes things possible but not easy, then as real users we may never know whether we have misunderstood the representation and just do not know how to use it, or it truly cannot express some things we would like to say.
    • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ An indirect realist would say that, when you see and thus know that there is a tomato on the table, what you really see is not the tomato itself but a tomato-like sense-datum or some such entity.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are many things that you think you know but actually fail to know.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .But there are also unknown unknowns, the ones we do not know we do not know.^ Levels of Perceiving Positive and Negative In ascending order of Truth one can know: -The positive in a negative -That a negative is a positive -That there is no negative and positive -That there just IS ness -That there is Brahman, inclusive and beyond All .
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If we endorse strict context sensitivity, there's something important that drops out: how one intends to use the word ‘know’.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since Henry would have believed the same had he been situated in front of one of the many barn-facades in the vicinity, we are reluctant to judge that Henry knows there is a barn nearby.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. .Imagination is more important than knowledge.^ Untitled Full, "subtle" knowledge gives an individual the knowledge of an expert; maybe even more than the professional expert.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Imagination is a more powerful faculty than thinking.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .For knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world, stimulating progress, giving birth to evolution.^ Empiricists have argued that a priori knowledge is limited to the realm of the analytic , consisting of propositions of a somehow inferior status because they are not really "about the world".
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At that point, we hasten the progress and the evolution of the world around us through movements of our consciousness, through Soul, instead of the painful way of Nature.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This limited knowledge, this Ignorance of the whole is rooted in the exclusive nature of Mind, which tends to embrace one view of a thing and avoid all others.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Albert Einstein, in "What Life Means to Einstein : An Interview by George Sylvester Viereck" in The Saturday Evening Post (26 October 1929)
    • Variant: Imagination is more important than knowledge.^ Untitled Full, "subtle" knowledge gives an individual the knowledge of an expert; maybe even more than the professional expert.
      • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
      • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Imagination is a more powerful faculty than thinking.
      • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

      Knowledge is limited. .Imagination encircles the world.
  • If a man empties his purse into his head no man can take it from him.^ Learning by Taking Another Man's Point of View No man wants to learn from others.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    An investment in knowledge pays the best interest. .
    • Ben Franklin, as quoted in Exercises in English Grammar (1909) by M. A. Morse
  • The beautiful thing about learning is nobody can take it away from you.^ According to a skeptical hypothesis, things are radically different from what you take them to be.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That's about as far as the results of worldly knowledge can take you.

    .
    • B.B. King, quoted outside the Main Library in uptown Charlotte, North Carolina, in The Charlotte Observer (5 October 1997) Page 2D
  • Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking makes what we read ours.^ In that way, we not only have the knowledge to make right decisions that result in powerfully, positive outcomes, but we evolve out of our current limited nature, and begin to embrace a Supernature.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Having insight on that topic makes us ripe to experience descents of intuitions of spiritual mind, where the deepest truths, the object of integral knowledge that we sought to know when we undertook the endeavor just enters our being.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As we do so, our mind expands further, as we more frequently have illuminations and visions of insight and knowledge.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • John Locke, Of the Conduct of the Understanding (1706)
  • I know that you believe you understand what you think I said, but I'm not sure you realize that what you heard is not what I meant.^ He ordered them to believe in Allah Alone, the Honorable the Majestic and said to them, "Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone?"
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Unravel any single thread, ever so tiny, and eventually it will modify the entire mental formation which we variously refer to as understanding, thinking or knowing.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Then you know it is a real and powerful phenomenon of life.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Attributed to Robert McCloskey, U.S. State Department spokesman, by Marvin Kalb, CBS reporter, in TV Guide, 31 March 1984, citing an unspecified press briefing during the Vietnam war.
  • Penetrating so many secrets, we cease to believe in the unknowable. But there it sits nevertheless, calmly licking its chops.
  • How can the unknown merit reverence? In other words how can you revere that of which you are ignorant? .At the same time, it would be ridiculous to propose that what we know merits reverence.^ At the same time, we don't think one can know that one isn't a BIV. How can the conflict between these thoughts be resolved?
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since Henry would have believed the same had he been situated in front of one of the many barn-facades in the vicinity, we are reluctant to judge that Henry knows there is a barn nearby.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .What we know merits any one of a number of things, but it stands to reason reverence isn't one of them.^ We presuppose … that the things we know are justified for us in the following sense: we can know what it is, on any occasion, that constitutes our grounds, or reasons, or evidence for thinking that we know.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The problem with that move is this: Unless we are provided with a convincing explanation of how one can know that one isn't a BIV, it's not more than just digging in one's non-skeptical heels.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We humans know one part of a matter or thing, and defend it vociferously.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    In other words, apart from the known and the unknown, what else is there? .
    • Harold Pinter in The Homecoming (1966), Lenny to Teddy in Act Two
  • Rock stars, is there anything they don't know?^ When the skeptics get their argument started with some other proposition about which you are likely to agree you don't know it, what do they have in mind?
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since they agree that you don't know that your are not a BIV, so they accept the first premise.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Even if they don't, you can still go ahead and give the object, of course, but it's best that you know what you're doing, that you're not acting out of delusion, not simply acting out of desire.

    • Homer Simpson, The Simpsons, Lisa the Vegetarian, (October 15, 1995)
  • The more we know, the easier it becomes to admit what we don't know. .
  • All schools, all colleges, have two great functions: to confer, and to conceal, valuable knowledge.^ When we are receptive to learning, experience can generate knowledge of great value.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The theological knowledge which they conceal cannot justly be regarded as less valuable than that which they reveal.^ They would say that, if we conceive of knowledge as reliably produced true belief, there is no need for justification.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When we conceive of epistemology as including knowledge and justified belief as they are positioned within a particular social and historical context, epistemology becomes social epistemology.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Because of the way they conceive of basicality, they cannot say that perceptual experiences are a source of justification for you because you have a reason, R , for believing that they do.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .That is, when a man is buying a basket of strawberries it can profit him to know that the bottom half of it is rotten.^ A Man's True Rationality Who can truly know a man's True Rationality till we see him from all perspectives; e.g.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • For all the talk you hear about knowledge being such a wonderful thing, instinct is worth forty of it for real unerringness.^ And as for the disbanding of stress, you see that there really is such a thing.

    ^ Finally, knowledge representations are also the means by which we express things about the world, the medium of expression and communication in which we tell the machine (and perhaps one another) about the world.
    • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But J-reliabilism implies two things about B: (i) B is not an instance of knowledge; (ii) B is a justified belief.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • We have not the reverent feeling for the rainbow that the savage has, because we know how it is made.^ To know how much the concerned people miss because of ignorance created by circumstances is amazing.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A mechanic who has thorough, precise knowledge of every part of the car may not know how a car is made or designed or invented.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    We have lost as much as we gained by prying into that matter.
  • Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless, and knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.

Unsourced

.
  • A drop of knowledge is more powerful than a sea of force.^ What needs to be accomplished is more than a mere assertion of (3), based on knowledge of one's hands.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So Allah inspired to him "At the junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst my slaves who is more learned than you."
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Master Fung
  • A knowledge of the path cannot be substituted for putting one foot in front of the other.^ One without the other cannot succeed.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If so, we get two alternative and irreconcilable analyses of knowledge: one internalist, the other externalist.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This tradeoff is one that TRI explicitly manages to foster a balance between knowledge management efficiency and speed on the one hand, and knowledge worker morale, commitment, and performance quality on the other.
    • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    • M.C. Richards
  • Information is random and miscellaneous, but knowledge is orderly and cumulative. .
    • Daniel Boorstin
  • Knowledge changes you more than any medication can.^ Untitled Full, "subtle" knowledge gives an individual the knowledge of an expert; maybe even more than the professional expert.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As for the plants that can be eaten, if there's more than enough for you to eat, you can take what's left and sell it on the market.

    • Jared Duncan
  • Knowledge is something I should have that if I knew I wouldn't be as ignorant as I am now. .
    • Franklin P. Jones
  • No matter how long you teach a fool, he still knows everything.^ According to the evidentialist anti-skepticism under consideration here, you know, on the basis of your knowledge of how the world works, that (d)–(f) are all false.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No matter how smart or clever they may be, they can't gain these forms of knowledge.

    ^ "I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Sometimes questions are more important than answers.^ To back up such a preference, it might be argued that dependence coherentism gives us a more satisfying answer to the J-question than independence foundationalism does.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What we need to answer this question is a general and principled account of what makes one explanation better than another.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But here, even more so than in the case of our faculties, internalists will not find that answer satisfactory.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known. .
  • The more you know, the more you realise that you know nothing.^ What is startling is that you will see that you know much more than you thought you know, often bringing out startling, innovative insights.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Do you know anyone who is more learned than you?
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.^ To hold two (or more) ideas in the mind is not only a test of a first rate intelligence, but the beginning of true knowledge, which is a spiritual quality.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • There is no wealth like knowledge; no poverty like ignorance.^ Most likely, there isn't one single concept of knowledge that permits consensus on what the necessary and sufficient conditions of knowledge are.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They would say that, if we conceive of knowledge as reliably produced true belief, there is no need for justification.
    • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On the one hand, there are examples like BonJour's clairvoyant Norman, examples that strongly suggest that internal justification is necessary for knowledge.
    • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • You must understand a thing completely before you can safely ignore it.^ Untitled When you explain things [to others] you already know, the understanding grows in the mind occupying the corners it has not occupied.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When we do anything at all, we have to use our discernment to consider things from every angle before we act, so that our actions will give complete results.

    ^ You must always step back into yourself - learn to go deep within - step back and you will be safe.
    • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

Crystal Clear app kaddressbook.png
Please help develop this page
This page was created, but so far, little content has been added. Everyone is invited to help expand and create educational content for Wikiversity. .If you need help learning how to add content, see the editing tutorial and the MediaWiki syntax reference.^ If you were to observe yourself in the course of the day, you would see how often sense mind is in the fore, and therefore how often you come to wrong conclusions.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When you see the hat and it looks blue to you, doesn't your visual experience — its looking blue to you — have the propositional content that the hat is blue ?
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If you were to observe yourself in the course of the day, you would see how often sense-mind is in the fore, and therefore how often your conclusions, decisions, and actions are wanting.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.To help you get started with content, we have automatically added references below to other Wikimedia Foundation projects.^ Facts/Data to Information to Ideas When I organize this current project I start with facts [data] , a "haze of information," which are then organized into ideas, with more facts added as support information, which clarifies and expands the ideas.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the skeptics get their argument started with some other proposition about which you are likely to agree you don't know it, what do they have in mind?
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ One aspires to start the project with the practical, the other the theoretical.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.This will help you find materials such as information, media and quotations on which to base the development of "Knowledge" as an educational resource.^ Inner conditions are eagerness to read, consent of the family for your education, tradition of the family in education, the goal you seek - the degree or the subject or higher still, pure knowledge - personal values such as reliability, honesty, integrity in the educational life.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Degree shows you are educated in a college, but knowledge is not confined to degrees.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Development of Knowledge from Data, Information, Idea Data are unrelated facts accumulated.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

However, please do not simply copy-and-paste large chunks from other projects. You can also use the links in the blue box to help you classify this page by subject, educational level and resource type.
Wikipedia-logo.png Run a search on Knowledge at Wikipedia.
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See also

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also knowledge

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Noun

The Knowledge
.
  1. A course of study which must be completed by prospective London taxi drivers; consists of 320 routes through central London and many significant places.^ Their concern is simply to complete a course (of study).
    • The Value of Knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.inter-islam.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Just call 0906 265 6565 and speak live to a licensed London taxi driver (and no, he won't be driving in his cab when you call!
    • The KNOWLEDGE ...gets you there 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.theknowledge.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This content is routed through efficient workflow to ensure consistency and quality, as appropriate.
    • Knowledge Management Software, Knowledge Management System, Knowledge Management Solution | eGain 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.egain.com [Source type: General]

    • 2004, Robert S. Wayne, Royal London in Context: The Independent Traveler's Guide to Royal London, page 177:
      The drivers of the officially licensed "black cabs" are famous for their mastery of "The Knowledge" of London streets.

Quotations


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

.Knowledge, being a primitive fact of consciousness, cannot, strictly speaking, be defined; but the direct and spontaneous consciousness of knowing may be made clearer by pointing out its essential and distinctive characteristics.^ To this point, I have defined explicit knowledge, discussed some of its characteristics, and made a case for explicating knowledge.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ At the ontological level, knowledge primitives satisfy formal meaning postulates, which restrict the interpretation of a logical theory on the basis of formal ontology, intended as a theory of a priori distinctions..."

^ To the infinite Consciousness and Being, there is no distinction between the two.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.It will be useful first to consider briefly the current uses of the verb "to know". To say that I know a certain man may mean simply that I have met him, and recognize him when I meet him again.^ And yet simply recognizing and wanting it may not be enough to sustain such experiences; for we are prone to easily forget about it and fall into our old routines.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So let us first consider what we might mean by ‘justification’ and then move on to the non-definitional issues.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Knowledge) Integral Knowledge vs. Ignorance The ability to simply know things in their completeness, fullness, and in their integral relationship, is what we mean by "Knowledge" or "Integral Knowledge."
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.This implies the permanence of a mental image enabling me to discern this man from all others.^ It will enable the infinite potential of life to emerge at all planes -- material, psychological, mental, and spiritual.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes, also, more than the mere familiarity with external features is implied.^ If it seems that nearly every country as revised or rewritten media laws in the last five years it could be because nearly every country has…sometimes more than once…sometimes continually.

^ What needs to be accomplished is more than a mere assertion of (3), based on knowledge of one's hands.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And (4) expresses no more than one part of what we already assumed: that the direct recognizability of justifiers implies the direct recognizability of justification, and vice versa .
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.To know a man may mean to know his character, his inner and deeper qualities, and hence to expect him to act in a certain way under certain circumstances.^ They assert that what one means by ‘know’ is determined, in a way that's very difficult to resist, by the salience or non-salience of error possibilities.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We need to be told either a principled reason why James's visual faculty fails to be reliable under the circumstances, or else why James fails to know even though his belief is produced by a reliable faculty.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Our knowledge peaks when we know exactly what the other man means, what the circumstances means etc., Intuition is to know what the other man is, what the circumstance is etc.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.The man who asserts that he knows an occurrence to be a fact means that he is so certain of it as to have no doubt concerning its reality.^ They assert that what one means by ‘know’ is determined, in a way that's very difficult to resist, by the salience or non-salience of error possibilities.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Our knowledge peaks when we know exactly what the other man means, what the circumstances means etc., Intuition is to know what the other man is, what the circumstance is etc.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On Intuition -Intuition is really considered to be divine, as we know he who possesses it in one subject becomes a genius.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.A pupil knows his lesson when he has mastered it and is able to recite it, and this, as the case may be, requires either mere retention in memory, or also, in addition to this retention, the intellectual work of understanding.^ They may take the form of a knowledge brokerage - an electronic discussion space where people may either search for knowledge (e.g., "Does anyone know") or advertise their expertise.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Others may be required to work with users to help them become comfortable and skilled with accessing and using the application.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Knowledge also may remain unarticulated because of intellectual constraints in cases where organizations have no formal language or model for its articulation.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.A science is known when its principles, methods, and conclusions are understood, and the various facts and laws referring to it co-ordinated and explained.^ The laws of life response are understood when we experience all its variations; when we see all of the inner levers that elicit sudden good fortune from the world around us.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.These various meanings may be reduced to two classes, one referring chiefly to sense-knowledge and to the recognition of particular experiences, the other referring chiefly to the understanding of general laws and principles.^ Experience generates knowledge, but not always.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ None of these may have seemed especially relevant to what they were doing at the time -- except of course in the way that education helps with general cognitive ability.
  • Microsoft Knowledge Network Team Blog 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC blogs.msdn.com [Source type: General]

^ If so, we get two alternative and irreconcilable analyses of knowledge: one internalist, the other externalist.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

This distinction is expressed in many languages by the use of two different verbs--by gnônai and eidénai, in Greek; by cognoscere and scire, in Latin, and by their derivatives in the Romance languages; in German by kennen and wissen.

ESSENTIALS OF KNOWLEDGE

(1) Knowledge is essentially the consciousness of an object, i.e. of any thing, fact, or principle belonging to the physical, mental, or metaphysical order, that may in any manner be reached by cognitive faculties. An event, a material substance, a man, a geometrical theorem, a mental process, the immortality of the soul, the existence and nature of God, may be so many objects of knowledge. .Thus knowledge implies the antithesis of a knowing subject and a known object.^ Thus we arrive at a tripartite analysis of knowledge as JTB: S knows that p if and only if p is true and S is justified in believing that p .
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So if, with Dretske, we want an account of knowledge that includes animals among the knowing subjects, we might want to abandon the traditional JTB account in favor of K-reliabilism.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Supramental perception In supermind the entire object of knowledge is known, as in intuition, but the knowledge arises as a creative faculty from within ourselves.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.It always possesses an objective character and any process that may be conceived as merely subjective is not a cognitive process.^ You may not like the subject, you might like the process even less but I think Rodney Barker wrote a helpful book.

.Any attempt to reduce the object to a purely subjective experience could result only in destroying the fact itself of knowledge, which implies the object, or not-self, as clearly as it does the subject, or self.^ Ontolingua is for declarative specification only, and does not provide a way to store and retrieve facts in a knowledge base.

^ When we embrace all sides of a matter or subject or aspect of life, we have far greater insight and knowledge, and are therefore able to produce infinite-like results.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Priori Justification S is justified a priori in believing that p if and only if S 's justification for believing that p does not depend on any experience.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

(2) Knowledge supposes a judgment, explicit or implicit. .Apprehension, that is, the mental conception of a simple present object, is generally numbered among the cognitive processes, yet, of itself, it is not in the strict sense knowledge, but only its starting-point.^ Beyond that one moves to greater subtleties still, where thought itself is abandoned as knowledge descends through light, illumination, and intuitions of objects of knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A belief's origin in a reliable cognitive process is not sufficient for its being an instance of knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Indirect realists would say that we acquire perceptual knowledge of external objects by virtue of perceiving sense data that represent external objects.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Properly speaking, we know only when we compare, identify, discriminate, connect; and these processes, equivalent to judgments, are found implicitly even in ordinary sense-perception.^ Segmenting these repositories and identifying any significant differences in their refinery processes is crucial for successful application, as is their integration to provide seamless access to their knowledge.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ It is not only difficult to articulate, but according to Polyni, it is something that we cannot express and even we do not know.
  • Knowledge management: re-thinking information management and facing the challenge of managing tacit knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC informationr.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But these alternatives don't prevent you from knowing that you have hands — not because they are irrelevant, but rather because you can discriminate between these alternatives and your having hands.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

A few judgments are reached immediately, but by far the greater number require patient investigation. .The mind is not merely passive in knowing, not a mirror or sensitized plate, in which objects picture themselves; it is also active in looking for conditions and causes, and in building up science out of the materials which it receives from experience.^ When the picture appears in the mind, they may sketch it down on paper, and then experiment with physical objects to see if it works.

^ Having insight on that topic makes us ripe to experience descents of intuitions of spiritual mind, where the deepest truths, the object of integral knowledge that we sought to know when we undertook the endeavor just enters our being.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One way out of this conundrum, is to step back and look at any endeavor or matter, and consider it in terms of four essential aspects -- the material, the vital, the mental, and the spiritual .
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus observation and thought are two essential factors in knowledge.^ There are thus two very different assumptions here about the essential nature of the fundamental phenomenon to be captured.
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ True knowledge is to see the multiplicity of factors behind a situating or subject, and to see their interrelationship, and to see their connection to an essential whole of truth relative to the subject.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who favor the former approach retain the thought that knowledge and justified belief are essentially linked to truth as the goal of our cognitive practices.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.(3) Truth and certitude are conditions of knowledge.^ Consequently, the three conditions of the JTB account — truth, belief, and justification — are not sufficient for knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.A man may mistake error for truth and give his unreserved assent to a false statement.^ In fact, the one side we know out of the dozens that make up the full truth of the moment may actually be a false one!
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.He may then be under the irresistible illusion that he knows, and subjectively the process is the same as that of knowledge; but an essential condition is lacking, namely, conformity of thought with reality, so that there we have only the appearance of knowledge.^ Thus we arrive at a tripartite analysis of knowledge as JTB: S knows that p if and only if p is true and S is justified in believing that p .
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Mind responding to sense data tends to know only the surface reality, not the deeper truth of things.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Supramental thought has the complete, integral knowledge of a matter, and the complete power for it to manifest and become real.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.On the other hand, as long as any serious doubt remains in his mind, a man cannot say that he knows.^ An irrational man knows without mind.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, we are convinced that we do know that we have hands.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, a hypocrite or a doubtful person will reply, 'I do not know, but I heard the people saying something and so I said it.'
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

."I think so" is far from meaning "I know it is so"; knowledge is not mere opinion or probable assent.^ Knowledge) Integral Knowledge vs. Ignorance The ability to simply know things in their completeness, fullness, and in their integral relationship, is what we mean by "Knowledge" or "Integral Knowledge."
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First, when what we mean by ‘know’ changes from one context to another, what changes is the standards that we think must be met if someone is to have knowledge of something.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So, when we are thinking about or discussing the BIV argument and are thus confronted with a salient error possibility, we need not adopt a high-standards meaning of ‘know’.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The distinction between knowledge and belief is more difficult to draw, owing chiefly to the vague meaning of the latter term.^ At the ontological level, knowledge primitives satisfy formal meaning postulates, which restrict the interpretation of a logical theory on the basis of formal ontology, intended as a theory of a priori distinctions..."

^ Such knowledge would give her an excellent link between the belief and its truth.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Meaning of Integral Knowledge Integral knowledge is that which explains each item in terms of every other item or aspect.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes belief refers to assent without certitude, and denotes the attitude of the mind especially in regard to matters that are not governed by strict and uniform laws like those of the physical world, but depend on many complex factors and circumstances, as happens in human affairs.^ Having said this, I would like to suggest that it is possible to accomplish without actually initiating physical action!
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who prefer NDJ to DJ would say that probabilification and deontological justification can diverge: it's possible for a belief to be deontologically justified without being properly probabilified.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There is, however, an alternative answer to the J-question that appeals to reliability without making perceptual justification dependent upon beliefs that attribute reliability to perceptual experiences.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.I know that water will freeze when it reaches a certain temperature; I believe that a man is fit for a certain office, or that the reforms endorsed by one political party will be more beneficial than those advocated by another.^ The individual working in the field of his work "knows" more than the man studying the field.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He explains, 'we can know more than we can tell'.
  • Knowledge management: re-thinking information management and facing the challenge of managing tacit knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC informationr.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What needs to be accomplished is more than a mere assertion of (3), based on knowledge of one's hands.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes, also, both belief and knowledge imply certitude, and denote states of mental assurance of the truth.^ According to both EK and IK, knowledge requires true belief.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But since its truth is the result of luck, it is exceedingly plausible to judge that Henry's belief is not an instance of knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But J-reliabilism implies two things about B: (i) B is not an instance of knowledge; (ii) B is a justified belief.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.But in belief the evidence is more obscure and indistinct than in knowledge, either because the grounds on which the assent rests are not so clear, or because the evidence is not personal, but based on the testimony of witnesses, or again because, in addition to the objective evidence which draws the assent, there are subjective conditions that predispose to it.^ Free exchange and initiative has made poverty more of an exception than a rule in the developed world, and it is the lack of freedom that imprisons millions of people in a condition of poverty.

^ If it seems that nearly every country as revised or rewritten media laws in the last five years it could be because nearly every country has…sometimes more than once…sometimes continually.

^ What needs to be accomplished is more than a mere assertion of (3), based on knowledge of one's hands.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Belief seems to depend on a great many influences, emotions, interests, surroundings, etc., besides the convincing reasons for which assent is given to truth.^ According to the typical construal of coherentism, the view says that a given belief is justified, the subject must have certain further beliefs that constitute reasons for the given belief.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Faith is based on the testimony of someone else--God or man according as we speak of Divine or of human faith. .If the authority on which it rests has all the required guarantees, faith gives the certitude of the fact, the knowledge that it is true; but, of itself, it does not give the intrinsic evidence why it is so.^ Does knowledge require justification?
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Why not say that knowledge is true belief?
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Ontolingua is for declarative specification only, and does not provide a way to store and retrieve facts in a knowledge base.

KINDS OF KNOWLEDGE

.(1) It is impossible that all the knowledge a man has acquired should be at once present in consciousness.^ In this section of the Growth Online Knowledge Base , we present our original thoughts, as well as links to our original articles on the Personal Growth topic of " Acquiring True, Integral Knowledge ."
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Integral Knowledge of the Depths that Enables Perfect Decisions Decision-making is simple, but a mere formality, once one has acquired the necessary man-sided integral knowledge of the subject or matter at hand.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Untitled Decision-making is simple, but a mere formality, once one has acquired the necessary man-sided integral knowledge of the subject or matter at hand.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.The greater part, in fact all of it with the exception of the few thoughts actually present in the mind, is stored up in the form of latent dispositions which enable the mind to recall it when wanted.^ Also, as we use conceptual mind to analyze gathered thoughts, we gain a greater understanding.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moving to the depths, culminating in the psychic being (evolving soul) enables the mind to rise and thought to come in without thinking.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Information management tools allow organizations to generate, access, store, and analyse data, usually in the form of facts and figures.
  • Knowledge management: re-thinking information management and facing the challenge of managing tacit knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC informationr.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hence we may distinguish actual from habitual knowledge.^ A knowledge platform may actually consist of several repositories, each with a structure appropriate to a particular type of knowledge or content.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The latter extends to whatever is preserved in memory and is capable of being recalled at will.^ Whereas the former kind of knowledge can be shared by animals and humans alike, the latter kind is available only to beings who are capable of intellectual reflection.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

This capacity of being recalled may require several experiences; a science is not always known after it has been mastered once, for even then it may be forgotten. .By habitual knowledge is meant knowledge in readiness to come back to consciousness, and it is clear that it may have different degrees of perfection.^ If the repository is conceived as a "knowledge platform", then many different views of the content may be derived from a particular repository structure (20) .
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A time comes when this partial knowledge becomes perfect knowledge or complete knowledge when the field of observation can be organised into a subject or a branch of science.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, the storage structures and processes for managing product knowledge in rapidly changing markets may differ significantly from managing that knowledge in stable markets.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.(2) The distinction between knowledge as recognition and knowledge as understanding has already been noted.^ A fourth question about the nature of a priori knowledge concerns the distinction between necessary and contingent truths.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In the same connection may be mentioned the distinction between particular knowledge, or knowledge of facts and individuals, and general knowledge, or knowledge of laws and classes.^ Knowledge also may range from general to specific (10) .
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ I may have access to a lot of information but I am a true sufferer of “Knowledge Underload.” But with KN making the connection to friends and colleagues is as easy as making that pass to Hoody with the football.
  • Microsoft Knowledge Network Team Blog 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC blogs.msdn.com [Source type: General]

^ Duffy (2001) also made a distinction between technologies for knowledge management and technologies for information management.
  • Knowledge management: re-thinking information management and facing the challenge of managing tacit knowledge 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC informationr.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The former deals with the concrete, the latter with the abstract.
.(3) According to the process by which it is acquired, knowledge is intuitive and immediate or discursive and mediate.^ According to Dretske, reliable cognitive processes convey information, and thus endow not only humans, but (nonhuman) animals as well, with knowledge.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The former comes from the direct sense perception, or the direct mental intuition of the truth of a proposition, based as it were on its own merits.^ Direct intuition -- understanding is a bar to knowing -- what you don ' t seek comes to you (MSS) .
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moving from the individual to universal plane puts one in touch with universal knowledge/thought, coming through as insight, vision, intuition and supramental perception.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By moving to a deeper consciousness and poise, we move from limited, animal-like sense mind; to rational, logical thinking; to clear thinking in silence; to light, illuminations, and vision; to intuition of truth through direct identity with the object.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.The latter consists in the recognition of the truth of a proposition by seeing its connection with another already known to be true.^ Or does it consist of grasping that the proposition is necessarily true?
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There one sees beyond the contradictions, embracing all sides, seeing to the True Truth that lie beyond the surface view.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And when you clearly "see" or "intuit" that the proposition "If Jack had more than four cups of coffee, then Jack had more than three cups of coffee" is true, then you have evidence for believing that proposition.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The self-evident proposition is of such a nature as to be immediately clear to the mind.^ Human nature is such that not everyone in your life will be a well-wisher in your self-improvement and learning plans.
  • Hacking Knowledge: 77 Ways to Learn Faster, Deeper, and Better | OEDb 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC oedb.org [Source type: General]

^ The ambiguity response mentions the word ‘know’ only at the initial stage, and then immediately shifts its focus to non-linguistic entities such as concepts and propositions.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.No one who understands the terms can fail to know that two and two are four, or that the whole is greater than any one of its parts.^ Truly Know an Idea To truly understand and know an idea, one must have more than the mental conception of it, but it must move to the experienced perception of the vital, and, ultimately, to the embodied sensation of the body.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And yet the spirit-oriented individual who has transcended ordinary thinking tends to embrace all sides of an issue that make up the Whole, rather than the exclusive part ordinarily subscribed to.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Intuitive Knowledge through Conversation [In referring to Vivekananda's experience:] Intuitive flashes and descents of knowledge and understanding into the mind can come more in conversation than in one's writing.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.But most human knowledge is acquired progressively.^ Progress that is T owards the Whole All progress arose in humanity only when partial knowledge embraced a wider part, a movement towards the whole.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (MSS) Progress that is T owards the Whole All progress arose in humanity only when partial knowledge embraced a wider part, a movement towards the whole.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Inductive knowledge starts from self-evident facts, and rises to laws and causes.^ The Organization of Knowledge When I organize this current project I start with facts, a "haze of information," which are then organized into ideas, with more facts added as support information, which clarifies and expands the ideas.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Deductive knowledge proceeds from general self-evident propositions in order to discover their particular application.^ General knowledge is broad, often publicly available, and independent of particular events.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ PROTEGE-I is a metalevel program that generates knowledge-acquisition tools tailored for classes of application tasks.

^ The Generic Frame Protocol allows one to write applications that use knowledge bases, including ontologies written in Ontolingua.

In both cases the process may be long, difficult, and complex. .One may have to be satisfied with negative conception and analogical evidence, and, as a result, knowledge will be less clear, less certain, and more liable to error.^ In contrast, knowledge that is inherently inarticulable yet which firms attempt to make explicit may result in the essence of the knowledge being lost, and performance suffering.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Knowledge units are indexed and linked for flexible access, and users may sequentially navigate from one to the next within a report, access similar units across reports (e.g.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ An evidentialist who employs the ambiguity response would have to say that one's evidence for thinking one isn't a BIV is good enough for knowledge.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

(See DEDUCTION; INDUCTION.)

THE PROBLEM OF KNOWLEDGE

.The question of knowledge belongs to various sciences, each of which takes a different point of view.^ Inner Silence, silent Will, and taking the other person's point of view are spiritual techniques that will certainly go a long way to achieving this goal.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking the Other Person's Point of View -Taking the other person's point of view is to activate the Supramental element in the mind.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From a coherentist point of view, we might answer the J-question as follows: Perceptual experiences are a source of justification because we are justified in believing them to be reliable.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Psychology considers knowledge as a mental fact whose elements, conditions, laws, and growth are to be determined.^ Knowing what to consider as conditions unfold in a given moment would be a great skill and knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How we evolve out of this essential Ignorance to a constant Knowledge of the true truth will determine the progress and development of mental Man.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To state conditions that are jointly sufficient for knowledge, what further element must be added to JTB? This is known as the Gettier problem .
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It endeavours to discover the behaviour of the mind in knowing, and the development of the cognitive process out of its elements.^ Thinking mind also knows by a process of division and aggregation.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Limitations of Mind to Know Whole Truth The mind accepts one truth out of all truths, and asserts that truth as the whole.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The scientist discovered the infinite-like power of the atom, but then went ahead and developed evil weapons out of it.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

It supplies the other sciences with the data on which they must work. .Among these data are found certain laws of thought which the mind must observe in order to avoid contradiction and to reach consistent knowledge.^ How Thinking Mind Knows Thinking mind knows through a linear process that moves from one thought-form to the next and finds it extremely difficult to handle higher order concepts consisting of complex interrelations interacting in multiple dimensions.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Intuitions of Knowledge Intuition are direct descent of the object knowledge into one's mind without thought.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From the Silent and deeper poise within, objects of knowledge just appear in our mind as if from out of nowhere, without the hard churning of thought.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Formal logic also takes the subjective point of view; it deals with these laws of thought, and neglecting the objective side of knowledge (that is, its materials), studies only the formal elements necessary to consistency and valid proof.^ At the ontological level, knowledge primitives satisfy formal meaning postulates, which restrict the interpretation of a logical theory on the basis of formal ontology, intended as a theory of a priori distinctions..."

^ And second, externalists would say that what we want from justification is the kind of objective probability needed for knowledge, and only external conditions on justification imply this probability.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, there is Dretske's point that knowledge is enjoyed by not only humans but animals as well.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.At the other extreme, science, physical or metaphysical, postulating the validity of knowlege, or at least leaving this problem out of consideration, studies only the different objects of knowledge, their nature and properties.^ It is this difference in their respective views on the nature of knowledge that leads to different views on the nature of justification.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, there is Dretske's point that knowledge is enjoyed by not only humans but animals as well.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to some, it includes the project of studying and legitimizing special ways in which only women can acquire knowledge.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.As to the crucial questions, the validity of knowledge, its limitations, and the relations between the knowing subject and the known object, these belong to the province of epistemology.^ Untitled Any person in his chosen field and occupation can truly know and realize something, when the idea related to his field becomes a permanent realization of sensation of that knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time, we don't think one can know that one isn't a BIV. How can the conflict between these thoughts be resolved?
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For once he comes to know that he is able to produce consistently correct answers to the questions he is asked, he has acquired evidence for believing that he must have learned this subject matter at school.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Knowledge is essentially objective. .Such names as the "given" or the "content" of knowledge may be substituted for that of "object", but the plain fact remains that we know something external, which is not formed by, but offered to, the mind.^ When the picture appears in the mind, they may sketch it down on paper, and then experiment with physical objects to see if it works.

^ Having insight on that topic makes us ripe to experience descents of intuitions of spiritual mind, where the deepest truths, the object of integral knowledge that we sought to know when we undertook the endeavor just enters our being.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ External Knowledge (EK) : S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p ; S is externally justified in believing that p (in a way that degettierizes S's belief).
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

This must not, however, cause us to overlook another fact equally evident. .Different minds will frequently take different views of the same object.^ Taking the Other Person's Point of View -Taking the other person's point of view is to activate the Supramental element in the mind.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes the 'one' object of your mind takes a sudden sharp turn into the past, back hundreds of years.

^ As a second example, medical diagnosis viewed in terms of rules (e.g., MYCIN ) looks substantially different from the same task viewed in terms of frames (e.g., INTERNIST ).
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moreover, even in the same mind, knowledge undergoes great changes in the course of time; judgments are constantly modified, enlarged or narrowed down, in accordance with newly discovered facts and ascertained truths.^ Knowledge Knowledge is truths of life acquired by the Mind.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the entries you see below, we discuss various Aspects of Knowledge from the various faculties of mind to what we mean by understanding, logic, reason, insight, truth, etc.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Crucial Knowledge will make every effort to notify course registrants within a reasonable period of time.
  • Crucial Knowledge Training & Education for Aerospace, Industry and Manufacturing 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.crucial-knowledge.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sense-perception is influenced by past processes, associations, contrasts, etc. .In rational knowledge a great diversity of assents is produced by personal dispositions, innate or acquired.^ A true rational person absorbs knowledge in mental silence, perceiving the possibilities, the deep arguments, the justification and flaws in logic, the Essence behind, as well as the Totality.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this section of the Growth Online Knowledge Base , we present our original thoughts, as well as links to our original articles on the Personal Growth topic of " Acquiring True, Integral Knowledge ."
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Growth Online > Knowledge Base > Personal/Spiritual Growth > Acquiring True, Integral Knowledge .
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a word, knowledge clearly depends on the mind.^ Rather, we might conclude that, when we use the word "knowledge", we have sometimes one concept and at other times another concept in mind.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ What proposition a "knowledge"-attributing sentence expresses depends on what concept of knowledge the person who uses that sentence (in spoken or written form) has in mind when using the word ‘know’.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In some contexts, when we use the word ‘know’, we have low standards of knowledge in mind: standards that are easy to meet.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Hence the assertion that it is made by the mind alone, that it is conditioned exclusively by the nature of the thinking subject, and that the object of knowledge is in no way outside of the knowing mind.^ Physical mind - based on senses Thinking mind - based on distinction, linearity, division, opposition Higher mind to Intuitive Mind Reason = mind detached from physical senses Intuition = mind detached from the mental sense of understanding = it directly knows (MSS, slightly modified) A New Way of Living through Sudden Descents of Truth Knowledge Is there such a thing as "Truth," or rather an absolute Truth behind an object, thing, or subject matter?
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Having insight on that topic makes us ripe to experience descents of intuitions of spiritual mind, where the deepest truths, the object of integral knowledge that we sought to know when we undertook the endeavor just enters our being.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mind, the fundamental way we come to know the world, is a dividing instrument.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.To use Berkeley's words, to be is to be known (esse est percipi). The fact of the dependence of knowledge upon subjective conditions however, is far from sufficient to justify this conclusion.^ When we embrace all sides of a matter or subject or aspect of life, we have far greater insight and knowledge, and are therefore able to produce infinite-like results.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Gettier cases need not involve any inference, there are possible cases of justified true belief in which the subject fails to have knowledge although condition (iv) is met.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather, we might conclude that, when we use the word "knowledge", we have sometimes one concept and at other times another concept in mind.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Men agree on many propositions, both of the empirical and of the rational order; they differ not so much on objects of knowledge as on objects of opinion, not so much on what they really know as on what they think they know.^ Do we know about as much as we think we do?
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Untitled Any person in his chosen field and occupation can truly know and realize something, when the idea related to his field becomes a permanent realization of sensation of that knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Insight can then be the foundation for a completer, integral knowledge that can come through hard thinking or without thinking as intuitions into the person of the complete object of knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

For two men with normal eyes, the vision of an object, as far as we can ascertain, is sensibly the same. .For two men with normal minds, the proposition that the sum of the angles in a triangle equals two right angles has the same meaning, and, both for several minds and for the same mind at different times, the knowledge of that proposition is identical.^ Both of these proposition are about knowledge itself, or, more precisely, about different kinds of knowledge.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, a successful freelance writer learns to manage several articles at the same time.
  • Hacking Knowledge: 77 Ways to Learn Faster, Deeper, and Better | OEDb 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC oedb.org [Source type: General]

^ Based on this knowledge management architecture, knowledge processing can be segmented into two broad classes: integrative and interactive (Figure 4) , each addressing different knowledge management objectives.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Owing to associations and differences in mental attitudes, the fringe of consciousness will vary and somewhat modify the total mental state, but the focus of consciousness, knowledge itself, will be essentially the same.^ Both of these proposition are about knowledge itself, or, more precisely, about different kinds of knowledge.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Unravel any single thread, ever so tiny, and eventually it will modify the entire mental formation which we variously refer to as understanding, thinking or knowing.
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^ Note that, at the same time, animals possess a power of vitality not found in mentalized human beings, in whom that energy is absorbed as mental consciousness.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

St. Thomas will not be accused of idealism, and yet he makes the nature of the mind an essential factor in the act of knowledge:
Cognition is brought about by the presence of the known object in the knowing mind. But the object is in the knower after the fashion of the knower. .Hence, for any knower, knowledge is after the fashion of his own nature (Summa theol., I, Q. xii, a.^ This is sankharupekkha-ñana: letting sankharas — all things fashioned and fabricated — follow their own inherent nature.

4).
What is this presence of the object in the subject? Not a physical presence; not even in the form of a picture, a duplicate, or a copy. It cannot be defined by any comparison with the physical world; it is sui generis, a cognitive likeness, a species intentionalis.
.When knowledge, either of concrete realities or of abstract propositions, is said to consist in the presence of an object in the mind, we cannot mean by this object something external in its absolute existence and isolated from the mind, for we cannot think outside of our own thought, and the mind cannot know what is not somehow present in the mind.^ The object of knowledge enters the mind without thought.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Knowledge of external objects is indirect: derived from our knowledge of sense data.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Another skill is cetopariya-ñana, the ability to read minds, to see if people are thinking good thoughts or bad, high, low, crude, evil: you can use this insight to know.

But this is no sufficient ground for accepting extreme idealism and looking upon knowledge as purely subjective. .If the object of an assent or experience cannot be absolute reality, it does not follow that to an assent or experience there is no corresponding reality; and the fact that an object is reached through the conception of it does not justify the conclusion that the mental conception is the whole of the object's reality.^ From a coherentist point of view, we might answer the J-question as follows: Perceptual experiences are a source of justification because we are justified in believing them to be reliable.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Moving from the Part to the Whole In any object or matter, there are two elements -- the various parts, as well as the whole of those parts.
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^ Its conclusion does not say that, if there are justified beliefs, there must be beliefs whose justification is independent of any justification for further beliefs.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.To say that knowledge is a conscious process is true, but it is only a part of the truth.^ Why not say that knowledge is true belief?
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In that case, we would have to say that Jane's utterance is true if interpreted as a claim about fallible knowledge, but false if interpreted as a claim about infallible knowledge.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus we arrive at a tripartite analysis of knowledge as JTB: S knows that p if and only if p is true and S is justified in believing that p .
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.And from this to infer, with Locke, that, since we can be conscious only of what takes place within ourselves, knowledge is only "conversant with ideas", is to take an exclusively psychological view of the fact which asserts itself primarily as establishing a relation between a mind and an external reality.^ This second kind of knowledge arises within the mind itself.

^ Ontolingua is for declarative specification only, and does not provide a way to store and retrieve facts in a knowledge base.

^ And second, externalists would say that what we want from justification is the kind of objective probability needed for knowledge, and only external conditions on justification imply this probability.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Knowledge becomes conversant with ideas by a subsequent process, namely by the reflection of the mind upon its own activity.^ An idea becomes knowledge when it becomes practically usable.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ideas and Knowledge An idea becomes knowledge when it becomes practically usable.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If a person S is internally justified in believing a certain thing, then this may be something he can know just by reflecting upon his own state of mind.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The subjectivist has his eyes wide open to the difficulty of explaining the transition from external reality to the mind, a difficulty which, after all, is but the mystery of consciousness itself.^ It is Inner Curiosity that is spiritual in nature, as the Mind rests in quietude, open to and allowing True Knowledge to descend into it from all sides.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result, our mind tends to expand upward, opening to the universal plane where all knowledge resides.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Above spiritual mind is the universal consciousness and pure spirit from which is the source of all knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.He keeps them obstinately closed to the utter impossibility of explaining the building up by the mind of an external reality out of mere conscious processes.^ Yes, it is this: The mind looks out on the world and is incapable of seeing the truth of things; of what is really going on.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If we take that great effort, we will evolve out of our current Ignorance of Mind, and into the light of an integral Truth consciousness.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (MSS, modified) The Nature of Empiricism Thinking is a process in which mind consciously coordinates facts.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Notwithstanding all theorizing to the contrary, the facts impose themselves that in knowing the mind is not merely active, but also passive; that it must conform, not simply to its own laws, but to external reality as well; that it does not create facts and laws, but discovers them; and that the right of truth to recognition persists even when it is actually ignored or violated.^ Mind responding to sense data tends to know only the surface reality, not the deeper truth of things.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In supermind, when we want to know anything, including anything that we did not know before, it simply appears in our minds in total, in full.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Memory of Understanding is situated in the subtle mind where various facts relate themselves automatically and get integrated when the intelligence exercises itself on them.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

The mind, it is true, contributes its share to the knowing process, but, to use the metaphor of St. Augustine, the generation of knowledge requires another cause: "Whatever object we know is a co-factor in the generation of the knowledge of it. .For knowledge is begotten both by the knowing subject and the known object" (De Trinitate, IX, xii).^ The High-Standards Version The word ‘know’ refers to infallible knowledge in both the premises and the conclusion.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So if, with Dretske, we want an account of knowledge that includes animals among the knowing subjects, we might want to abandon the traditional JTB account in favor of K-reliabilism.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Supramental perception In supermind the entire object of knowledge is known, as in intuition, but the knowledge arises as a creative faculty from within ourselves.
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.Hence it may be maintained that there are realities distinct from ideas without falling into the absurdity of maintaining that they are known in their absolute existence, that is apart from their relations to the knowing mind.^ An irrational man knows without mind.
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^ And yet simply recognizing and wanting it may not be enough to sustain such experiences; for we are prone to easily forget about it and fall into our old routines.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If a person S is internally justified in believing a certain thing, then this may be something he can know just by reflecting upon his own state of mind.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Knowledge is essentially the vital union of both.
It has been said above that knowledge requires experience and thought. .The attempt to explain knowledge by experience alone proved a failure, and the favour which Associationism found at first was short-lived.^ We argue as well that the attempt to deal with representation as knowledge content alone leads to an incomplete conception of the task of building an intelligent reasoner.
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Emerging Multi-sided Understanding in the World In The Live Divine, Sri Aurobindo explains that we humans exist in an essential Ignorance, on its way to an Integral Knowledge.
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^ Finally, one could attempt to explain the specialness of introspection by examining the way we respond to first-person reports: typically, we attribute a special authority to such reports.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Recent criticism of the sciences has accentuated the fact, which already occupied a central place in scholastic philosophy, that knowledge, even of the physical and mental worlds, implies factors transcending experience.^ Even though there are significant physical differences between Tim and Tim*, mentally they are alike.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Complete possession of all facts of observation, conception, perception, sensation from physical, vital, mental, spiritual, supramental is needed for such an integration.
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^ It will presumably continue to be useful even if machines invent their own knowledge representations based on independent experience of the world: if their representations become incomprehensible to us, the machines will be unable either to tell us what they know or explain their conclusions.
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Empiricism fails completely in its endeavour to explain and justify universal knowledge, the knowledge of uniform laws under which facts are brought to unity.^ Since Gettier cases need not involve any inference, there are possible cases of justified true belief in which the subject fails to have knowledge although condition (iv) is met.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Beliefs that fail to qualify as knowledge can, after all, still exhibit an epistemically desirable quality, namely that of being justified.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ To begin with, externalists about justification would point to the fact that animals and small children have knowledge and thus have justified beliefs.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Without rational additions, the perception of what is or has been can never give the knowledge of what will certainly and necessarily be.^ Neurons that connect to existing neurons give you new perspectives and abilities to use additional knowledge in new ways.
  • Hacking Knowledge: 77 Ways to Learn Faster, Deeper, and Better | OEDb 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC oedb.org [Source type: General]

^ From an epistemological point of view, the question is whether such arguments can constitute a rational foundation of faith, or even give us knowledge of God.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.True as this is of the natural sciences, it is still more evident in abstract and rational sciences like mathematics.^ Principles of the Part and the Whole The common sense idea that the sum of the parts will be equal to the whole is not always true, and what is truer still is: The whole is more than the sum of the parts because the whole belongs to a higher plane than the parts.
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^ It turns out that when the mind is calm and relaxed, it is more likely to engage in sensible, rational thought.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Through years of discipline and effort humanity has endeavored to evolve a more objective knowledge of sense information and the true nature of existence.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hence we are led back to the old Aristotelean and Scholastic view, that all knowledge begins with concrete experience, but requires other factors, not given in experience, in order to reach its perfection.^ A further question is whether, if God exists, knowledge of God might not also be possible in other ways, for example, on the basis of perception or perhaps mystical experiences.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence you will not be reluctant at all to ascribe to yourself knowledge of your hands.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If I am entitled to answer these questions with ‘yes', then I need to have, to begin with, reason to view my memory and my perceptual experiences as reliable.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It needs reason interpreting the data of observation, abstracting the contents of experience from the conditions which individualize them in space and time, removing, as it were, the outer envelope of the concrete, and going to the core of reality.^ Since almost any reasoning task will encounter the need to deal with natural objects (i.e., those encountered in the real world) as well as formal objects, imperfect surrogates are pragmatically inevitable.
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If I am entitled to answer these questions with ‘yes', then I need to have, to begin with, reason to view my memory and my perceptual experiences as reliable.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Another line of thought is that, if perceptual experiences have propositional content, they cannot stop the justificatory regress because they would then be in need of justification themselves.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Thus knowledge is not, as in Kantian criticism, a synthesis of two elements, one external, the other depending only on the nature of the mind; not the filling up of empty shells--a priori mental forms or categories--with the unknown and unknowable reality.^ If so, we get two alternative and irreconcilable analyses of knowledge: one internalist, the other externalist.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking the Other Person's Point of View -Taking the other person's point of view is to activate the Supramental element in the mind.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This tradeoff is one that TRI explicitly manages to foster a balance between knowledge management efficiency and speed on the one hand, and knowledge worker morale, commitment, and performance quality on the other.
  • Knowledge Management and Information Technologies 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC web.cba.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Even abstract knowledge reveals reality, although its object cannot exist outside of the mind without conditions of which the mind in the act of knowing divests it.^ Since Gettier cases need not involve any inference, there are possible cases of justified true belief in which the subject fails to have knowledge although condition (iv) is met.
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ What proposition a "knowledge"-attributing sentence expresses depends on what concept of knowledge the person who uses that sentence (in spoken or written form) has in mind when using the word ‘know’.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Bearing in mind that BIVs don't have hands, you now think that, for you to know that you have hands, you must be able to eliminate the error possibility of being a BIV. Since you realize you can't eliminate that possibility, you are no longer willing to ascribe to yourself knowledge of your hands.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Knowledge is necessarily proportioned or relative to the capacity of the mind and the manifestations of the object.^ From the Silent and deeper poise within, objects of knowledge just appear in our mind as if from out of nowhere, without the hard churning of thought.
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^ Intuitions of Knowledge Intuition are direct descent of the object knowledge into one's mind without thought.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By moving to the depths, and overcoming our ego, we overcome our Ignorance, and Mind rises to Higher, Illumined, and Intuitive states where knowledge of objects become complete.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Not all men have the same keenness of vision or hearing, or the same intellectual aptitudes. .Nor is the same reality equally bright from all angles from which it may be viewed.^ Think about it; on virtually every subject we have a point of view, which we believe is rational; but it is really only one perspective out of many, and even it may be false.
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^ We may be rational, but we still harbor one view over another, taking to single truth we are attached to, excluding all others.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We may be rational, but we still harbor one view over another, taking to single truth we are attached to , excluding all others.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Moreover, better eyes than human might perceive rays beyond the red and the violet of the spectrum; higher intellects might unravel many mysteries of nature, know more and better, with greater facility, certainty, and clearness.^ I know better than you (in this respect).
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Truly Know an Idea To truly understand and know an idea, one must have more than the mental conception of it, but it must move to the experienced perception of the vital, and, ultimately, to the embodied sensation of the body.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conception-perception-sensation 2 To truly understand and know an idea, one must have more than the mental conception of it, but it must move to the perception of the vital, and, ultimately, to the sensation of the body.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.The fact that we do not know everything, and that all our knowledge is inadequate, does not invalidate the knowledge which we possess, any more than the horizon which bounds our view prevents us from perceiving more or less distinctly the various objects within its limits.^ Each of us are tethered to a limited view of things.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Having insight on that topic makes us ripe to experience descents of intuitions of spiritual mind, where the deepest truths, the object of integral knowledge that we sought to know when we undertook the endeavor just enters our being.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As we do so, our mind expands further, as we more frequently have illuminations and visions of insight and knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Reality manifests itself to the mind in different ways and with varying degrees of clearness.^ The Memory of Understanding is situated in the subtle mind where various facts relate themselves automatically and get integrated when the intelligence exercises itself on them.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this way, our own ideas are the Divine expressing Itself through our personalized Mind.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Some objects are bright in themselves and are perceived immediately. Others are known indirectly by throwing on them light borrowed elsewhere, by showing by way of causality, similarity, analogy their connection with what we already know. This is essentially the condition of scientific progress, to find connections between various objects, to proceed from the known to the unknown. .As we recede from the self-evident, the path may become more difficult, and the progress slower.^ WEDNESDAY, MAY 13, 2009 The Environment with Steven Hayward: Chapter 3 of 5 Steven Hayward describes how environmental conditions improve in countries that become more prosperous over time.
  • Uncommon Knowledge on National Review Online 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC tv.nationalreview.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here it becomes evident that the claim is less about frames and more a definition of what will be taken as constituting "representational issues."
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But, with the Agnostic, to assign clearly defined boundaries to our cognitive powers is unjustifiable, for we pass gradually from one object to another without break, and there is no sharp limit between science and metaphysics.^ So the challenge to which explanatory coherentism must rise is to give an account, without using the concept of justification, of what makes one explanation better than another.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There is of course utility in establishing the equivalence of two representations by showing how one can be made to behave like another.
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We can display powers in one way or another, and give rise to miraculous things by way of the body, by way of speech, or by way of the mind.

.The same instruments, principles, and methods that are recognized in the various sciences will carry us higher and higher, even to the Absolute, the First Cause, the Source of all reality.^ A better representation cannot save us: all representations are imperfect and any imperfection can be a source of error.
  • What is a Knowledge Representation? 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC groups.csail.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The laws of life response are understood when we experience all its variations; when we see all of the inner levers that elicit sudden good fortune from the world around us.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He does not see the influence of emotion, psychological movements, the power of ideas, the subtle workings and principles of life, not to mention the Spirit that is the source of all, and to which we are evolving.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

Induction will lead us from the effect to the cause, from the imperfect to the perfect, from the contingent to the necessary, from the dependent to the self-existent, from the finite to the infinite.
.And this same process by which we know God's existence cannot fail to manifest something--however little--of His nature and perfections.^ However, there does not seem to be any adequate evidence of God's existence.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Mind Sees in Opposites; the Higher Worlds in Self-Existences Mind does not know, or cannot know light without darkness.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.That we know Him imperfectly, by way chiefly of negation and analogy, does not deprive this knowledge of all value.^ External Knowledge (EK) : S knows that p iff p is true; S believes that p ; S is externally justified in believing that p (in a way that degettierizes S's belief).
  • The Analysis of Knowledge (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead, we need to know all parts, including the Whole, which will bring us to Knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If a skeptic were to argue that you know that (d)–(f) are all false, while you do not know that any proposition in (a)–(c) is false, that skeptic would incur the burden of having to dislodge the analogy, of having to explain why, whereas knowledge that (d)–(f) are all false is easily obtainable, knowledge of the falsehood of each (a)–(c) is beyond our reach.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.We can know God only so far as He manifests Himself through His works which dimly mirror His perfections, and so far as our finite mind will allow.^ Mind responding to sense data tends to know only the surface reality, not the deeper truth of things.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In supermind, when we want to know anything, including anything that we did not know before, it simply appears in our minds in total, in full.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Surface Mind Forgets It is only the surface mind when it becomes finite tearing itself away from the infinite that forgets.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such knowledge will necessarily remain infinitely far from being comprehension, but it is only by a misleading confusion of terms that Spencer identifies the unknowable with the incomprehensible, and denies the possibility of any knowledge of the Absolute because we can have no absolute-knowledge.^ However, many practices disappear only because of the intrusion of foreign technologies or development concepts that promise short-term gains or solutions to problems without being capable of sustaining them.
  • What is Indigenous Knowledge - Definition - Bibliography - Links 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.worldbank.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If we can conceive of such a possible world, then we have reason to think that independence foundationalists are mistaken when they say that perceptual experience is necessarily a source of justification.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When we embrace all sides of a matter or subject or aspect of life, we have far greater insight and knowledge, and are therefore able to produce infinite-like results.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Seeing "through a glass" and "in a dark manner" is far from the vision "face to face" of which our limited mind is incapable without a special light from God Himself.^ As we do so, our mind expands further, as we more frequently have illuminations and visions of insight and knowledge.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes, it is this: The mind looks out on the world and is incapable of seeing the truth of things; of what is really going on.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Darkness cannot exist without light as it depends on it.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

.Yet it is knowledge of Him who is the source both of the world's intelligibility and truth, and of the mind's intelligence.^ Knowledge Knowledge is truths of life acquired by the Mind.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes, it is this: The mind looks out on the world and is incapable of seeing the truth of things; of what is really going on.
  • Acquiring True Knowledge -- Levels of Knowing | Moving from Ignorance to Integral Knowledge Decision-Making | On Genius & Original Thinking | Miscellaneous -- knowledge,truth,integral,ignoance,insight,understanding,decision-making,decisions,rationality,logic,reason,mind,conception,preception,sensation,false,falsehood,evil 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC www.gurusoftware.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What proposition a "knowledge"-attributing sentence expresses depends on what concept of knowledge the person who uses that sentence (in spoken or written form) has in mind when using the word ‘know’.
  • Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 9 January 2010 15:11 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

(See also AGNOSTICISM, CERTITUDE, EPISTEMOLOGY, FAITH.)
Portions of this entry are taken from The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907.
Facts about KnowledgeRDF feed

Simple English

Knowledge means the things which are true, as opposed to opinion. Information which is correct is knowledge. Knowledge can always be supported by evidence. That makes it justified; it is not an opinion or a guess.

If someone understands an idea or is aware of something, then he or she has knowledge of it. When it makes sense to someone, this knowledge becomes understanding. A knowledgeable person is someone who knows a lot. If someone has know-how it means that they can put knowledge to work in doing or building something.

Contents

Where it comes from

Knowledge comes from being in an environment, having some experience there, and then sharing what was learned. That way others may gain from what someone else knows.

Types of knowledge

When doing science, it may be necessary to set up a strict experiment. Then the experience is repeatable and others may repeat it afterwards.

Other types of knowledge

Other types of knowledge can be for a more specific purpose, for example learning a language. In business, computers help to record and share what employees know.

Religious meaning of knowledge

Knowledge in religion is different in that it depends on faith, belief and the authority of religious leaders, not on evidence of a scientific or legal kind. There are differing views on whether religious statements should be regarded as knowledge.

In many expressions of Christianity, such as Catholicism and Anglicanism, knowledge is one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.[1]

In Islam, knowledge (Arabic: علم, ʿilm) is given great significance. "The All-Knowing" (al-ʿAlīm) is one of the Names of God reflecting distinct properties of God in Islam. The Qur'an asserts that knowledge comes from God (2:239) and various hadith encourage getting knowledge. Muhammad is reported to have said "Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave" and "Verily the men of knowledge are the inheritors of the prophets". Islamic scholars, theologians and jurists are often given the title alim, meaning 'knowledgeable'.

References

  1. "Part Three, No. 1831". Catechism of the Catholic Church. http://www.scborromeo.org/ccc/p3s1c1a7.htm#1831. Retrieved 2007-04-20. 


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Knowledge, which are similar to those in the above article.








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