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Knut Schmidt-Nielsen (September 24, 1915 – January 25, 2007) was a prominent figure in the field of comparative physiology and Professor of Physiology Emeritus at Duke University.

Contents

Background

Born in Trondheim, Norway. He was educated in Oslo and Copenhagen. He became a student in the laboratory of August Krogh in Copenhagen in 1937. Schmidt-Nielsen moved to the United States, where he studied at Swarthmore College, Stanford University, and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. [1]

Career

Schmidt-Nielsen published over 275 scientific papers, received the International Prize for Biology and wrote the authoritative text on animal physiology. Schmidt-Nielsen is widely recognized as having made significant contributions to ecophysiology, as well as considered "the father of comparative physiology and integrative biology".[2] He came to Duke University in 1952 and became a James B. Duke Professor in the Department of Biology. He became a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences. [3]

In 1980, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen was elected President of the International Union of Physiological Sciences. He was the founding editor of News in Physiological Sciences. He was a member of both the Royal Society of London and of the French Academy of Sciences. Next to the Biological Science building on Duke's campus is a statue of Schmidt-Nielson looking at a camel, honoring his discovery that a camel stores fat in its hump to serve as a water and energy supply.[4]

Books

  • The Camel's Nose: Memoirs Of A Curious Scientist ISBN 978-1559635127
  • Animal Physiology: Adaptation and Environment ISBN 978-0521570985
  • How Animals Work ISBN 978-0521096928
  • Scaling: Why is Animal Size so Important? ISBN 0-521-31987-0

References

  1. ^ Knut Schmidt-Nielsen. September 24, 1915 - January 24, 2007 (Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 1299-1301, 2007) [1]
  2. ^ Science, 9 February 2007, p.745
  3. ^ In memoriam Knut Schmidt-Nielsen (The Journal of Expermential Biology)[2]
  4. ^ In Memoriam: Knut Schmidt-Nielsen (September 24, 1915-January 25, 2007) (Seed Media Group)[3]

Other sources

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