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Kolašin
Колашин
Panorama of Kolasin

Coat of arms
Kolašin is located in Montenegro
Kolašin
Location of Kolašin in Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°49′30″N 19°31′05″E / 42.825°N 19.518°E / 42.825; 19.518
Country  Montenegro
Founded 17th
Settlements 70
Government
 - Mayor Mileta Bulatović (SNP)
 - Ruling party SNP - NS
Area
 - Total 897 km2 (346.3 sq mi)
Population (2003 census)
 - Total 2,989
 Density 11/km2 (28.5/sq mi)
 - Municipality 9,949
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81210
Area code +382 20
ISO 3166-2 code ME-09
Car plates KL
Website http://www.kolasin.me/

Kolašin (Serbian Cyrillic: Колашин), is a town in northern Montenegro. It has a population of 2,989 (2003 census).

Kolašin is the centre of Kolašin municipality (population 9,949) and unofficial centre of Morača region, named after Morača River.

Contents

History

Kolašin, fortress-settlement, was raised by the Turks in the middle of the 17th century in the namesake village in Nikšić district (nahiye). The village of Kolašin was first mentioned in the Sultan's Decree in 1565, by which the deceased Grand Duke Miloš was replaced by his son Todor. The Turkish town was named after the former village of Kolašin.

In 1651, Patriarch Gavrilo assigned Eparch of Zahumsko, the Eparchy of Nikšić, Plana, the Kolašinovićevs and the Morača to Basil of Ostrog. This document also, like the one from 1667, shows that the Orthodox Christian population of this region called the Kolašinovići, was organized in a recognized and respected tribal community of the Kolašinovićs. The historical science and sources recognize the surname Kolašinović. By all odds, the name was also derived, same as the name of the region, fortress - settlement and the tribe from the same source—the village of Kolašin.

The origin and the meaning of the word Kolašin is still unknown although there is a whole range of linguistic hypotheses.

According to one version there was a Slavic Duke Kolašin who erected the settlement of Kolašin. Maybe the village of Kolašin from Sultan‘s Decree was that Kolašin from oral tradition and the settlement of the Slavic Duke Kolašin whose title had been inheritable and the tribe influential.

By the decisions of the Congress of Berlin, in 1878, Kolašin officially became a part of Montenegro. This was preceded with fierce fighting with the Ottoman Empire over the Kola[in region. Constant battles had been waged by the members of Rovca, Drobnjaci, Morača, Vasojevići, Uskoci and other Montenegrin tribes to liberate this and other parts of the land from the Ottomans.

It was in 1798 when young Mina Radović, the son of tke Duke Radule, who had been killed by the Turks, ambushed and killed Hasanbeg Mekić, who had come to collect taxes, in the vicinity of Morača monastery. The attack had been arranged with the Montenegrin ruler Petar I Petrović-Njegoš. Mina Radović received the title of Duke and, in 1799, during the convention of the people's prominent representatives of Montenegro and the Hills held in Cetinje, he was nominated a member of the Court Administration of Montenegro and the Hills, in charge of judicial and administrative power. This meant that the Montenegrin government considered the Morača region to be a legitimate part of Montenegro.

There is a document written by Duke Miljan Vukov, who headed the Vasojević tribe in that battle, about the attack on Kolašin in 1858. It was the bloodiest battle in whole Montenegro: I participated in many a battle as ? Flag bearer, captain and war lord – he testified – but none of them had been so fierce and bloody as was the battle for taking Kolašin in 1858, which was, truly, one of the bloodiest that had ever happened in the vicinity of Montenegro.

The victory in that bloody battle established the new borders of Montenegro towards the regions that still remained under the Turkish rule. Fighting for liberation continued on the left bank of the Tara River around the Lower Kolašin villages. The Lipovo battle in 1872 is particularly remembered. There was no peace until the Congress of Berlin when Kolašin joined the principality and later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia created immediately after the World War I, all until it was disintegrated.

A year or two after the Congress of Berlin, the Kolašin brigade of Montenegro's people's army was formed. During the World War I , by the end of 1915 and in the beginning of 1916, it played a mayor part under the command of Serdar Janko Vukotić as part of the Sandžak army. In the famous Battle of Mojkovac, it successfully defended the gates of Mojkovac having repelled all the attack by much more numerous soldiers of the Austro - Hungarian army.

In the liberation wars between 1912 and 1918, the brigade lost more than 1000 soldiers and officers. In the Second World War, the Kolašin region again suffered hardship, heavy human casualties and destruction. After the Italian capitulation, this part of Montenegro was free and so, on November 15 and 16, 1943, the First Session of the National Antifascist Council of Montenegro and Boka was held in Kolašin, attended by 544 delegates from all regions of Montenegro and 42 of them from Kolašin district, and its decisions were of critical importance for rerconstruction and rebuilding of the Montenegrin state. In those days, Kolašin was the war capital of Montenegro.

The very town of Kolašin changed hands several times between 1941 and 1944. It was bombarded 18 times by the Germans and Italians. Finally, on December 29, 1944, the town was liberated by the soldiers of the fifth Montenegrin poletarian bigade. In the national liberation struggle in the period of 1941–1945, more than 1400 soldiers from the Kolašin region took part and almost 400 died. Around 250 patriots lost their lives in various aggressors' torture chambers and on execution sites, and there were quite a lot of futile victims of fratricidal war.

Population

Kolašin is administrative centre of Kolašin municipality, which in 2003 had a population of 9,949. The town of Kolašin itself has 2,989 citizens.

Population of Kolašin:

  • March 03, 1981 - 2,439
  • March 03, 1991 - 2,807
  • November 1, 2003 - 2,989

Ethnic groups (1991 census):

Ethnic groups (2003 census):

Administration

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Mayor

Mileta-Mikan Bulatović is the mayor of Kolasin. He was elected in 2006 as a candidate of the Socialist People's Party of Montenegro and the People's Party by a 56% majority or 3,381 of the popular vote, over a candidate of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, Milosav Bato Bulatović who received only 2,656 or 44%.

Municipal Assembly

2006 election:

Tourism

Kolašin

Kolašin is one of the centres of Montenegro's mountain tourism. Although Žabljak is considered more attractive destination, Kolašin has the advantage of being easily accessible by road and rail.

Kolašin is located on the foot of Bjelasica and Sinjajevina mountains, which offer great conditions for skiing. Because of Kolašin's altitude (954 m), the town is considered an air spa.

Biogradska Gora national park is in the town's vicinity, and is considered a premium tourist attraction. The development of Kolašin as a tourist destination is bolstered by opening of Bianca Resort & Spa, a luxury resort in town's center.

Transport

Kolašin is connected with rest of Montenegro by two-laned motorways. It is situated on the main road connecting Montenegro's coast and Podgorica with northern Montenegro and Serbia (E65, E80).

Kolašin is also a station on Belgrade - Bar railway.

Podgorica Airport is 80 km (50 mi) away, and has regular flights to major European destinations.

People

See also

External links

Coordinates: 42°49′N 19°31′E / 42.817°N 19.517°E / 42.817; 19.517


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Balkans : Montenegro : Kolašin

Kolašin is a city in Montenegro.

Good geographical position of Kolasin is seen in its great connection with the rest of the towns in the republic. Kolasin is one hour away of ride by car through the canyon Platije from the capital city – Podgorica, in the south. Towards the north to the border with Serbia it also takes somewhat more than 2 hours of ride. Railroad of greatest importance for this region Belgrade – Bar goes through Kolasin. In this way Kolasin is excellently connected with both the sea and hig Montenegrin hinterland. You can come to Kolasin from Podgorica airport that is 80 km away; through Belgrade airport, and then over the highway Belgrade – Podgorica, or maybe through Dubrovnik airport which is somewhat longer. Kolasin is 400 km away from Belgrade, as it is from Sarajevo, from Dubrovnik it is 220 km, Zagreb 740 km, and from Ljubljana it is 950 km away.

If you are a passionate fisherman, nearby the town there are rivers rich with trout. The town itself has a hunting and a fishing association so your hunting, that is, fishing experience will be a great opportunity for socializing. People from Kolasin and their guests choose for picnic places the shores of the lake, especially Biogradsko or some of Pesic lakes on Bjelasica.

For somewhat more attractive rest every citizen of Kolasin will recommend you Tara rafting. One shorter trio of this kind could be rafting from Kolasin to Mojkovac in the length of about 15 km. In springtime Tara is particularly fierce river, which will make your experience an adrenaline injection. Recent forming of eco-summer pasture cottage on Bjelasica is yet another experience which will allow you to get to meet the life in this kind of nature, food and customs of people who live here, and the beautiful surrounding which is made of forests of Boigradska gora and summits of Bjelasica will remain in your memory forever, because those scenes are one-shot scenes. A range of contents will complement your staying in this summer pasture cottage – it is up to you just to pick, and the hosts always take care of the rest. The visits to the canyon of Mrtvica or some of the one-day arrangements such as rafting over Lever Tara are also in the offer of tourist workers in Kolasin, so if your vacation lasts a bit longer we recommend that you fulfill your each day with some of those events.

to top Particularly interesting are six-day or seven-day arrangements, which include rich program of visit of natural treasures of this area. One such arrangement, in the organization of a local tourist organization includes – rafting on Tara, mountain tours over Bjelasica, visit to Durmitor area, Biogradsko Lake, and mountain Sinjajevina and its high summits. This would be a real chance for you to get to meet almost half of Montenegro for just a week of your staying in it. Kolasin is called also “intact Switzerland”. Kolasin entirely has turned towards the mountain recreational tourism and that way of life. Beside the winter sports in a newly built hall there are several sport associations and clubs among which most success has basketball club “Gorstak” (Highlander) from which several Montenegrin basketball aces spurred such as Vlado Scepanovic, the player of European club Panathinaikos. In Kolasin there are several open sports fields if you wish to recreate yourself during your vacation. Not far from the center there is also a football stadium.

For all devotees of plant species in Kolasin there is a real small paradise – the work of the Slovenian biologist Danijel Vincek who for almost thirty years is investing his entire energy into botanical garden in which on a relatively small space he treasures hundreds of various plant species. Plant species, which are dominant in the garden, are characteristic for the areas of Durmitor, Bjelasica, Prokletije, and Sinjajevina. Healing herbs, forest fruits, and endangered species are found in this garden which beside the scientific has also an educational purpose because students of biology from this region visit it.

When we are talking about the excursionist tourism national park Biogradsko Lake once again is in the center of attention. Tour of the national park could be an excellent choice. Tour Kolasin – Kraljevo kolo (King’s circle) – Biogradsko Lake through a picturesque nature, ride over the lake and with a good guide will turn into an unforgettable one day trip. Also, trip to some of the summits of Bjelasica, for which is some cases you will not need a guide, will gave you an opportunity to enjoy in the view from the height of 2.000 meters of height above the sea level which you will never forget. If you are a fun of mountain climbing there are several marked tracks, which lead towards several most famous summits. Over these areas goes the mountain transversal CT - 1 in the length of 120 kilometers. This mountain road, which goes over Bjelasica and Biogradska gora, can be passed in 6 days. If you decide to stay in the national park nearby Biogradsko Lake there are bungalows, made of wood, which fit in in the natural ambience. If you wish to taste the national cuisine there is a restaurant Biogradsko Lake in the very park. The park itself offers everything that you need for a great time, starting from issuing of fishing licenses, renting of boats, tents, camping areas as well as organization of lunch with traditional meals.

On the other hand for the funs of hill heights Moraca Mountains will be the first and the only choice. They are located in the very heart of Montenegro, surrounded by national parks and mountains on which your view stretches forward. In the north are Maganik, Durmitor, Maglic, and Ljubisnja, in the west your view goes towards Golija, in the east towards Prokletije and Komovi – in short – from some of the 2.000 meter high summit you can see all mountains of Montenegro, and according to the story of those who adore mountain summits, during a day when the sky is clear of clouds you can even see the sea. Mountain adventure which these mountains offer to you, has been complemented with the beauties of the lakes which are found on them. The best time of the year for mountain climbing activities is late springtime, and summer, and early fall, while during the winter the experts advise you to take with yourself good alpine gear.

to top Some of the standard mountain routes during which picturesque summits of Moraca Mountains are being conquered are:

Kapetanovo jezero (Captain’s lake - 1673 meters above the height of the sea level) – Lastva (2226 meters above the height of the sea level) – Zagradac (2217 meters above the height of the sea level). Time needed for the tour is about 4 hours, and the height difference is about 555 meters.

Kapetanovo jezero (Captain’s lake - 1673 meters above the height of the sea level) – Manito jezero (Crazy lake -1764 meters above the height of the sea level) – Stozac (2140 meters above the height of the sea level). Tour lasts about two and a half hours, and it is about 5 kilometers long.

Strug (1475 meters above the height of the sea level) – Popov do (1750 meters above the height of the sea level) – Borova brda ( Pine’s hills - 2006 meters above the height of the sea level) – Mali Zebalac (Small Zebalac - 2073 meters above the height of the sea level) – Veliki Zebalac (Big Zebalac - 2129 meters above the height of the sea level). Extremely long tour for which it takes four hours to pass it.

Osreci (1375 meters above the height of the sea level) – Ropusnica (1472 meters above the height of the sea level) – Korita (Thorough - 1485 meters above the height of the sea level) – Ruda Glavica (2020 meters above the height of the sea level). Tour lasting three hours.

Bare Bojovica (Bojovics’ puddles - 1540 meters above the height of the sea level) – Veliki Zurim (Big Zurim - 2036 meters above the height of the sea level) – Mali Zurim (Small Zurim - 1962 meters above the height of the sea level) – Ilin vrh (Ilin’s summit - 2051 meters above the height of the sea level). Somewhat longer tour which lasts about 4 hours, and which is 7, 5 kilometers long.

Crkvine (1045 meters above the height of the sea level) – Bistrica (1258 meters above the height of the sea level) – Barski Katun (Puddle summer pasture cottage - 1462 meters above the height of the sea level) – Mioski Katun ( 1542 meters above the height of the sea level) – Umovi (Minds - 1945 meters above the height of the sea level). A route which is 9 kilometers long.

Madjurijecje (211 meters above the height of the sea level) – Mrtvo Duboko (Dead Deep - 360 meters above the height of the sea level) – Granica (Border - 1042 meters above the height of the sea level) – Poljana (Field - 1549 meters above the height of the sea level) – Medjedji vrh (Bear’s summit - 2139 meters above the height of the sea level). Somewhat more demanding tour with a bigger height difference for whose conquering it takes more than 6h.

to top

Southeast from the spacious Durmitor massif is Sinjajevina, the biggest pasture area in Montenegro which stretches down the Dinar wreath of mountains. Its average height is about 1.600 meters of height above the sea level, and its biggest summits are Babji Zub (Grandmother’s teeth - 2277 m), Jablanov Vrh (Polar’s summit - 2203 m), Gradiste (2174 m), Savina greda (Sava’s timber - 2101 m), Veliki Pecarac (Big Pecarac - 2042 m), Starac (Old men - 2022 m), and Babin Vrh (Grandmother’s summit - 2013 m). Sinjavina is a glacial mountain. It stretches from Kolasin to the very rims of the National Park Durmitor. It is a massif 40 kilometers long and 15 kilometers wide. It is an exquisite terrain for all mountain and walking activities. Zminicko and Zabojsko Lakes are pearls of this mountain. The first is located at 1295 meters of height above the sea level, and it is 4 meters deep, while the second is located at 1486 meters of height above the sea level, and its depth is about 19 meters. Mountain expeditions go on following paths:

Kolasin (940 meters above the height of the sea level) – Gornje Lipovo (Upper Lipovo) – Klisura (Gorge - 1189 meters above the height of the sea level) – Katunina (1418 meters above the height of the sea level) – Djedov do (grandfather’s valley) – Dzavrlje – Babji Zub (Grandmother’s Teeth - 2277 meters above the height of the sea level). Height difference is about 1100 meters, length is about 8 kilometers and the time needed for the tour is about 5 hours. Certain parts of the tour are inspirational even for more experienced mountain climbers.

Kolasin (954 meters above the height of the sea level) – Gornje Lipovo (1208 meters above the height of the sea level) – Prevoj Vratlo (Saddle Vratlo - 1730 meters above the height of the sea level) – Pilac (1872 meters above the height of the sea level) – Jablanov Vrh (Poplar’s summit - 2203 meters above the height of the sea level). The length of the route is about 8 kilometers, and it takes 4 hours to cross it. Route is attractive and it includes great sightseeing places, passing by the small puddles – lakes and numerous summer pasture cottages. The best time of the year for mountain activity is late spring, summer and early fall.

Thanks to its natural predefinition Kolasin is paradise for winter tourism. Ski center organizes the reception and transport of guests from the railway station, to the hotel or to the ski center with their own busses. The conditions for winter sports are constantly being built and improved here. Kolasin has three ski clubs. Today the ski center on Jezerine is far famous for the quality of its service with a high quality funicular railway and several ski lifts which can take you up to 1950 meters of height above the sea level. There are numerous hotelier facilities on Jezerine so your day on the snow will be perfect if you send some time next to the hearthstone, or if just have a sunbathing in the winter sun and enjoy in the warm drink.

to top Considering the fact that the slopes of Bjelasica on which ski place Jezerine is located at is on the north side, the snow is kept longer, so the joy of skiing is extended throughout the entire season. Some ski paths fulfill the FIS standards, which means that they are entirely ready for competitions at highest level. Bjelasica is characteristic for a lot of paths of alternative type which go though the woods, and which simply lurk funs of extreme sports. In certain places the slope of paths is over 60^, which makes some of then fantastic for extreme skiing. Paths are marvelously prepared and a traditional ski fest is held on them, which attracts not just skier but also tourist employees from the republic and the region. Closness of the ski path to town conditions its popularity so a large number of citizens of Podgorica and some southern Montenegrin municipalities use every free day to visit Bjelasica. The school of skiing and snowboarding, as well as alpine salvation service, first aid and many other services function at the ski center making it extremely attractive and lurking both for those who want to recreate themselves and for the professionals. The length of the main slope is over 4 kilometers. It is extremely wide, and ready to receive several thousands of skiers at once. First skiers, by tradition, open the season at the end of December, that is for New Year’s holidays.

If you like walking or jogging there is also a trim track not far from the shore of Tara which is a few kilometers long. For funs of tennis there are also terrains, as well as the terrains for small football and other sports. That is why it is no wonder why in both summer and winter months Kolasin is visited by many sports clubs and national teams of all sports.


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