Kolar district: Wikis

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Kolar District
Kolar District
Location of Kolar District
in Karnataka and India
Coordinates 13°36′N 77°54′E / 13.6°N 77.9°E / 13.6; 77.9
Country  India
State Karnataka
Headquarters Kolar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kolar ಕೋಲಾರ About this sound pronunciation is a district in Karnataka state of India. The town of Kolar is the district headquarters. Due to the modern discovery of the Kolar Gold Fields, Kolar has become popularly known as the "Golden Land" of India.

Contents

Geography

Kolar District is situated in the state of Karnataka, India and belongs to its semi-arid drought-prone region. It lies between 77° 21' to 78° 35' east longitude and 20° 46' to 130° 58' north latitude, extending over an area of 8,225 km². Kolar district is located in the southern region of the State and happens to be the eastern-most district of the Karnataka State. The district is bounded by the districts of Bangalore Rural and Tumkur on the west; on the north, by Anantapur District, on the east by Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh and on the south by Krishnagiri and Vellore of Tamil Nadu.

The district, at its greatest length, reaches about 135 km from north to south with almost the same distance from east to west. It occupies the table land of Mysore, bordering the eastern ghats. The general plateau surface is interrupted by a number of hills and peaks of varying heights, particularly in the north. The principal chain of mountains is the Nandidurga range which runs north from Nandi towards Penukonda and Dharmavaram of Andhra Pradesh. The rivers of the district, are small and seasonal. Palar, Uttara Pinakini and Dakshina Pinakini are the important rivers which originate in the elevated regions in the district.

History

Someshwara Temple, Kolar.

Formerly, Kolar was known variously as Kolahala, Kuvalala and Kolala. Kolar was called Kolahalapura during the Middle Ages, but later came to be known as Kolar. Kolahahapura in Kannada meant "violent city", as it was the battlefield for the warring kingdoms of Chalukyas in the north and Cholas to the south. It was the capital of the Gangas till 4th century AD when they shifted the capital to Talakad in Mysore. In 1004 A.D., the Cholas annexed Kolar till 1116 A.D,. Vishnuvardhana (1108-1142AD) freed Gangavadi from the Cholas, and in commemoration of his victory, built the celebrated Vijayanarayana Temple (Chennakesava Temple) at Belur. Temples, Masjids & Eidgah The major and important temples in the town are Kolaramma Temple and Someshwara Temple. Someswara Temple is a fine example of Vijayanagara style while the Kolaramma temple is of Dravida vimana Style built in Ganga Tradition (11 century-A.D).

the major and important Masjid in the town is MASJID-E-SHAHI (Masjid Nawab Fateh Ali Khan) was build in the year 1729.

People and Culture

As a district on the cross-roads of the three states, Kolar is home to many communities and represents a mini-India. The primary languages spoken here are Kannada and Tamil. Other languages spoken are Telugu and Urdu.

Kolar Gold Fields (KGF) is a town in Kolar district which was once the primary gold mines in the country. Set up by the British, this town which is close to the border of Andhra Pradesh and has a Tamil and Anglo-Indian Population. Tamils were employed by the British and brought to KGF to work in the mines.

Festivals

Economy

The major sources of employment are agriculture, dairy and sericulture, floriculture hence it is popularly known as the land of "Silk, Milk and Gold". Farmers in Kolar are totally dependent upon borewell water for irrigation and drinking. The gold mines in Kolar Gold Fields was closed in the 2003 due to reducing gold deposits and increasing costs of production.

Places of interest

  • Mulbagal - Narasimha Tirtha - Sripadaraja Mutt of Sripadaraj Swamiji, a Madhwa Saint's Brindavan. The disciples of this Mutt are spread all over India. Dargah of Hazrath Baba Haider Wali Suharwardi (Rah'matullah Alayh) whose Urs (annual festival) is grandly celebrated every year.
  • Guttahalli
  • Kotilingeshwara
  • Nandi Hills
  • Antara Gange
  • Markandeya Hill
  • Kolaramma Temple and Someshwara Temple
  • Kurudumale
  • Avani
  • Therhalli
  • Budikote
  • Bethamangala
  • Bytarayappana Betta
  • Kolar Gold Fields
  • Kaiwara
  • Vidhurashwatha
  • Bangarpet
  • Ronur Sri Lakshmi Venkataramana Swamy Temple
  • Ronur is a Hobli place located in Srinivasapura Taluk. There is a big and beautiful Sri Lakshmi Venkataramana Swamy Temple, constructed hundreds of years ago. The Sthala Purana says that Lord Lakshmi Venkataramana Swamy was installed by Arjuna when they were in Aranya Vasa. The Raja Gopuram was constructed more than 100 years ago by Gollapalli Kesarla Ramaiah Setty's family. Every day poojas are performed. In Chaitra masa, a Bramhotsava takes place. Thousands of people witness the Rathothsva. Ronur is famous for Mangos. S Rajendran then chief justice of India belongs Ronur.
  • Ankathatti - A Model Village having a 4 feet high Uthsava Murthy as a pride possession, it is known for silk and milk production.
  • BYRAKUR, Mulbagal Taluk, Kolar district
  • MANDIKAL,,Mulbagal Taluk

Malur Karaga

The crowning glory is the Karaga festival, which is celebrated in the town of Malur, about 30 miles away on the Bengaluru-Chennai highway. It throws a flood of light on the Thigala clan's Draupadi worship ritual called the Karaga festival.

The Malur-based Karaga festival is celebrated over 13 days in the summer months, usually starting on the first Friday after the Ugadi New Year day.

Bangarpet

Earlier this town was called Bowringpet. This is a Taluka place in Kolar District. It is a business town in Kolar District. It has a Railway Junction. Budikote Village (Hyder Ali's Birth Place) is in this Taluk.

Statistics

The district comprises 5 talukas: Kolar, Bangarpet, Malur, Mulbagal, Srinivaspur.

It has 15 towns and 3,321 villages (2889 inhabited villages and 432 uninhabited villages). Total population of the district according to 2001 census was 2,536,069 of which 24.67% were urban.[1]

  • Area (km²) - 3969
  • Population - 13,87,062
  • Sex ratio (females/1,000 males) - 977
  • Literacy rate (%) - 57.01

Famous people from Kolar

Educational institutions

  • Government College for women, KOLAR
  • Government College for Boys, KOLAR
  • Government Law college, KOLAR
  • Navodaya Vidya samasthe, Kurboor Village, Chintamani Taluk, Chikkaballapur
  • Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar
  • Smt.Danamma Chanabasaviah PU and degree college, KOLAR
  • Mahila Samaja school, KOLAR
  • St Anne's convent High school, KOLAR
  • Dr.T.Thimmaiah college of engineering, KGF
  • First Grade College, KGF
  • Beml High School, Beml Nagar
  • Parkinson Memorial School, KGF
  • Sri Bhagawan Mahaveer Jain College, KGF
  • Sri Byraveshwara Vidya Samaste, Srinivasapur
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya,Yenigadale
  • National High School,Yeldur
  • Govt PU College,Srinivasapur

Local Newspapers

  • Kolara Patrike - The first Kannada periodical.
  • Kolaravani - Largest circulated daily of the Kolar District. A 32 years Old Kolaravani now available in nearing four district's, ie Bangalore Rural- Tumkur- Chickaballpur District's.

Visit Kolaravani @ www.newsvani,com Email: news@newsvani.com

References

  1. ^ [1]

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
colspan="2" style="background-color:#EAEFEF
font-size
1.25em; text-align:center;" |Kolar District
colspan="2" align="center" bgcolor=#EAEFEF Coordinates: (find coordinates)
Country  India
State Karnataka
Headquarters Kolar

Postal Code 563101 Telephone Code +91-8152

Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kolar ಕೋಲಾರ pronunciation file— play in browser is a district in Karnataka state of India. The town of Kolar is the district headquarters. Due to the modern discovery of the Kolar Gold Fields, Kolar has become popularly known as the "Golden Land" of India.

Contents

Geography

Kolar District is situated in the state of Karnataka, India and belongs to its semi-arid drought-prone region. It lies between 77° 21' to 78° 35' east longitude and 120 46' to 130 58' north latitude, extending over an area of 8,225 km². Kolar district is located in the southern region of the State and happens to be the eastern-most district of the Karnataka State. The district is bounded by the districts of Bangalore and Tumkur on the west and on all other sides by the districts of the adjoining States of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. On the north, it is bounded by Anantapur district; on the east by Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh and on the south by the districts of Krishnagirii and Vellore of Tamil Nadu.

The district, at its greatest length, reaches about 135 km from north to south with almost the same distance from east to west. It occupies the table land of Mysore, bordering the eastern ghats. The general plateau surface is interrupted by a number of hills and peaks of varying heights, particularly in the north. The principal chain of mountains is the Nandidurga range which runs north from Nandi towards Penukonda and Dharmavaram of Andhra Pradesh. The rivers of the district, are small and seasonal. Palar, Uttara Pinakini and Dakshina Pinakini are the important rivers which originate in the elevated regions in the district.

History

Someshwara Temple, Kolar.

Formerly, Kolar was known variously as Kolahala, Kuvalala and Kolala. Kolar was called Kolahalapura during the Middle Ages, but later came to be known as Kolar. Kolahahapura in Kannada meant "violent city", as it was the battlefield for the warring kingdoms of Chalukyas in the north and Cholas to the south. It was the capital of the Gangas till 4th century AD when they shifted the capital to Talakad in Mysore. In 1004 A.D., the Cholas annexed Kolar till 1116 A.D,. Vishnuvardhana (1108-1142AD) freed Gangavadi from the Cholas, and in commemoration of his victory, built the celebrated Vijayanarayana (Chennakeshva) Temple at Belur.

The major and important temples in the town are Kolaramma Temple and Someswara Temple. Someswara Temple is a fine example of Vijayanagara style while the Kolaramma temple is of Dravida vimana Style built in Ganga Tradition(11 century-A.D).

Old City

The old city of Kolar mainly consisted of the four areas of Kurubarapet, Gowripet, Aralepet and Kataripalya. Kote, or the fort area once encompassed the temples of Kolaramma, Someshwara and was bordered by the Kolaramma Lake. Now the fort is all but gone, disappeared into new residential areas. The collapse of old town was hastened by the British Christian Missionaries who constructed a Church and school next to the temples.

People and Culture

As a district headquarters, Kolar has room for many communities and represents a mini-India. The primary languages spoken here are Telugu and Kannada.

Kolar Gold Fields(KGF) is a town in Kolar district which was once the primary gold mines in the country. Set up by the British, this town which is close to the border of Andhra Pradesh and has a Tamil and Anglo-Indian Population. Tamils were employed by the British and brought to KGF to work in the mines.

Festivals

Economy

The major sources of employment are agriculture, dairy and sericulture, hence it is popularly known as the land of "Silk, Milk and Gold". Farmers in Kolar are totally dependent upon borewell water for irrigation and drinking. The gold mines in Kolar Gold Fields was closed in the 2003s due to reducing deposits and increasing costs.

Statistics

The district, at present comprises 11 talukas. It has 15 towns and 3,321 villages (2889 inhabited villages and 432 uninhabited villages). Total population of the district according to 2001 census was 2,536,069 of which 24.67% were urban. [1]

  • Area (km²) - 8,223
  • Density (per km²) - 269
  • Sex ratio (females/1,000 males) - 966
  • Literacy rate (%) - 68.35

Famous people from Kolar

  • Anilgowda-kodihalli-kolar-he is famous youth leader and also chairman for bangalore south youth club.
  • Amarnath Gowda - Attorney at Law, President of AKKA, President of VPA, Convener of IAFC, first foreign lawyer to be licensed in Michigan, United States of America.
  • A. N. Prahlada Rao - Highest crossword writer in Kannadigan.
  • B. Suresha - Social worker, President Medal Awardee (Meritorious Service in Home Guards), journalist representing PTI since 1986 & Karnataka Prabha State Kannada daily since 1997.
  • D. V. Gundappa - Kannadigan poet
  • Hyder Ali - Father of Tipu Sultan.
  • I. H. Sangam Dev - Editor in chief of Kannada Eveninger Sanje Nudi.
  • K. C. Reddy - first Chief Minister of Karnataka
  • K. H. Muniyappa - Union Minister for Road Transport, Shipping & National Highways Government of India.
  • K. Srinivas Gowda - Member of legislature and Chairman of Iffco Tokiyo, Chairman of Karnataka State Marketing Federation.
  • Mohammed Shanawaz - No.1 & Graeat Silk Merchant
  • Maasti Venkatesh Ayengar - Kannadigan writer, Jnanpith awardee.
  • M. Abdul Iatheef - Social reformist and leader, guru to K. Srinivas Gowda.
  • Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya - The architect of modern Karnataka.
  • R. L. Jalappa - Member of Parliament and Chairman of Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College.
  • Soundarya - Film actress.

Educational Institutions

Local Newspapers

  • Kolara Patrike - The first Kannada daily periodical.
  • Kolaravani - Largest circulated daily of the Kolar District.
  • Honnudi - First locally published daily with founder-editor, A. N. Prahlada Rao.

External links


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kolar district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Kolar districtRDF feed
County of country India  +
County of subdivision1 Karnataka  +
Short name Kolar District  +

This article uses material from the "Kolar district" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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