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Komi-Permyak Okrug: Wikis

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Komi-Permyak Okrug (Russian: Ко́ми-Пермя́цкий о́круг, Komi-Permyatsky okrug), or Permyakia[1] is a territory with special status within Perm Krai, Russia. It was a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug) until December 1, 2005. It was called Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug (Russian: Ко́ми-Пермя́цкий автоно́мный о́круг; Komi: Перым-Коми автономия кытш) at that time.

Contents

History

Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug was established on February 26, 1925. It was an administrative division for Komi-Permyaks, a branch of the Komis, within Perm Oblast. After a referendum held in October 2004, the autonomous okrug was merged with Perm Oblast to form Perm Krai. The referendum was held both in Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug and Perm Oblast, and the majority of citizens of both regions voted for merging.

Geography

Map of Komi-Permyak Okrug

Administrative center: Kudymkar. Area: 32,770 km². Location: foothills of the Ural mountains, upper basin of the Kama River.

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Time zone

Komi-Permyak Okrug is located in the Yekaterinburg Time Zone (YEKT/YEKST). UTC offset is +0500 (YEKT)/+0600 (YEKST).

Administrative divisions

(prior to December 1, 2005)

(after December 1, 2005)

Demographics

  • Ethnic groups

According to the 2002 Census, Komi-Permyaks make up 59.0% of the okrug's population. Other groups include Russians (38.2%), Tatars (1,100, or 0.8%), Ukrainians (706, or 0.5%), Belarusians (672, or 0.5%), and a host of other groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population.

census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002
Komi-Permyaks 125,917 (58.0%) 123,621 (58.3%) 105,574 (61.4%) 95,415 (60.2%) 80,327 (59.0%)
Russians 71,381 (32.9%) 76,340 (36.0%) 59,760 (34.7%) 57,272 (36.1%) 51,946 (38.2%)
Others 19,740 (9.1%) 12,180 (5.7%) 6,705 (3.9%) 5,839 (3.7%) 3,803 (2.8%)
  • Vital statistics
Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Births Deaths Birth rate Death rate
1970 3,701 1,993 17.6 9.5
1975 3,605 1,999 19.2 10.6
1980 3,259 2,572 19.2 15.1
1985 3,360 2,444 20.7 15.1
1990 2,660 1,931 18.3 13.3
1991 2,384 2,043 16.3 14.0
1992 2,267 2,111 15.4 14.3
1993 2,100 2,547 14.3 17.3
1994 1,946 2,831 13.3 19.4
1995 1,761 2,556 12.2 17.7
1996 1,749 2,510 12.2 17.6
1997 1,724 2,607 12.2 18.4
1998 1,640 2,250 11.7 16.1
1999 1,696 2,495 12.2 17.9
2000 1,652 2,724 11.9 19.7
2001 1,610 2,700 11.7 19.7
2002 1,700 3,090 12.5 22.7
2003 1,675 3,057 12.4 22.6
2004 1,619 3,080 12.1 23.1
2005
2006 1,672 2,813 12.8 21.5
2007 1,845 2,566 14.3 19.8
2008 2,109 2,523 16.4 19.7

References

  1. ^ Encyclopedia Encarta. Entry on Permyakia

Further reading

  • Lallukka, Seppo; Liudmila Nikitina (March 2001). "Continuing with Perm, turning to Syktyvkar, or standing on one's own? The debate about the status of the Komi-Permiak Autonomous Okrug". Nationalities Papers 29 (1): 129–151. doi:10.1080/00905990120036411.  


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