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Konjo people: Wikis


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Spoken in Uganda and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Region East Africa/Central Africa
Total speakers 361,709 (1992 census)
Language family Niger-Congo
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3 koo

The Konjo (pl. Bakonjo, sing. Mukonjo) or Konzo are a people located in the Rwenzori Mountains of southwest Uganda. Numbering 361,709 in the 1992 census, they live on the plains, hills and mountain slopes up to an altitude 2,200 meters. Traditionally agriculturalists and animal husbanders, they farm yams, beans, sweet potatoes, peanuts, soy beans, potatoes, rice, wheat, cassava, coffee, bananas, and cotton, while keeping goats, sheep, and poultry. The Konjo practice traditional religions and Christianity. Konjo speakers also live on the western slopes of the Rwenzori range in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[1]

The language spoken by the Konjo is called, variously, Rukonjo, Olukonjo, Olukonzo, or Lhukonzo. It has a 77% lexical similarity with Nande. There are many dialects, including Sanza (Ekisanza).[1]

The Konjo were part of the armed Rwenzururu movement against the Toro Kingdom and central government that reached heights in the mid-1960s and early 1980s.[2] In 2008, the government recognized the Rwenzururu Kingdom, formed by the Konjo and Amba peoples, as Uganda's first kingdom shared by two tribes.[3]

Notable Bakonjo include Amon Bazira, a political figure instrumental in the negotiations that ended the 1980s conflict, and Charles Mumbere, named the Omusinga (king), of the Rwenzururu Kingdom.


  1. ^ a b "Konjo: A language of Uganda", Ethnologue (accessed 7 June 2009)
  2. ^ Prunier, Gérard (2009). Africa's World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-537420-9. , 82-83
  3. ^ "Uganda: Welcome Rwenzururu", editorial by the New Vision, 31 March 2008


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