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Konstantin Jovanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Константин Јовановић; Bulgarian: Константин Йованович, Konstantin Yovanovich; 13 January 1849–15 February 1923) was a prolific Serbian, Bulgarian and Austro–Hungarian architect known for providing the original designs of the National Assembly of Bulgaria[1] and National Assembly of Serbia[2] buildings.[3]

Jovanović was born in Vienna, the capital of the Austrian Empire, to a Bulgarian father from Vratsa. His father, Anastas Jovanović (Yovanovich), was a lithographer and early photographer[4] and superintendent of the Serbian royal court in Belgrade under Prince Michael.[5] Konstantin Jovanović finished a classical high school in Vienna and graduated from the Zürich Polytechnic in Switzerland in 1870 with honours.[1][6] After his graduation, he visited Italy, where he studied Italian Renaissance art first-hand.[7]

Jovanović commenced his career as an architect in Vienna,[1] though he was most active in the Kingdom of Serbia and the Principality of Bulgaria. His architectural style was said to draw heavily from that of German architect Gottfried Semper (1803–1879), under whom he studied in Zürich.[4]

Jovanović arrived in the Bulgarian capital Sofia in 1880 or 1881 at the invitation of Bulgarian Minister of Education Konstantin Josef Jireček and remained in the country for several years.[4] The First Sofia High School for Boys building, the first building of Sofia University and the Lom high school building were constructed to his design.[6] Jovanović also created the first and basic design of the Neo-Renaissance National Assembly of Bulgaria building, the construction of which began on 4 June 1884.[1]

In Serbia, where he was active from the mid-1880s to the late 1920s. His first projects in the Serbian capital were the private houses of lawyer Marko Stojanović and Dragomir Radulović. He also designed the original National Bank of Serbia edifice, one of the best examples of Neo-Renaissance architecture in the country, based on the architecture of Italian Renaissance palaces. The National Bank of Serbia building is regarded by some as Jovanović's most important work.[2] Jovanović provided the original design for the National Assembly of Serbia in 1891. In 1901, a variant of his solution by Jovan Ilkić won the competition for the edifice's architectural design.[2]

Besides being a prominent architect, Jovanović was also an artist, architectural theorist, photographer and writer.[8] He died in Zürich, Switzerland in 1923.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Миткова, Ваня (2002-01-31). "Представят в изложба проектанта на парламента" (in Bulgarian). Новинар. http://www.novinar.net/?act=news&act1=det&stat=center&mater=NDU5OzU5. Retrieved 2009-08-08.  
  2. ^ a b c "Famous Buildings 2". City of Belgrade. http://www.beograd.org.yu/cms/view.php?id=201315. Retrieved 2009-08-08.  
  3. ^ "Brief history". National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. http://www.parliament.bg/?page=history&lng=en&hid=2. Retrieved 2009-08-13.  
  4. ^ a b c "Първата университетска сграда" (in Bulgarian). Софийски университет "Св. Кл. Охридски". 2008-04-14. http://www.uni-sofia.bg/index.php/bul/universitet_t/istoriya/simvoli_na_universiteta/arhitektura/p_rvata_universitetska_sgrada. Retrieved 2009-08-08.  
  5. ^ Pavlova, Ekaterina. "Mrs. Dijana Shakan: What Serbs and Bulgarians have in common is that we live more in the past or the future, and only sometimes in the present". Bulgarian Diplomatic Review. http://www.diplomatic-bg.com/c2/content/view/313/47/. Retrieved 2009-08-08.  
  6. ^ a b "Видни врачани: Константин Анастасович Йованович (1849 - 1923)" (in Bulgarian). Visit Vratza.  
  7. ^ a b "The NBS Head Office Building". National Bank of Serbia. http://www.nbs.yu/export/internet/english/10/10_8/10_8_1.html. Retrieved 2009-08-08.  
  8. ^ Павлович-Лонгарски, Вера; Ленко Петков. "Да запазим културната си идентичност" (in Bulgarian). Арх & арт. http://www.geocities.com/arh_art/frm21.html. Retrieved 2009-08-08.  
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