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Korea
(and conurbation (population)) Seoul
Official language(s) Korean
Area
 -  Total 223,170 km2 (84th if reunified)
85,020 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.8
Population
 -  2010 estimate 73,000,000[1] (17th if reunified)
 -  Density 328.48/km2 
850.7/sq mi
Currency Won () (N/S)
Time zone KST (UTC+9)
.Korea (Korean: 한국 or 조선) is a civilization and formerly unified nation currently divided into two states.^ Japan, Russia, China and the United States as well as the two Koreas.

^ We are continuing to work with the ROK.     In addition, the United States and the ROK are focused on the conditions faced by North Koreans inside North Korea.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ This paper is a historical study detailing the transformation of North Korea into a robust transnational criminal state.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Located on the Korean Peninsula, it borders China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, and is separated from Japan to the east by the Korea Strait.^ Japan, Russia, China and the United States as well as the two Koreas.

^ Directly east of it, across the Korea Strait, lies Japan.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bounded on the n by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), on the e by the Sea of Japan (known in Korea as the East Sea), on the s by the Korea Strait, and on the w by the Yellow Sea, the ROK has a total land boundary length of 238 km (148 mi) and a coastline of 2,413 km (1,508 mi).
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Korea was united until 1948; at that time it was split into South Korea and North Korea.^ Japan and south korea a number of times.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Chairman, the United States and South Korea do not see eye to eye on North Korea.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea has produced high-quality fakes of American $100 notes, and may have dumped as much as a billion dollars' worth of them into the global markets.

.South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, is a capitalist, democratic and developed country, with memberships in the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies.^ Study develops a simple model of the Korean economy and four alternative S&T strategies that Korea could follow and shows how those strategies may affect Korean prosperity.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ South Korea experienced steady economic growth and relative political stability in 2005.  The surface calm, however, belies massive transformations in the economy, politics, and society.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Argues for a better understanding of the complex weave of interests and values that binds the United States, South Korea, and Japan and how that will stabilize the relationships and make them more resilient and adaptable to future developments.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a single-party communist country founded by Kim Il-sung and currently led by his son Kim Jong-il.^ Many Faces of Kim Jong-il .
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kim Jong il of North Korea and Pres.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Kim Jong-il was similarly upbeat.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Archaeological and linguistic evidence suggest the origins of the Korean people were in Altaic language-speaking people from south-central Siberia,[2] who populated ancient Korea in successive waves from the Neolithic age to the Bronze Age.^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Page 116 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     With the miraculous success of their economy, joining the OECD, growing international prominence, and the end of any real competition with North Korea, South Korean confidence has naturally and appropriately risen.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

[3] .The adoption of the Chinese writing system ("Hanja" in Korean) in the 2nd century BC, and Buddhism in the 4th century AD, had profound effects on the Three Kingdoms of Korea.^ It was this period of isolationism from which Korea earned the name "The Hermit Kingdom" in the 19th century.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And I am joined in my criticism of the Korean system by no less compelling a critic than the Supreme Court Chief Justice of Korea.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Korea, North Occupation of South Korea: 1950: three stamps issued overprinted with a double circle enclosing Korean characters.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Korea later passed on these cultural advances to Japan.^ Some of these aspects of kut have been designated valuable cultural properties that should be preserved and passed on to future generations.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Similar traditions and cultural expectations were found in neighboring Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through these opportunities, Korea was able to accumulate new information and advanced technologies.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

[4][5][6][7]
.Since the Goryeo Dynasty, Korea was ruled by a single government and maintained political and cultural independence until the 20th century, despite the Mongol invasions of the Goryeo Dynasty in the 13th century and Japanese invasions of the Joseon Dynasty in the 16th century.^ Organized Korean resistance, most notably the March 1, 1919 Independence Movement, was unsuccessful, and Japan remained firmly in control until the end of World War II. Meanwhile, the so-called Provisional Government of Korea was established in Shanghai, China (1919) by overseas Korean nationalists although their influence on politics was limited following the Japanese suppression of the March 1st Movement.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But in wanting to assert psychological independence, Seoul would be wise not to casually eschew alliance structures in the 21st Century, especially when those structures have proven so critical to developing South Korea's political and economic stability in the 20th Century.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In between are the graves of 200 leading figures from Korea’s resistance during Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

.In 1377, Korea produced the Jikji, the world's oldest existing document printed with movable metal type.^ Among the cultural achievements of Koryo was the development of improved ceramics production and the world's first moveable metal type.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

[8] In the 16th century, the turtle ships were deployed, and King Sejong the Great promulgated the Korean alphabet, Hangul.
.During the latter part of the Joseon Dynasty, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the Western nickname the "Hermit Kingdom". By the late 19th century, the country became the object of the colonial designs of Japan and Europe.^ It was this period of isolationism from which Korea earned the name "The Hermit Kingdom" in the 19th century.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the isolationist policies of the Yi court allowed the Choseon dynasty to maintain stability, the country fell behind international developments and subsequently was given a rude awakening to the new world order that existed in the latter half of the 19th century.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Reports that U.S. Government is looking to increase the pressure on North Korea by cutting off the hermit kingdoms sources of illicit cash that fuel the country's nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1910, Korea was forcibly annexed by Japan and remained occupied until the end of World War II in August 1945.
.In 1945, the Soviet Union and the United States agreed on the surrender and disarming of Japanese troops in Korea; the Soviet Union accepting the surrender of Japanese weaponry north of the 38th parallel and the United States taking the surrender south of it.^ (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A9) 1945 Sep 8, Korea was partitioned by the Soviet Union and the United States.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ With the unexpected early surrender of Japan in September 1945, the United States proposed--and the Soviet Union agreed--that Japanese troops surrender to U.S. forces below the 38th parallel and to Soviet forces above.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Cold War conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This minor decision by allied armies soon became the basis for the division of Korea by the two superpowers, exacerbated by their inability to agree on the terms of Korean independence.^ Assesses the reasons for the continuous division of the two Koreas and proposes necessary policies for Korean unification.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ (HN, 11/23/98) 1953 Dec 26, U.S. was to withdraw two divisions from Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ (AP, 4/30/03) 2003 Apr 30, South and North Korea agreed in Cabinet-level talks to peacefully resolve the nuclear crisis on the Korean Peninsula.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.The two Cold War rivals then established governments sympathetic to their own ideologies, leading to Korea's current division into two political entities: North Korea and South Korea.^ American nation building in South Korea during the Cold War.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ North Korea has produced high-quality fakes of American $100 notes, and may have dumped as much as a billion dollars' worth of them into the global markets.

^ After a survey of Korea's geographic setting and historic legacy, the author details the circumstances of Korea's liberation and subsequent division.  He analyzes the evolution of both South Korea and North Korea as separate states and surveys the politics, economics, and foreign policy of each country.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

Contents

Name

."Korea" derives from the Goryeo period of Korean history, which in turn referred to the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo,the first Korean dynasty visited by Persian merchants who referred to Koryŏ (Goryeo) as Korea.^ Major tourist attractions include Seoul, the former royal capital of the Yi (or Li) Dynasty, and Kyongju, with its treasures from the ancient kingdom of Silla.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Roman Catholic missionaries did not arrive in Korea until 1794, a decade after the return of the first baptized Korean from a visit to Beijing.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ [For Korean history before 1948, see Korea, Democratic People's Republic of.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Korea is now commonly used in English contexts by both North and South Korea.^ Bear in mind that both North and South-Korea use propaganda and misleading information.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea now has nukes.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ After a survey of Korea's geographic setting and historic legacy, the author details the circumstances of Korea's liberation and subsequent division.  He analyzes the evolution of both South Korea and North Korea as separate states and surveys the politics, economics, and foreign policy of each country.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.In the Korean language, Korea as a whole is referred to as Han-guk in South Korea, and Chosŏn in North Korea.^ North Koreans and 34 South Koreans were killed.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Two North Korean patrol boats approached South Korean fishing boats that had been crabbing north of the disputed northern limit line.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

The latter name, also Romanised Joseon, is from the Joseon Dynasty and the earlier Gojoseon. ."The Land of the Morning Calm" is an English language title for the country loosely derived from the hanja characters for Joseon.^ I think that an important key to the success in foreign countries is the usage and knowledge of the English language.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dealing with the social and cultural politics of a public school here in the Land of the Morning Calm can be rough at times.

History

Korea unified vertical.svgHistory of Korea
Prehistory
 Jeulmun period
 Mumun period
Gojoseon 2333–108 BC
 Jin state
Proto-Three Kingdoms: 108–57 BC
 Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye
 Samhan: Ma, Byeon, Jin
Three Kingdoms: 57 BC – 668 AD
 Goguryeo 37 BC – 668 AD
 Baekje 18 BC – 660 AD
 Silla 57 BC – 935 AD
 Gaya 42–562
North-South States: 698–935
 Unified Silla 668–935
 Balhae 698–926
 Later Three Kingdoms 892–935
  Later Goguryeo, Later Baekje, Silla
Goryeo Dynasty 918–1392
Joseon Dynasty 1392–1897
Korean Empire 1897–1910
Japanese rule 1910–1945
 Provisional Gov't 1919–1948
Division of Korea 1945–1948
North, South Korea 1948–present
 Korean War 1950–1953
Korea Portal

Prehistory and Gojoseon

.The Korean Academy of North America discovered ancient human fossils originating from about 100,000 BC in the lava at a stone city site in Korea.^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ (AP, 2/25/08) 2008 Feb 26, An audience of North Korea's communist elite gave America's oldest orchestra a standing ovation after a rousing set that took in Dvorak, Gershwin and a Korean folk song.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Fluorescent and high-magnetic analyses indicate the volcanic fossils may be from as early as 300,000 BC.[9] The best preserved Korean pottery goes back to the paleolithic times around 10,000 BC, and the Neolithic period begins around 6000 BC.
Gojoseon's founding legend describes Dangun, a descendent of heaven, as establishing the kingdom in 2333 BC.[10] Archaeological and contemporary written records indicate it developed from a federation of walled cities into a centralised kingdom sometime between the 7th and 4th centuries BC.
.The original capital may have been at the Manchuria-Korea border, but was later moved to what is today Pyongyang, North Korea.^ North Korea has produced high-quality fakes of American $100 notes, and may have dumped as much as a billion dollars' worth of them into the global markets.

^ (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A13) 2000 Sep 17, In Korea a ground-breaking ceremony was held at Imjingak for a railroad to connect the capitals of North and South Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ (AP, 5/22/04) 2004 Jun 3, Germany’s Goethe Center opened a reading room in Pyongyang, North Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.In 108 BC, the Chinese Han Dynasty defeated Wiman Joseon and installed four commanderies in the area of Liaoning and the northern Korean peninsula.^ In 206 BC the Han Dynasty was begun.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chinese pushed literacy realizing the importance of educated officials, and built an imperial examination system during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 BC).
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'Han Liu' in Chinese) actually is a fever of Korean Culture and products related to fashion, performance, drama, song, cuisine, and lifestyle.

.By 75 BC, three of those commanderies had fallen, but the Lelang Commandery remained as a center of cultural and economic exchange with successive Chinese dynasties until 313, when it fell to Goguryeo.^ Under the succeeding Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese technology and culture reached its zenith.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chinese pushed literacy realizing the importance of educated officials, and built an imperial examination system during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 BC).
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the next dynasty, the Zhou, the teachings of the philosopher-teacher Confucius (551-479 BC) provided a pattern for Chinese society for centuries to come.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Proto-Three Kingdoms

.The Proto-Three Kingdoms period, sometimes called the Several States Period, is the earlier part of what is commonly called the Three Kingdoms Period, following the fall of Gojoseon but before Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla fully developed into kingdoms.^ North Korea said it successfully sent its "Kwangmyongsong-2" satellite into orbit as part of its peaceful bid to develop its space program.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Daoism, which focuses on the individual in nature rather than the individual in society, and Buddhism entered Korea from China during the Three Kingdoms period (fourth to seventh centuries A.D.).
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ South Korea is also an integral part of the six-state team that meets periodically to assess North Korean nuclear ambitions.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This time period saw numerous states spring up from the former territories of Gojoseon.^ As I stated during my visit to Seoul, I have concluded that enough time has passed for Seoul to be up to speed in terms of providing for its own defense.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The unfortunate irony is that during the same period of time, it is arguable that United States interest in Korea has declined.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ This painting ended up on the front page of Time magazine in the United States in 1942.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Buyeo arose in today's North Korea and southern Manchuria, from about the 2nd century BCE to 494. Its remnants were absorbed by Goguryeo in 494, and both Goguryeo and Baekje, two of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, considered themselves its successor.^ Home About us Contact us News Updates Advanced search ›› Directory › Asia and Oceania › North Korea › North Korea Overview Quick search ›› .
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The author explores the reasons for Korea's economic crisis, its aftermath, and its impact on the system that brought it about.  It also explores another overwhelming problem, that of coming to terms with North Korea.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ What has profoundly changed, however, is that the two allies are no longer unified in their strategic perceptions of the primary threat to South Korea; that is, the North.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Okjeo and Dongye of northern Korea were eventually absorbed into the growing Goguryeo.^ After a century in which Korea was more acted upon than actor on the world stage, the South had risen from the ashes of war to grow into the world's eleventh largest economy.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I eventually ran into the other group, but for a brief five minutes I was alone and unsupervised in North Korea.

.Located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, Samhan refers to the three confederacies of Mahan, Jinhan, and Byeonhan.^ Based on available evidence, in 1990 it appeared that P'yongyang placed or recruited only a limited number of political agents and sympathizers in the southern part of the peninsula.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

Mahan was the largest and consisted of 54 states. .Byeonhan and Jinhan both consisted of twelve states, bringing a total of 78 states within the Samhan.^ It states that the fleet consists of a total of 68, 000 ROK Navy and its supporting personnel.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.These three confederacies eventually developed into Baekje, Silla, and Gaya.^ Realizing that one out of five children are poor during their first three years of their life, the greatest downfall of children born into poverty is the fact that these first few years is the time of brain development.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Three Kingdoms

.The Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Silla, and Baekje) dominated the peninsula and parts of Manchuria during the early Common Era.^ Buddhism was the dominant religious and cultural influence during the Silla (A.D. 668-935) and Koryo (918-1392) dynasties.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Daoism, which focuses on the individual in nature rather than the individual in society, and Buddhism entered Korea from China during the Three Kingdoms period (fourth to seventh centuries A.D.).
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Korea is often referred to as the last bastion of the Cold War, but the Cold War is indeed over and the global interests that drove U.S. involvement on the Peninsula during the Cold War are fundamentally transformed.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.They competed with each other both economically and militarily.^ Other than that, they both work fine.:righton: .
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They both do the same task, but one is fancier than the other."
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope they both need each other in term making business.
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Goguryeo united Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye and other states in the former Gojoseon territory.^ Change of this nature is difficult, and there are other voices in South Korea expressing concerns that this transition may signal a United States abandonment.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Young female Koreans are trafficked primarily for sexual exploitation, mainly to the United States, but also to other Western countries and Japan.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s no surprise then, that the United States invests more per student that almost any other country in the world.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .Goguryeo was the most dominant power; it reached its zenith in the fifth century, when reign of the Gwanggaeto the Great and his son, Jangsu expanded territory into almost all of Manchuria and part of inner Mongolia, and took the Seoul region from Baekje.^ In the 16th and 17th centuries, Britain was the wealthiest and most powerful country.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carolina Taxpayers ponied up almost 1 billion dollars to lure the Assembly plant with most of the parts still shipped in from Germany!
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ By early in the 20th century, however, the savage anarchy of the financial marketplace had been at least partially domesticated under the reign of the greatest financier of them all, J P Morgan.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

Gwanggaeto and Jangsu subdued Baekje and Silla during their times. .After the 7th Century, Goguryeo was constantly at war with the Sui and Tang dynasties of China.^ Shilla, with the aid of Tang China, unified the peninsula in 668 AD. With its center at Kyongju, the dynasty flourished for roughly three centuries before internal strife and foreign pressures led to its downfall in the 10th century.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Confucianism also was brought to Korea from China in early centuries, but it occupied a subordinate position until the establishment of the Choson Dynasty and the persecution of Buddhism carried out by the early Choson Dynasty kings.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Founded around modern day Seoul, the southwestern kingdom Baekje expanded far beyond Pyongyang during the peak of its powers in the 4th century.^ The modern education system shows many similarities to the system that was founded back in the 19th century.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Estimations suggest that the Russian GDP dropped around 50% during Yeltsin's time in power.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Forest temperatures during the day average around 77º F. (25º C.) throughout the year with very little season variation.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It had absorbed all of the Mahan states and subjugated most of the western Korean peninsula (including the modern provinces of Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, and Jeolla, as well as part of Hwanghae and Gangwon) to a centralised government.^ There have also been local studies in most states on childcare, since I live in Hawaii if I wanted to send this letter I would use some research from the government that I found.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1967, Yuri Andropov was made head of the organization and immediately ruled that all dissenters, including those with religious motivation, were a threat to the state.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It resonates in the constant boasting that the United States is the greatest democracy in the world, a claim that was made even when the United States trailed behind most Western democracies by its own definition of what a democracy should be.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

.Baekje acquired Chinese culture and technology through contacts with the Southern Dynasties during the expansion of its territory.^ The Chinese pushed literacy realizing the importance of educated officials, and built an imperial examination system during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 BC).
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Buddhism was the dominant religious and cultural influence during the Silla (A.D. 668-935) and Koryo (918-1392) dynasties.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Can you really dispute that a lot of harm was done in China during the cultural revolution against both Han Chinese and Tibetans.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Historic evidence suggests that Japanese culture, art, and language was strongly influenced by the kingdom of Baekje and Korea itself.^ There are a number of cultural and arts organizations, including the Academy of Korean Studies, the Korea Foundation, and the National Academy of the Arts.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hoare, James.  Korea:  A Quick Guide to Culture and Etiquette .  Portland, OR, Graphic Arts Center Pub., 2005.  168 p.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.Archeological findings have further confirmed many of these hypotheses but extensive investigation is often restricted by the Japanese government and is usually conducted by government-appointed groups.^ Our role as government should be to remove as many obstacles as we can and encourage these exciting and dynamic cultural ties.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Just like the U.S. government, these governments also have to make decisions as to where the money should go, and many governments place homelessness and international aid low on their priority list.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Government should create programs to further educate future teachers and make sure that they understand the importance of their influence on these children.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Although later records claim that Silla, in the southeast, was the oldest of the three kingdoms, it is now believed to have been the last kingdom to develop.^ I believe it's because Poland has changed a lot in the last generation's time and young people are proud of what they have achieved by now.
  • Wulffmorgenthaler.com | Comic strip | Entertainment - Since 2002. A Commentary on Life: Politics, News, Entertainment, Technology, Culture, and Weirdo Beavers 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.wulffmorgenthaler.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was later taught to be one of Korea’s three founding kingdoms.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ They later claimed that they treated a scientist, a nurse, and three laborers, but a German team of cardiac specialists doesn't come cheap.

By the 2nd century, Silla existed as a large state, occupying and influencing nearby city states. Silla began to gain power when it annexed the Gaya confederacy in 562 CE. The Gaya confederacy was located between Baekje and Silla. .The three kingdoms of Korea often warred with each other and Silla often faced pressure from Baekje and Goguryeo but at various times Silla also allied with Baekje and Goguryeo in order to gain dominance over the peninsula.^ On the other hand, the fact that the United States, an ally of Japan, is taking a tough stance can be used as leverage to resolve outstanding problems between Japan and North Korea.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In its National Action Plan for Agenda 21, Korea promised to foster international cooperation in order to support other developing countries with various forms of assistance and collaboration.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ So the very examples of strength that threaten America—and I point out also other allies in the region, in particular Japan and Australia—are perceived to be precisely the opposite in South Korea.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

In 660, King Muyeol of Silla ordered his armies to attack Baekje. General Kim Yu-shin (Gim Yu-sin), aided by Tang forces, conquered Baekje. In 661, Silla and Tang moved on Goguryeo but were repelled. .King Munmu, son of Muyeol and nephew of General Kim launched another campaign in 667 and Goguryeo fell in the following year.^ Rurik and Igor then following into the senior sons, ruling line, generation after generation.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

North-South States Period

.In the 5th, 6th, and 7th centuries, Silla's power gradually extended across the Korean Peninsula.^ The United States and the Korean Peninsula in the 21st Century , edited by Tae-Hwan Kwak and Seung-Ho Joo.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2006.  207 p.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ There is no doubt that the Korean peninsula has been one of the most challenging issues confronting every major power in the East Asia region in the 20th century, including the United States.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Putin pressed North Korea on Friday to forge a new Asia-Europe freight route by extending Russia's trans-Siberian railway across the Korean peninsula to bypass China.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

Silla first annexed the adjacent Gaya confederacy. By the 660s, Silla formed an alliance with the Tang Dynasty of China to conquer Baekje and later Goguryeo. .After repelling Chinese forces, Silla partially unified the Peninsula, beginning a period often called Unified Silla.^ He was forced to move often while the party confiscated his home every time they felt the need for reprisal, and near the end of the war he was sent to a concentration camp.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The military branch was called the Unified Command of Pact Armed forces.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the north, former Goguryeo General Dae Joyeong led a group of Goguryeo refugees to the Jilin area in Manchuria and founded Balhae (698 - 926) as the successor to Goguryeo.^ This withdrawal led to bitter reproaches from Tombalbaye and his successor in 1975, General Malloum, who was installed as a result of a coup in which France was almost certainly involved.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The infamous shantytowns of Egypt, caused by a lack of accessible public housing, are generally found in the area around Cairo.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In June 1987, the DJP nominated its chairman, Roh Tae Woo, a former general and a close friend of Chun, as its candidate for his successor.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At its height, Balhae's territory extended from northern Manchuria down to the northern provinces of modern-day Korea.^ At its height the territory stretched from central Manchuria to south of Seoul, Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ You can't get the feeling anyway, simply imagine a small chap to publish a similar thing these modern days in Northern Korea.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ There also were more cries that the United States was far too extended, with so much of the deployable army tied down in Iraq that it could not be used in Korea.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Balhae was destroyed by the Khitans in 926.
.Unified Silla fell apart in the late 9th century, giving way to the tumultuous Later Three Kingdoms period (892-935).^ It was later taught to be one of Korea’s three founding kingdoms.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.Goryeo unified the Later Three Kingdoms and absorbed Balhae refugees.^ It was later taught to be one of Korea’s three founding kingdoms.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

Goryeo

.The country Goryeo was founded in 918 and replaced Silla as the ruling dynasty of Korea.^ The US-sponsored resolution demanded that North Korea eliminate nuclear weapons, but expressly rules out military action against the country.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Similar traditions and cultural expectations were found in neighboring Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

("Goryeo" is a short form of "Goguryeo" and the source of the English name "Korea".) The dynasty lasted until 1392.
.During this period laws were codified, and a civil service system was introduced.^ The legal system combines some elements of European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, and classical Chinese philosophies.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ STATUS REPORT: - Environmental Impact Assessment and Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting o The EIA system was introduced in 1977 by the Environmental Preservation Act, and in 1993, the Environmental Impact Assessment Law was enacted.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Correctional officials are appointed according to the procedure for new employment, promotion and transfer prescribed in the State Civil Service Law and its Decree.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

Buddhism flourished, and spread throughout the peninsula. The development of celadon industry flourished in 12th and 13th century. .The publication of Tripitaka Koreana onto 80,000 wooden blocks and the invention of the world's first movable-metal-type printing press in 13th century attest to Goryeo's cultural achievements.^ Kiss printing: type of printing where the paper is lightly pressed on the printing plate causing it to come into contact a second time.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One-dollar silver certificates were the first denomination printed on the new high-speed presses.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rubber production stagnated from the turn of the twentieth century until the First World War.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their dynasty was threatened by Mongol invasions from the 1230s into the 1270s, but the dynastic line continued to survive until 1392 since they negotiated a treaty with the Mongols that kept its sovereign power.^ Since we've become so powerful from our associations with other countries, we should do what we can to help out people around the world when they need us.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So as a result, our defense treaty itself, our troops' position, where they are positioned on the Korean Peninsula, the trip-wire ideology, the notion that our troops were in the line of the invasion routes into South Korea, were all about addressing South Korean insecurities.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

In 1350s, King Gongmin was free at last to reform a Goryeo government. .Gongmin had various problems that needed to be dealt with, which included the removal of pro-Mongol aristocrats and military officials, the question of land holding, and quelling the growing animosity between the Buddhists and Confucian scholars.^ Right of non-discrimination (due to variable retirement ages between men and women - all other matters relating to discrimination are dealt with under UK law).
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Joseon Dynasty

The Gyeongbokgung Palace
In 1392, the general Yi Seong-gye established the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910) with a largely bloodless coup. He named it the Joseon Dynasty in honor of the previous Joseon before (Gojoseon is the first Joseon. "Go", meaning "old", was added to distinguish between the two).
King Taejo moved the capital to Hanseong (formerly Hanyang; modern-day Seoul) and built the Gyeongbokgung palace. .In 1394 he adopted Confucianism as the country's official religion, resulting in much loss of power and wealth by the Buddhists.^ Perhaps the Church has too much power in your country?
  • Wulffmorgenthaler.com | Comic strip | Entertainment - Since 2002. A Commentary on Life: Politics, News, Entertainment, Technology, Culture, and Weirdo Beavers 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.wulffmorgenthaler.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1850 Europe still held much of the world's power, many of it's nations had significantly boosted the Scientific Revolution, and many countries were rich, powerful, and free.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I love this country, but it is far from fully free, Reilgion still has to much power, gay people can't get married, and we have no real chioce if we want to go to war or not.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

The prevailing philosophy was Neo-Confucianism.
Joseon experienced advances in science and culture. .King Sejong the Great (1418–1450) promulgated hangul, the Korean alphabet.^ Koreans are proud of their phonetic alphabet hangul, invented during King Sejong's reign in 1443 to help the general populace learn to read and write.

.The period saw various other cultural and technological advances as well as the dominance of neo-Confucianism over the entire peninsula.^ The two resistance movements worked together early on, but later each saw the other as a threat, and they began fighting against each other as well against the Axis powers.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Slaves, nobi, are estimated to have accounted for about one third of the population of Joseon Korea.^ The current gu , si , and gun units would be reorganized into about 60 "metropolitan cities" with a population of roughly one million each.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the total supply of annual water resources in Korea, which is estimated to be 126.7 billion tons, about 54.8 billion tons are lost and about 42 billion tons are discharged or lost during floods.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The World Bank estimated that by the end of 2004, only about one third of the population would be in that situation.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Slavery in Asia first appeared in China around the Shang dynasty times and the "Philippines, Nepal, Malaya, Indonesia and Japan are known to have had slavery from ancient until fairly recent times"[12]
.Between 1592 and 1598, the Japanese invaded Korea.^ The US invaded Japanese-held Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ In between are the graves of 200 leading figures from Korea’s resistance during Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

.Toyotomi Hideyoshi ordered the forces and tried to invade the Asian continent through Korea, but was eventually repelled by a Righteous army, Admiral Yi Sun-sin and assistance from Ming China.^ The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is an East Asian state on the mountainous peninsula which juts out into the Sea of Japan on the north-eastern edge of China.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After endless provocations and cross-border skirmishes initiated by the South Koreans, North Korea was forced to invade to defend itself.

^ I would like to get your appraisal of how Japan, China, and South Korea would react to such an unfortunate eventuality.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.This war also saw the rise of the career of Admiral Yi Sun-sin with the "turtle ship". In the 1620s and 1630s Joseon suffered invasions by the Manchu.^ In example concerning Iraq war our economic research institute, ETLA, calculated before the Iraq war the Eurozone would suffer economically from the war and from the rise of oil prices.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ But here in Russia we have seen so much suffering in the 20th century, the repressions, the war, occupation, I mean, we saw a lot of suffering.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

After invasions from Manchuria, Joseon experienced a nearly 200-year period of peace. King Yeongjo and King Jeongjo led a new renaissance of the Joseon dynasty.
.However, during the last years of the Joseon Dynasty, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the name the "Hermit Kingdom", primarily for protection against Western imperialism before it was forced to open trade beginning an era leading into Japanese colonial rule.^ Last year, my Christmas day was spent being sick in bed in Korea while it was absolutely freezing outside.

^ (AP, 5/9/08) 2008 May, A South Korean abductee escaped from North Korea after more than 30 years and was under Seoul’s protection in China.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ For the past 50 years, the ROK-US alliance, under the mantle of the UN and the Combined Forces Command (CFC), has guaranteed peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and has protected freedom and democracy in the Republic of Korea.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Korean Empire

The earliest surviving depiction of the Korean / South Korean flag was printed in a US Navy book Flags of Maritime Nations in July 1889.
.Beginning in the 1870s, Japan began to force Korea out of the Manchu Qing Dynasty's traditional sphere of influence into its own.^ Russia uses force to keep its own sphere of influence in order.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also at the beginning of the 20 th Century that a number of religious sects began to form in Korea, one of which was to subsequently become quite widespread.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So the very examples of strength that threaten America—and I point out also other allies in the region, in particular Japan and Australia—are perceived to be precisely the opposite in South Korea.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.As a result of the Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), the Qing Dynasty had to give up such a position according to Article 1 of the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which was concluded between China and Japan in 1895. That same year, Empress Myeongseong was assassinated by Japanese agents.^ Korea was at the fulcrum of all the major wars engulfing the East Asia in 20th century, beginning with its first ''modern'' war: the Sino-Japanese War (1894) in which influence over the Korean peninsula was the prize between one great declining power (China) and an ''upstart'' emerging one (Japan); the Russo-Japanese War (1904) in which Japan gained world stature by being the first Asian country to defeat a great Western imperial power; World War II in which Korea was the foothold for Japanese ambitions to control mainland Asia.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ For every $1.00 of GDP Growth, the USA over the past 8 years has been increasing it's debt by $7.20 dollars meaning there has been no real Growth only debts-owed to the Creditor Nations such as Germany, Japan, China,Canada,etc.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ In between are the graves of 200 leading figures from Korea’s resistance during Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

[13]
In 1897, the Joseon dynasty proclaimed the Korean Empire (1897–1910), and King Gojong became Emperor Gojong. .This brief period saw the partially successful modernisation of the military, economy, real property laws, education system, and various industries, influenced by the political encroachment into Korea of Russia, Japan, France, and the United States.^ Japan, Russia, China and the United States as well as the two Koreas.

^ This volume collects 17 essays by CSIS writers reflecting on the major political, military, and economic challenges likely to have strategic implications for the United States in the near future.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Page 116 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     With the miraculous success of their economy, joining the OECD, growing international prominence, and the end of any real competition with North Korea, South Korean confidence has naturally and appropriately risen.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.In 1904, the Russo-Japanese War pushed the Russians out of the fight for Korea.^ They depict: the Great Leader liberating the country from Japanese occupation, the Great Leader leading the fight against America in the Korean War, and the Great Leader rebuilding the country.

^ In between are the graves of 200 leading figures from Korea’s resistance during Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ The Arch of Triumph commemorates North Korea's liberation from the Japanese occupation at the end of World War Two.

.In Manchuria on 1909, An Jung-geun assassinated the former Resident-General of Korea, Itō Hirobumi for his role in trying to force Korea into occupation.^ General Bell, the commander of ROK Combined Forces Command, the United Nations Command, and the U.S. Forces-Korea assesses that we can accomplish this transition within the next 3 years at low risk.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Examines the role of military intelligence in former United States (U.S.) President Jimmy Carter's support for the complete withdrawal of U.S. ground forces from Korea in 1975.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The DLP transformed into the New Korea Party (NKP), while Kim Dae Jung formed a new opposition party, the National Congress for New Politics (NCNP).
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Japanese occupation

Go Fishing, Georges Ferdinand Bigot, Tobae, February 1887. It shows Korea as a fish which China, Russia, and Japan are all trying to catch.
.In 1910, an already militarily occupied Korea was a forced party to the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty.^ The conference theme is “The Japanese Annexation of Korea, 100 Years After: Looking back at 1910 – 강제병합, 100년 전을 뒤돌아 본다.” 2010 marks the 100th anniversary of the forceful annexation of Korea by Japan, an occasion to reflect on the causes and continuing significance of this event.

^ U.S.-Japan-Korea Security Cooperation in the Changing Defense Posture of the U.S. Forces in Northeast Asia.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.The treaty was signed by Lee Wan-Yong, who was given the General Power of Attorney by the Emperor.^ Again, it is not yet clear as to whether the Attorney-General's advice was deliberately written to justify war or was sincerely given.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.However, the Emperor is said to have not actually ratified the treaty according to Yi Tae-jin.^ France however failed to ratify the treaty.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is similar process for when the UK ratifies a Treaty or an Accord or passes an Act of Parliament.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.K. Governemt is not against the E.U., lat alone continental europe, it is actually very pro as we have seen by them ratifying the Lisbon treaty even though it has done them damage in public support.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[14] .There is a long dispute whether this treaty was legal or illegal due to its signing under duress, threat of force and bribes.^ If there was really a threat of invasion by the US it would have happened a long time ago.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether it is accounting fraud, or undermining ratings agencies, or bribing boards of directors, or whatever else the fertile mind of man can conjure, if there's enough money involved, it will be done.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under the NPT only 5 nations are allowed to have nukes, they are: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NPT Iraq, Iran, etc have also signed the treaty.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

.Korean resistance to the brutal Japanese occupation[15][16][17] was manifested in the nonviolent March 1st Movement of 1919, where 7,000 demonstrators were killed by Japanese police and military.^ Chondogyo is a syncretic Korean religious movement with roots in peasant uprisings of the previous century which was able to grow substantially in part as a native Korean response to the Japanese occupation, and its followers remain a significant minority in the country.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They depict: the Great Leader liberating the country from Japanese occupation, the Great Leader leading the fight against America in the Korean War, and the Great Leader rebuilding the country.

^ In between are the graves of 200 leading figures from Korea’s resistance during Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

[18] The Korean liberation movement also spread to neighbouring Manchuria and Siberia.
.Over five million Koreans were conscripted for labour beginning in 1939,[19] and tens of thousands of men were forced into Japan's military.^ As of 2005, there was a growing movement against the mandatory military conscription for South Korean males.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has done so by contributing to the strength of the U.S.-Japan alliance, not only by dispersing the U.S. force presence beyond Japan, but also by alleviating the Japanese burden of managing instability on the Korean peninsula.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ (AP, 10/19/06) 2006 Oct 20, In North Korea tens of thousands gathered in Pyongyang to laud the country's first atomic test.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

[20] .Approximately 200,000 girls and women,[21] mostly from China and Korea, were forced into sexual slavery for the Japanese military.^ As of 1995, there have been approximately 200 active NGOs working on environmental issues in Korea.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Finally, the way you describe the situation regarding Tibet and China reminds me of how the Japanese talked about China and Korea during the 1930s.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (HN, 12/26/98) 1954 Jan 20, Over 22,000 anti-Communist prisoners were turned over to the UN forces in Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

[22] In 1993, Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono acknowledged the terrible injustices faced by these euphemistically named "comfort women".[23][24]
.During the Japanese Colonial rule, the Korean language was suppressed in an effort to eradicate Korean national identity.^ In between are the graves of 200 leading figures from Korea’s resistance during Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ The government immediately revoked Japanese nationality from ethnic Koreans, called zainichi.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ (AP, 4/27/08) 2007 May 2, The South Korean government announced its first-ever plan to seize assets gained by alleged Korean collaborators during Japanese colonial rule as part of efforts to reconcile with its past more than 60 years after the end of the peninsula's occupation.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.Koreans were forced to take Japanese surnames, known as Sōshi-kaimei.^ Official North Korean histories state that their territory was liberated from the long Japanese occupation not when Japan surrendered to America, but when Japan surrendered to the rather insignificant Korean resistance forces.

^ It has done so by contributing to the strength of the U.S.-Japan alliance, not only by dispersing the U.S. force presence beyond Japan, but also by alleviating the Japanese burden of managing instability on the Korean peninsula.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

[25] .Traditional Korean culture suffered heavy losses, as numerous Korean cultural artifacts were destroyed[26] or taken to Japan.^ Similar traditions and cultural expectations were found in neighboring Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] To this day, valuable Korean artifacts can often be found in Japanese museums or among private collections.[28] .One investigation by the South Korean government identified 75,311 cultural assets that were taken from Korea, 34,369 in Japan and 17,803 in the United States.^ Japan, Russia, China and the United States as well as the two Koreas.

^ Japan and south korea a number of times.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ North Koreans and 34 South Koreans were killed.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.However, experts estimate that over 100,000 artifacts actually remain in Japan.^ So far, an estimated 41,000 refugees remain in southern Chad, afraid to return home because of continued insecurity, the collapse of infrastructure, and destruction of villages.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to our guide book we have to “fight our way through the throng of the fair’s reported 100.000 daily visitors.” However, when we are there it is almost deserted.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ However, tariffs remain high on a number of agricultural and fishery products, at 30 – 100%.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27][29] .Japanese officials considered returning Korean cultural properties, but to date[27] this has not occurred.^ (AP, 8/27/05) 2005 Sep 7, North Korea offered to return the USS Pueblo, captured in 1968, if a top-level official agrees to visit.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Official North Korean histories state that their territory was liberated from the long Japanese occupation not when Japan surrendered to America, but when Japan surrendered to the rather insignificant Korean resistance forces.

^ (HN, 9/27/98) 1950 Sep 29, General Douglas MacArthur officially returned Seoul, South Korea, to President Syngman Rhee.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

[29] .Korea and Japan still dispute the ownership of the Liancourt Rocks, islets located east of the Korean Peninsula.^ It has done so by contributing to the strength of the U.S.-Japan alliance, not only by dispersing the U.S. force presence beyond Japan, but also by alleviating the Japanese burden of managing instability on the Korean peninsula.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Treaty allies for over 50 years, the U.S. and Korea have fought and shed blood together, not only on the Korean Peninsula, but also in Vietnam and the Middle East.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is an East Asian state at the end of a peninsula which juts out into the Sea of Japan on the north-eastern edge of China.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30]
.There was a significant level of emigration to the overseas territories of the Empire of Japan during the Japanese colonial period, including Korea.^ The Republic of Korea has no territories or colonies.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Korea announced that it will indefinitely extend its moratorium on missile testing as part of the North Korea-Japan Pyongyang Declaration signed during a meeting between Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ The shooting came a day before the start of working level talks among regional powers, including the two Koreas,...

[31] .By the end of World War II, there were over 850,000 Japanese settlers in Korea.^ Towards the end of 1944 the end of World War II looked inevitable.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our escorts chose National Liberation Day--the holiday celebrating Korea's liberation from the Japanese occupation of the Second World War--to make our obligatory visit to the Grand Monument on Mansudae Hill.

^ It was the half of Germany, designated for British and American control at the Yalta conference following the defeat of Germany in World War II in February 1945.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .After World War II, most of these overseas Japanese repatriated to Japan.^ Japanese prime minister Junichiro Koizumi further inflames this animosity by making a yearly visit to the Yasukuni Shrine, which is dedicated to the Japanese war dead; Japan regards all World War II compensation claims to be settled per treaties signed in 1964.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was the half of Germany, designated for British and American control at the Yalta conference following the defeat of Germany in World War II in February 1945.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the decolonization process gained momentum worldwide after World War II, native Algerians gained hope that they might receive independence.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Korean War

Urban combat in Seoul, 1950, as US Marines fight North Koreans holding the city.
.With the surrender of Japan in 1945 the United Nations developed plans for a trusteeship administration, the Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.^ Soviet Union, US, and Asian nations.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cold War conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chairman, the United States and South Korea do not see eye to eye on North Korea.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The politics of the Cold War resulted in the 1948 establishment of two separate governments, North Korea and South Korea.^ American nation building in South Korea during the Cold War.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In June 1950 North Korea invaded the South, using Soviet tanks and weaponry.^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A13) 2000 Sep 17, In Korea a ground-breaking ceremony was held at Imjingak for a railroad to connect the capitals of North and South Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.During the Korean War (1950–1953) millions of civilians died and the three years of fighting throughout the nation effectively destroyed most cities.^ Nations that have lost the most number of wars.
  • The Suggestion Box - sporcle 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A8) 1950 Aug 18-25, The Battles of the Bowling Alley took place during the Korean War in a narrow valley north of Tabu-dong, Korea on the Taegu-Sangju road.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ This article attempts to explore the evolution of Korean foreign labor policies over the last 20 years through the interplay of three national goals: economic interest, human rights concern, and national/cultural identity preservation.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

[33] .Around 125,000 POWs were captured and held by the Americans and South Koreans on Geojedo (an island in the south).^ It was built by the Americans and South Koreans in the 1970’s.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ The museum’s collection varies from photos of tortured North Koreans, supposed evidence of biological and chemical warfare, written confessions of American POW’s, to bomber planes, captured tanks and other vehicles.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ It notes that the Korean Agency for Defence Development has been growing as well as the ability of South Korea to license efficiently American and West European military facilities.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

[34] .The war ended in a ceasefire agreement at approximately the Military Demarcation Line.^ A military demarcation line, which neither side regarded as a permanent border, was established, surrounded by the DMZ. The international conference envisioned in the armistice agreement was not held until mid-1954.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the end this agreement proved to be more of a thorny contention between the eastern and western divisions, leading to bitter feuds brought on the start of the cold war.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cease-fire provided for an exchange of prisoners of war and established a 2 ½ mile wide demilitarized zone and a demarcation line at the 38th parallel.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

Division of Korea

South Korea is one of Four Asian Tigers and described as the Miracle on the Han.
.The aftermath of World War II left Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel, with the north under Soviet occupation and the south under the occupation of other allied countries.^ North Korea and five other countries released Wednesday.

^ This changed after 1881, when Korea opened up to Western countries and Protestant missionaries and others began to actively proselytise and open schools, hospitals and orphanages.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There may have been 52,000 Catholics and 200,000 Protestants in North Korea at the end of World War II: officially 800 Catholics and 150 Protestant ‘believers' remain today.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Consequently, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, a Soviet-style socialist regime, was established in the north while the Republic of Korea, a Western-style republic, was established in the south.^ The Democratic People's Republic of Korea's regime has also continued to refuse sending an invitation in 2005 and 2006 to UN Special Rapporteur Vitit Muntarbhorn which would allow him to visit the country.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Legislators unanimously adopted a law "on revising and supplementing the Socialist Constitution of the DPRK (North Korea)" but gave no details.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Travel diary North-Korea (DPRK: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) 30th March to 12th April 2004 (We would like to thank “Comrade” Paul Kearins for going through the translation and making corrections where necessary) INTRODUCTION: This is the account of our journey to North-Korea.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

[35] .The Korean War broke out when Soviet-backed North Korea invaded South Korea, though neither side gained much territory as a result.^ North Korea has to get over the Korean war and learn from Vietnam.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ North Koreans and 34 South Koreans were killed.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Jun 25, The Korean War started as forces from the communist North invaded the South.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.The Korean Peninsula remains divided, the Korean Demilitarized Zone being the de facto border between the two states.^ Far from being 'in America's pocket', the UK has been engaged in a very delicate balancing act between Europe and the States for nearly two decades.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Reporter Martin Savidge describes life in the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea where a 50 year armistice has held warring sides apart.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Korean soldiers detained two American journalists near the country's border with China.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.Since the 1960s, the South Korean economy has grown enormously and the economic structure was radically transformed.^ Article states that the South Korean peninsula has flourished since the Korean War.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ GDP growth averaged only 5% in 1997, and then turned negative (-6.6%) in 1998, in the country's first economic contraction since the Korean war.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 1965, South Korea has been transformed from an underdeveloped agricultural economy to a leading newly industrialized country (NIC) to a leader in the new information technology (IT) economy.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1957 South Korea had a lower per capita GDP than Ghana,[36] and by 2008 it was 17 times as high as Ghana's.^ Japan and south korea a number of times.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A13) 2000 Sep 17, In Korea a ground-breaking ceremony was held at Imjingak for a railroad to connect the capitals of North and South Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ (AP, 10/14/08) 2008 Oct 28, South Korean officials said a North Korean soldier has defected for the 2nd time in a decade.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

[37]
The North Korean famine began in 1995 and peaked in 1997. According to a report by North Korea's Public Security Ministry, the North estimates its losses at about 2.5 million to 3 million from 1995 to March 1998.[38]

Geography

A view of Mount Seorak.
.Korea is located on the Korean Peninsula in North-East Asia.^ There was a theatre, and North Korea makes movies, but the themes were invariably about the revolution or the Korean War.

^ The South Koreans have pressed for engagement with North Korea and the Kim Jong-Il regime for decades.

^ Korea has also taken active roles in regional cooperation programs such as the East Asia Biosphere Reserve Network(EABRN) under the Man and Biosphere(MAB) Program of UNESCO .
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.To the northwest, the Amnok River (Yalu River) separates Korea from China and to the northeast, the Duman River (Tumen River) separates Korea from China and Russia.^ Despite differences, the Americans have been prepared to work with the EU and Russia in the Middle East and with China, Japan and Russia over N. Korea.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Funnily, enough though, this present situation wouldn't be happening if General Macarthur had acknowledged his orders not to approach the river separating China from Korea in 1950.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ McArthur was ordered by Truman to go up to the bordering Yalu river but not cross it (into China) which he did not.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.The Yellow Sea is to the west, the East China Sea is to the south, and the Sea of Japan (East Sea) is to the east of Korea.^ Japan and south korea a number of times.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Bounded on the n by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), on the e by the Sea of Japan (known in Korea as the East Sea), on the s by the Korea Strait, and on the w by the Yellow Sea, the ROK has a total land boundary length of 238 km (148 mi) and a coastline of 2,413 km (1,508 mi).
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japan spend 45 billions, North korea spend 5 billions, South Korea spend 20 billions.Taiwan 12 billions, Vietnam maximum 7 billions.
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] Notable islands include Jeju Island (Jejudo), Ulleung Island (Ulleungdo), and Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo).
.The southern and western parts of the peninsula have well-developed plains, while the eastern and northern parts are mountainous.^ The primary education system in Eastern Europe has not been as developed as its Western counterpart.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is an East Asian state on the mountainous peninsula which juts out into the Sea of Japan on the north-eastern edge of China.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The highest mountain in Korea is Mount Paektu or Paektusan (2744 m), through which runs the border with China.^ LEACH. And by the way, Korea is running a $100-million-a-day surplus with China.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ China has poured troops into Tibet and tightened its borders ahead of the passage of the Olympic flame through the territory, on its way to Mount Everest in early May.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

The southern extension of Mount Paektu is a highland called Gaema Heights. This highland was mainly raised during the Cenozoic orogeny and partly covered by volcanic matter. .To the south of Gaema Gowon, successive high mountains are located along the eastern coast of the peninsula.^ The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is an East Asian state at the end of a peninsula which juts out into the Sea of Japan on the north-eastern edge of China.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This mountain range is named Baekdudaegan. Some significant mountains include Mount Sobaek or Sobaeksan (1,439 m), Mount Kumgang or Kumgangsan (1,638 m), Mount Seorak or Seoraksan (1,708 m), Mount Taebaek or Taebaeksan (1,567 m), and Mount Jiri or Jirisan (1,915 m). There are several lower, secondary mountain series whose direction is almost perpendicular to that of Baekdudaegan. They are developed along the tectonic line of Mesozoic orogeny and their directions are basically northwest.
Daedongyeojido, a map of Korea
Jeju Island seashore.
.Unlike most ancient mountains on the mainland, many important islands in Korea were formed by volcanic activity in the Cenozoic orogeny.^ Electric and electronic products, automobiles, various types of machinery, and chemicals are the Republic of Korea's (ROK) most important commodity exports.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the drawbacks of working in Korea is that I have misplaced many things that are important to me.

^ STATUS REPORT: - Forests make up 65% of total land mass and are the most important natural resource in Korea.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.Jeju Island, situated off the southern coast, is a large volcanic island whose main mountain Mount Halla or Hallasan (1950 m) is the highest in South Korea.^ It notes that the principal issue of the naval forces is protecting the 2,413 km of coastline and the islands offshore including the large island of Jeju-do off the southwest coast.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Canoe.caS Korea's Samsung Electronics reports highest quarterly sales ever in Q4Xinhua7 (Xinhua) -- South Korea's Samsung Electronics Co.

^ Over 3,000 islands, most of them off the southern and western coasts and belonging to the ROK, add another 8,600 km (5,350 mi) of coastline.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ulleung Island is a volcanic island in the Sea of Japan, whose composition is more felsic than Jeju-do. The volcanic islands tend to be younger, the more westward.
.Because the mountainous region is mostly on the eastern part of the peninsula, the main rivers tend to flow westwards.^ The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is an East Asian state on the mountainous peninsula which juts out into the Sea of Japan on the north-eastern edge of China.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Two exceptions are the southward-flowing Nakdong River (Nakdonggang) and Seomjin River (Seomjingang). Important rivers running westward include the Amnok River, the Chongchon River (Chongchongang), the Taedong River (Taedonggang), the Han River (Hangang), the Geum River (Geumgang), and the Yeongsan River (Yeongsangang). These rivers have vast flood plains and provide an ideal environment for wet-rice cultivation.
.The southern and southwestern coastlines of Korea form a well-developed ria coastline, known as Dadohae-jin in Korean.^ It notes that the Korean Agency for Defence Development has been growing as well as the ability of South Korea to license efficiently American and West European military facilities.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ What is less well known is that while a student at the University of Montana in 1934 he wrote his Master's thesis on ''American Diplomatic Relations with Korea.''
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ But what is probably less well known is in 1934 he wrote his master's thesis on United States-Korea bilateral relations.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

Its convoluted coastline provides mild seas, and the resulting calm environment allows for safe navigation, fishing, and seaweed farming. .In addition to the complex coastline, the western coast of the Korean Peninsula has an extremely high tidal amplitude (at Incheon, around the middle of the western coast.^ Over 3,000 islands, most of them off the southern and western coasts and belonging to the ROK, add another 8,600 km (5,350 mi) of coastline.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Treaty allies for over 50 years, the U.S. and Korea have fought and shed blood together, not only on the Korean Peninsula, but also in Vietnam and the Middle East.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

It can get as high as 9 m). Vast tidal flats have been developing on the south and west coastlines

Demographics

.The combined population of the Koreans is about 73 million (North Korea: 23 million, South Korea: 50 million).^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Page 116 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     With the miraculous success of their economy, joining the OECD, growing international prominence, and the end of any real competition with North Korea, South Korean confidence has naturally and appropriately risen.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Korea is chiefly populated by a highly homogeneous ethnic group, the Koreans, who speak the Korean language.^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Korea says that will help weed out criminals, spies and ethnic Koreans from China.

^ Now that innovation and vision have led to a non-Korean group adopting hangul as its official written language.

[40] .The number of foreigners living in Korea has also steadily increased since the late 20th century, particularly in South Korea, where more than 1 million foreigners currently reside.^ Japan and south korea a number of times.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ China have 3 times more military personnels than VN, we're number 7 in the world.
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More than 314 million Africans live on less than $1 a day—nearly twice as many as in 1981.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41] .It is estimated that only 26,700 of the old Chinese community now remain in South Korea.^ This should then be communicated clearly and unequivocally not only to the American and South Korean publics, but to the regional audience as well.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ For the United States, the source of the threat lies in the strength of the North Korean regime, while for South Korea, the threat now lies in the regime's fundamental weakness and its potential for collapse.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon only Jaruzelski remained of the old Communist rule.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] .However, in recent years, immigration from mainland China has increased; 624,994 persons of Chinese nationality have immigrated to South Korea, including 443,566 of ethnic Korean descent.^ Combining elements of Mahayana and Zen Buddhism, Christianity and Neo-Confucianism, it gained over 1.2 million followers in South Korea between 1916, the year it was founded, and 2005.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In recent years there have also been a growing number of international marriages between Korean men and foreign women, mainly Vietnamese, Filipina and Chinese women who face serious problems of discrimination and often lack fluency in Korean.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Draconian national security legislation which forbids any praise for the regime in North Korea remains however in effect, with one academic being charged and convicted in 2005 for questioning the legitimacy of South Korea.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .Small communities of ethnic Chinese and Japanese are also found in North Korea.^ US human rights activist crosses Chinese border into North Korea .

^ Despite knowing that sending these poor bastards back to NK mean that they WILL be executed for escaping, the Chinese do not send them to South Korea where they will be able to survive, they send them back to North Korea to be killed.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea, like Cuba and China, is a workers paradise, who could be angry or unhappy living under communism?
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[44]

Language

Hunmin jeong-eum, afterwards called Hangul.
.Korean is the official language of both North and South Korea, and (along with Mandarin) of Yanbian Autonomous Prefecture in Manchuria area of China.^ U.S. and South Korean forces along the world's most heavily fortified border were on their highest alert level in three years last week, following an apparent nuclear test by North Korea over the Memorial Day weekend and apparent preparations for the test launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile.

^ I cannot provide facts, but I am aware that the South Korean military came close to premptive strikes in the North and the US had to restrain them from doing so.
  • Understanding North Korea | Feature | East Bay Express 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.eastbayexpress.com [Source type: General]

^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.Worldwide, there are up to 80 million speakers of the Korean language.^ Although there are 100 million children worldwide that aren’t educated, money is still being spent in other areas.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are some 70 million people living in the Korean Peninsula.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ There are over a million Korean-Americans living in the United States.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.South Korea has around 50 million speakers while North Korea around 23 million.^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Combining elements of Mahayana and Zen Buddhism, Christianity and Neo-Confucianism, it gained over 1.2 million followers in South Korea between 1916, the year it was founded, and 2005.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What has profoundly changed, however, is that the two allies are no longer unified in their strategic perceptions of the primary threat to South Korea; that is, the North.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Other large groups of Korean speakers are found in the United States (around 0.9 million speakers), China (around 1.8 million speakers), the former Soviet Union (around 350,000), Japan (around 700,000), Canada (100,000), Malaysia (70,000) and Australia (150,000).^ Japan, Russia, China and the United States as well as the two Koreas.

^ All United States cities with population over 100,000 .
  • The Suggestion Box - sporcle 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ There are over a million Korean-Americans living in the United States.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.It is estimated that there are around 700,000 people scattered across the world who are able to speak Korean because of job requirements (for example, salespersons or businessmen with Korean contacts), marriages to Koreans or out of pure interest in the language.^ There are millions more around the world.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Korean is not the world's most beautiful language.

^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
The genealogical classification of Korean is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family; others consider it to be a language isolate. Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax. .Like Japanese and Vietnamese, Korean has borrowed much vocabulary from the genetically unrelated Chinese or created vocabulary on Chinese models.^ Much like the Chinese, for that matter.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two of them have been prepared for us with North Korean music of the Ponchonbo Electronic Ensemble (much like the “Birdiesong” sound) who are extremely popular in North Korea.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ If the South Koreans, Chinese, and Japanese will not follow suit, a unilateral United States trade and investment ban will be ineffective and counterproductive to the prospect for a negotiated solution on the Korean Peninsula.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Modern Korean is written almost exclusively in the hangul script, which was invented in the 15th century.^ Koreans are proud of their phonetic alphabet hangul, invented during King Sejong's reign in 1443 to help the general populace learn to read and write.

^ Now that innovation and vision have led to a non-Korean group adopting hangul as its official written language.

While hangul may appear logographic, it is actually a phonemic alphabet organised into syllabic blocks. .Each block consists of at least two of the 24 hangul letters (jamo): at least one each of the 14 consonants and 10 vowels.^ Posted by: Logical on October 10, 2006 1:24 PM The amount of people here defending defending one of the most undemocratic and despotic states in the world is astounding.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

Historically, the alphabet had several additional letters (see obsolete jamo). For a phonological description of the letters, see Korean phonology. .Hanja (Chinese characters) and Latin alphabets are sometimes included within hangul texts, particularly in South Korea.^ This shift in focus and blame will further complicate the already difficult job of managing relations with our key allies in the region, including South Korea and Japan, particularly in the court of public opinion.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The only way we could possibly deal with North Korea is to force a change in Chinese and South Korean policy.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite knowing that sending these poor bastards back to NK mean that they WILL be executed for escaping, the Chinese do not send them to South Korea where they will be able to survive, they send them back to North Korea to be killed.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

Culture and arts

Korean Buddhist architecture
Traditional Korean dance (Jinju geommu)
.In ancient Chinese texts, Korea is referred to as "Rivers and Mountains Embroidered on Silk" (금수강산, ) and "Eastern Nation of Decorum" (동방예의지국, ).^ These projects are expected to achieve balanced and harmonized national land use and promote sustainable development in secluded mountainous areas in Korea.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is an East Asian state on the mountainous peninsula which juts out into the Sea of Japan on the north-eastern edge of China.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the ancient English text Beowulf why refer to the Slavs when discussing the other viking kings?
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[45] .During the 7th and 8th centuries, the silk road connected Korea to Arabia.^ For us, for the United States, North Korea poses the same and continuous threat that it has for the last half century during the Cold War.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Tans-Korean Railway: Connecting TKR to Iron Silk Road.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

In 845, Arab traders wrote, "Beyond China is a land where gold abounds and which is named Silla. .The Muslims who have gone there have been charmed by the country and tend to settle there and abandon all idea of leaving.^ There are air shows all over this country.
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was an old man, who tells his supporters that his country was invaded by an alien force.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Posted by: jules on October 10, 2006 10:18 AM Heres an idea, pull all the troops out of foreign countries, send them all back home.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[46] "
.Korean festivities often showcase vibrant colors, which have been attributed to Mongolian influences: bright red, yellow, and green often mark traditional Korean motifs.^ Places where the Pueblo had been hit by North Korean small arms fire were circled in bright red paint.

[47] .These bright colors are sometimes seen in the traditional dress known as hanbok.^ Sometimes, these people lived in total poverty and were seen to be at the lowest level of society, besides slaves, that is.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One peculiarity of Korean culture is its age reckoning system.^ Article states that the Korean peninsula is divided into two systems that are anti-thetical - one democratic and capitalist and the other totalitarian and communist.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.Individuals are regarded as one year old when they are born, as Koreans reckon the pregnancy period as one year of life for infants, and age increments increase on New Year's Day rather than on the anniversary of birthdays.^ While the many of them have been born in South Korea, or are even the descendants of early settlers arriving in the country more than 100 years ago, they cannot be naturalised unless they prove their financial ability, have the endorsement of high-level South Korean officials and go through a complicated process.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This downsizing will not hurt investors, as they will get two new smaller company shares of equal worth for every big old company share they held.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, seems to me one of the minor scandals of recent years were foreign born businessmen, and lobbyists getting their pix took with past presidents.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, one born immediately before New Year's Day may only be a few days old in western reckoning, but two years old in Korea.^ May be one only?
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This downsizing will not hurt investors, as they will get two new smaller company shares of equal worth for every big old company share they held.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, seems to me one of the minor scandals of recent years were foreign born businessmen, and lobbyists getting their pix took with past presidents.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

.Accordingly, a Korean person's stated age (at least among fellow Koreans) will be one or two years more than their age according to western reckoning.^ Country names with more than one word in them (i.e.
  • The Suggestion Box - sporcle 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ And since no one nation has any more moral claim than the other, a body which comprises an equality of nations that accord to those conventions is the only body that has legitimacy when it comes to those decisions.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea continue to threaten more missile launches despite the spectacular failure of the one Taepodong-2 missile two days ago.

.However, western reckoning is sometimes applied with regard to the concept of legal age; for example, the legal age for purchasing alcohol or cigarettes in the Republic of Korea is 19, which is measured according to western reckoning.^ However, the number of people who care about what America does and how we interact with the Republic of Korea is very large-just about everyone in South Korea, really.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ These latter countries and Italy, however, are quite generous regarding care provisions at the other end of the age spectrum.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, between 1960 and 1980, the total population of the United States increased around 19% while the population of those aged 65 and older increased by about 35%.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Literature

Korean literature written before the end of the Joseon Dynasty is called "Classical" or "Traditional." Literature, written in Chinese characters (hanja), was established at the same time as the Chinese script arrived on the peninsula. .Korean scholars were writing poetry in the classical Korean style as early as the 2nd century BC, reflecting Korean thoughts and experiences of that time.^ Since the early twentieth century, more than half of the forest resources were devastated through the Japanese colonization, Korean war, and other social turbulence.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It details the North Korean guerilla experience which was started in the early 1930s.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yesterday, I bought a Korean book entitled "이이화의 한문 공부," which teaches the basics of classical Chinese writing.

Classical Korean literature has its roots in traditional folk beliefs and folk tales of the peninsula, strongly influenced by Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism.
Modern literature is often linked with the development of hangul, which helped spread literacy from the aristocracy to the common people and women. .Hangul, however, only reached a dominant position in Korean literature in the second half of the 19th century, resulting in a major growth in Korean literature.^ In 1974, the Korean government launched its first Force Improvement Plan, and by the 1980s, the ''Koreanization'' of Korean defense was well underway resulting in positive changes for the USFK role.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ But as stated earlier the recreational use and abuse of marijuana only began around the turn of the 20th century as the “positive emotional and social benefits” began to have widespread appeal.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The atmospherics of this summit, only the second such meeting in the more than half a century since the North and South fought an all-out war, seemed rather cooler than in the first summit in 2000.

Sinsoseol, for instance, are novels written in hangul.
.The Korean War led to the development of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of war.^ It was sparked by the realization that France was not ready willingly to implement the liberal proposals for colonial development the Africans had been led to expect when World War II was in progress.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Much of the post-war literature in South Korea deals with the daily lives of ordinary people, and their struggles with national pain.^ American nation building in South Korea during the Cold War.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Throughout the 1950s, South Korea was supported by the US and other Western powers, permitting it to survive the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's attempt to invade it.
  • Minority Rights Group International : South Korea : South Korea Overview 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.The collapse of the traditional Korean value system is another common theme of the time.^ Of course, we all are products of our societies, of common values, of historical tradition and of our education systems etc..
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The US successfully tested its missile-defense system again this week, and this time it specifically used North Korean missile technology in its test.

^ Another graph shows the value of the minimum wage pay over time in terms of current dollars.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Religion

Amitabha and Eight Great Bodhisattvas, Goryeo scroll from the 1300s
Confucian tradition has dominated Korean thought, along with contributions by Buddhism, Taoism, and Korean Shamanism. .Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea.^ This the story of a U.S. Army Sergeant who abandoned his post in South Korea, walked across the DMZ, and surrendered to communist North Korean Soldiers.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ It is also at the beginning of the 20 th Century that a number of religious sects began to form in Korea, one of which was to subsequently become quite widespread.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US Commission on International Religious Freedom in its 2007 report classifies North Korea a ‘country of particular concern' and documents severe government repression of public and private religious activities and all-encompassing control over government-sanctioned religious practice.
  • Minority Rights Group International : North Korea : North Korea Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an underlying religion of the Korean people as well as a vital aspect of their culture; all these traditions have coexisted peacefully for hundreds of years up to today despite strong Westernisation from christian missionary conversions in the South[48][49][50] or the pressure from Communism's Juche government in the North.^ His people were killed; culture ruined; tradition lost; and religion threatened.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It notes that the Korean Agency for Defence Development has been growing as well as the ability of South Korea to license efficiently American and West European military facilities.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ It's also absolutely forbidden to gesture towards, point at, or otherwise attempt to communicate with the North Korean forces on the opposite side.

[51][52]
.According to 2005 statistics compiled by the South Korean government, about 46% of citizens profess to follow no particular religion.^ The government is very careful about what they see, and as we learned a few days later, they spare no expense in creating the most elaborate illusions.

^ The government claims many freedoms for its citizens on paper, including freedom of religion.

^ In the same 2004-2005 study, 46 percent, or 68 of 149 public schools failed to meet AYP. The government needs to realize that they need to do something further about this issue.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Christians account for 29.2% of the population (of which are Protestants 18.3% and Catholics 10.9%) and Buddhists 22.8%.^ In Q4 of 2000 euro had reserve position of 18,29% which grew to to 25,10% in Q2 of 2003.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[53]
.Koreans valued scholarship and rewarded education and study of Chinese classic texts; Yangban boys were highly educated in hanja.^ A valuable resource of modern Korean history, international politics and Asian studies.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ So a much higher percentage of Koreans than Indians or Chinese are studying in the United States.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.In Silla, the bone rank system defined a person's social status, and a similar system persisted through the end of the Joseon Dynasty.^ To accomplish [the end of poverty], we need schools that adequately prepare youngsters to seize whatever opportunities come their way and to prosper through personal achievement.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, the gwageo civil service examination provided paths of upward mobility.^ However, in order for the creation of this additional housing to occur, organizations would need to acquire an increased number of service providers and funds.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has absolutely no bearing on services provided by Post Office Counters Ltd, which is a retail operation providing additional services.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Islam in South Korea is practiced by about 45,000 natives in addition to some 100,000 foreign workers from Muslim countries.^ "These days there have been some controversies about foreigners in Korea, and blatant racism, for example assaults on city buses; however, we want to make it clear that that guy won his case, and therefore Korea is now safe for… .

^ And if he came up with a proposal for the US simply to buy up North Korea's nuclear inventory, as widely reported in South Korea, he was not about to confirm or deny anything to that effect.

^ In addition to kindergarten and teacher-training, some minor changes also came about around this time.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54]

Cuisine

.Korean cuisine is probably best known for kimchi, a side dish which uses a distinctive fermentation process of preserving vegetables, most commonly cabbage.^ "The day I'm able to explain to you North Korean thinking is probably the day I've been in this process too long," he told reporters.

^ To the best of my knowledge, this burial mound was the only ancient tomb known to have survived the bombings of the Korean War.

^ Marijuana is the most commonly used drug in America, being used by 76% of the users in 2001.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Kimchi is said to relieve the pores on the skin, thereby reducing wrinkles and providing nutrients to the skin naturally.[citation needed] It is also healthy, as it provides necessary vitamins and nutrients. .Gochujang (Korean traditional sauce made of red pepper) is also commonly used, often as pepper (chilli) paste, earning the cuisine a reputation for being spicy.^ Marijuana is the most commonly used drug in America, being used by 76% of the users in 2001.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today, I was reading the 四字小學(사자소학), which was a book that Korean children used to study in traditional Korean schools (書堂 - 서당), when I came across something I did not understand.

Bulgogi (roasted marinated meat, usually beef), galbi (marinated grilled short ribs), and samgyeopsal (pork belly) are popular meat entrees. Fish is also a popular commodity, as it is the traditional meat that Koreans eat. Meals are usually accompanied by a soup or stew, such as galbitang (stewed ribs) and doenjang jjigae (fermented bean paste soup). .The center of the table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan.^ It’s a cook-at-your-own-table BBQ place that offers all kinds of marinated meats along with a bunch of pickled side dishes called “banchan”.

It is also usually accompanied by soju, a popular Korean alcoholic drink. Another Korean traditional alcohol is makgeolli which is made from rice.
Other popular dishes include bibimbap which literally means "mixed rice" (rice mixed with meat, vegetables, and red pepper paste) and naengmyeon (cold noodles). A common snack in Korea is kimbab, which is rice mixed with vegetables and meat wrapped with seaweed. .While increasingly wide variety of ingredients are used in kimbap, fish in either raw or cooked form is rarely used, perhaps due to kimbap's origin as a portable, packable snack and fish could quickly spoil if unrefrigerated.^ The people made pottery, used barkcloth, and perhaps already wove fibers of the raphia tree on a wide loom.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Instant noodles like ramyeon are also a very popular snack food.^ Despite the fact that many Poles(Warsawians included,) like to partake in outdoor grilling adventures, I have also heard that it is in fact quite popular to have grilled food with fires in Iran as well.

.Koreans also enjoy food from pojangmachas (street vendors), where one can buy tteokbokki (rice cake and fish cake with a spicy gochujang sauce), fried squid and glazed sweet potato.^ Despite the high price we paid to get into the country and the constant reminders that we were getting luxury class treatment, the food at the hotel was consistently bad all week: coarse rice, watery soup, a spicy vegetable dish, and spicy beef or bony fish or an awful squid in red sauce.

Soondae, a sausage made of cellophane noodles and pork blood, is widely eaten.

Education

.The modern Korean school system consists of six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school.^ Officially signed into law in 1994, this program set goals that should be met by the public school system by the year 2000.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Treaty allies for over 50 years, the U.S. and Korea have fought and shed blood together, not only on the Korean Peninsula, but also in Vietnam and the Middle East.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In the United states, our country bases its education programming on a system where there is a grade school, middle school, high school, and depending on the person they can pursue their education further into college.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Students are required to go to elementary and middle school, and do not have to pay for their education, except for a small fee called a "School Operation Support Fee" that differs from school to school.^ Next in a Childs education after elementary is middle school.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the education funds go to public elementary and high schools.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many governments are trying to increase the amount of money in education and some are trying to reduce schools fees.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Programme for International Student Assessment, coordinated by the OECD, currently ranks South Korea's science education as the third best in the world and being significantly higher than the OECD average.^ South Korea’s assessment that North Korea began its uranium enrichment program much earlier than thought raised fears that North Korea could be closer to producing bomb fuel than what was previously thought.

^ But right now, as it stands, the countries with higher educations generally show a greater income than third world countries that are struggling to get by.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In order for America to remain a world power, the next generations to come must be equally if not better educated than the current generations.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[55]
.Korea also ranks second on math and literature and first in problem solving.^ Therefore, Korea's vast experience and modern technology could be used to help solve desertification problems in seriously affected countries.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Finally, in order to solve worldwide homelessness, the homeless problem must first be tackled on a local and national level.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brownback Bill Will Not Solve North Korea's Problems.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although South Korean students often rank high on international comparative tests, the education system is sometimes criticised for its emphasis on passive learning and memorization.^ The US successfully tested its missile-defense system again this week, and this time it specifically used North Korean missile technology in its test.

^ The South Koreans have noticed unusual activity at a suspected North Korean nuclear site, and speculation has started that Pyongyang may be preparing another test.

^ Some feel the government's attempt at intervening on the educational level by implicating tests to measure students proficiency is biased towards certain races.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Korean education system is much more strict and structured than the education systems of most Western societies.^ US which has much more weaker mobility than western Europe).
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ As for the children's education it is been very noticeable that most Labour politicians are so convinced by the state system their cohorts have created that they invariably send their children to private schools or state schools that are 'special'.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Meaning if they have more money, they can spend more money towards bettering their education system.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also, high cost and dependence on non-school private institutions (Hagwon[학원]) is criticised as a major social problem.^ The problem with the IMF and other such neo-liberal institutions is that they think the problem is always government spending of social programs.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

.After students enter university, however, the situation is markedly reversed.^ However, these schools don’t benefit the students because they are put into a frightening situation where English is totally new to them.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Science and technology

Jikji, Selected Teachings of Buddhist Sages and Seon Masters, the earliest known book printed with movable metal type, 1377. Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris.
One of the best known artifacts of Korea's history of science and technology is Cheomseongdae (첨성대, ), a 9.4-meter high observatory built in 634.
.The earliest known surviving Korean example of woodblock printing is the Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra.^ To the best of my knowledge, this burial mound was the only ancient tomb known to have survived the bombings of the Korean War.

[56] .It is believed to have been printed in Korea in 750-751 AD which, if correct, would make it older than the Diamond Sutra.^ Yet, what makes Korea both so profoundly challenging and interesting is that ironically, it has been more often than not overlooked, underestimated, and even completely ignore until too late.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather than creating a minimum wage in hopes of improving the conditions of the poor, a more preferable solution would be to make that minimum wage a global living wage.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tengu from Poland September 28, 2009 heh, make one strip about Poland and there are more comments than a strip with a muslim and a catholic together would ever get.
  • Wulffmorgenthaler.com | Comic strip | Entertainment - Since 2002. A Commentary on Life: Politics, News, Entertainment, Technology, Culture, and Weirdo Beavers 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.wulffmorgenthaler.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goryeo silk was highly regarded by Westerners and Korean pottery made with blue-green celadon was of the highest quality and sought after by even Arabian merchants.^ It resonates in the constant boasting that the United States is the greatest democracy in the world, a claim that was made even when the United States trailed behind most Western democracies by its own definition of what a democracy should be.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goryeo had a bustling economy with a capital that was frequented by merchants from all over the known world.^ PBS's nightly news analysis of the world economy has Britain projecting serious recession for all of 2009 with rising unemployment and not much imporvement in 2010.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.During the Joseon period the Geobukseon (turtle Ship) was invented, which were covered by a wooden deck and iron with thorns,[57][58][59] as well as other weapons such as the bigyeokjincheolloe (비격진천뢰, ) and the hwacha.^ During this time the dollar showed weakness against other currencies as well, including the British pound.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The yields (rendements), already low, also had a tendency to decline as well, falling from an average of 312 kg/ha to 281 kg/ha during the same period [1970s-1980s].
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Korean alphabet hangul was also invented during this time by King Sejong the Great.^ Koreans are proud of their phonetic alphabet hangul, invented during King Sejong's reign in 1443 to help the general populace learn to read and write.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.mt.co.kr/view/mtview.php?type=1&no=2007111812563466492&outlink=1
  2. ^ The Rise of Civilization in East Asia: the Archaeology of Korea, pp. 165
  3. ^ 뿌리 깊은 한국사, 샘이 깊은 이야기: 고조선, 삼국, pp. 44–45
  4. ^ "Yayoi Period History Summary," BookRags.com; Jared Diamond, "Japanese Roots," Discover 19:6 (June 1998); Thayer Watkins, "The Genetic Origins of the Japanese"; "Shinto - History to 1900," Encyclopædia Britannica; "The Yayoi period (c. 250 BC–c. AD 250)," Encyclopædia Britannica.
  5. ^ "Korean Buddhism Basis of Japanese Buddhism," Seoul Times, September 18, 2006; "Buddhist Art of Korea & Japan," Asia Society Museum; "Kanji," JapanGuide.com; "Pottery," MSN Encarta; "History of Japan," JapanVisitor.com. Archived 2009-10-31.
  6. ^ Delmer M. Brown (ed.), ed (1993). The Cambridge History of Japan. Cambridge University Press. pp. 140–149. http://books.google.com/books?visbn=0521223520&id=x5mwgfPXK1kC&pg=PA159&lpg=PA159&vq=buddhism&dq=Paekche+hostage+japan&sig=dwsfsmf80GCVdVXe90a5s9Tkq34. ; George Sansom, A History of Japan to 1334, Stanford University Press, 1958. p. 47. ISBN 0-8047-0523-2
  7. ^ "From Paekche to Origin of Yamato". Gias.snu.ac.kr. http://gias.snu.ac.kr/wthong/publication/paekche/eng/paekch_e.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  8. ^ World's oldest printed Doc
  9. ^ Author:  Li Jie (2002-08-21). "Some Discoveries of Fossils and Relics of Prehistoric Civilizations From Around the World". Pureinsight. http://www.pureinsight.org/pi/index.php?news=1065. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  10. ^ "Go-Choson". Asianinfo.org. http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/korea/history.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  11. ^ "Koguryo". Asianinfo.org. http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/korea/history.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  12. ^ "Encyclopædia Britannica — Slavery". Britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/blackhistory/article-24156. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  13. ^ Murder of Empress Myeongseong
  14. ^ "서울대이태진교수의동경대생들에게들려준한국사 : 메이지일본의한국침략사", Yi Tae-jin (2005) ISBN 89-7626-999-3
  15. ^ 4. Korea, 1910–1945. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
  16. ^ "Korea — MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. http://www.webcitation.org/5kwsOHE78. 
  17. ^ Mar 10, 2005 (2005-03-10). "Asia Times Online :: Japan News and Japanese Business and Economy". Atimes.com. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Japan/GC10Dh01.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  18. ^ "March 1st Movement". Britannica.com. 1919-03-01. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9050797?query=march%20first%20movement&ct=. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  19. ^ "Statistics Of Japanese Genocide And Mass Murder". Hawaii.edu. http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/SOD.CHAP3.HTM. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  20. ^ 山脇 啓造 Yamawaki, Keizo. 近代日本と外国人労働者―1890年代後半と1920年代前半における中国人・朝鮮人労働者問題 Modern Japan and Foreign Laborers: Chinese and Korean Labourers in the late 1890s and early 1920s, 明石書店 Akashi-shoten, 1994, et al. ISBN 9784750305684
  21. ^ Yoshimi Yoshiaki, Comfort Women. Sexual Slavery in the Japanese Military During World War II. Translated by Suzanne O'Brien. Columbia University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-231-12032-X, originally published by 岩波書店, 1995. ISBN 978-4004303848
  22. ^ CNN.com — Japanese comfort women ruling overturned - March 29, 2001
  23. ^ "Comfort-Women.org". Comfort-Women.org. http://www.comfort-women.org/. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  24. ^ "Statement by the Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono on the result of the study on the issue of "comfort women"". MOFA. 1993-08-04. http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/women/fund/state9308.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  25. ^ ""Koreans in Japan: Past and Present"". HAN. http://www.han.org/a/fukuoka96a.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  26. ^ "Gyeongbok Palace | Seoul City | South Korea". Lifeinkorea.com. http://www.lifeinkorea.com/Travel2/66. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  27. ^ a b c Kay Itoi; B. J. Lee (2007-10-17). "KOREA: A TUSSLE OVER TREASURES — Who rightfully owns Korean artifacts looted by Japan?". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/48765/output/print. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  28. ^ Newsweek.com. Who rightfully owns Korean artifacts looted by Japan?
  29. ^ a b http://news.naver.com/news/read.php?mode=LSD&office_id=001&article_id=0001429084
  30. ^ "日독도 영유권 교육강화 방침, 2005년에 이미 발표 :: 한국의 대표 진보언론 민중의소리". Vop.co.kr. http://www.vop.co.kr/A00000206601.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  31. ^ "Japanese Periodicals in Colonial Korea". Columbia.edu. http://www.columbia.edu/~hds2/BIB95/00korea_cohen.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  32. ^ "The Life Instability of Intermarried Japanese Women in Korea". Usc.edu. http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/CMTS/MonoPaper3-13.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  33. ^ Korean War (1950–53). Britannica Online Encyclopedia.
  34. ^ (Cumings 1997: 298)
  35. ^ "Division of Korea — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Division_of_Korea. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  36. ^ Leading article: Africa has to spend carefully. The Independent. July 13, 2006.
  37. ^ Data refer to the year 2008. $26,341 GDP for Korea, $1513 for Ghana. World Economic Outlook Database-October 2008, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on February 14, 2009.
  38. ^ "North Korea 'loses 3 million to famine'", CNN, February 17, 1999, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/281132.stm, retrieved 2010-01-05 
  39. ^ Korean Map, The People's Korea, 1998.
  40. ^ "Korea's ethnic nationalism is a source of both pride and prejudice, according to Gi-Wook Shin". Aparc.stanford.edu. http://aparc.stanford.edu/news/koreas_ethnic_nationalism_is_a_source_of_both_pride_and_prejudice_according_to_giwook_shin_20060802/. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  41. ^ Trying to teach South Korea about discrimination. Los Angeles Times. February 24, 2009.
  42. ^ Kim, Hyung-jin (2006-08-29). "No 'real' Chinatown in S. Korea, the result of xenophobic attitudes". Yonhap News. http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/152641.html. Retrieved 2006-12-08. 
  43. ^ "More Than 1 Million Foreigners Live in Korea". Chosun Ilbo. 2009-08-06. http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/08/06/2009080600243.html. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  44. ^ "CIA — The World Factbook — Korea, North". Cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kn.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  45. ^ "대한민국의 국호". Naver Encyclopedia. http://100.naver.com/100.nhn?docid=714173. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  46. ^ "The kingdom of Silla and the treasures of Nara (ancient Korea kingdom; Buddhist temple in Nara, Japan)". Ccbs.ntu.edu.tw. 1991-02-19. http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-EPT/hyghe.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  47. ^ "[Pacific Asia Museum]". [Pacific Asia Museum]. http://www.pacificasiamuseum.org/calendar/kcostumes.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  48. ^ "About Korea — Religion". Korea.net. http://www.korea.net/korea/kor_loca.asp?code=U05. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  49. ^ "South Koreans". Every Culture. http://www.everyculture.com/wc/Japan-to-Mali/South-Koreans.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  50. ^ "Culture of SOUTH KOREA". Every Culture. http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/South-Korea.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  51. ^ "Culture of NORTH KOREA". Every Culture. http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/North-Korea.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  52. ^ "CIA The World Factbook — North Korea". Cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kn.html#People. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  53. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2008 - Korea, Republic of". State.gov. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2008/108411.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  54. ^ "The Korea Times:Islam takes root and blooms". Islamawareness.net. 2002-11-22. http://www.islamawareness.net/Asia/KoreaSouth/ks_news002.html. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  55. ^ http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/42/8/39700724.pdf
  56. ^ "Cultural Heritage, the source for Koreans' Strength and Dream". Cha.go.kr. http://www.cha.go.kr/english/search_plaza/ECulresult_Db_View.jsp?VdkVgwKey=11,01260000,37. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  57. ^ Hawley, Samuel: The Imjin War. Japan's Sixteenth-Century Invasion of Korea and Attempt to Conquer China, The Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch, Seoul 2005, ISBN 89-954424-2-5, p.195f.
  58. ^ Turnbull, Stephen: Samurai Invasion. Japan’s Korean War 1592-98 (London, 2002), Cassell & Co ISBN 0-304-35948-3, p.244
  59. ^ Roh, Young-koo: "Yi Sun-shin, an Admiral Who Became a Myth", The Review of Korean Studies, Vol. 7, No. 3 (2004), p.13

References

  • Cumings, Bruce. .Korea's Place in the Sun, Norton, 1997. ISBN 0-393-31681-5
  • Kim, et al.^ Kim Il-Sung, placed in charge of the North by Russia, wanted to reunify Korea by force (under his leadership, of course).

    .Women of Korea: A History from Ancient Times to 1945, Ewha Womans University Press, 1976. ISBN 89-7300-116-7.
  • Asian Info website
  • Park's Associates
  • sjtu.edu.cn
  • umsl.edu
  • diamond-dilemma.com
  • Mitchell, Richard H (April 1997), "George Hicks.^ Their debate was published in book form as Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003).
    • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Journal of East Asian Affairs 21:89-116 Fall-Winter 2007.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Seattle, WA, National Bureau of Asian Research in Association with University of Washington Press, 2001.
    • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Comfort Women: Japan's Brutal Regime of Enforced Prostitution in the Second World War", The American Historical Review 102 (2): 503, doi:10.2307/2170934  (Review of Hicks 1997).

Further reading

  • Chun, Tuk Chu. ."Korea in the Pacific Community". Social Education 52 (March 1988), 182. EJ 368 177.
  • Cumings, Bruce.^ Chronicle of Higher Education 52:A50-A53 March 17, 2006.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    The Two Koreas. .New York: Foreign Policy Association, 1984.
  • Focus On Asian Studies.^ STATEMENT OF BALBINA Y. HWANG, PH.D., SENIOR POLICY ANALYST, ASIAN STUDIES CENTER, THE HERITAGE FOUNDATION Page 87 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     Ms.
    • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An organization called the New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor thought of an idea to build what would be public housing in the city.
    • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On March 12th, 1947 President Harry S. Truman announced to congress a bold new initiative that transformed U.S. foreign policy.
    • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Special Issue: "Korea: A Teacher's Guide". No.^ One of the greatest problems in which the issue of education for children with special needs consists is the lack of teachers and volunteers that are available to these children.
    • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Federation of American Scientists: North Korea Special Weapons Guide .
    • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Some of the problems that exist in the issue of education for children with special needs are the lack of number in teachers and racial inequity in special education.
    • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    1, Fall 1986.
  • Gi-Wook Shin/Michael Robinson (Ed.). Colonial modernity in Korea, Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.]: Harvard University, Asia Center; Distributed by Harvard Univ. .Press 1999. ISBN 0-674-14255-1.
  • Joe, W.J. & Choe, H.A. Traditional Korea: A Cultural History, Seoul: Hollym, 1997.
  • Joungwon, A.K. Divided Korea: The Politics of Development, Harvard University Press, 1975.
  • Lee Ki-baik.^ Their debate was published in book form as Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003).
    • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Lopez, Donald S. Jr (1999), Prisoners Of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism And The West, The University of Chicago Press .
    • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Challenges of Democratic Consolidation in South Korea: Post-Election Politics of the Lee Myung-bak Administration.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    .A New History of Korea.^ Available online at: http://www.korea.net/ Provides links to Korean news, information-Korean history, Korean culture, travel to South Korea, map of Korea and much more.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1984.
  • Lee Sang-sup. ."The Arts and Literature of Korea". The Social Studies 79 (July–August 1988): 153–60. EJ 376 894.
  • Tae-Jin, Y. "The Illegality of the Forced Treaties Leading to Japan's Annexation of the Great Han Empire", In the Korean National Commission for UNESCO, Vol.^ Japan and South Korea will need to lead the way and destroy the regime in North Korea.
    • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ U.S.-Japan-Korea Security Cooperation in the Changing Defense Posture of the U.S. Forces in Northeast Asia.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between value harmony and the structure of education, households, and work (EHW) in Korea, in an attempt to explore the sociocultural forces that reinforce the social cohesion of the Korean society.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    36, No. .4, 1996.
  • Dennis Hart, From Tradition to Consumption: Construction of a Capitalist Culture in South Korea.^ S Korea, Jordan to discuss nuclear power plant projectXinhua7 (Xinhua) -- South Korea and Jordan will discuss Jordan's nuclear power plant construction deal, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade said Thursday.

    ^ Part Two: Traditional Korea covers topics such as origins of Korea culture, political thought, social structure, and many more on pp 485-609.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Identifies and analyzes the cross-cultural awareness gaps between South Korea and the United Sates.
    • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

    .Seoul: Jimoondang Pub., 2003.
  • The Gloucestershire Regiment and The Battle of the Imjin River, Korean War
  • Briefing note for OECD Health Data 2009: How Does Korea Compare: Organisation For Economic Co-operation and Development.^ Focuses on the impact of nuclear weapons program on the economic development of North Korea.
    • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There was a theatre, and North Korea makes movies, but the themes were invariably about the revolution or the Korean War.

    ^ But in wanting to assert psychological independence, Seoul would be wise not to casually eschew alliance structures in the 21st Century, especially when those structures have proven so critical to developing South Korea's political and economic stability in the 20th Century.
    • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    (2009).

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

.Korea is a peninsula in East Asia, connected by land to Northeast China to the north, across the Yellow Sea from Beijing to its west, and separated from Japan by the Korea Strait to its east.^ Korea lies adjacent to China and Japan .

^ China, is a country in East Asia.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Korea is a peninsula, so seas surround it.

The peninsula is divided into two countries:
This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.KOREA, or Corea (Ch'Ao Hsien, Dai Han).^ He called the new kingdom Ch'ao- Hsien, pacified and policed its borders, and introduced laws and Chinese etiquette and polity.

^ KOREA, or Corea (Ch'Ao Hsien, Dai Han).

.Please Note: Like all pages in the 1911 Encyclopedia, this page is a copy of the original version and has only been edited to correct scanning errors and for legibility.^ Please Note: Like all pages in the 1911 Encyclopedia, this page is a copy of the original version and has only been edited to correct scanning errors and for legibility.

^ Please note: The term Seoul Gimpo Airport GMP as well as all associated graphics, logos, and/or other trademarks, tradenames or copyrights are the property of the Seoul Gimpo Airport and are used herein for factual descriptive purposes only.
  • Seoul Airport, Hotels near Seoul Gimpo Airport - GMP Airport Guide 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC www.worldairportguides.com [Source type: News]

^ All financial transactions with foreigners are in foreign currencies mainly like Euros and USD. Diplomatic shops and hotels demand payment only in hare currency.
  • Travel Advice - Information for Visitors to DPRK 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.dprk.searo.who.int [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Please add updated information to the Discussion page.^ Again, please comment on the Discussion page.

^ Please add updated information to the Discussion page.

^ For more information please visit our Avian and Pandemic Influenza page.
  • South Korea travel advice 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.fco.gov.uk [Source type: News]

.This material also reflects the knowledge, beliefs, and prejudices of its time.^ This material also reflects the knowledge, beliefs, and prejudices of its time.

.Again, please comment on the Discussion page.^ Again, please comment on the Discussion page.

^ Please note that all comments must adhere to the NPR.org discussion rules and terms of use .
  • In New Book, N. Korea Seen Through Defectors' Eyes : NPR 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Please add updated information to the Discussion page.

Table of contents

Geography

.Its mainland portion consists of a peninsula stretching southwards from Manchuria, with an estimated length of about 600 m., an extreme breadth of 135 m., and a coast-line of 17 4 0 m.^ Its mainland portion consists of a peninsula stretching southwards from Manchuria , with an estimated length of about 600 m., an extreme breadth of 135 m., and a coast-line of 17 4 0 m.

^ It was estimated that in 2001, about 4% of the population had incomes below the poverty line.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Military spending is estimated at as much as a quarter of GNP, with about 20% of men ages 17-54 in the regular armed forces.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It extends from 34° 18' to 43° N., and from 124° 36' to 130 47' E. Its northern boundary is marked by the Tumen and Yalu rivers; the eastern boundary by the Sea of Japan; the southern boundary by Korea Strait; and the western boundary by the Yalu and the Yellow Sea.^ Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea .
  • 1-language.com - The ESL Site: The World Factbook 2002 Online -- Korea, South 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.1-language.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These seas are known in Korea as the Eastern Sea and the Western Sea, respectively.
  • Korea, South – FREE Korea, South information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, South research 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It extends from 34° 18' to 43° N., and from 124° 36' to 130 47' E. Its northern boundary is marked by the Tumen and Yalu rivers; the eastern boundary by the Sea of Japan ; the southern boundary by Korea Strait; and the western boundary by the Yalu and the Yellow Sea.

For 11 m. along the .Tumen river the north frontier is conterminous with Russia (Siberia); otherwise Korea has China (Manchuria) on its land frontier.^ North Korea's rivers are made of chocolate .
  • North Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tumen river the north frontier is conterminous with Russia (Siberia); otherwise Korea has China (Manchuria) on its land frontier.

^ China , north korea , nuclear weapons .
  • ComingAnarchy.com » north korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC cominganarchy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nearly the whole surface of the country is mountainous.^ Nearly the whole surface of the country is mountainous.

.(For map, see Japan.^ (For map , see Japan .

)
.The south and west coasts are fringed by about 200 islands (exclusive of islets), two-thirds of which are inhabited; 100 of them are from 100 to 2000 ft.^ The south and west coasts are fringed by about 200 islands (exclusive of islets), two-thirds of which are inhabited; 100 of them are from 100 to 2000 ft.

^ Although two-thirds of people polled about Hong believed homosexuality was wrong, 59.2 percent thought it was unfair to take Hong's job away from him.

^ Off the heavily indented coast (c.5,400 mi/8,690 km long) lie some 3,420 islands, most of them rocky and uninhabited (of the inhabited islands, about half have a population of less than 100); the main island group is in the Korean Archipelago in the Yellow Sea.
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html?nav=el 20 November 2009 9:11 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

in height, and many consist of bold bare masses of volcanic rock. .The most important are Quelpart and the Nan Hau group.^ The most important are Quelpart and the Nan Hau group.

The latter, 36 m. from the eastern end of .Quelpart, possesses the deep, well-sheltered and roomy harbour of Port Hamilton, which lies between the north points of the large and well-cultivated islands of Sun-ho-dan and Sodan, which have a population of 2000. Aitan, between their south-east points, completes this noble harbour.^ Quelpart, possesses the deep, well-sheltered and roomy harbour of Port Hamilton , which lies between the north points of the large and well-cultivated islands of Sun-ho-dan and Sodan, which have a population of 2000.

^ Aitan, between their south-east points, completes this noble harbour.

^ Competition between the North and the South has long been over.
  • PsyWar.Org - Psychological Warfare and PSYOP - N. Korea defectors drop leaflets condemning leader 25 September 2009 15:54 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: News]

.The east coast of Korea is steep and rock-bound, with deep water and a tidal rise and fall of 1 to 2 ft.^ The east coast of Korea is steep and rock-bound, with deep water and a tidal rise and fall of 1 to 2 ft.

^ The eastern coast is rocky and steep with mountains rising from the water, the western coast is characterized by coastal plains.
  • POP2WORLD - Travel Guides, Travel Resources, Destination Information 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC pop2northkorea.com [Source type: News]

^ The Korean peninsula is largely mountainous; the principal series of ranges, extending along the east coast, rises (in the northeast) to 9,003 ft (2,744 m) at Mt.
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html?nav=el 20 November 2009 9:11 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The west coast is often low and shelving, and abounds in mud-banks, and the tidal rise and fall is from 20 to 36 ft.^ The west coast is often low and shelving, and abounds in mud-banks, and the tidal rise and fall is from 20 to 36 ft.

^ Yellow Sea tides on the west coast rise to over 9 m (30 ft) in some places, while Japan Sea tides on the east coast rise only about 1 m (3 ft).
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The south and west coasts are fringed by about 200 islands (exclusive of islets), two-thirds of which are inhabited; 100 of them are from 100 to 2000 ft.

.Korean harbours, except two or three which are closed by drift ice for some weeks in winter, are ice-free.^ Korean harbours, except two or three which are closed by drift ice for some weeks in winter, are ice-free.

^ They’re starting to call it “the cruise to nowhere.” For more than two weeks, the U.S. government has been closely tracking the progress of a North Korean ship as it makes its way across the South China Sea bound for Myanmar.
  • Tag: North Korea - The Takeaway 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.thetakeaway.org [Source type: News]

^ That's two out of three fighting-age Koreans would support the enemy.
  • The Jawa Report v3.0 Beta Archives 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC mypetjawa.mu.nu [Source type: News]

.Among them are Port Shestakov, Port Lazarev, and Won-san (Gensan), in Broughton Bay (Named after William Robert Broughton (1762-1821), an English navigator who explored these seas in 1795-1798); Fusan, Ma-san-po, at the mouth of the Nak-tong, on the south coast; Mok-po, Chin-nampo, near the mouth of the Tai-dong; and Chemulpo, near the mouth of the Han, the port of the capital and the sea terminus of the first Korean railway on the west coast.^ The west coast of the Korean Peninsula is bounded by the Korean Bay to the north and the West Sea to the south; the east coast faces the East Sea .

^ Adjustment Problems: Fifty Korean immigrants in the San Francisco Bay Area age 60 and over were interviewed in 1981 to identify typical adjustment problems.
  • Health and Health care of Korean American 15 September 2009 18:54 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Seoul, the thumping capital city of South Korea , is situated in the northwest region of the country on the Han River.
  • Seoul Hotels 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Korea is distinctly mountainous, and has no plains deserving the name.^ Korea is distinctly mountainous, and has no plains deserving the name.

.In the north there are mountain groups with definite centres, the most notable being Paik-tu San or Pei-shan (8700 ft.^ In the north there are mountain groups with definite centres, the most notable being Paik-tu San or Pei-shan (8700 ft.

^ While there undoubtedly is much truth to this, most Korean residents here are skeptical of the group's motives.
  • JapanFocus 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC japanfocus.org [Source type: News]

^ If there is such an incident, North Korea may be less likely to release Ling and Lee for the time being.
  • NORTH KOREA - Nicholas D. Kristof Blog - NYTimes.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC kristof.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

) which contains the sources of the Yalu and Tumen. .From these groups a lofty range runs southwards, dividing the empire into two unequal parts.^ The students will be divided into two groups.
  • Welcome to South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC ted.coe.wayne.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Note is divided into seven parts: .
  • BASIC Notes 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.basicint.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From these groups a lofty range runs southwards, dividing the empire into two unequal parts.

.On its east, between it and the coast, which it follows at a moderate distance, is a fertile strip difficult of access, and on the west it throws off so many lateral ranges and spurs, as to break up the country into a chaos of corrugated and precipitous hills and steep-sided valleys, each with a rapid perennial stream.^ On its east, between it and the coast, which it follows at a moderate distance, is a fertile strip difficult of access, and on the west it throws off so many lateral ranges and spurs, as to break up the country into a chaos of corrugated and precipitous hills and steep-sided valleys, each with a rapid perennial stream.

^ Have students break up into trios.
  • Welcome to South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC ted.coe.wayne.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many people are surprised to learn that Buddhist monks subsist off a traditional diet made up entirely of saturated fats and monosodium glutamate.
  • Seoul – full coverage on Gridskipper 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC gridskipper.com [Source type: News]

.Farther south this axial range, which includes the Diamond Mountain group, falls away towards the sea in treeless spurs and small and often infertile levels.^ Farther south this axial range, which includes the Diamond Mountain group, falls away towards the sea in treeless spurs and small and often infertile levels.

^ The northern groups and the Diamond Mountain are heavily timbered, but the hills are covered mainly with coarse, sour grass, oak and chestnut scrub.

^ Terrain: Partially forested mountain ranges separated by deep, narrow valleys; cultivated plains along the coasts, particularly in the west and south.

.The northern groups and the Diamond Mountain are heavily timbered, but the hills are covered mainly with coarse, sour grass, oak and chestnut scrub.^ The northern groups and the Diamond Mountain are heavily timbered, but the hills are covered mainly with coarse, sour grass, oak and chestnut scrub.

^ Farther south this axial range, which includes the Diamond Mountain group, falls away towards the sea in treeless spurs and small and often infertile levels.

^ The country's terrain is mostly covered with hills and mountains.
  • Culture of North Korea - traditional, history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, wedding, population, religion, Alternative name 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The rivers are shallow and rocky, and are usually only navigable for a few miles from the sea.^ The rivers are shallow and rocky, and are usually only navigable for a few miles from the sea.

^ Usually only two meetings are held annually, each lasting a few days.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the exceptions are the Yalu (Amnok), Tumen, Tai-dong, Naktong, Mok-po, and Han.^ Among the exceptions are the Yalu (Amnok), Tumen, Tai-dong, Naktong, Mok-po, and Han.

.The last, rising in Kang-won-do, 30 m.^ The last, rising in Kang-won-do, 30 m.

from the east coast, cuts .Korea nearly in half, reaching the sea on the west coast near Chemulpo; and, in spite of many serious rapids, is a valuable highway for commerce for over 150 miles.^ In spite of these donations over 22 percent of the population of North Korea is classified as malnourished and recent evidence suggests serious food shortages continue.

^ Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea .
  • Flag Counter » North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC s05.flagcounter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World Facts and Figures - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.worldfactsandfigures.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rival Koreas fought two deadly naval clashes in 1999 and 2002 near a disputed maritime border off their west coast and the North has threatened in the past year to strike South Korean vessels in those Yellow Sea waters.
  • North Korea threatens strikes, restarts plutonium plant 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

Geology

.The geology of Korea is very imperfectly known.^ The geology of Korea is very imperfectly known.

^ We'll see, South Korea isn't known for being very cooperative when it comes to US beef.
  • Thoughts from the Middle of Nowhere - Entries tagged as south korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC sarpysam.com [Source type: General]

.Crystalline schists occupy a large part of the country, forming all the higher mountain ranges.^ Crystalline schists occupy a large part of the country, forming all the higher mountain ranges.

^ Attendance is compulsory for children aged 6–18, and all students attend a government-sponsored boarding school located in the Baekdu Mountain Range.
  • North Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Korean peninsula is largely mountainous; the principal series of ranges, extending along the east coast, rises (in the northeast) to 9,003 ft (2,744 m) at Mt.
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html?nav=el 20 November 2009 9:11 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are always strongly folded and it is in them that the mineral wealth of Korea is situated.^ They are always strongly folded and it is in them that the mineral wealth of Korea is situated.

^ North Korea is pretty much the same situation - the longer we wait, the more likely they can nuke Seoul.
  • Inside America’s (Mock) Attack on North Korea | Danger Room | Wired.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ "The United States Government wishes to make it clear that it will react strongly in accordance with its treaty obligations to the Republic of Korea to any external attempt to exploit the situation in the Republic of Korea."
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Towards the Manchurian frontier they are covered unconformably by some 1600 ft.^ Towards the Manchurian frontier they are covered unconformably by some 1600 ft.

of sandstones, .clay-slates and limestones, which contain Cambrian fossils and are the equivalents of a part of the Sinian system of China.^ Cambrian fossils and are the equivalents of a part of the Sinian system of China.

^ The Paleozoic formations of China, excepting only the upper part of the Carboniferous system, are marine, while the Mesozoic and Tertiary deposits are estuarine and freshwater, or else of terrestrial origin.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historically, Korea was a part of China's "tribute" system under which Korea maintained its independence but recognized China as a "cultural superior."
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Carboniferous beds, consisting chiefly of slates, sandstones and conglomerates, are found in the south-eastern provinces.^ Carboniferous beds, consisting chiefly of slates, sandstones and conglomerates, are found in the south-eastern provinces.

^ Silver is also mined in the same area, while iron ore and magnesite are found in North and South Hamgyong provinces in the northeast.
  • North Korean Economy Watch » Tanchon Commercial Bank 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.nkeconwatch.com [Source type: News]

.They contain a few seams of coal, but the most important coal-bearing deposits of the country belong to the Tertiary period.^ They contain a few seams of coal , but the most important coal-bearing deposits of the country belong to the Tertiary period.

^ Rather than home or family, the political organizations one belongs to are, in principle, the primary basis for social identification and the most important vehicle for socialization for North Koreans.
  • Culture of North Korea - traditional, history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, wedding, population, religion, Alternative name 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But this line of reasoning fails to recognize that direct capital injections have been only one of the tools used during the crisisand in most countries not even the most important one.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

.Recent eruptive and volcanic rocks are met with in the interior of Korea and also in the island of Quelpart.^ Recent eruptive and volcanic rocks are met with in the interior of Korea and also in the island of Quelpart.

.The principal mountain in the latter, Hal-la-san (or Mount Auckland), according to Chinese stories, was in eruption in the year 1007. With this possible exception there are no active volcanoes in Korea, and the region has also been remarkably free from earthquakes throughout historic times.^ The principal mountain in the latter, Hal -la-san (or Mount Auckland ), according to Chinese stories, was in eruption in the year 1007.

^ With this possible exception there are no active volcanoes in Korea, and the region has also been remarkably free from earthquakes throughout historic times.

^ There are no free lunches.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Climate

.The climate is superb for nine months of the year, and the three months of rain, heat and damp are not injurious to health.^ The climate is superb for nine months of the year, and the three months of rain , heat and damp are not injurious to health.

^ The South Korean government has planned and executed three 3-year plans between 1999 and 2007, and based on this, established the ‘Task Force on Climate Change’ in 2001.

.Koreans suffer from malaria, but Europeans and their children are fairly free from climatic maladies, and enjoy robust health.^ Koreans suffer from malaria , but Europeans and their children are fairly free from climatic maladies, and enjoy robust health.

^ Korean woman walks past a picture of North Korean children allegedly suffering from famine during a ...
  • North Korea Human Rights News - Human Rights Today 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC humanrights.einnews.com [Source type: News]

.The summer mean temperature of Seoul is about 75° F., that of winter about 33°; the average rainfall, 36.3 in.^ The summer mean temperature of Seoul is about 75° F., that of winter about 33°; the average rainfall, 36.3 in.

^ Summers are warm with average high temperatures of 23 °C (73 °F) and lows of 14 °C (57 °F), however, temperatures could exceed 25 °C (77 °F) on many days.
  • egyptian-gates.com Information about London 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC egyptian-gates.com [Source type: News]

^ The northern zone (containing Beijing) has summer daytime temperatures of more than 30 degrees Celsius and winters of Arctic severity.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

in the year, and of the rainy season 21.86 in. .The rains come in July and August on the west and north-east coasts, and from April to July on the south coast, the approximate mean annual rainfall of these localities being 30, 35 and 42 in.^ The rains come in July and August on the west and north-east coasts, and from April to July on the south coast, the approximate mean annual rainfall of these localities being 30, 35 and 42 in.

^ Name the things with North, East, South or West in them .
  • The Suggestion Box - sporcle 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ From these comes timely rain .
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

respectively. .These averages are based on the observations of seven years only.^ These averages are based on the observations of seven years only.

^ Yi spent more than ten years piling these natural stones up one by one without any mechanical help, working only at night.
  • Flickr: Discussing South Korea in worldwidewandering - a travel atlas 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the last 20 years these continual campaigns have moved not only general public opinion to its side, but it also has rolled other media actors towards its line.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Flora

.The plants and animals await study and classification.^ The plants and animals await study and classification.

.Among the indigenous trees are the Abies excelsa, Abies microsperma, Pinus sinensis, Pinus pinea, three species of oak, five of maple, lime, birch, juniper, mountain ash, walnut, Spanish chestnut, hazel, willow, hornbeam, hawthorn, plum, pear, peach, Rhus vernicifera, (?) Rhus semipinnata, Acanthopanax ricinifolia, Zelkawa, Thuja orientalis, Elaeagnus, Sophora Japonica, &c.^ Rhus semipinnata, Acanthopanax ricinifolia, Zelkawa, Thuja orientalis, Elaeagnus, Sophora Japonica, &c.

^ Among the indigenous trees are the Abies excelsa, Abies microsperma, Pinus sinensis, Pinus pinea, three species of oak, five of maple , lime , birch , juniper , mountain ash , walnut , Spanish chestnut, hazel , willow , hornbeam , hawthorn , plum , pear , peach , Rhus vernicifera, (?

.Azaleas and rhododendrons are widely distributed, as well as other flowering shrubs and creepers, Ampelopsis Veitchii being universal.^ Back to Top I graduated from a university in a country other than the ones listed as being the required nationality.
  • Teach English in South Korea - ASK Now Inc. 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.asknow.ca [Source type: General]

^ Abstract The US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar laws of other countries are being more vigorously and widely applied than ever.

^ I graduated from a university in a country other than the ones listed as being the required nationality.
  • Teach English in South Korea - ASK Now Inc. 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.asknow.ca [Source type: General]

.Liliaceous plants and cruciferae are numerous.^ Liliaceous plants and cruciferae are numerous.

.The native fruits, except walnuts and chestnuts, are worthless.^ The native fruits, except walnuts and chestnuts, are worthless.

.The persimmon attains perfection, and experiment has proved the suitability of the climate to many foreign fruits.^ The persimmon attains perfection, and experiment has proved the suitability of the climate to many foreign fruits.

.The indigenous economic plants are few, and are of no commercial value, excepting wild ginseng,bamboo, which is applied to countless uses, and "tak-pul" (Hibiscus Manihot), used in the manufacture of paper.^ The indigenous economic plants are few, and are of no commercial value, excepting wild ginseng , bamboo , which is applied to countless uses, and "tak-pul" ( Hibiscus Manihot ), used in the manufacture of paper.

^ 'Uniting for Peace' provision was used to apply tough economic measures against South Africa in 1982.
  • John Bolton Interview: 'Time to test North Korea' - Nachrichten English-News - WELT ONLINE 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.welt.de [Source type: News]

^ The "TollFree" means that while connecting to Internet using a phone line no phone charges will be applied by the phone operator or the hotel.
  • MobilityPass provide prepaid or unlimited plan for Korea (Republic of) and International roaming Internet Access, WiFi hotspot, 3G, Toll Free, Dial-up, Broadband, wireless and mobile internet. 20 November 2009 9:11 UTC www.mobilitypass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Fauna

.The tiger takes the first place among wild animals.^ The tiger takes the first place among wild animals.

^ For the first time in more than fifty years, talks aimed at normalizing U.S.- North Korea relations were taking place.
  • North Korea (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]
  • North Korea (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Click another, and the first will close, the new one taking its place...
  • ZNet - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

.He is of great size, his skin is magnificent, and he is so widely distributed as to be a peril to man and beast.^ He is of great size, his skin is magnificent, and he is so widely distributed as to be a peril to man and beast.

.Tiger-hunting is a profession with special privileges.^ Tiger- hunting is a profession with special privileges.

.Leopards are numerous, and have even been shot within the walls of Seoul.^ Leopards are numerous, and have even been shot within the walls of Seoul.

.There are deer (at least five species), boars, bears, antelopes, beavers, otters, badgers, tiger-cats, marten, an inferior sable, striped squirrels, &c.^ Although 28 species of birds and 8 species of mammals — chipmunk, wild boar, squirrel, raccoon dog, badger, hare, river deer, and roe deer — are still classified as game species, hunting was banned by the government from August 1972 through December 1981, except in such game preserves as that of Cheju Island.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are deer (at least five species), boars, bears, antelopes, beavers, otters, badgers, tiger-cats, marten , an inferior sable , striped squirrels, &c.

^ There are also five autonomous regions, each with a designated minority group; four municipalities; and two Special Administrative Regions that enjoy considerable autonomy.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among birds there are black eagles, peregrines (largely used in hawking), and, specially protected by law, turkey bustards, three varieties of pheasants, swans, geese, common and spectacled teal, mallards, mandarin ducks white and pink ibis, cranes, storks, egrets, herons, curlews, pigeons, doves, nightjars, common and blue magpies, rooks, crows, orioles, halcyon and blue kingfishers, jays, nut-hatches, redstarts, snipe, grey shrikes, hawks, kites, &c.^ I bought them in pink, white and black.
  • Wulffmorgenthaler.com | Comic strip | Entertainment - Since 2002. A Commentary on Life: Politics, News, Entertainment, Technology, Culture, and Weirdo Beavers 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.wulffmorgenthaler.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among birds there are black eagles, peregrines (largely used in hawking), and, specially protected by law, turkey bustards, three varieties of pheasants, swans, geese, common and spectacled teal , mallards, mandarin ducks white and pink ibis , cranes , storks, egrets, herons, curlews, pigeons, doves, nightjars, common and blue magpies, rooks, crows, orioles, halcyon and blue kingfishers, jays, nut-hatches, redstarts, snipe , grey shrikes, hawks, kites, &c.

^ Various laws can be used to prosecute traffickers, including laws against kidnaping, inducement to prostitution, and laws protecting juveniles.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.But, pending further observations, it is not possible to say which of the smaller birds actually breed in Korea and which only make it a halting-place in their annual migrations.^ But, pending further observations, it is not possible to say which of the smaller birds actually breed in Korea and which only make it a halting-place in their annual migrations.

^ Is it possible for N.Korea to further itself?
  • North Korea Ends Armistice, Threatens to Attack South Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now, North Korea imports textiles from abroad, and reportedly utilizes nylon for making clothes, with some of this labor taking place in the North Korean gulag system.
  • NTI: Issue Brief: Vinalon, the DPRK, and Chemical Weapons Precursors 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.nti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Area and Population

.The estimated area is 82,000 sq.^ The estimated area is 82,000 sq.

^ An estimated 150,000 to 200,000 persons were believed to be held in political prison camps in remote areas.
  • Special Report - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ PH - 97,976,603 population ('09) - Area: 300,000 sq km .

m. - somewhat under that of Great Britain. .The first complete census was taken in 1897, and returned the population in round numbers at 17,000,000, females being in the majority.^ The first complete census was taken in 1897, and returned the population in round numbers at 17,000,000, females being in the majority.

^ With the number of Christians being 75% to 80% 1 of the population, the Rapture could, and probably will, mean the end of the USA as a Superpower, or even a major world power, and with that passing, the ability to effectively help defend Israel from her Arab neighbors.

^ The first major increase occurred in 1946 just after the Liberation when primary school enrolments jumped from 1.4 million to 2.2 million, and secondary school enrolments increased from 8,000 to 13,000 (see Table 2).
  • ECONOMIC GROWTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA, 1945-1992 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC hdr.undp.org [Source type: Academic]

.It was subsequently, however, estimated at a maximum of 12,000,000. There is a foreign population of about 65,000, of whom 60,000 are Japanese.^ It was subsequently, however, estimated at a maximum of 12,000,000.

^ There is a foreign population of about 65,000, of whom 60,000 are Japanese.

^ "These days there have been some controversies about foreigners in Korea, and blatant racism, for example assaults on city buses; however, we want to make it clear that that guy won his case, and therefore Korea is now safe for… .

.It is estimated that little more than half the arable land is under cultivation, and that the soil could support an additional 7,000,000. The native population is absolutely homogeneous.^ Is it more than half the country?
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The native population is absolutely homogeneous.

^ It is estimated that little more than half the arable land is under cultivation, and that the soil could support an additional 7,000,000.

.Northern Korea, with its severe climate, is thinly peopled, while the rich and warm provinces of the south and west are populous.^ Northern Korea, with its severe climate, is thinly peopled, while the rich and warm provinces of the south and west are populous.

^ So should South Korea's warming with China.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Proof of the fact that South Korea is investing heavily in its northern brother.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

.A large majority of the people are engaged in agriculture.^ A large majority of the people are engaged in agriculture .

^ About two million people migrated to South Korea from the North during that period, settling largely in the major cities.
  • South Korea :: People -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is little emigration, except into Russian and Chinese territory, but some Koreans have emigrated to Hawaii and Mexico.^ Chinese ideograms are believed to have been brought into Korea sometime before the second century BC. The learned class spoke Korean, but read and wrote Chinese.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The population of South Korea is highly homogeneous; almost the entire population is ethnically Korean, and there is a small minority of ethnic Chinese permanent residents.
  • South Korea :: People -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Worse yet, there is a recent Korean newspaper report suggesting that some of the groups may have actually received Korean Government funding.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The capital is the inland city of Seoul, with a population of nearly 200,000. Among other towns, Songdo (Kaisong), the capital from about 910 to 1392, is a walled city of the first rank, 25 m.^ But in Seoul and some other cities this is changing.
  • ZUJI Australia - Seoul travel guide, flights, hotels, holidays 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC www.zuji.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Among other towns, Songdo (Kaisong), the capital from about 910 to 1392, is a walled city of the first rank, 25 m.

^ The provincial capitals and many other cities are walled.

.N.W. of Seoul, with a population of 60,000. It possesses the stately remains of the palace of the Korean kings of the Wang dynasty, is a great centre of the grain trade and the sole centre of the ginseng manufacture, makes wooden shoes, coarse pottery and fine matting, and manufactures with sesamum oil the stout oiled paper for which Korea is famous.^ Paper and ginseng are the only manufactured articles on the list of Korean exports.

^ It possesses the stately remains of the palace of the Korean kings of the Wang dynasty, is a great centre of the grain trade and the sole centre of the ginseng manufacture, makes wooden shoes, coarse pottery and fine matting , and manufactures with sesamum oil the stout oiled paper for which Korea is famous.

^ The South Koreans employ 32,000 North Koreans in simple manufacturing jobs for 60 dollars a month, money which is paid to them indirectly through the Pyongyang government, which is assumed to skim off a good deal of the money.
  • PsyWar.Org - Psychological Warfare and PSYOP - N. Korea defectors drop leaflets condemning leader 25 September 2009 15:54 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: News]

.Phyong-yang, a city on the Tai-dong, had a population of 60,000 before the war of 1894, in which it was nearly destroyed; but it fast regained its population.^ The capital is the inland city of Seoul, with a population of nearly 200,000.

^ Phyong-yang, a city on the Tai-dong, had a population of 60,000 before the war of 1894, in which it was nearly destroyed; but it fast regained its population.

^ After a devastating war from 1950 to 1953, which destroyed much of the country’s cities and infrastructure, North Korean authorities pushed for socialist modernization.

.It lies on rocky heights above a region of stoneless alluvium on the east, and with the largest and richest plain in Korea on the west.^ It lies on rocky heights above a region of stoneless alluvium on the east, and with the largest and richest plain in Korea on the west.

^ It shares borders in the south with the demilitarized zone (separating it from the Republic of Korea, see South_Korea), in the east with Japan (by sea), in the north with China and in the west with the Yellow Sea.
  • POP2WORLD - Travel Guides, Travel Resources, Destination Information 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC pop2northkorea.com [Source type: News]

^ To the west, across the Yellow Sea, lies China, and to the southeast, across the Korea Strait, lies Japan.
  • Flickr: Discussing South Korea in worldwidewandering - a travel atlas 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It has five coal-mines within ten miles, and the district is rich in iron, silk, cotton, and grain.^ It has five coal-mines within ten miles, and the district is rich in iron , silk , cotton , and grain .

^ Mining and manufacturing: Types --military products; machine building; chemicals; mining (gold, coal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, etc.
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Korea is especially rich in iron and coal and has some 200 different minerals of economic value.
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html?nav=el 20 November 2009 9:11 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/korea.html 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It has easy communication with the sea (its port being Chin-nampo), and is important historically and commercially.^ It has easy communication with the sea (its port being Chin-nampo), and is important historically and commercially.

.Auriferous quartz is worked by a foreign company in its neighbourhood.^ Auriferous quartz is worked by a foreign company in its neighbourhood.

Near the city is the illustrated standard of land measurement cut by Ki-tze in 1124 B.C.
.With the exceptions of Kang-hwa, Chong-ju, Tung-nai, Fusan, and Won-san, it is very doubtful if any other Korean towns reach a population of 15,000. The provincial capitals and many other cities are walled.^ Most populous non-capital cities .
  • The Suggestion Box - sporcle 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ With the exceptions of Kang-hwa, Chong-ju, Tung-nai, Fusan, and Won-san, it is very doubtful if any other Korean towns reach a population of 15,000.

^ The provincial capitals and many other cities are walled.

.Most of the larger towns are in the warm and fertile southern provinces.^ Most of the larger towns are in the warm and fertile southern provinces.

.One is very much like another, and nearly all their streets are replicas of the better alleys of Seoul.^ Like it very much!
  • Wulffmorgenthaler.com | Comic strip | Entertainment - Since 2002. A Commentary on Life: Politics, News, Entertainment, Technology, Culture, and Weirdo Beavers 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.wulffmorgenthaler.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Much better, not like home, but definitely better...
  • Review: Hamburgers in Seoul | Seoul Eats 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC www.seouleats.com [Source type: General]

^ Not very/Not at all likely .

.The actual antiquities of Korea are dolmens, sepulchral pottery, and Korean and Japanese fortifications.^ The actual antiquities of Korea are dolmens, sepulchral pottery, and Korean and Japanese fortifications.

^ Korea never recovered from the effects of this invasion, which bequeathed to all Koreans an intense hatred of the Japanese.

^ The first Korean marathon hero was actually Sohn Kee-jung, who won a gold medal in the1936 Olympics in Berlin when he ran under the Japanese flag for political reasons (Korea was under Japanese rule at the time).
  • Teen Life in Korea 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Race

.The origin of the Korean people is unknown.^ The origin of the Korean people is unknown.

^ The Korean people originally may have had links with the people of Central Asia , the Lake Baikal region of Siberia, Mongolia, and the coastal areas of the Yellow Sea .
  • South Korea :: People -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Koreans are believed to be descended primarily from Tungusic peoples of the Mongoloid race, who originated in the cold northern regions of Central Asia.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They are of the Mongol family; their language belongs to the so-called Turanian group, is polysyllabic, possesses an alphabet of 11 vowels and 14 consonants, and a script named En-mun. Literature of the higher class and official and upper class correspondence are exclusively in Chinese characters, but since 1895 official documents have contained an admixture of En-mun.
.The Koreans are distinct from both Chinese and Japanese in physiognomy, though dark straight hair, dark oblique eyes, and a tinge of bronze in the skin are always present.^ The Koreans are distinct from both Chinese and Japanese in physiognomy , though dark straight hair, dark oblique eyes, and a tinge of bronze in the skin are always present.

^ The shortest distance between Korean and Chinese coasts is 200 kilometers and from the southeastern tip of the peninsula, the nearest point on the Japanese coast is also approximately 200 kilometers.

^ I know Chinese Yuan, Japanese Yen, Euro and Korean Won are accepted at most places.
  • North Korea Travel Forum - VirtualTourist.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC forum.virtualtourist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The cheek-bones are high; the nose inclined to flatness; the mouth thin-lipped and refined among patricians, and wide and full-lipped among plebeians; the ears are small, and the brow fairly well developed.^ The cheek-bones are high; the nose inclined to flatness; the mouth thin-lipped and refined among patricians , and wide and full-lipped among plebeians; the ears are small, and the brow fairly well developed.

^ Rumsfield and his criminal buddies work out a deal to sell nuclear technologies to third world dictators knowing full well they will develop nuclear weapons.
  • North Korea Ends Armistice, Threatens to Attack South Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The expression indicates quick intelligence rather than force and mental calibre.^ The expression indicates quick intelligence rather than force and mental calibre.

^ Young people are opting for education rather than factory work, minimizing the work force.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am a fan of the fun quizzes that test memory rather than intelligence.
  • The Suggestion Box - sporcle 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

.The male height averages 5 ft.^ The male height averages 5 ft.

42 in. .The hands and feet are small and well-formed.^ The hands and feet are small and well-formed.

.The physique is good, and porters carry on journeys from 100 to 200 lb.^ The physique is good, and porters carry on journeys from 100 to 200 lb.

^ The inland transit of goods is almost entirely on the backs of bulls carrying from 450 to 600 lb, on ponies carrying 200 ib, and on men carrying from l00 to 150 lb, bringing the average cost up to a fraction over 8d.

.Men marry at from 18 to 20 years, girls at 16, and have large families, in which a strumous taint is nearly universal.^ Men marry at from 18 to 20 years, girls at 16, and have large families, in which a strumous taint is nearly universal.

^ The Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs said the move aims to bring down the smoking rate among men in the country from 47 percent at present to 20 percent in the target year.
  • Articles:Listing South_korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

^ Men must choose a single nationality by March 31 of the year they turn 18 years old, and women by the age of 21.
  • Korea, Republic of 20 November 2009 9:11 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Korea, Republic of 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC travel.his.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Women are secluded and occupy a very inferior position.^ Women generally lag behind men in high-status positions in society, but a daughter of an established revolutionary can rank very high in both the party and the government.
  • Culture of North Korea - traditional, history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, wedding, population, religion, Alternative name 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of cultural traditions and discrimination, women occupy few important positions in government.
  • 1995 Human Rights Report: REPUBLIC OF KOREA 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Due to cultural traditions and discrimination, women occupied few important positions in government, although this was slowly changing.
  • Korea, Republic of 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The Koreans are rigid monogamists, but concubinage has a recognized status.^ The Koreans are rigid monogamists, but concubinage has a recognized status.

Industries

Minerals

.Extensive coalfields, producing coal of fair quality, as yet undeveloped, occur in Hwang-hai Do and elsewhere.^ Extensive coalfields, producing coal of fair quality, as yet undeveloped, occur in Hwang-hai Do and elsewhere.

.Iron is abundant, especially in Phyong-an Do, and rich copper ore, silver and galena are found.^ Iron is abundant, especially in Phyong-an Do, and rich copper ore, silver and galena are found.

^ Silver is also mined in the same area, while iron ore and magnesite are found in North and South Hamgyong provinces in the northeast.
  • North Korean Economy Watch » Tanchon Commercial Bank 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.nkeconwatch.com [Source type: News]

^ The Republic of Korea (ROK) does not have significant natural resources, and its limited supplies of iron ore, coal, copper, lead, and zinc have to be supplemented by imports.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Crystal is a noted product of Korea, and talc of good quality is also present.^ Crystal is a noted product of Korea, and talc of good quality is also present.

^ North Korea has produced high-quality fakes of American $100 notes, and may have dumped as much as a billion dollars' worth of them into the global markets.

^ HHH Zipper is not content with its present achievements but continues to improve product quality, to develop new products and to improve the added value of the products in various applications.
  • Korea Apparel Fashion Textiles and Clothing Industry Directory 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.apparelsearch.com [Source type: General]

.In 1885 the rudest process of "placer" washing produced an export of gold dust amounting to 120,000 pounds; quartz-mining methods were subsequently introduced, and the annual declared value of gold produced rose to about 450,000 pounds; but much is believed to have been sent out of the country clandestinely.^ In 1885 the rudest process of "placer" washing produced an export of gold dust amounting to 120,000 pounds; quartz- mining methods were subsequently introduced, and the annual declared value of gold produced rose to about 450,000 pounds; but much is believed to have been sent out of the country clandestinely.

^ I would believe it’s equally likely the South will send people to the North to help the new government fill out the IMF paperwork, and not much else.
  • No-Tech North Korea Won’t Attack the Super-Tech South | Danger Room | Wired.com 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ From airport tax to be paid on departure, to importing pets, as well as rules on how much currency you may bring into and out of a country.
  • IATA - Korea (Republic) Customs, Currency & Airport Tax regulations details 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.iatatravelcentre.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The reefs were left untouched till 1897, when an American company, which had obtained a concession in Phyong-an Do in 1895, introduced the latest mining appliances, and raised the declared export of 1898 to 240,047 pounds, believed to represent a yield for that year of 600,000 pounds.^ The reefs were left untouched till 1897, when an American company, which had obtained a concession in Phyong-an Do in 1895, introduced the latest mining appliances, and raised the declared export of 1898 to 240,047 pounds, believed to represent a yield for that year of 600,000 pounds.

^ In 1885 the rudest process of "placer" washing produced an export of gold dust amounting to 120,000 pounds; quartz- mining methods were subsequently introduced, and the annual declared value of gold produced rose to about 450,000 pounds; but much is believed to have been sent out of the country clandestinely.

^ These companies export their products to Asian, European, and even American continents.

.Russian, German, English, French and Japanese applicants subsequently obtained concessions.^ Russian, German, English, French and Japanese applicants subsequently obtained concessions.

^ The amount of papers on Korea scattered through English, German, French and Russian magazines, and the proceedings of geographical societies, is very great, and for the last three centuries Japanese writers have contributed largely to the sum of general knowledge of the peninsula.

^ Seoul Selection offers books about Korean art, literature, architecture, religion, and other topics translated into English, German, French, Japanese and Chinese.

.The concessionnaires regard Korean labour as docile and intelligent.^ The concessionnaires regard Korean labour as docile and intelligent.

The privilege of owning mines in Korea was extended to aliens under the Mining Regulations of 1906.

Agriculture

.Korean soil consists largely of light sandy loam, disintegrated lava, and rich, stoneless alluvium, from 3 to 1 0 ft.^ Korean soil consists largely of light sandy loam , disintegrated lava , and rich, stoneless alluvium, from 3 to 1 0 ft.

deep. .The rainfall is abundant during the necessitous months of the year, facilities for the irrigation of the rice crop are ample, and drought and floods are seldom known.^ The rainfall is abundant during the necessitous months of the year, facilities for the irrigation of the rice crop are ample, and drought and floods are seldom known.

^ This is true even when crop production is relatively good, as it was during the year 2001.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On Hainan Island, flanking the Gulf of Tongking, three crops of rice per year are possible, while other crops in the south include sugar, bananas, and tropical fruits.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Land is held from the proprietors on the terms of receiving seed from them and returning half the produce, the landlord paying the taxes.^ Land is held from the proprietors on the terms of receiving seed from them and returning half the produce, the landlord paying the taxes.

^ The rent that peasants used to pay to their landlords was replaced by taxes to be paid to the State.
  • CADTM - South Korea : the miracle unmasked 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.cadtm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any Korean can become a landowner by reclaiming and cultivating unoccupied crown land for three years free of taxation , after which he pays taxes annually.

.Any Korean can become a landowner by reclaiming and cultivating unoccupied crown land for three years free of taxation, after which he pays taxes annually.^ Any Korean can become a landowner by reclaiming and cultivating unoccupied crown land for three years free of taxation , after which he pays taxes annually.

^ Three years in a row (1950-1953), the North Korean and South Korea's respective Starcraft champions met head to head in a fierce battle.
  • North Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ January 1988 saw the creation of the Korean Trade Union Congress, which a few years later would become the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU).
  • CADTM - South Korea : the miracle unmasked 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.cadtm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Good land produces two crops a year.^ Good land produces two crops a year.

^ This is true even when crop production is relatively good, as it was during the year 2001.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Not a Good sign when a new Currency is worth more the a 200 plus year old currency Florida has not produced a net increase in jobs over the past 2 years, in fact it has been losing jobs.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The implements used are two makes of iron-shod wooden ploughs; a large shovel, worked by three or five men, one working the handle, the others jerking the blade by ropes attached to it; a short sharp-pointed hoe, a bamboo rake, and a wooden barrow, all of rude construction.^ All five together work on ZMI. .
  • ZNet - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

^ The implements used are two makes of iron-shod wooden ploughs; a large shovel , worked by three or five men, one working the handle, the others jerking the blade by ropes attached to it; a short sharp-pointed hoe , a bamboo rake , and a wooden barrow , all of rude construction.

^ Two Korean, U.S. Conferences Pledge to Work Together Methodists in two regions half a world apart - one in the United States, one in South Korea - have signed a covenant to work together on making disciples.
  • Results: South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC gbgm-umc.org [Source type: News]

.Rice is threshed by beating the ears on a log; other grains, with flails on mud threshing-floors.^ Rice is threshed by beating the ears on a log ; other grains, with flails on mud threshing-floors.

^ The farmers put the average yield of rice at thirty- fold , and of other grain at twenty-fold.

.Winnowing is performed by throwing up the grain on windy days.^ Winnowing is performed by throwing up the grain on windy days.

.Rice is hulled and grain coarsely ground in stone querns or by water pestles.^ Rice is hulled and grain coarsely ground in stone querns or by water pestles.

.There are provincial horse-breeding stations, where pony stallions, from 10 to 12 hands high, are bred for carrying burdens.^ There are provincial horse -breeding stations, where pony stallions, from 10 to 12 hands high, are bred for carrying burdens.

^ Posted: Tue January 10, 2006 12:14 AM UTC Hi, does anyone know if there are surf beaches and if you can access them?
  • North Korea Travel Forum - VirtualTourist.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC forum.virtualtourist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do you really know any NEW decisive weapons equiped by US or Japan except 8-8 10-10 12-12 fleet, aircraft carrier, submarine, f-2 f-15...
  • Japan & Taiwan: Bilateral relations [Archive] - Japan Forum 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Magnificent red bulls are bred by the farmers for ploughing and other farming operations, and for the transport of goods.^ Magnificent red bulls are bred by the farmers for ploughing and other farming operations, and for the transport of goods.

^ It may mean some farms being amalgamated and other farmers having to find alternative employment.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This implementation date aligns with the implementation date for the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail (ADG 7), which applies for the transport of other dangerous goods within Australia.
  • UNECE - GHS implementation 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.unece.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sheep and goats are bred on the imperial farms, but only for sacrifice.^ Sheep and goats are bred on the imperial farms, but only for sacrifice.

^ They bred goats, perhaps sheep, and had some cattle.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Small, hairy, black pigs, and fowls, are universal.^ Small, hairy, black pigs, and fowls, are universal.

.The cultivation does not compare in neatness and thoroughness with that of China and Japan.^ The cultivation does not compare in neatness and thoroughness with that of China and Japan.

^ "American news" , OK? You can't compare Beijing, which has always been a part of China, to Taiwan, which has been a part of Qing China, Japan, Dutch, etc.
  • Japan & Taiwan: Bilateral relations [Archive] - Japan Forum 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan does not want to rape Taiwan is the core interest of China, even if all Taiwanese agree to be a part of Japan, dare you government accept them?
  • Japan & Taiwan: Bilateral relations [Archive] - Japan Forum 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are no trustworthy estimates of the yield of any given measurement of land.^ There are no trustworthy estimates of the yield of any given measurement of land.

^ Choo's estimates, constructed from household income and expenditure surveys, indicate that there was no significant change in the size distribution of income during this period.
  • ECONOMIC GROWTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA, 1945-1992 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC hdr.undp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ He complained that the opposition had not been given fair access to the media and that there was no neutral joint election commission to monitor the vote, which was organized by the interior ministry.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The farmers put the average yield of rice at thirty-fold, and of other grain at twenty-fold.^ The farmers put the average yield of rice at thirty- fold , and of other grain at twenty-fold.

^ Rice is threshed by beating the ears on a log ; other grains, with flails on mud threshing-floors.

.Korea produces all cereals and root crops except the tropical, along with cotton, tobacco, a species of the Rhea plant used for making grass-cloth, and the Brousonettia papyrifera. The articles chiefly cultivated are rice, millet, beans, ginseng (at Songdo), cotton, hemp, oil-seeds, bearded wheat, oats, barley, sorghum, and sweet and Irish potatoes.^ The articles chiefly cultivated are rice, millet , beans, ginseng (at Songdo), cotton, hemp , oil-seeds, bearded wheat , oats, barley , sorghum , and sweet and Irish potatoes.

^ Korea produces all cereals and root crops except the tropical, along with cotton, tobacco , a species of the Rhea plant used for making grass-cloth, and the Brousonettia papyrifera.

^ It is a bowl of rice with vegetables that is served with spicy chili paste and sesame seed oil.

.Korean agriculture suffers from infamous roads, the want of the exchange of seed, and the insecurity of the gains of labour.^ Korean agriculture suffers from infamous roads, the want of the exchange of seed, and the insecurity of the gains of labour.

.It occupies about three-fourths of the population.^ It occupies about three-fourths of the population.

^ Kim Jong and others about to eat three years worth of North Korean harvest while the national population starves.
  • North Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

Other Industries

.The industries of Korea, apart from supplying the actual necessaries of a poor population, are few and rarely collective.^ The industries of Korea, apart from supplying the actual necessaries of a poor population, are few and rarely collective.

^ If I had the control, I would make it necessary for the government of the poor countries to supply, at the very least, the amount of medicine needed in order to cover the amount of people who are infected.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Korea is, however, farther down the path of industrialization than Thailand as evidenced by the percentage of its population working in agriculture, although Thailand is making strides in this area.
  • Essays and Papers on KOREA Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: Academic]

.They consist chiefly in the manufacture of sea-salt, of varied and admirable paper, thin and poor silk, horse-hair crinoline for hats, fine split bamboo blinds, hats and mats, coarse pottery, hemp cloth for mourners, brass bowls and grass-cloth.^ They consist chiefly in the manufacture of sea- salt , of varied and admirable paper, thin and poor silk, horse-hair crinoline for hats, fine split bamboo blinds, hats and mats, coarse pottery, hemp cloth for mourners, brass bowls and grass-cloth.

^ It possesses the stately remains of the palace of the Korean kings of the Wang dynasty, is a great centre of the grain trade and the sole centre of the ginseng manufacture, makes wooden shoes, coarse pottery and fine matting , and manufactures with sesamum oil the stout oiled paper for which Korea is famous.

^ Hemp fibers were important in the production of clothing, paper, and rope, etc.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Won-san and Fusan are large fishing centres, and salt fish and fish manure are important exports; but the prolific fishing-grounds are worked chiefly by Japanese labour and capital.^ Won-san and Fusan are large fishing centres, and salt fish and fish manure are important exports; but the prolific fishing-grounds are worked chiefly by Japanese labour and capital.

^ In 1876 Japan, with the consent of China, wrung a treaty from Korea by which Fusan was fully opened to Japanese settlement and trade, and Won-san (Gensan) and Inchiun (Chemulpo) were opened to her in 1880.

^ With the burgeoning Korean economy and concomitant increase in the industrial labour force, industrial chaplaincy became one of the most important areas of evangelical work.
  • A History of Christianity in Korea: From Its Troubled Beginning to 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.tparents.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Paper and ginseng are the only manufactured articles on the list of Korean exports.^ Paper and ginseng are the only manufactured articles on the list of Korean exports.

^ It was estimated that South Korean manufacturing in 1948 reached only 15 percent of its level in 1939 (Kim and Roemer, 1979).
  • ECONOMIC GROWTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA, 1945-1992 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC hdr.undp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Germany is only as good as it's manufacturing and export industry but it's been exporting jobs offshore for years which is a major factor in the high unemployment.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

The arts are nil.

Commerce

.A commercial treaty was concluded with Japan in 1876, and treaties with the European countries and the United States of America were concluded subsequently.^ South Koreas country has on the United States.
  • Welcome to South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC ted.coe.wayne.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A commercial treaty was concluded with Japan in 1876, and treaties with the European countries and the United States of America were concluded subsequently.

^ By 1969, moreover, the Korean churches sent missionaries to Japan, Taiwan, Bolivia and Pakistan, and sent clergymen to serve the Korean communities in the United States, Canada, Brazil and other countries in South America and Southeast Asia.
  • A History of Christianity in Korea: From Its Troubled Beginning to 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.tparents.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An imperial edict of the 20th of May 1904 annulled all Korean treaties with Russia.^ An imperial edict of the 20th of May 1904 annulled all Korean treaties with Russia.

^ Says: May 27th, 2009 at 6:05 pm This is all state propaganda dished out by the north koreans.
  • North Korea Ends Armistice, Threatens to Attack South Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Look carefully, you may feel overwhelmed by the signs that are all in Korean, but I’m sure that you can find these restaurants if you are in a large city like Seoul or Busan.

.After the opening of certain Korean ports to foreign trade, the customs were placed under the management of European commissioners nominated by Sir Robert Hart from Peking.^ Not a touristy place at all, but more a place where locals do business and trade on a daily basis, I don’t think we saw any other foreigners inside this place.

^ Citizens suffered human rights abuses and labored under harsh conditions while working abroad for North Korean firms and under arrangements between the North Korean government and foreign firms.
  • Special Report - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Yesterday, for example, Dick Cheney told the South Korean foreign minister they must not trade with North Korea.
  • Blame Bush for North Korea's Nukes 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.mahablog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ports and other towns open are Seoul, Chemulpo, Fusan, Won-san, Chin-nampo, Mok-po, Kun-san, Ma-san-po, Song-chin, Wiju, Yong-ampo, and Phyong-yang.^ The ports and other towns open are Seoul, Chemulpo, Fusan, Won-san, Chin-nampo, Mok-po, Kun-san, Ma-san-po, Song-chin, Wiju, Yong-ampo, and Phyong-yang.

^ The state has also lines from Seoul to the open ports, &c.

^ With the exceptions of Kang-hwa, Chong-ju, Tung-nai, Fusan, and Won-san, it is very doubtful if any other Korean towns reach a population of 15,000.

.The value of foreign trade of the open ports has fluctuated considerably, but has shown a tendency to increase on the whole.^ The value of foreign trade of the open ports has fluctuated considerably, but has shown a tendency to increase on the whole.

^ Kim Jong-Il has rejoined the six-party talks aimed at ending his nuclear-weapons program and opening North Korea for foreign aid and trade.

^ That's a fivefold increase over the value of derivatives that were traded in 2003.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

.For example, in 1884 imports were valued at 170,113 pounds and exports at 95,377 pounds.^ For example, in 1884 imports were valued at 170,113 pounds and exports at 95,377 pounds.

^ Merchandise export revenue in 2004 rose by 30.6% year-on-year to $257.8 billion, and the value of merchandise imports increased by 25.2% to $219.6 billion.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1890 imports had risen to 790,261 pounds, and thereafter fluctuated greatly, standing at only 473,598 pounds in 1893, but at 1,017,238 pounds in 1897, and 1,382,352 in 1901, but under abnormal conditions in 1904 this last amount was nearly doubled.^ By 1890 imports had risen to 790,261 pounds, and thereafter fluctuated greatly, standing at only 473,598 pounds in 1893, but at 1,017,238 pounds in 1897, and 1,382,352 in 1901, but under abnormal conditions in 1904 this last amount was nearly doubled.

^ Exports in 1890 were valued at 591,746 pounds; they also fluctuated greatly, falling to 316,072 pounds in 1893, but standing at 863,828 in 1901, and having a further increase in some subsequent years.

.Exports in 1890 were valued at 591,746 pounds; they also fluctuated greatly, falling to 316,072 pounds in 1893, but standing at 863,828 in 1901, and having a further increase in some subsequent years.^ Exports in 1890 were valued at 591,746 pounds; they also fluctuated greatly, falling to 316,072 pounds in 1893, but standing at 863,828 in 1901, and having a further increase in some subsequent years.

^ For example, in 1884 imports were valued at 170,113 pounds and exports at 95,377 pounds.

^ They are the fashion people, who start predicting the trends, at least for clothing in the fall/winter seasons, two years ahead........

.These figures exclude the value of gold dust.^ These figures exclude the value of gold dust.

.The principal imports are cotton goods, railway materials, mining supplies and metals, tobacco, kerosene, timber, and clothing.^ The principal imports are cotton goods , railway materials, mining supplies and metals, tobacco, kerosene, timber , and clothing.

^ Japanese cotton yarns are imported to be woven into a strong cloth on Korean hand-looms.

^ The Tio people lived from trade, the manufacture of jewelry, and tobacco growing to supply caravans bound for the coast; they imported most of their food from the surrounding region.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Japanese cotton yarns are imported to be woven into a strong cloth on Korean hand-looms.^ Japanese cotton yarns are imported to be woven into a strong cloth on Korean hand-looms.

^ This device translates into/from any of these languages: English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Chinese Mandarin, Japanese, Korean, Russian.
  • Korean dictionary. Korean-English-Korean electronic translators. Korean language handheld dictionaries ECTACO 15 September 2009 18:54 UTC www.englishlearner.com [Source type: General]

^ The principal imports are cotton goods , railway materials, mining supplies and metals, tobacco, kerosene, timber , and clothing.

.Beans and peas, rice, cowhides, and ginseng are the chief exports, apart from gold.^ Beans and peas, rice, cowhides, and ginseng are the chief exports, apart from gold.

Communications

.Under Japanese auspices a railway from Chemulpo to Seoul was completed in 1900. This became a branch of the longer line from Fusan to Seoul (286 m.^ Under Japanese auspices a railway from Chemulpo to Seoul was completed in 1900.

^ This became a branch of the longer line from Fusan to Seoul (286 m.

^ The construction of Bulguksa Temple began in 751, under the auspices of the Silla Chief Minister, Kim Dae-seong (701-774), and was completed in 774.

), the concession for which was granted in .1898. This line was pushed forward rapidly on the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War, and the whole was opened early in 1905. A railway from Seoul to Wiju was planned under French engineers, but the work was started by the Korean government.^ Korean War: how it started.
  • Documents on the Korean War 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.mtholyoke.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ This line was pushed forward rapidly on the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War , and the whole was opened early in 1905.

^ A railway from Seoul to Wiju was planned under French engineers, but the work was started by the Korean government.

.This line also, however, was taken over by the Japanese military authorities, and the first trains ran through early in 1905, in which year Japan obtained control of the whole of the Korean internal communications.^ The first year of any job is training.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This line also, however, was taken over by the Japanese military authorities, and the first trains ran through early in 1905, in which year Japan obtained control of the whole of the Korean internal communications.

^ In recent years, collaboration between Korean merchants in Japan took off with restaurant and hotel operation, but such ventures ran into serious difficulty since North Korea's food shortage became clear.
  • Culture of North Korea - traditional, history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, wedding, population, religion, Alternative name 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The main roads centring in Seoul are seldom fit even for the passage of ox-carts, and the secondary roads are bad bridle-tracks, frequently degenerating into "rock ladders." Some improvements, however, have been effected under Japanese direction. .The inland transit of goods is almost entirely on the backs of bulls carrying from 450 to 600 lb, on ponies carrying 200 ib, and on men carrying from l00 to 150 lb, bringing the average cost up to a fraction over 8d.^ The physique is good, and porters carry on journeys from 100 to 200 lb.

^ The inland transit of goods is almost entirely on the backs of bulls carrying from 450 to 600 lb, on ponies carrying 200 ib, and on men carrying from l00 to 150 lb, bringing the average cost up to a fraction over 8d.

^ January 15th, 2008, 06:01 AM Almost everything from Israel are from the US. Who's backing up Vietnam?
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

per mile per ton. .The corvee exists, with its usual hardships.^ The corvee exists, with its usual hardships.

.Bridges are made of posts, carrying a framework either covered with timber or with pine branches and earth.^ Bridges are made of posts, carrying a framework either covered with timber or with pine branches and earth.

.They are removed at the beginning of the rainy season, and are not replaced for three months.^ They are removed at the beginning of the rainy season, and are not replaced for three months.

^ They spent three months as guests of the Japanese diplomatic mission until officials obtained departure permits from the Chinese government, one of the sons said.
  • JapanFocus 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC japanfocus.org [Source type: News]

^ "It is just the beginning of the process but it would be great to have CEMAC troops in the area for four more months to curb armed banditry in the region during the dry season."
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The larger rivers are unbridged, but there are numerous government ferries.^ The larger rivers are unbridged, but there are numerous government ferries.

.The infamous roads and the risks during the bridgeless season greatly hamper trade.^ The infamous roads and the risks during the bridgeless season greatly hamper trade.

Japanese steamers ply on the Han between Chemulpo and Seoul.
A postal system, established in 1894-1895, has been gradually extended. There are postage stamps of four values. .The Japanese, under the agreement of 1905, took over the postal, telegraphic and telephone services.^ The Japanese, under the agreement of 1905, took over the postal, telegraphic and telephone services.

^ Kuwait took over postal service, 1960, Feb.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her interests were recognized by Russia in the treaty of peace (September 5, 1905), and by Great Britain in the Anglo Japanese agreement of the 12th of August 1905.

.Korea is connected with the Chinese and Japanese telegraph systems by a Japanese line from Chemulpo via Seoul to Fusan, and by a line acquired by the empire between Seoul and Wiju.^ Japanese steamers ply on the Han between Chemulpo and Seoul.

^ Korea is connected with the Chinese and Japanese telegraph systems by a Japanese line from Chemulpo via Seoul to Fusan, and by a line acquired by the empire between Seoul and Wiju.

^ With declining Chinese power and a weakened domestic posture at the end of the 19th century, Korea was open to Western and Japanese »» More .
  • South Korea Country Information 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.countryreports.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state has also lines from Seoul to the open ports, &c.^ The state has also lines from Seoul to the open ports, &c.

.Korea has regular steam communication with ports in Japan, the Gulf of Pechili, Shanghai, &c.^ Korea has regular steam communication with ports in Japan, the Gulf of Pechili, Shanghai , &c.

^ It also banned the North Korean Mangyongbong-92 ferry—the only regular link between Japan and North Korea and a conduit for transferring cash and supplies—from entering its ports for six months.
  • AMERICAN FUTURE - Marc Schulman on a world in turmoil » North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC americanfuture.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soon after this Japan had 12,000 troops in Korea, and occupied the capital and the treaty ports.

.Her own mercantile marine is considerable.^ Her own mercantile marine is considerable.

Government

.From 1895, when China renounced her claims to suzerainty, to 1910 the king (since 1897 emperor) was in theory an independent sovereign, Japan in 1904 guaranteeing the welfare and dignity of the imperial house.^ Since the relocation of its capital to Taiwan, the Republic of China has not formally renounced its claim to all of China, nor has it changed its official maps, which includes the mainland and Mongolia.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since then, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and some nearby islands, which are administered by the Republic of China (R.O.C) , and asserts that the PRC has supplanted the ROC in its legitimacy to govern all of China.

^ Influenced by Japan, Korea declared independence from Qing China's suzerainty in 1894, leading to the First Sino-Japanese War, which resulted in the Qing Dynasty's cession of both Korea and Taiwan to Japan.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Under a treaty signed at Seoul on the 17th of November 1905, Japan directed the external relations of Korea, and Japanese diplomatic and consular representatives took charge of Korean subjects and interests in foreign countries.^ South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with approximately 170 countries.
  • Top20ISouthKorea.com - Your Top20 Guide to South Korea! 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC top20southkorea.com [Source type: News]

^ Related subjects: Asian Countries ; Countries .

^ Language The Korean language is related to Japanese and Mongolian.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Japan undertook the maintenance of existing treaties between Korea and foreign powers; and Korea agreed that her future foreign treaties should be concluded through the medium of Japan.^ COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: The Republic of Korea (South Korea or ROK) is a highly developed, stable, democratic republic with powers shared between the president and the legislature.
  • Korea, Republic of 20 November 2009 9:11 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Korea, Republic of 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Korea, Republic of 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC travel.his.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following a December 1999 meeting between officials from the Red Cross societies of North Korea and Japan, the Government agreed to conduct an investigation into the fate of the missing Japanese nationals.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, the fact that the United States, an ally of Japan, is taking a tough stance can be used as leverage to resolve outstanding problems between Japan and North Korea.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A resident-general represented Japan at Seoul, to direct diplomatic affairs, the first being the Marquis Ito.^ Many of these zainichi – the word literally means “residing in Japan ” – have lived in the country for two, three and even four generations.
  • JapanFocus 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC japanfocus.org [Source type: News]

^ The event was organized by the pro-Seoul Korean Residents Union in Japan (Mindan) to help the defectors adjust to living in Japan .
  • JapanFocus 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC japanfocus.org [Source type: News]

^ Lee, a second-generation Korean resident of Japan , was speaking here in late November to dozens of students visiting from the Chiba Korean Elementary and Middle School in Chiba about the day a nuclear weapon was first used in war.
  • JapanFocus 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC japanfocus.org [Source type: News]

.Under a further convention of July 1907, the resident-general's powers were enormously increased.^ Under a further convention of July 1907, the resident-general's powers were enormously increased.

^ Taken together the elevation of this new generation of professional and proficient officers will markedly increase the combat power of the KPA. There was a corresponding refinement in the KPA's training program.
  • GIS Special Topical Studies: DPRK WMD Programs. November 19, 2002. � GIS 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC 128.121.186.47 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In July in New York, the committee heard the DPRK's report under the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Korea, Democratic People's Republic of* 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In administrative reforms the Korean government followed his guidance; laws could not be enacted nor administrative measures undertaken without his consent; the appointment and dismissal of high officials, and the engagement of foreigners in government employ, were subject to his pleasure.^ In an interview following the conversion, an official of the North Korean central bank noted that the reform was aimed at curbing private trade and underlined that North Korea is “not… .

^ U.S. citizens of Korean heritage may be subject to military obligations and taxes on foreign source income.
  • Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USG officials were concerned that the ROK Government had still not committed itself to a specific timetable for democratization, including the lifting of martial law.
  • Backgrounder - United States Goverment Statement on Events in Kwangju, Republic of Korea, in May 1980 - Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC seoul.usembassy.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Each department of state has a Japanese vice-minister, and a large proportion of Japanese officials were introduced into these departments as well as Japanese chiefs of the bureaus of police and customs.^ We translate these advanced technologies into value for our customers through our professional solutions, services and consulting businesses worldwide.
  • Consolidation and Virtualization Are NOT Enough: Optimizing Application Performance in the New Enterprise Data Center | ITBusinessEdge.com 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.itbusinessedge.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On January 21st, official Pyongyang reiterated the threat to turn South Korea and the United States "into a sea of fire" if they attacked the North.
  • GIS Special Topical Studies: DPRK WMD Programs. November 19, 2002. � GIS 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC 128.121.186.47 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "We agreed to conduct another investigation into the ten [other abductees], with Japanese officials involved this time, and try to gain results as soon as possible."
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By a treaty dated August 22nd 1910, which came into effect seven days later the emperor of Korea made "complete and permanent cession to the emperor of Japan of all rights of sovereignty over the whole of Korea." The entire direction of the administration was then taken over by the Japanese resident general, who was given the title of governor-general. .The jurisdiction of the consular courts was abolished but Japan guaranteed the continuance of the existing Korean tariff for ten years.^ The jurisdiction of the consular courts was abolished but Japan guaranteed the continuance of the existing Korean tariff for ten years.

^ Substantial numbers of North Koreans crossed the border into China over the years, and tens of thousands were estimated to live there during the year.
  • Korea, Democratic People's Republic of* 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ten years ago, believe it or not, there were no fully exempt Koreans on the LPGA tour.
  • Seoul: News & Videos about Seoul - CNN.com 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

Local Administration

.Korea for administrative purposes is divided into provinces and prefectures or magistracies.^ Administratively, North Korea is divided into nine provinces and two provincial-level municipalities--Pyongyang and Nasun, or Najin-Sonbong.
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then the teacher will divide the class into two groups one North Korea and the .
  • Welcome to South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC ted.coe.wayne.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Agriculture in Korea could be divided into three parts.

.Japanese reforms in this department have been complete.^ Japanese reforms in this department have been complete.

.Each provincial government has a Japanese secretary, police inspector and clerks.^ Each provincial government has a Japanese secretary, police inspector and clerks.

.The secretary may represent the governor in his absence.^ The secretary may represent the governor in his absence.

Law

.A criminal code, scarcely equalled for barbarity, though twice mitigated by royal edict since 1785, remained in force in its main provisions till 1895. Subsequently, a mixed commission of revision carried out some good work.^ A criminal code, scarcely equalled for barbarity, though twice mitigated by royal edict since 1785, remained in force in its main provisions till 1895.

^ Subsequently, a mixed commission of revision carried out some good work.

^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Elaborate legal machinery was devised, though its provisions were constantly violated by the imperial will and the gross corruption of officials.^ Elaborate legal machinery was devised, though its provisions were constantly violated by the imperial will and the gross corruption of officials.

.Five classes of law courts were established, and provision was made for appeals in both civil and criminal cases.^ The Anti-Wiretap Law establishes broad conditions under which the government may monitor telephone calls, mail, and other forms of communication for up to two months in criminal investigations and four months in national security cases.
  • Korea, Republic of 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ It took seven years for a district court to come up with a verdict in January 2007, virtually exonerating KT&G from any civil and criminal responsibility.
  • Articles:Listing South_korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

^ In 1947, constitutional rule was established, but because of the ongoing Civil War many provisions of the ROC constitution were never implemented on the mainland.
  • Politics: Who are you voting for? [Archive] - Darkfall Forums 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.darkfallonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Abuses in legal administration and in tax-collecting were the chief grievances which led to local insurrections. .Oppression by the throne and the official and noble classes prevailed extensively; but the weak protected themselves by the use of the Kyei, or principle of association, which developed among Koreans into powerful trading gilds, trades-unions, mutual benefit associations, money-lending guilds, &c.^ The State shall develop foreign trade on the principles of complete equality and mutual benefit.
  • Constitution of North Korea (1972) - Wikisource 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Full Text) 1998 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.novexcn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the soviet union disbanded, there are not a lot of Communist countries around to trade, plus, they isolate themselves .
  • North Korea Fail « FAIL Blog: Epic Fail Pictures and Videos of Owned, Pwnd and Fail Moments 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC failblog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In an interview following the conversion, an official of the North Korean central bank noted that the reform was aimed at curbing private trade and underlined that North Korea is “not… .

.Nearly all traders, porters and artisans were members of guilds, powerfully bound together and strong by combined action and mutual helpfulness in time of need.^ It was the first time our lot actually banded together to help people in need and sparked a new era of community consciousness.

^ We were told we didn't have nearly enough time to see it all, which according to the official guide would take about a week.

^ I am encouraged by the Security Council’s swift and strong condemnation of the act on Monday, but the permanent members must now follow up our words with action.

Under the Japanese regime the judiciary and the executive were rigidly separated. .The law courts, including the court of cassation, three courts of appeal, eight local courts, and 115 district courts, were put under Japanese judges, and the codification of the laws was undertaken.^ In a special case, the court may consists of three judges.
  • Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Full Text) 1998 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.novexcn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Defendants can appeal a verdict to a district appeals court and to the Supreme Court.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Under the 1987 Constitution and the Court Organization Law, lower justices were appointed by the chief justice with the consent of the Conference of Supreme Court Justices.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

The prison system was also reformed.

Finance and Money

.Until 1904 the finances of Korea were completely disorganized; the currency was chaotic, and the budget was an official formality making little or no attempt at accuracy.^ The official currency in South Korea is the Won.

^ Although there were no formal diplomatic ties between South Korea suffered from forceful labor and abuse.
  • Top20ISouthKorea.com - Your Top20 Guide to South Korea! 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC top20southkorea.com [Source type: News]

^ No U.S. beef will exported to South Korea until the countries agree on limiting shipments to meat from cattle of a certain age, South Korea's agriculture minister said Tuesday.
  • South Korea: News & Videos about South Korea - CNN.com 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.By agreement of the 22nd of August 1904, Korea accepted a Japanese financial adviser, and valuable reforms were quickly entered upon under the direction of the first Japanese official, Mr T. Megata.^ Under his administration, Korea recovered economically from the destructive Japanese and Manchu invasions of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By winning the Sino-Japanese War of 1893-4 and the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5, Japan obtained control of Korea.
  • Essays and Papers on KOREA Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It could, for example, have made its endorsement of the resolution contingent upon a U.S. pledge to engage in direct talks with North Korea.
  • Gary Leupp: How the US Declare War on North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He had to contend against corrupt officialdom, indiscriminate expenditure, and absence of organization in the collection of revenue, apart from the confusion with regard to the currency.^ The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established in April 1949, the purpose of it was to create a collective defense against outside forces.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Corruption - The World Bank and the IMF Organizations that are supposed to help in the fight against poverty are actually making it worse, namely the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund(IMF).
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This last was nominally on a silver standard. .The coins chiefly in use were (i) copper cash, which were strung in hundreds on strings of straw, and, as about 911 weight was equal to one shilling, were excessively cumbrous, but were nevertheless valued at their face value; (ii) nickel coins, which, being profitable to mint, were issued in enormous quantities, quickly depreciated, and were moreover extensively forged.^ Accusations are being thrown at oil companies for being too greedy, and not revealing to the public the extent of the “crisis.” Oil is one of the most talked about issues nowadays.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The Congress shall have power to...regulate commerce with foreign nations...to coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures."
  • Pot Meet Kettle: China Blasts Bernanke For Promoting Another Asset Bubble Via Dollar Carry Trade | zero hedge 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.zerohedge.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The motto has been in continuous use on the one-cent coin since 1909, and on the ten-cent coin since 1916.
  • What makes America right? [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Dai Ichi Ginko (First Bank of Japan), which has a branch in Seoul and agencies in other towns, was made the government central treasury, and its notes were recognized as legal tender in Korea.^ One year later: President Lee Myung-bak gives a welcoming speech at the Korea Federation of Banks in Myeong-dong, central Seoul, Thursday, at the first anniversary of the Emergency Economic Measures C...

^ In an interview following the conversion, an official of the North Korean central bank noted that the reform was aimed at curbing private trade and underlined that North Korea is “not… .

^ Concern of U.S. government officials that North Korea may conduct its first nuclear weapons test; Claims made by the North Korean government that it had taken steps which could allow it to obtain additional plutonium; Ability of North Korea to arm a missile with a nuclear device.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The currency of Korea being thus fixed, the first step was to reorganize the nickel coinage.^ Thus came into being the 'ethnic' frontiers of linguistic groups determined and fixed through the efforts of missionaries."
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A slow but inevitable softening of the leadership cult may have already started in the context of North Korea’s first steps toward economic reform.

.From the 1st of August 1905 the old nickels paid into the treasury were remitted and the issue carefully regulated; so also with the cash, which was retained as a subsidiary coinage, while a supplementary coinage was issued of silver 10-sen pieces and bronze I-sen and half-sen pieces.^ About 5,000 will fall back into their old ways and get arrested for some sort of drug related issue.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Supreme Court retained the power to make final review of the constitutionality or legality of administrative decrees, regulations, or actions when at issue in a trial.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.To aid the free circulation of money and facilitate trade, the government grants subsidies for the establishment of co-operative warehouse companies with bonded warehouses.^ Banco Delta Asia’s special relationship with the DPRK has specifically facilitated the criminal activities of North Korean government agencies and front companies.
  • AMERICAN FUTURE - Marc Schulman on a world in turmoil » North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC americanfuture.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Protection of Refugees The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status in accordance with the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 protocol, nor has the government established a system for providing protection for refugees.
  • Korea, Democratic People's Republic of* 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are currently working with the Government of Korea to negotiate a free trade agreement (FTA) that would be the largest U.S. trade agreement in more than a decade.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Regulations have also been promulgated with respect to promissory notes, which have long existed in Korea.^ I have come to realise that the monarchy – an institution I had long respected – represents a Britain which no longer exists.” .
  • Republic | Blog » Blog Archive » Confessions of a Conservative republican 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.republic.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Note that one of North Korea's most popular products, a long-range missile called Taepo Dong-2, has a range of up to about 3,700 miles.
  • Blame Bush for North Korea's Nukes 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.mahablog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since my return to Britain in August 2008 after a year away, I have come to realise that the monarchy – an institution I had long respected – represents a Britain which no longer exists.
  • Republic | Blog » Blog Archive » Confessions of a Conservative republican 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.republic.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.They took the form of a piece of paper about an inch broad and five to eight inches long, on which was written the sum, the date of payment and the name of the payer and payee, with their seals; the paper was then torn down its length, and one half given to each party.^ They had already handed out most of the presents in China and one of the few things that remained was a small book about the Party’s position regarding the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ Page 124 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     An alliance is not simply about a piece of paper that says that we agree on certain interests, it is about values that we share as well.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Kremlin hardly managed to paper away his in-put into the Federation council, that he wanted to be immediately voted about, composed in the line with "as long as people love them!"
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The debtor was obliged to pay the amount of the debt to any person who presented the missing half of the bill.^ "If the government keeps paying off an ever increasing amount of its debt with 'printed' money, it won't be long before no one accepts it.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Our group of 5 people was lead by Bill Altaffer , who is the most traveled person on planet earth.
  • Visit to North Korea in October 2005 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.donparrish.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the government keeps paying off an ever increasing amount of its debt with "printed" money, it won't be long before no one accepts it.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

The readiness with which they were accepted led to over-issue, and, consequently, financial crises. .The new regulations require the amount of the notes to be expressed in yen, not to be payable in old nickel coins or cash.^ This is partly why it was called “new” and “regulated.” Much old-style poetry rhymed as well, though rhyme was not strictly required.
  • China News: Chinese Dissident Liu Xiaobo Formally Arrested | China Digital Times (CDT) 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC chinadigitaltimes.net [Source type: General]

^ If your goal is to purchase a new digital camera and MP3 player, the latest cell phone, and to travel every weekend, then of course, more cash will be required.
  • Teach English in South Korea - ASK Now Inc. 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.asknow.ca [Source type: General]

.The notes can only be issued by members of a note association, a body constituted under government regulations, whose members must uphold the credit and validity of their notes.^ It has also developed links with Association of Southeast Asian Nations as both a member of ASEAN Plus three, a body of observers, and the East Asia Summit (EAS).
  • Top20ISouthKorea.com - Your Top20 Guide to South Korea! 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC top20southkorea.com [Source type: News]

^ All nine members of the Constitution Court must be qualified to be judges.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Other policies concerning land management issues, such as the Land Transaction Regulation System, the Idle Land Regulation system, and the upper limit of the Land Owning Regulation system are under implementation.
  • Country Profile - Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.The notes must also be made payable to a definite person and require endorsement, safeguards which were previously lacking.^ However, "further action is urgently required for the Government to fully demonstrate adherence to the commitments made to the Secretary-General by President Patassé", the report noted.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Administrative reform was also taken in hand; the large number of superfluous and badly paid officials was considerably reduced, and the status and salary of all existing government officials considerably improved.^ Hence, it is not at all the website of the North Korean Government, despite what the BBC might think (see their related internet links in the right-hand column).
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea - North Korea Links 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC home.vicnet.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seoul has prohibited smoking in large buildings for several years but has not taken similar steps for outdoor smoking even in areas where large numbers of people gather.
  • Articles:Listing South_korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

^ In order to pay back all of these war debts the German government printed large quantities of money.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An endeavour was made to publish an annual budget, in which the revenue and expenditure should accurately represent the sums actually received and expended.^ Instead of cutting expenditures, the government is banking on an increase in real revenues, which the government has less ability to control, to narrow the budget deficit.” RGE GLOBAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK .
  • Roubini Global Economics - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www.roubini.com [Source type: News]
  • Roubini Global Economics - South Korea 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.roubini.com [Source type: News]

^ Article 57 The National Assembly shall, without the consent of the Executive, neither increase the sum of any item of expenditure nor create any new items of expenditure in the budget submitted by the Executive.
  • Constitution of South Korea - Wikisource 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]
  • East Asian Studies Documents: Constitution of the Republic of Korea, 1948 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.isop.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Regulations were framed for the purpose of establishing adequate supervision over the revenue and expenditure for the abolition of irregular taxation and extortions, as well as the practice of farming out the collection of the revenue to individuals, and, generally, to adapt the whole collection and expenditure of the national revenue to modern ideas of public finance.^ Revenues generated from the state’s lottery and the tobacco settlement funds can also provide funds for public preschools.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Opposition to such a leader, or to the rules, regulations, and goals established by his regime is thus in itself opposition to the national interest.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Article 114 (1) Election Management Committees shall be established for the purpose of fair management of elections and national referenda, and dealing with administrative affairs concerning political parties.
  • East Asian Studies Documents: Constitution of the Republic of Korea, 1948 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.isop.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Down to 1910 the sum expended by Japan on Korean reforms was estimated to approach fifteen millions sterling.^ In 2005, the rough estimate of global homelessness was down to 100 million people due to the difficulty in measuring it.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many educated estimates predicted that as many as a Million Allied Lives and probably least that many, or more, Japaneese lives would be lost, if we'd had to invade the Home Island of Japan.
  • US deploys warships as North Korea prepares to launch missile - Telegraph 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ It was Japan that came to rule the Koreans directly, when that country subordinated the Yi royal family in the colonial annexation of 1910.
  • Culture of North Korea - traditional, history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, wedding, population, religion, Alternative name 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among reforms not specifically referred to may be mentioned the improvement of coastwise navigation, the provision of posts, roads, railways, public buildings, hospitals and sanitary works, and the official advancement of industries.^ Posted by: George W. Shen on April 24, 2008 7:25 AM Chris, forgot to mention that I am a Chinese in the US. Been living and working in the states for 15 years so my view may not be the popular view on the Tibet issue.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "We can confirm that we had working-level contact with North Korean officials on Friday, May 13, in New York," an embassy official said.

^ Now, as mentioned in the national portion, taxpayers may complain about having the pay raised taxes to finance the building of affordable housing.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Religion

.Buddhism, which swayed Korea from the 10th to the 14th century, has been discredited for three centuries, and its priests are ignorant, immoral and despised.^ Korea was under Mongolian occupation from 1231 until the early 14th century.
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Century Korea (4) Seminar, three hours; discussion, one hour.
  • UCLA - Asian Languages & Cultures Department 15 September 2009 18:54 UTC www.alc.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Daoism, which focuses on the individual in nature rather than the individual in society, and Buddhism entered Korea from China during the Three Kingdoms period (fourth to seventh centuries A.D.).
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Confucianism is the official cult, and all officials offer sacrifices and homage at stated seasons in the Confucian temples.^ Despite all his noble talk of self-sacrifice and living for "his" people, he was a full participant in the cult they built around him, and in his eventual deification.

.Confucian ethics are the basis of morality and social order.^ Neither speech nor the press shall violate the honor or rights of other persons nor undermine public morals or social ethics.
  • Constitution of South Korea - Wikisource 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]
  • East Asian Studies Documents: Constitution of the Republic of Korea, 1948 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.isop.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Confucianism remains important as a social ethic; its influence is evident in the immense importance Koreans ascribe to education.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

Ancestor-worship is universal. The popular cult is, however, the propitiation of demons, a modification of the Shamanism of northern Asia. .The belief in demons, mostly malignant, keeps the Koreans in constant terror, and much of their substance is spent on propitiations.^ Activists, mostly North Korean defectors, have been sending leaflets across the border for years without creating much of a stir.
  • PsyWar.Org - Psychological Warfare and PSYOP - N. Korea defectors drop leaflets condemning leader 25 September 2009 15:54 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: News]

Sorceresses and blind sorcerers are the intermediaries. .At the close of the 19th century the fees annually paid to these persons were estimated at £150,000; there were in Seoul 1000 sorceresses, and very large sums are paid to the male sorcerers and geomancers.^ When Western powers focused "gunboat" diplomacy on Korea in the mid-19th century, Korea's rulers adopted a closed-door policy, earning Korea the title of "Hermit Kingdom."
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ By some estimates, there are more IT engineers in Bangalore (150,000), India’s self-proclaimed Silicon Valley, than in its California counterpart (130,000).
  • Throwaway Cities: Systemic Racism and Capitalism :: racismreview.com 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.racismreview.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 1.7 million Americans were involved and there was an estimated 3 mil casualties including 150,000 (54,246) Americans and over 1 mil Chinese.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.Putting aside the temporary Christian work of a Jesuit chaplain to the Japanese Christian General Konishe, in 1594 during the Japanese invasion, as well as that on a larger scale by students who received the evangel in the Roman form from Peking in 1792, and had made 4000 converts by the end of 1793, the first serious attempt at the conversion of Korea was made by the French Societe des Missions Etrangeres in 1835. In spite of frequent persecutions, there were 16,500 converts in 1857 and 20,000 in 1866, in which year the French bishops and priests were martyred by order of the emperor's father, and several thousand native Christians were beheaded, banished or imprisoned.^ Korea experienced many invasions by its larger neighbors in its 2,000 years of recorded history.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This time we get there at the first attempt!
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ They will be there for 20 YEARS. .
  • North Korea says ‘we are ready for war’ 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This mission in 1900 had about 30 missionaries and 40,000 converts.^ The median wage in Albany is about $30,000 US dollars before taxes or about $20,000 afterwards.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Before 1948 P'yongyang was an important Christian center: one-sixth of its population of about 300,000 people were converts.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ July 23, Sariwon, North Hwanghae Province: two U.S. warplanes bombarded the city of Sariwon with about 30 bombs and destroyed about 40 residences.
  • Report from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on U.S. War Crimes During the Korean War 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.iacenter.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1884 and 1885, toleration being established, Protestant missionaries of the American Presbyterian and Methodist Episcopal Churches entered Korea, and were followed by a large number of agents of other denominations.^ Methodist and Presbyterian missionaries were especially successful.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ American tour operator given official permission to bring tourists to North Korea (Americans are only allowed to enter during Arirang performance periods.
  • Welcome To NorthKorea1on1.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.northkorea1on1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Protestant denominations include Methodist, Lutheran, Baptist, Presbyterian, and Anglican, and the Korean Gospel Church Assembly.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An English bishop, clergy, doctors and nursing sisters arrived in 1890. Hospitals, orphanages, schools and an admirable college in Seoul have been founded, along with tri-lingual (Chinese, Korean and English) printing-presses; religious, historical and scientific works and much of the Bible have been translated into En-mun, and periodicals of an enlightened nature in the Korean script are also circulated.^ Korean, English widely taught in junior high and high school .
  • South Korea Country Code 82 Country Code KR 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC countrycode.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chinese ideograms are believed to have been brought into Korea sometime before the second century BC. The learned class spoke Korean, but read and wrote Chinese.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kiss printing: type of printing where the paper is lightly pressed on the printing plate causing it to come into contact a second time.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The progress of Protestant missions was very slow for some years, but from 1895 converts multiplied.^ While numerous trade-related protests occurred throughout the year, the police reportedly banned some protests by groups that had not properly registered, or that had been responsible for violent protests in the past.
  • Korea, Republic of 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In recent years the government has made some progress in addressing sexual harassment, but the issue continued to be a problem.
  • Korea, Republic of 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Education

.The "Royal Examinations" in Chinese literature held in Seoul up to 1894, which were the entrance to official position, being abolished, the desire for a purely Chinese education diminished.^ Subjects include Korean literature, mathematics, English, Mandarin Chinese, music, art, chemistry, physical education, earth science and biology, geography, and ethics.
  • Teen Life in Korea 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gomulka insisted on being given a position of power to help implement the reforms, (as he was of the school established in bringing up a hard-line approach to discipline and reform).
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chinese pushed literacy realizing the importance of educated officials, and built an imperial examination system during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 BC).
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Seoul there were established an imperial English school with two foreign teachers, a reorganized Confucian college, a normal college under a very efficient foreign principal, Japanese, Chinese, Russian and French schools, chiefly linguistic, several Korean primary schools, mission boarding-schools, and the Pai Chai College connected with the American Methodist Episcopal Church, under imperial patronage, and subsidized by government, in which a liberal education of a high class was given and En-mun receives much attention.^ Although in countries like Japan, the main emphasis is on high school and college, primary education still receives substantial attention.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Language: Korean; English widely taught in junior high and high school.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chinese middle school history class.
  • China News: Chinese Dissident Liu Xiaobo Formally Arrested | China Digital Times (CDT) 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC chinadigitaltimes.net [Source type: General]

.The Koreans are expert linguists, and the government made liberal grants to the linguistic schools.^ Decisions about the placement of our troops and the size of our troops will be made in consultation with the South Korean government.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Korean government has also made great progress in education, thus ensuring a ready supply of highly skilled manpower to private enterprise.
  • CADTM - South Korea : the miracle unmasked 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.cadtm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I understand that when the North Koreans speak of a nonaggression treaty, what they mean is withdrawal of U.S. forces from the Korean peninsula, capitulation of the South Korean government to the North Korean form of government, and the "liberation" of the South Korean people.
  • Two Panels Debate U.S.-North Korea Nuclear Options, UCLA Asia Institute 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC international.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In the primary schools boys learn arithmetic, and geography and Korean history are taught, with the outlines of the governmental systems of other civilized countries.^ There has also been strong criticism of the Japanese totalitarian colonial system, including its prohibition of use of the Korean language and the teaching of a much-revised Japanese version of Korean history.
  • ECONOMIC GROWTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA, 1945-1992 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC hdr.undp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Korean children learn to channel this school-related torment into games of rock, scissors, paper (pronounced 가위 바위 보!
  • South Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Asia Society has two primary education objectives: one focuses on teaching and learning about Asia; and the other on expanding our nation's investments in international studies at the elementary and secondary school levels.” It’s interesting to see what other countries focus on, such as Asia who devotes part of their education system to knowing where they come from and their history.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The education department has been entirely reorganized under the Japanese regime, Japanese models being followed.^ A nuclear North Korea under the control of an unpredictable Stalinist regime and harboring long-standing historical grudges against Japan is another matter entirely.
  • AMERICAN FUTURE - Marc Schulman on a world in turmoil » North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC americanfuture.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This thesis is extended to hold that the Japanese model exerted the greatest influence on political dev Read the Entire Essay.
  • Essays and Papers on KOREA Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: Academic]

^ [The prepared statement of Mr. Lawless follows:] PREPARED STATEMENT OF MR. RICHARD P. LAWLESS, DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS—ASIA PACIFIC, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE     Mr.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

History

Early History to 4th Century A.D.

.By both Korean and Chinese tradition Ki-tze--a councillor of the last sovereign of the 3rd Chinese dynasty, a sage, and the reputed author of parts of the famous Chinese classic, the Shu-King--is represented as entering Korea in 1122 B.C. with several thousand Chinese emigrants, who made him their king.^ More than forty million people live in South Korea, most of them descendants of the tribes that came to the Korean Peninsula thousands of years ago.
  • Welcome to South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC ted.coe.wayne.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pakistan’s military named the acquired missile, Ghauri, after a famous Muslim warrior who slew a Hindu emperor named Prithvi, the name of a Russian made Indian missile.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ A phonetic writing system ("hangul") was invented in the 15th century by King Sejong to provide a writing system for commoners who could not read classical Chinese.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The peninsula was then peopled by savages living in caves and subterranean holes.^ More than forty million people live in South Korea, most of them descendants of the tribes that came to the Korean Peninsula thousands of years ago.
  • Welcome to South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC ted.coe.wayne.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are some 70 million people living in the Korean Peninsula.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.By both learned and popular belief in Korea Ki-tze is recognized as the founder of Korean social order, and is greatly reverenced.^ Chinese ideograms are believed to have been brought into Korea sometime before the second century BC. The learned class spoke Korean, but read and wrote Chinese.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As to nationalist, not to say chauvinist beliefs, they are typical to most Koreans, both in the North and the South.
  • The Official Propaganda in the DPRK: Ideas and Methods 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.fortunecity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a consequence of the Liberation and the Korean War, Korea's traditional system of social classes was destroyed, and thereby necessitated erecting a new system.
  • ECONOMIC GROWTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA, 1945-1992 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC hdr.undp.org [Source type: Academic]

.He called the new kingdom Ch'ao- Hsien, pacified and policed its borders, and introduced laws and Chinese etiquette and polity.^ Hirschhorn said that big-time American corporations threatened to shut down their extensive Chinese operations if China's top officials adopted the new law.
  • Pot Meet Kettle: China Blasts Bernanke For Promoting Another Asset Bubble Via Dollar Carry Trade | zero hedge 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.zerohedge.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Manchurian clothing called the qipao became the new "Chinese" fashion after the 17th century, replacing earlier Han styles of clothing such as the Hanfu.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for the so called EU, I hope that it's direction is under threat and that a new Europe can emerge that is different from the current EU and more like a Social Europe with open borders and nation states.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Korean ancient history is far from satisfying the rigid demands of modern criticism, but it appears that Ki-tze's dynasty ruled the peninsula until the 4th century B.C., from which period until the 10th century A.D. civil wars and foreign aggressions are prominent.^ Koreans are well known for their immense diversity in facial characteristics =_= Modern Korean history is steeped mostly in golf, videogames, and vehement hatred of the Japanese.
  • South Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shilla, with the aid of Tang China, unified the peninsula in 668 AD. With its center at Kyongju, the dynasty flourished for roughly three centuries before internal strife and foreign pressures led to its downfall in the 10th century.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ History Major combat in the Chinese Civil War ended in 1949 with the Communist Party of China in control of the mainland, and the Kuomintang (KMT) retreating to Taiwan.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless, Hiaksai, which with Korai and Shinra then constituted Korea, was a centre of literary culture in the 4th century, through which the Chinese classics and the art of writing reached the other two kingdoms.^ Intercultural dialogue through the arts and culture > .
  • Resources from South Korea - IFACCA, the International Federation of Arts Councils and Culture Agencies 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.ifacca.org [Source type: News]

^ Arts & Culture # The View from Fez reports that the Marrakesh Film Festival plans to screen a record 44 films from South Korea this year.

^ Business # Moscow Through Brown Eyes writes about North Korean laborers in Russia and examines other cases of coerced labor, elsewhere.

4th Century to 14th Century

.Buddism, a forceful civilizing element, reached Hiaksai in A.D. 384, and from it the sutras and images of northern Buddhism were carried to Japan, as well as Chinese letters and ethics.^ China worried that Japan was extending its military and naval reach and integrating its forces with the Americans under cover of its security treaty with the United States.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The legal system combines some elements of European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, and classical Chinese philosophies.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taiwan is like a brother to Japan and that T-J relations are going very well (a lot better than Chinese-Japanese relations).
  • Japan & Taiwan: Bilateral relations [Archive] - Japan Forum 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Internecine wars were terminated about 913 by Wang the Founder, who unified the peninsula under the name Korai, made Song-do its capital, and endowed Buddhism as the state religion.^ Pakistan’s military named the acquired missile, Ghauri, after a famous Muslim warrior who slew a Hindu emperor named Prithvi, the name of a Russian made Indian missile.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ Fortunately, the armchair war heroes who failed to give a damn about the lives of the residents of Fallujah will not get to play toy soldiers with the residents of China and South Korea.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course the founders and the venture capital firms who first got in are very very rich now, but they've created a whole new industry and countless jobs as well as made our lives better.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the 11th century Korea was stripped of her territory west of the Yalu by a warlike horde of Tungus stock, since which time her frontiers have been stationary.^ I’d heard this kind of story numerous times since arriving in Korea.

^ Her inclinations were generally with reformers and the West--much of Korea's modernization of the late 19th century took place under her patronage.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And since North Korea's in the news again, Kim "So Ronrey" Jong Il has appeared in puiblic for the first time since disappearing after reports of a stroke in August.
  • The Jawa Report v3.0 Beta Archives 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC mypetjawa.mu.nu [Source type: News]

14th Century (Fall of Wang Dynasty) to 19th century

The Wang dynasty perished in 1392, an important epoch in the peninsula, when Ni Taijo, or Litan, the founder of the present dynasty, ascended the throne, after his country had suffered severely from Jenghiz and Khublai Khan. .He tendered his homage to the first Ming emperor of China, received from him his investiture as sovereign, and accepted from him the Chinese calendar and chronology, in itself a declaration of fealty.^ China has even gone as far as to declare that Taiwan is a nonexistent country and merely a 'renegade province' and contradicts itself in saying that Taiwan must 'reunite' with the mainland.
  • Japan & Taiwan: Bilateral relations [Archive] - Japan Forum 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first unified Chinese state was established by the Qin Dynasty in 221 BCE, when the office of the Emperor was set up and the Chinese language was forcibly standardized.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chinese writings from 1650 B.C. some thirty years before the first clock was invented (also in China).
  • People's Republic of China - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He revived the name Ch'ao-Hsien, changed the capital from Song-do to Seoul, organized an administrative system, which with some modifications continued till 1895, and exists partially still, carried out vigorous reforms, disestablished Buddhism, made merit in Chinese literary examinations the basis of appointment to office, made Confucianism the state religion, abolished human sacrifices and the burying of old men alive, and introduced that Confucian system of education, polity, and social order which has dominated Korea for five centuries.^ Under his administration, Korea recovered economically from the destructive Japanese and Manchu invasions of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 49% of the population practice Christianity (including 8,760,336 Protestants and 2,950,730 Roman Catholics); 47% practice Buddhism; 3% Confucianism; and 1% folk religion (shamanism), Ch'ondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way), and other faiths.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seoul, the thumping capital city of South Korea , is situated in the northwest region of the country on the Han River.
  • Seoul Hotels 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Either this king or an immediate successor introduced the present national costume, the dress worn by the Chinese before the Manchu conquest.^ This doesn't mean that either we or the Chinese (or the Taiwanese) need to pick a fight over this, but the idea that we should drop our support for an independent Taiwan before the Taiwanese themselves do is ludicrous.

^ The Manchu-established Qing Dynasty and its successors, the ROC and the PRC, incorporated these territories into the Chinese empire.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The early heirs of this vigorous and capable monarch used their power, like him, for the good of the people; but later decay set in, and Japanese buccaneers ravaged the coasts, though for two centuries under Chinese protection Korea was free from actual foreign invasion.^ We have been boycotting Japanese goods for the history they'd done for Chinese people.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Unlike the completely bullshitty and complex characters of the Chinese and Japanese , hang cool makes sense o_O. While these other Asiatic scripts are actually written words as viewed under a kaleidoscope, reading hang cool is pretty easy to read.
  • South Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The country repelled numerous foreign invasions despite domestic strife, in part due to its protected status in the Sino-centric regional political model during Korea's Chosun dynasty (1392-1910).
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1592 occurred the epoch-making invasion of Korea by a Japanese army of 300,000 men, by order of the great regent Hideyoshi.^ The unifier of Japan, Hideyoshi, launched major invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1597.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Under his administration, Korea recovered economically from the destructive Japanese and Manchu invasions of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The unifier of Japan, Hideyoshi Toyotomi, launched major invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1597.
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.China came to the rescue with 60,000 men, and six years of a gigantic and bloody war followed, in which Japan used firearms for the first time against a foreign foe.^ Minerals, Railways Draw China to N Korea - Pyongyang is hoping that Chinese investment will come to its rescue, while China sees the North as a convenient source of minerals, Asia Times, Nov.

^ While Boltons skepticism of North Korea is well-known, this is believed to be the first time a former top adviser to the president has taken the unusual step of lobbying against a pillar of the administrations current foreign policy.
  • The Jawa Report v3.0 Beta Archives 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC mypetjawa.mu.nu [Source type: News]

^ This is the burial place of military heroes from the liberation war against Japan.

.Seoul and several of the oldest cities were captured, and in some instances destroyed, the country was desolated, and the art treasures and the artists were carried to Japan.^ Seoul, the thumping capital city of South Korea , is situated in the northwest region of the country on the Han River.
  • Seoul Hotels 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a devastating war from 1950 to 1953, which destroyed much of the country’s cities and infrastructure, North Korean authorities pushed for socialist modernization.

^ Located at a distance of 50 km away from the North Korea border, Seoul is a city of ancient treasure.
  • Seoul Hotels 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Japanese troops were recalled in 1598 at Hideyoshi's death. .The port and fishing privileges of Fusan remained in Japanese possession, a heavy tribute was exacted, and until 1790 the Korean king stood in humiliating relations towards Japan.^ Many scholars have disputed until 3403 when they finally concluded that Koreans are "just too proud" to use anything relating to the U.S. of A. .
  • South Korea - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ZNet Article 2010 will mark the centenary of Japanese colonial rule over the Korean peninsula, but, North Korea, Japan's neighbour, remains the one country in the world with which Japan has no relations McCormack's ZSpace page .
  • ZNet - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

^ Historical survey of Sino-North Korean relations; Threats posed by North Korea to China's security; Description of China's policy toward North Korea; Proposals for dealing with North Korea.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Korea never recovered from the effects of this invasion, which bequeathed to all Koreans an intense hatred of the Japanese.^ Under his administration, Korea recovered economically from the destructive Japanese and Manchu invasions of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In between are the graves of 200 leading figures from Korea’s resistance during Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War.
  • ENGLISH VERSION 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC home.hccnet.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ More likely and no less complex is the potential introduction of a North Korean nuclear ultimatum in the context of a surprise non-nuclear invasion of South Korea.
  • GIS Special Topical Studies: DPRK WMD Programs. November 19, 2002. � GIS 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC 128.121.186.47 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

19th Century to Present

.In 1866, 1867, and 1871 French and American punitive expeditions attacked parts of Korea in which French missionaries and American adventurers had been put to death, and inflicted much loss of life, but retired without securing any diplomatic successes, and Korea continued to preserve her complete isolation.^ North Korea has produced high-quality fakes of American $100 notes, and may have dumped as much as a billion dollars' worth of them into the global markets.

^ The alliance has also been the basis for direct and indirect U.S. economic assistance to South Korea by reducing its security expenditures which facilitated continuous and rapid economic growth.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ These public political confession sessions are a very important part of the daily life of North Korea.
  • The Official Propaganda in the DPRK: Ideas and Methods 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.fortunecity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first indirect step towards breaking it down had been taken in 1860, when Russia obtained from China the cession of the Usuri province, thus bringing a European power down to the Tumen.^ Concern of U.S. government officials that North Korea may conduct its first nuclear weapons test; Claims made by the North Korean government that it had taken steps which could allow it to obtain additional plutonium; Ability of North Korea to arm a missile with a nuclear device.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ China has a key role in bringing North Korea back down to earth .
  • US deploys warships as North Korea prepares to launch missile - Telegraph 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ By collapsin the powers of Russia and China, the power structure is upset and nothing will stand in the way of the Anglo-American controlled NewWorldOrder from immediately assuming control over the entire planet.
  • North Korea says ‘we are ready for war’ 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A large emigration of famine-stricken Koreans and persecuted Christians into Russian territory followed.^ In addition, Koreans have emigrated permanently to the United States in large numbers since 1971; the population in the United States of Korean origin was 798,849 as of 1990 (72.7% foreign born).
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One North Korean historian describes it in the following terms (apologies for the long quotation, but it affords a glimpse into modern North Korean writings): .
  • The Official Propaganda in the DPRK: Ideas and Methods 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.fortunecity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beginning records of Korean people—known as Dongyi —in the peninsula and extended territory extending well into modern day China and Russia.
  • Teen Life in Korea 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The emigrants were very kindly received, and many of them became thrifty and prosperous farmers.^ In the case of Germany the list of protective measures and unresolved court cases is very long and I even became peripherally affected by one such case many years back.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In 1876 Japan, with the consent of China, wrung a treaty from Korea by which Fusan was fully opened to Japanese settlement and trade, and Won-san (Gensan) and Inchiun (Chemulpo) were opened to her in 1880. In 1882 China promulgated her "Trade and Frontier Regulations," and America negotiated a commercial treaty, followed by Germany and Great Britain in 1883, Italy and Russia in 1884, France in 1886, and Austria in 1892. A trade convention was also concluded with Russia.^ Japan, Russia, China and the United States as well as the two Koreas.

^ Korea lies adjacent to China and Japan .

^ Thus, in 2008, about 94% of the total trade consisted of commercial transactions, much of that based on processing-on-commission arrangements and the light industry operations in KIC. The R.O.K. is North Korea's second-largest trading partner, after China.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Seoul was opened in 1884 to foreign residence, and the provinces to foreign travel, and the diplomatic agents of the contracting powers obtained a recognized status at the capital.^ Governance # The Metropolitician wrote an open letter to Steve Jobs addressing the situation that foreign residents could not register for I-phone because of local foreign resident policy.

^ Normalization of relations between Italy and North Korea; Problems with North Korea's foreign policy approach; North Korea's diplomatic efforts to obtain monetary support and contributions.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We have a job opening in Yongin (Gyeonngi Province) near Seoul for an experienced female teacher Say Kimchi Recruiting -- Sunday, 10 January 2010, at 3:55 p.m.
  • Dave's ESL Cafe Korean Job Board - Korean Job Board 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.eslcafe.com [Source type: News]

.These treaties terminated the absolute isolation which Korea had effectually preserved.^ The question is how we would put together actions, together with these partners, which would first deter, and if we were not successful to deter this action by North Korea, ways that would further isolate North Korea.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.During the negotiations, although under Chinese suzerainty, she was treated with as an independent state.^ Independent Chinese states of this period also opened diplomatic relations with Japan, introducing the Chinese writing system there.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the South Koreans, Chinese, and Japanese will not follow suit, a unilateral United States trade and investment ban will be ineffective and counterproductive to the prospect for a negotiated solution on the Korean Peninsula.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsequently, and during the period of the transfer program, the United States would determine offshore procurement from Korea on the basis of individual items and under normal offshore procurement procedures.
  • Chapter VI: The Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.history.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Between 1897 and 1899, under diplomatic pressure, a number of ports were opened to foreign trade and residence.^ Governance # The Metropolitician wrote an open letter to Steve Jobs addressing the situation that foreign residents could not register for I-phone because of local foreign resident policy.

^ Kim Jong-Il has rejoined the six-party talks aimed at ending his nuclear-weapons program and opening North Korea for foreign aid and trade.

^ As China opened up to foreign trade and missionary activity, opium produced by British India was forced onto Qing China.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 1882 to 1894 the chief event in the newly opened kingdom was a plot by the Tai-wonKun, the father of the emperor, to seize on power, which led to an attack on the Japanese legation, the members of which were compelled to fight their way, and that not bloodlessly, to the sea.^ Marked by the abdication of Korean emperor Sunjong and the taking over of power by the Japanese.
  • Teen Life in Korea 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With declining Chinese power and a weakened domestic posture at the end of the 19th century, Korea was open to Western and Japanese encroachment.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While some members of the Tonghak Movement-- renamed Ch'ondogyo (Teachings of the Heavenly Way)--supported the Japanese annexation in 1910, others opposed it.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Japan secured ample compensation; and the Chinese resident, aided by Chinese troops, deported the Tai-won-Kun to Tientsin.^ UN Security Council called on members for troops to aid South Korea.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

.In 1884 at an official banquet the leaders of the progressive party assassinated six leading Korean statesmen, and the intrigues in Korea of the banished or escaped conspirators created difficulties which were very slow to subside.^ Discusses the progress on the Six-Party Talks.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ He deals with N. Korea as a party of six nations.
  • Think Progress » North Korea’s Atomic March 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ In an interview following the conversion, an official of the North Korean central bank noted that the reform was aimed at curbing private trade and underlined that North Korea is “not… .

In spite of a constant struggle for ascendancy between the queen and the returned Tai-won-Kun, the next decade was one of quiet.
.China, always esteemed in Korea, consolidated her influence under the new conditions through a powerful resident; prosperity advanced, and certain reforms were projected by foreign "advisers."^ Foreign laws have repeatedly influenced Korea.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And Korea will always remain a small country in a region of big powers.
  • Two Panels Debate U.S.-North Korea Nuclear Options, UCLA Asia Institute 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC international.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Short of dissolving parliament and calling for new elections, the president was left with little power to influence public policy regarding crime, the economy, and public services.
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In May 1894 a more important insurrectionary rising than usual led the king to ask armed aid from China.^ This led to a student demonstration in Budapest to support Gomulka and his reforms, asking for similar reforms in Hungary… leading to the much more volatile Hungarian Revolution of 1956.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These families may find out that even if all people are formally equal, in practice some are more equal than others.

^ In each case, Japan's pro-American tilt may be more apparent than real.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

She landed 2000 troops on the 10th of June, having previously, in accordance with treaty provisions, notified Japan of her intention. .Soon after this Japan had 12,000 troops in Korea, and occupied the capital and the treaty ports.^ Soviet and US administrations, North Korea allocated to the USSR, Japan possessions taken away, 1946, March 12: first stamps, 1948, Sept.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no better example of this commitment than the fact that Korea deploys some 3,000 troops in Iraq, the third largest foreign contingent.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan spend 45 billions, North korea spend 5 billions, South Korea spend 20 billions.Taiwan 12 billions, Vietnam maximum 7 billions.
  • Vietnam's military ability [Archive] - SkyscraperCity 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Then Japan made three sensible proposals for Korean reform, to be undertaken jointly by herself and China.^ Delegates spent nearly three-and-a-half hours looking at a revised proposal submitted by China that aims to establish an agreed framework on how to rid the Korean peninsula of nuclear weapons.
  • North Korea on David T. Nicholson's Wednesday-Night.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.wednesday-night.com [Source type: News]

^ Historical survey of Sino-North Korean relations; Threats posed by North Korea to China's security; Description of China's policy toward North Korea; Proposals for dealing with North Korea.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Japanese occupation (1910 – 45), some three million Koreans emigrated to Manchuria and other parts of China, 700,000 to Siberia, approximately three million to Japan, and about 7,000 to the United States (mostly to Hawaii).
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.China replied that Korea must be left to reform herself, and that the withdrawal of the Japanese troops must precede negotiations.^ Finally, the way you describe the situation regarding Tibet and China reminds me of how the Japanese talked about China and Korea during the 1930s.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And China has been trying to persuade North Korea to initiate reforms for some time.
  • Two Panels Debate U.S.-North Korea Nuclear Options, UCLA Asia Institute 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC international.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Eden focuses on elections based on the population distributions in North and South Korea, international supervision, and foreign troop withdrawal.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Coverage : Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of, (DPRK), North Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Japan rejected this suggestion, and on the 23rd of July attacked and occupied the royal palace.^ Michael Breen's assessment of S Korea attacking Japan as a result of the N Korean missile tests, Korea Times, July 13, 2006 .

.After some further negotiations and fights by land and sea between Japan and China war was declared formally by Japan, and Korea was for some time the battle-ground of the belligerents.^ Korea lies adjacent to China and Japan .

^ Japan and south korea a number of times.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ During his January 29, 2002, State of the Union Address Bush declared North Korea to be part of an “Axis of Evil.” North Korea said Bush’s speech “amounts to an effective declaration of war against us.” Bush’s speech discounted the possibility of negotiations with the country.
  • North Korea Ends Armistice, Threatens to Attack South Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Japanese victories resulted for Korea in the solemn renunciation of Chinese suzerainty by the Korean king, the substitution of Japanese for Chinese influence, the introduction of many important reforms under Japanese advisers, and of checks on the absolutism of the throne.^ Excellent Chinese and Japanese food is also available, as well as French, Italian, Mexican, Pakistani and many other ethnic cuisines.

^ Under his administration, Korea recovered economically from the destructive Japanese and Manchu invasions of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chinese ideograms are believed to have been brought into Korea sometime before the second century BC. The learned class spoke Korean, but read and wrote Chinese.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Everything promised well. .The finances flourished under the capable control of Mr (afterwards Sir) M`Leavy Brown, C.M.G. Large and judicious retrenchments were carried out in most of the government departments.^ Demand reduction through drug awareness train-the-trainers methodology is carried out under the auspices of the Supreme Prosecutors Office.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The government has not allowed UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the DPRK Vitit Muntarbhorn to visit the country to carry out his mandate.
  • Korea, Democratic People's Republic of* 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the Party retains effective control over government appointments: in the absence of meaningful opposition, the CPC wins by default most of the time.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A measure of judicial and prison reform was granted. Taxation was placed on an equable basis. The pressure of the trade gilds was relaxed. Postal and educational systems were introduced. An approach to a constitution was made. The distinction between patrician and plebeian, domestic slavery, and beating and slicing to death were abolished. The age for marriage of both sexes was raised. Chinese literary examinations ceased to be a passport to office. .Classes previously degraded were enfranchised, and the alliance between two essentially corrupt systems of government was severed.^ Political concerns in the PRC include lessening the growing gap between rich and poor and fighting corruption within the government leadership.
  • Asisbiz Photos of People's Republic of China (PRC) 中华人民共和国 or 中華人民共和國 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.asisbiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think one of the issues there was that there were issues that were unresolved between the two countries, particularly in the alliance relationship.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ In all, there were a total of two different governments and a formation of several resistance movements.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For about eighteen months all the departments were practically under Japanese control.^ Then come to think of it; it's all about control.
  • Apple nears wireless license for iPhone in China [Archive] - AppleInsider 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1986, as part of the government's economic stabilization program initiated in 1980, all of the five commercial banks previously under government control were denationalized.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICAL CONDITIONS North Korea has a centralized government under the rigid control of the communist Korean Workers' Party (KWP), to which all government officials belong.
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the 8th of October 1895 the Tai-won-Kun, with Korean troops, aided by Japanese troops under the orders of Viscount Miura, the Japanese minister, captured the palace, assassinated the queen, and made a prisoner of the king, who, however, four months later, escaped to the Russian legation, where he remained till the spring of 1897. Japanese influence waned.^ During the Japanese invasions of 1592-1598, the palace was burnt to the ground--by the city's slave population, it would turn out, who took advantage of the wartime confusion and flight of the king to destroy the slave registers.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pakistan’s military named the acquired missile, Ghauri, after a famous Muslim warrior who slew a Hindu emperor named Prithvi, the name of a Russian made Indian missile.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ On Oct 8, 1895, a gang of ruffians--widely believed to have been organized by Japanese resident minister Miura Goro--broke into Gyeongbokung Palace and assassinated the powerful queen.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The engagements of the advisers were not renewed. A strong retrograde movement set in. Reforms were dropped. .The king, with the checks upon his absolutism removed, reverted to the worst traditions of his dynasty, and the control and arrangements of finance were upset by Russia.^ By collapsin the powers of Russia and China, the power structure is upset and nothing will stand in the way of the Anglo-American controlled NewWorldOrder from immediately assuming control over the entire planet.
  • North Korea says ‘we are ready for war’ 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each is headed by an official who has to check upon the behaviour of all persons under his control as he is personally responsible for their political loyalty.
  • The Official Propaganda in the DPRK: Ideas and Methods 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC www.fortunecity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

At the close of 1897 the king assumed the title of emperor, and changed the official designation of the empire to Dai Han Great Han. .By 1898 the imperial will, working under partially new conditions, produced continual chaos, and by 1900 succeeded in practically overriding all constitutional restraints.^ While Rodrik has some points that are worth considering (particularly regarding the need for humility), he makes no progress at all with regard to practical solutions, while Simon's work does.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, this rate continued to decline gradually due to improved occupational safety programs and union pressure for better working conditions.
  • Korea, Republic of 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ By early in the 20th century, however, the savage anarchy of the financial marketplace had been at least partially domesticated under the reign of the greatest financier of them all, J P Morgan.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

Meanwhile Russian intrigue was constantly active.
.At last Japan resorted to arms, and her success against Russia in the war of 1904-5 enabled her to resume her influence over Korea.^ In 1904 war broke out between Japan and Russia.
  • Two Panels Debate U.S.-North Korea Nuclear Options, UCLA Asia Institute 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC international.ucla.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea last year quit five years of on-and-off negotiations with the United States, China, Japan, Russia and South Korea and has since suggested it will only talk with Washington.
  • U.S. says no promises to N. Korea for freeing journalists 25 September 2009 15:54 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Japan, China, India, Pakistan, North Korea and, undoubtedly, South Korea would all be armed with the ultimate in weapons of mass destruction.
  • AMERICAN FUTURE - Marc Schulman on a world in turmoil » North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC americanfuture.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the 23rd of February 1904 an agreement was determined whereby Japan resumed her position as administrative adviser to Korea, guaranteed the integrity of the country, and bound herself to maintain the imperial house in its position.^ ZNet Article At the Beijing talks in February this year, the Bush administration reversed its North Korea policy, opting for a comprehensive deal -- denuclearization and normalization, over confrontation and...
  • ZNet - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: General]

^ This paper examines the position of Korea and country's contribution to East Asian economic integration in the ASEAN+e process after it overcame its financial crisis and examines the current state of affairs regarding the promotion of an East Asian FTA with China and Japan.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ The United States urged Korea to resume economic relations with Japan.
  • CADTM - South Korea : the miracle unmasked 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.cadtm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Her interests were recognized by Russia in the treaty of peace (September 5, 1905), and by Great Britain in the Anglo Japanese agreement of the 12th of August 1905.
.The Koreans did not accept the restoration of Japanese influence without demur.^ How they could be carried out without South Korean and Japanese backing was not obvious.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At that time, China sought to block growing Japanese influence on the Korean Peninsula and Russian pressure for commercial gains there.
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In August 1905 disturbances arose owing to an attempt by some merchants to obtain special assistance from the treasury on the pretext of embarrassment caused by Japanese financial reforms; these disturbances spread to some of the provinces, and the Japanese were compelled to make a show of force.^ Korea bounced back from the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis with some International Monetary Fund (IMF) assistance, but based largely on extensive financial reforms that restored stability to markets.
  • South Korea (10/09) 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of these peoples also populated parts of northeast China (Manchuria); Koreans and Manchurians still show physical similarities.
  • North Korea (08/09) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualsources.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ These laws stipulate that proper security measures as well as financial assistance must be provided to trafficked victims when they report a trafficking crime.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Korea, Republic of 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Prolonged negotiations were necessary to the completion of the treaty of the 17th of November 1905, whereby Japan obtained the control of Korea's foreign affairs and relations, and the confirmation of previous agreements, the far-reaching results of which have been indicated.^ As a result, the country has been referred to as the “Hermit Kingdom.” Furthermore, the long history of Korea is marked by armies from China, Japan, the Soviet Union, and the United States, who have come to Korea in an effort to control this strategic landmark .
  • Teen Life in Korea 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A nuclear North Korea under the control of an unpredictable Stalinist regime and harboring long-standing historical grudges against Japan is another matter entirely.
  • AMERICAN FUTURE - Marc Schulman on a world in turmoil » North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC americanfuture.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They'll work out a deal which will allow Taiwan limited local autonomy- more than Hong Kong- while handing over control of foreign affairs.

.Nor was opposition to Japanese reforms confined to popular demonstration.^ When Roh accepted opposition demands for political reforms, Chun announced in July that the upcoming election would be held by direct popular vote.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1907 a Korean delegacy, headed by Prince Yong, a member of the imperial family, was sent out to lay before the Hague conference of that year, and before all the principal governments, a protest against the treatment of Korea by Japan.^ Prison Museum p189 5 Seodaemun toSeodaemun Prison-- Built in 1907, now a museum the Korean independence struggle--was where many Korean freedom fighters were locked up during the dark years of Japanese imperial rule.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ship appeared to be carrying a team of North Korean spies who intended to infiltrate South Korea to carry out what remain unknown missions against South Korean targets.
  • Korea, Republic of (ROK) – FREE Korea, Republic of (ROK) information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Korea, Republic of (ROK) research 17 September 2009 1:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A nuclear North Korea under the control of an unpredictable Stalinist regime and harboring long-standing historical grudges against Japan is another matter entirely.
  • AMERICAN FUTURE - Marc Schulman on a world in turmoil » North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC americanfuture.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While this was of course fruitless from the Korean point of view, it indicated that the Japanese must take strong measures to suppress the intrigues of the Korean court.^ Recommended preparation: two years of Japanese or Korean, one introductory linguistics course.
  • UCLA - Asian Languages & Cultures Department 15 September 2009 18:54 UTC www.alc.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ General Creighton Abrams has indicated that from a purely professional point of view the Koreans probably outperformed all of our allied forces in South Vietnam.
  • Chapter VI: The Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.history.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From my point of view, UK taking part on Iraq war was the same shooting itself on the leg.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.At the instigation of the Korean ministry the emperor abdicated on the 19th of July 1907, handing over the crown to his son.^ Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry July 21 1960 - Report by Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth on the progress of North Korean "communist universities."
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Coverage : Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of, (DPRK), North Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Collection : North Korea in the Cold War 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Telegram from Tunkin to Soviet Foreign Ministry, in reply to 11 September telegram September 14 1949 - Soviet Foreign ministry advises to instigate Korean War only if the war will be quick and decisive.
  • CWIHP Virtual Archive : Collection : North Korea in the Cold War 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.wilsoncenter.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marked by the abdication of Korean emperor Sunjong and the taking over of power by the Japanese.
  • Teen Life in Korea 28 January 2010 1:14 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Somewhat serious emeutes followed in Seoul and elsewhere, and the Japanese proposals for a new convention, increasing the powers of the resident general, had to be presented to the cabinet under a strong guard.^ Taken together the elevation of this new generation of professional and proficient officers will markedly increase the combat power of the KPA. There was a corresponding refinement in the KPA's training program.
  • GIS Special Topical Studies: DPRK WMD Programs. November 19, 2002. � GIS 6 February 2010 12:16 UTC 128.121.186.47 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seoul Searching: No Comfort - Sex slaves used by Japanese soldiers during wartime now have a new enemy -- America, TIME Asia, May.

^ Under the present British constitutional arrangements enormous, unbridled power is delivered to the leadership of the winning party.
  • Republic | Blog » Blog Archive » Confessions of a Conservative republican 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.republic.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

The convention was signed on the 25th of July. .One of the reforms immediately undertaken was the disbanding of the Korean standing army, which led to an insurrection and an intermittent guerrilla warfare which, owing to the nature of the country, was not easy to subdue.^ Korean War of 1950-53 Almost immediately after establishment of the D.P.R.K., guerrilla warfare, border clashes, and naval battles erupted between the two Koreas.

^ The division, minus one Army regiment but including a Korean Marine regiment, was to be commanded by a Korean Army general.
  • Chapter VI: The Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.history.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tour of duty was one year, but if the soldiers did not live up to the high standards established by the Korean Army, they were to be sent home from the combat area immediately.
  • Chapter VI: The Republic of Korea 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.history.army.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Under the direction of Prince Ito (q.v.) the work of reform was vigorously prosecuted. .In July 1909, General Teranchi, Japanese minister of war, became resident-general, with the mission to bring about annexation.^ Fortunately, the armchair war heroes who failed to give a damn about the lives of the residents of Fallujah will not get to play toy soldiers with the residents of China and South Korea.
  • The Age Blogs: Your Say 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.theage.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Tito became Prime Minister after the war and purged those who weren't loyal to the communists.
  • Europe 1945 to present: Assignments Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC blog.lib.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore the vote became one of the survival of Blair and not just about War in Iraq.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.This was effected peacefully in August 1910, the emperor of Korea by formal treaty surrendering his country and crown.^ War of Details - Korea's claims of being more of a victim of wars and invasions compared to other countries is greatly exaggerated, Korea Times, August 31, 2006 .

^ Japan surrendered in August 1945, and Korea was liberated.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ ElBaradei says he hopes that the leader of every country having formal ties with North Korea is on the telephone to its leadership to dissuade it from conducting such a test.
  • North Korea on David T. Nicholson's Wednesday-Night.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.wednesday-night.com [Source type: News]

(See JAPAN.)

References

Authorities. - .The first Asiatic notice of Korea is by Khordadbeh, an Arab geographer of the 9th century A. D., in his Book of Roads and Provinces, quoted by Baron Richthofen in his great work on China, p.^ Korea became one of the first groups of countries having diplomatic relations with new China.
  • Timeline North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ The first was that Korea has begun to—has worked on a prototype passport that will have a biometric.
  • United States-Republic of Korea Alliance: An Alliance At Risk? 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite differences, the Americans have been prepared to work with the EU and Russia in the Middle East and with China, Japan and Russia over N. Korea.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.575. The earliest European source of information is a narrative by H. Hamel, a Dutchman, who was shipwrecked on the coast of Quelpart in 1654, and held in captivity in Korea for thirteen years.^ Not open to students who attended elementary school in Korea for more than two years or who have learned, from whatever source, enough Korean to qualify for more advanced courses.
  • UCLA - Asian Languages & Cultures Department 15 September 2009 18:54 UTC www.alc.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Reporter Martin Savidge describes life in the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea where a 50 year armistice has held warring sides apart.
  • North Korea 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not open to students who attended elementary school in Korea for more than one year or who have learned, from whatever source, enough Korean to qualify for more advanced courses.
  • UCLA - Asian Languages & Cultures Department 15 September 2009 18:54 UTC www.alc.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The amount of papers on Korea scattered through English, German, French and Russian magazines, and the proceedings of geographical societies, is very great, and for the last three centuries Japanese writers have contributed largely to the sum of general knowledge of the peninsula.^ The author analyses the tension on the peninsula through three very different perspectives: the security dilemma and misperceptions; domestic policies and ideology; and the influence of external actors.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

^ Under his administration, Korea recovered economically from the destructive Japanese and Manchu invasions of the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • Seoul Selection Guides: SEOUL 28 January 2010 1:49 UTC issuu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All those that are descended from the ancient peoples of Europe, such as the English, German, Greek, Russian, French, Italian, etc.
  • Throwaway Cities: Systemic Racism and Capitalism :: racismreview.com 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.racismreview.com [Source type: Original source]

The list which follows includes some of the more recent works which illustrate the history, manners and customs, and awakening of Korea: British Foreign Office Reports on Korean Trade, Annual Series (London); Bibliographie koreanne (3 vols., Paris, 1897); Mrs. I. L. Bishop, Korea and her Neighbours (2 vols., London, 1897); M. von Brandt, Ostasiatische Fragen (Leipzig, 1897); A. E. J. Cavendish and H. E. Goold Adams, Korea, and the Sacred White Mountain (London, 1894); Stewart Culin, Korean Games (Philadelphia, 1895); Curzon, Problems of the Far East (London, 1896); Dallet, Histoire de l'eglise de Koree (2 vols., Paris, 1874); J. S. Gale, Korean Sketches (Edinburgh, 1898); W. E. Griffis, The Hermit Nation (8th and revised edition, New York, 1907); H. Hamel, Relation du naufrage d'un vaisseau Halindois, &c., traduite du Flamond par M. Minutoli (Paris, 1670); Okoji Hidemoto, Der Feldzug der Japanir gegen Korea im Jahre 1597: translated from Japanese by Professor von Pfizmaier (2 vols., Vienna, 1875); M. Jametel, "La Koree: ses ressources, son avenir commercial," L'Economiste francaise (Paris, July 1881); Percival Lowell, Choson: The Land of the Morning Calm (London, Boston, 1886); L. J. Miln, Quaint Korea (Harper, New York, 1895); V. de Laguerie, La Koree independante, russe ou japonaise? (Paris, 1898); J. Ross, Korea: Its History, Manners and Customs (Paisley, 1880); W. H. Wilkinson, The Korean Government: Constitutional Changes in Korea during the period 23rd July 1894 30th June 1896 (Shanghai, 1896); A. Hamilton, Korea (London, 1903); C. J. D. Taylor, Koreans at Home (London, 1904); E. Boudaret, En Coree (Paris, 1904); Laurent-Cremazy, Le Code penal de la Coree (Paris, 1904); G. T. Ladd, In Korea with Marquis Ito (London, 1908); Dictionaries and vocabularies by W. F. Myers (English secretary of Legation at Peking), the French missionaries, and others, were superseded in 1898 by a large and learned volume by the Rev J. S. Gale, a Presbyterian missionary, who devoted some years to the work. On geology, see C. Gottsche, "Geologische Skizze von Korea," Sitz. preuss. Akad. Wiss. (Berlin, Jahrg. 1886, pp. 857-873, Pl. viii.). A summary of this paper, with a reproduction of the map, is given by L. Pervinquiere in Rev. sci. Paris, 5th series, vol. i. (1904), pp. 545-55 2. (I. L. B.; O. J. R. H.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:
See also korea

Contents

English

Location of Korea

Proper noun

Singular
Korea
Plural
Koreas
Korea (plural Koreas)
.
  1. An ancient country in East Asia.^ China, is a country in East Asia.
    • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK) (대한민국, ) and often simply referred to as Korea, is a country in East Asia, located on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula.
    • South Korea, Country - News - Evri 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.evri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Wikipedia South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, also known as Korea and "Land of the Morning Calm", is a country in East Asia.
    • South Korea - Topics - Breitbart.com 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC topics.breitbart.com [Source type: News]

    Since World War II, Korea has been divided into two sovereign states, commonly called South Korea and North Korea in the US, or Korea and North Korea in the UK.
  2. An informal name for the Republic of Korea (South Korea) or the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).

Derived terms

Translations

See also


Norwegian

Proper noun

Korea
  1. Korea

Related terms


Polish

Map of Korea

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /kɔˈrɛa/

Proper noun

Korea f.
  1. Korea

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Korea
Genitive Korei
Dative Korei
Accusative Koreę
Instrumental Koreą
Locative Korei
Vocative Koreo

Derived terms

  • Koreańczyk m., Koreanka f.
  • adjective: koreański

Related terms


Swedish

Noun

Korea
  1. Korea

See also


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

.Korea is a land of people who really really like their games and is home of many MMORPG players.^ (The USA and Britain, unfortunately, are the home of many of the worst loudmouthed protesters, though not the majority of people.
  • Friends Started to Boycott French Products 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC home.wangjianshuo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is a small hairy man like a cat in size, who lives behind the stove/home fire, and guards you.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Nearly 79% of people who need long-term care live at home or in community settings rather than in institutions.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is also the source of many semi-polished free (while in beta) games that have become popular over the internet. .It is one of the biggest independent Gaming Market outside of Japan and North America.^ Koizumi's declaration of independence came as a shock to Armitage and other administration officials who regarded Japan as the "linchpin" of America's alliances in Asia.
  • Misplaying North Korea and Losing Friends and Influence in Northeast Asia 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC northkorea.ssrc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The “Aging of America” is probably one of the biggest social issues in the country today and will grow as time progresses.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Asia:  America Loves One of Them More; South Korea and Japan.  Economist 375:60 June 11, 2005.
  • South Korea 28 January 2010 1:53 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: Academic]

.Besides this, Korea tends to be stereotyped as a place where people get killed over gaming.^ What was surprising though was that it was normal for people to kill or abandon their disabled children; in some places it was a legal requirement.
  • Summer Economics/ CS 2006: July 2006 Archives 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC iws.punahou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If we were going to save this place, people would have to be killed."
  • Documento sin título 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC webs.ono.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are the most famous places where people should go when they travel in South Korea.

.Once a year or something, someone takes some item in an MMORPG too seriously, someone loses their real HP over it, and it hits the news.^ Once again, happy new year to everyone!
  • Republic | Blog » Blog Archive » Confessions of a Conservative republican 1 February 2010 4:48 UTC www.republic.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Maybe in a couple years I can get into management, if I take some language courses.
  • BBC - Mark Mardell's Euroblog: Germany loses revs 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ As we have seen here in the U.S., once you lose control of your legislature, accomplishing real reform is a much bigger problem.
  • Corruption of Regulators 1 February 2010 8:38 UTC www.softpanorama.org [Source type: Original source]

.Typically game releases that are listed as Asia include South Korea, but the inverse is not guaranteed.^ In September 2000, 63 North Korean spies, who had been released from South Korean prisons, were allowed to return to North Korea per their wishes.
  • Comparative Criminology | Asia - South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC www-rohan.sdsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This also includes the similarities and differences of South Koreas economy compared to the United States.
  • Welcome to South Korea 14 January 2010 11:46 UTC ted.coe.wayne.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Monday 03 November 2008 North Korea has released undated photos of leader Kim Jong-il, watching a soccer game.
  • North Korea on David T. Nicholson's Wednesday-Night.com 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.wednesday-night.com [Source type: News]

Free Games Provided by Korea


This article uses material from the "Korea" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

File:Locator map of
Location of Korea in East Asia

Korea is an area of land in the northeastern part of Asia.

The land of Korea was made into two countries after World War II. North Korea is in the north, and South Korea is in the south. North Korea is ruled by a military dictatorship. South Korea is a democracy. North and South Korea fought each other in the Korean War.

People have lived in Korea for about 15,000 years. In the past Korea was not just the Korean Peninsula, but also Manchuria and some of Siberia.

The best silk used to come from Korea. In the 7th century, the people of China also liked the gold-workers from Korea. Europeans knew very little about Korea until modern times. The printing machine was made in Korea in 1232 and used metal letters. This was a long time before Gutenberg made the printing press in Europe.

Korea is famous for its traditional food kimchi. Kimchi is spicy pickled Chinese cabbage. It is very popular in Korea.

The Korean people mainly eat cooked white sticky rice. Kimchi is the most popular dish in Korea. Traditionally, Koreans have seaweed soup on their birthday. It is good food for pregnant women.

South Korea has over 48 million people, and North Korea has more than 23 million. South Korea's biggest city is Seoul(서울), the capital of South Korea. The city has more than 10 million people and the region of Seoul has more than 21 million people. North Korea's biggest city is Pyongyang(평양), the capital of North Korea. It has less than 4 million people.

Korean people speak Korean. Many people in South Korea study English and other languages. Children in South Korea learn English and other languages in school.

South Korea is an advanced country with large cities, high-speed trains, high-speed internet, and many television and radio networks. Many of the television dramas made in Korea are popular around the world. Korean TV commercials are among the most expensive in the world[needs proof]. But there are still poor areas in Korea. The Korean farmers are not rich and struggle to compete with cheap food from other countries.

Contents

History

Gochosun

Gochosun is the first state in Korean history. It was established in 2333 BCE. Its real name is Chosun, but it is called Gochosun to make it different from other Chosun in Korean history. Go is a Korean prefix meaning 'old'. The founder of Gochosun is said to be Dangun. The Korean people believe that Dangun established the country on October 3rd, and still celebrate that day. In Korea October 3rd is a national holiday, which is named Kaecheonjeol (The day heaven opened). It is said to be the day that Dangun's father whose name is Hwan-ung came from sky on October 3rd 2457 BCE. Gochosun was destroyed by the Chinese Han Dynasty in 108 BCE.

Proto-Three Kingdoms

After Gojoseon had been destroyed there were many ancient confederations in the Korean Peninsula and Manchuria : Mahan, Byeonhan, Jinhan, Buyeo, Dongye, Okjeo, Goguryeo, and so on.

The ancient confederation countries later merged into three more real kingdoms and a advanced confederation country.

Three Kingdoms

Main article: Three Kingdoms of Korea

Between 57 BC and the year 668 there were three kingdoms in Korean Peninsula and Manchuria. The names of the kingdoms were: Silla, Goguryeo and Baekje. In the year 372 the religion Buddhism came from China to Korea. Buddhism was very important in Korea.

In the year 660 the kingdom of Silla invaded the kingdom of Baekje. In the year 668 the kingdom of Silla invaded the kingdom of Gyguryeo. The people of Goguryeo ran away and made a new kingdom with the name Barhae. After a little time, the kingdom of Balhae was invaded by Liao Dynasty.

The time when Silla was the only country has the name Unified Silla. In the Silla kingdom Buddhism was very important.

Year Event
57 BCE Silla was established. The first leader is Hyeokgeose.
37 BCE Goguryeo was established as a kingdom. The first leader is King Dongmyeong.
18 BCE Baekje was established. The first leader is Onjo. The age of Three Kingdoms of Korea began.
1st century Gaya was established by some states around Gimhae.
562 CE Gaya was destroyed by and merged into Silla.
660 CE Baekje was destroyed by Tang Dynasty and merged into Silla.
668 CE Goguryeo was destroyed by Silla-Tang Alliance. The age of Three Kingdoms of Korea was finished.
935 CE Silla was destroyed by and merged to Goryeo.

Goryeo(Corea)

In the year 918 the kingdom of Goryeo began. The name Korea comes from Goryeo. The kingdom of Goryeo had power until the year 1392.

The kingdom of Goryeo wrote the law in books, and had a big government. Buddhism was very important in the kingdom of Goryeo.

Joseon

In the year 1392 a man from the military of Korea went to China. His name was Yi Seonggye. Yi's job was to attack China. But Yi returned without doing it. When Yi came back to Korea, he changed the kingdom. Yi became king.

The name of the kingdom was Joseon. In the year 1394, the people of Joseon moved the capital to Seoul. The religion of Buddhism was not important. A new religion, Confucianism was important. Confucianism came from China.

In the year 1443 the king Sejong ruled. He invented the Korean alphabet Hangeul.

In the year 1592 and the year 1598 the people from Japan fought Korea. A man from the military made very strong ships, including the famous turtle ship. The name of the man was Yi Sun-sin. With the strong ships, the people of Korea won.

The people of Joseon were friends with the people of China.

Today, North Koreans use the name Joseon (officially Chosŏn) to mean Korea.

19th century

In the 19th century the people of Korea did not want to trade with other people. People called Korea Hermit Kingdom. see hermit

The people of the United States wanted to trade with Korea. The people of Japan also wanted to trade with Korea. Before 1876, everyone trying to trade by power failed. In the year 1876 the military of Japan fought Korea. Korea and Japan made a contract to trade.

In 1895 Japan won a war against China. This war was fought in the Korean peninsula. The name of the war was Sino-Japanese War. The military of Japan killed the Queen of Korea in 1895. The last name of the Queen was Min[needs proof]. Korea's name changed to Daehan Jeguk (empire of Korea).

The people from Korea made friends with the people from Russia. In 1905 Japan won a war against Russia. The name of the war was Russo-Japanese War. In the year 1910, the emperor of Japan made Korea a colony of Japan.

Colony of Japan to nowadays

Korea was a colony of Japan from the year 1910 to the year 1945.

The Japanese rule had both advantages and disadvantages. On one hand, Koreans were forced to study the history of Japan and become Japanese. In 1919 the people of Korea made a big demonstration. The people asked the Emperor of Japan to make Korea an independent country. The police arrested many Koreans.

When World War II started, the policy of the Japanese government changed. They wanted Korea to be a part of Japan[needs proof]. The government made the religion of Japan (Shinto) the religion of Korea. If they did not worship the Japanese religion, the Korean people would be imprisoned and tortured. The people of Korea were stopped from celebrating the festivals of Korea.

Many men from Korea went to the military of Japan and went to work in Japan. They worked in mines and factories. The men did not want to go, but the Japanese people wanted to. Some women were forced to work as prostitutes for Japanese Soldiers[needs proof]. These women were called comfort women.

On the other hand, the Japanese also made the Korean economy and school system more modern. However, this stopped the Korean tradition and culture and made the whole country Japanese.

In the year of 1945 Japan lost World War II. The USA and the Soviet Union made a contract. The USA occupied the south of Korea. The Soviet Union occupied the north of Korea.

The people from Korea wanted to be independent. The USA and the Soviet Union wanted the people of Korea to be free. But in 1945 the USA and the Soviet Union were not friends. The Cold War started. The USA and the Soviet Union did not make a contract. In 1948 the people in the south made a country called South Korea. The USA helped the people of South Korea. In 1948 the people of North Korea also made a country. The Soviet Union helped the people of North Korea.

In 1950 a war started in Korea. The name of the war was the Korean War. The war ended in 1953, but no peace treaty was signed. The line between North and South was the same in the end as it was before the war. No land was lost or gained.

Now there are two countries: North Korea (also called the DPRK or Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (also called the Republic of Korea).

Other pages

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 03, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on North Korea, which are similar to those in the above article.