The Full Wiki

Kowloon Peninsula: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kowloon Peninsula
HK Kowloon View 2006.jpg
An aerial view of Kowloon Peninsula from Hong Kong Island
Traditional Chinese 九龍半島
Simplified Chinese 九龙半岛

The Kowloon Peninsula (traditional Chinese: 九龍半島simplified Chinese: 九龙半岛pinyin: Jǐulǒng Bàndǎo) is a peninsula that forms the southern part of the main landmass in the territory of Hong Kong. The Kowloon Peninsula and the area of New Kowloon are collectively known as Kowloon.

Geographically, the term "Kowloon Peninsula" may also refer to the area south of the mountain ranges of Beacon Hill, Lion Rock, Tate's Cairn, Kowloon Peak, etc. The peninsula covers five of the eighteen districts of Hong Kong. Kowloon Bay is located at the northeast of the peninsula.


Geology and reclamation

The main rock type of the peninsula consists of a medium grained biotite monzogranite with some fine granite outcrops, part of the Kowloon Granite [1].[1] Early maps and photographs show flat, low-lying land behind the beach of Tsim Sha Tsui Bay with a raised area, Kowloon Hill, in the west.[2]

The peninsula has been significantly expanded through land reclamation from the sea, over several phases. In the south and west most of the reclamation was carried out before 1904. Reclamation in several other small areas along the main Tsim Sha Tsui waterfront was completed by 1982. The West Kowloon Reclamation was formed as part of the Airport Core Programme and largely completed by 1995.[2]


Prior to the establishment of the actual Kowloon boundaries, the Kowloon Peninsula served as one of the first destination for escape during China's dynastic times. In 1287, the last emperor of the Song Dynasty, Emperor Bing was running away from the mongol leader Kublai Khan. Taking refuge in a cave in the Kowloon peninsula, the inscription wrote "Sung Wong Toi" or "Song Emperor's Pavilion"[3]. In the 1600s, after the fall of the Ming Dynasty, many of the Emperor's followers also found shelter in the Kowloon peninsula to hide from the Manchus[3].

Historically speaking, Kowloon Peninsula refers to the ceded territories of Kowloon in 1860 as part of the Convention of Peking, but geographically it covers the entire Kowloon south of the mountain ranges of Lion Rock, Kowloon Peak and other hills.

In 1898 a resolution was passed by the Colonial Hong Kong Legislative Council to preserve the land where some of the caves stood.

See also


  1. ^ Geological Map, Sheet 11, Hong Kong and Kowloon (1:20,000), Hong Kong Geological Survey
  2. ^ a b - Environmental Impact Assessment - Land Contamination Assessment, 10.2.1 Geology Information
  3. ^ a b Warres, Smith D. [1990] (1990). European Settlements in the Far East: China, Japan, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Malaysia. Stanford University Press. No ISBN Digitized



Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address