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Location of Kozloduy in Bulgaria

Kozloduy (Bulgarian: Козлодуй) is a town of 13,871 inhabitants in northwest Bulgaria, located in Vratsa Province, on the river Danube. The city was liberated from Ottoman rule on 23 November 1877 by the Romanian Army under the command of the Imperial Russian Army. Kozloduy is best known for the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, Bulgaria's only (as of February 2009) nuclear power plant, which is situated nearby, as well as the second largest Bulgarian Danubian island, Kozloduy Island. The city is also famous for the "Radetski" ship, the boat in which the poet/revolutionary Hristo Botev and with 200 others crossed the Danube River in a final attempt to gather an army and liberate Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire.



The earliest official data shows that Kozloduy was populated in the 1500s. It is in the burial mounds where traces of a Thracian dwelling center that existed in the first millennium B.C. remain[citation needed]. Later on the big Roman roadway along the Danube passed through these places. The remains of the Roman castella (i.e. castles) Magura piatra (or Regianum[1]), Camistrum and Augusta testify to this. In this region there are three historic trenches which were later called Lomski, Ostrovski and Kozloduiski where a military garrison of Khan Asparukh was placed.

In the 1700s the settlement was marked as Kotozluk and Kozludere ("a low coomb") and later Kozloduy ("an angle of ice blocks").

On 17 May 1876 Hristo Botev's detachment landed at Kozloduy on the Radetski steamer. On 23 November 1877 the 8th cavalry regiment under Commander Alexandru Perets liberated Kozloduy from the Ottomans. This cavalry was part of the Romanian Forces under the command of the Russian Imperial Army. Construction of Kozloduy actually started with the construction of the first Nuclear Electric Power Station, which was started on 6 April 1970.[citation needed]


The town is situated on the Danube river, which is the European Transport Corridor No.7. It is 80 km from the province center Vratsa and 200 km from the capital Sofia. The Municipality consists of 5 populated centers. The town and 4 villages- Butan, Harlets, Glojene and Kriva Bara.

Economics and business

The municipality is one of the richest in Vratsa province (after Vratsa Municipality) and has a standard of living above the average for Bulgaria. However, as in the rest of the country, it suffers from high unemployment.[citation needed] The town is one of the best places in Bulgaria for entrepreneurship and starting business, as many qualified personnel from other parts of Bulgaria come to Kozloduy due to the Nuclear Power Plant.[citation needed] Kozloduy has also strategic location near transport corridors N.7, N.5 , N.8 and N.9. There are two big companies, one in the building sector and one in the electronic sector.[citation needed]


The population is more than 13,000 people, though this is decreasing steadily, as is a tendency throughout Bulgaria. There are almost no other nationalities. It is an international town as well, because often there are a lot of foreigners in Kozloduy attending seminars connected to the nuclear power plant or other activities.


Kozloduy Cove in Robert Island, South Shetland Islands is named after Kozloduy.


  1. ^ An inventory of Roman Republican coin hoards and coins from Bulgaria (IRRCHBulg) by Eugeni I. Paunov,Ili︠a︡ Prokopov,2008,ISBN-8887235260,page 80

Coordinates: 43°47′N 23°44′E / 43.783°N 23.733°E / 43.783; 23.733



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