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Krasnoye Selo–Ropsha Offensive
Part of Eastern Front (World War II)
Krasnoe Selo-Ropsha.JPG
Soviet map of operations
Date 14–30 January 1944
Location Leningrad Oblast, Soviet Union
Result Soviet victory
Belligerents
Nazi Germany Germany Soviet Union Soviet Union
Commanders
Nazi Germany Georg Lindemann
Soviet Union Leonid A. Govorov
Strength
One army
110 armoured vehicles
Three armies
681 armoured vehicles
1200 artillery[1]
Casualties and losses
20,000 all causes
85 artillery

The Krasnoye Selo–Ropsha Offensive, also known as Operation January Thunder and Neva-2 was a campaign between the Soviet Leningrad Front and the German 18th Army fought for the western approaches of Leningrad in 14–30 January 1944.

Contents

Background

Preparations

The 2nd Shock Army was dropped from Leningrad and Lisiy Nos to the Oranienbaum Bridgehead during a number of nights starting from November 1943. At daytime, the barges returned, disguised as committing an evacuation of the bridgehead. In charge of the bridgehead, Lieutenant General B.Z. Romanovskiy was replaced with Lieutenant General Ivan Fedyuninsky.

Design

As a part of the Leningrad-Novgorod Strategic Offensive on January 14, 1944, the Soviet Volkhov and Leningrad Fronts launched the Krasnoye Selo–Ropsha Offensive aimed at forcing the German Generalfeldmarschall Georg von Küchler's Army Group North back from its positions near Oranienbaum. In the process, the attack was expected to encircle Generaloberst Georg Lindemann's 18th Army.

Combat activity

Fedyuninsky's 2nd Shock Army and General Ivan Maslennikov's 42nd Army fell on the sector of Obergruppenführer Felix Steiner's III (Germanic) SS Panzer Corps, hitting the area of the 9th and 10th Luftwaffe Field Divisions. By the third day of the offensive, the 2nd Shock Army broke through the German lines with a penetration 23 kilometers wide.[2] The Luftwaffe units crumbled quickly, and the Army Group North fell back to new positions along the Narva river in Estonia.[3] In a key Soviet assault on January 19, the 63rd Guards Rifle Division seized German positions to the front of Krasnoye Selo.[3] On January 19, the 2nd Shock Army took Ropša and the 42nd Army liberated Krasnoye Selo. By January 30, the Soviet attacks by the 2nd Shock and 42nd Armies cost the Germans around 21,000 casualties, captured 85 artillery pieces ranging in caliber from 15cm to 40cm, and pushed the Germans back by between 60 to 100 kilometers.[2] Overall, the Krasnoye Selo–Ropsha Offensive was part of the operations of the Volkhov and Leningrad fronts that broke the Siege of Leningrad concluding an almost 900-day struggle.[4]

Aftermath

Launching the Kingisepp–Gdov Offensive on 1 February, the 2nd Shock Army's 109th Rifle Corps captured Kingisepp town.[4] The III Panzer Corps brought up the rear, fighting many bloody rearguard actions until it reached the positions on the eastern bank of the Narva.[5]

References

  1. ^ Баранов Виктор Ильич (1987). "Броня и люди". Танкисты в сражении за Ленинград. Лениздат. http://www.rkka.ru/memory/baranov/6.htm.  
  2. ^ a b A.A.Grechko. Geschichte des Zweiten Welt Krieges (History of World War II. In German).  
  3. ^ a b Евгений Кривошеев; Николай Костин (1984). "I. Sraženie dlinoj v polgoda (Half a year of combat)" (in Russian). Битва за Нарву, февраль-сентябрь 1944 год (The Battle for Narva, February-September 1944). Tallinn: Eesti raamat. pp. 9–87.  
  4. ^ a b David M. Glantz (2002). The Battle for Leningrad: 1941-1944. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.  
  5. ^ Wilhelm Tieke (2001). Tragedy of the faithful: a history of the III. (germanisches) SS-Panzer-Korps. Winnipeg: J.J.Fedorowicz.  

External links

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