Kremlin: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Moscow Kremlin seen from the river.
A wall of Smolensk Kremlin in 1912.
Remains of the Kolomna Kremlin.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin.

Kremlin (Russian: Кремль, Kreml Russian pronunciation: [krʲɛmlʲ]) is the Russian word for "fortress", "citadel" or "castle" and refers to any major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities. This word is often used to refer to the best-known one, the Moscow Kremlin, or metonymically to the government that is based there. Outside Russia, the name "Kremlin" is sometimes mistakenly thought of as being Saint Basil's Cathedral because of its distinctive environment, although this is not a part of the Moscow Kremlin.

The name Kremlin (or Kreml) has been allocated to various Soviet Navy vessels during construction. In each case, the name was changed prior to commissioning. Vessels which have briefly carried this name included Admiral Kuznetsov and Ulyanovsk.[1]

Russia's presidential administration is located in the Kremlin. During the Soviet era the government of the USSR was located in the Kremlin, but now the Russian government occupies a building outside it.

Contents

Short list of Russian cities and towns with kremlins

Many Russian monasteries have been built in a fortress-like style similar to that of a kremlin. For a partial list, see Category:Monasteries in Russia.

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References

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also kremlin

English

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Wikipedia

One view of the Moscow Kremlin.

Proper noun

Singular
Kremlin

Plural
-

Kremlin

  1. The Moscow Kremlin official residence of the president of Russia.
  2. (by extension) The Russian government.
    The Kremlin announced plans to increase funding for museums and the arts.

Translations


Simple English

Kremlin (Russian: Кремль) is the Russian word for "fortress", "citadel" or "castle". It is used to refer to fortified central complexes which can often be found in historic Russian cities. In Moscow it refers to the central square. The Necropolis for communists is located in one of the walls of the Moscow kremlin. The mausoleum for Vladimir Lenin can be found outside.

Because of the Katyn massacre, Joseph Stalin's body was removed from Lenin mausoleum on November 1 1961. This was very ironic, because it was during a holiday (All Saints Day) that he had banned when he came to power. Stalin's death also came exactly 13 years later to the minute of signing Katyn execution orders on March 5 1940 at 9:50pm. Nikita Khrushchev ordered his body be very deeply reburied behind the Kremlin Wall in a simple grave. Removal was part of the successful destalinization process started by Khrushchev in march 1953. By 1956 all stalin towns and cities were renamed worldwide.

Links

Death of Stalin AT 9:50pm, March 5 1953, removal of disgraced joseph stalin's body from Lenin's mausuleum


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