The Full Wiki

Kruševo: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kruševo
Panorama of Kruševo

Coat of arms
Kruševo is located in Republic of Macedonia
Kruševo
Location within Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°22′N 21°14′E / 41.367°N 21.233°E / 41.367; 21.233
Country  Macedonia
Municipality Kruševo municipality
Elevation 1,350 m (4,429 ft)
Population ()
 - Total 5,507
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7550
Area code(s) +389 048
Car plates BT

Kruševo (Macedonian: Крушево, Mk-Krushevo.ogg ˈkruʃɛvɔ ; Aromanian: Crushuva) also spelt Krushevo, is a town in the Republic of Macedonia. It is the highest town in Macedonia, situated at an altitude of over 4,000 feet (1250 m) above sea level. The town of Kruševo is the seat of Kruševo Municipality.

Contents

Name

The name of the town in other languages is:

History

Mentioned in documents from the 15th century, Kruševo is a living museum, famous for its traditional architecture, cultural sites, and legacy as the site of the great 1903 Ilinden uprising against Ottoman domination. The rebellion failed, but its memory is cherished in Macedonia even today, as a symbol of the national struggle for freedom and democracy; while it lasted only 10 days, the Kruševo Republic of revolutionary leader Nikola Karev represented a desire for self-rule under a modern European political system. Today an enormous monument on the hill above Kruševo marks the elusive dream of the Ilinden revolutionaries.

In 19th century Krushevo grow as commercial center with connections not only in Macedonia. Local merchants such as office of Nitsiotas brothers and five other companies were active in Vienna.[1] In 60-s of the 19th century a Bulgarian municipality and Bulgarian school were established the city.[2] Subsequently, Bulgarian girls school was opened[3] and it operated simultaneously with the Greek schools in the town. A Romanian school started functioning in Krushevo in 1876.[4]

Bulgarian School in Krushevo (1910)

During the Ilinden Uprising in 1903 the rebels proclaimed a short lived Kruševo Republic. Having suppressed the uprising the city was almost completely destroyed by the Ottoman army.The republic known as Kruševska republika was established here in 1903 during the Ilinden insurrection. One of the most important points in the Ilinden uprising was the declaration of the "Manifesto of Kruševo". It called for all the people of Macedonia regardless of their nationality and religion to fight together against the Ottoman Empire and live peacefully in a free country of Macedonia. In the early 20th century, Kruševo was a small town with a mixed population of 4,950 Bulgarians, 4,000 Vlachs (Aromanians) and 400 Christian Albanians, according to Bulgarian geographer Vasil Kanchov's statistics.[5] In 2002, Kruševo still retained a sizable Aromanian minority judging by census data: it was populated by 4,273 Macedonians, 1,020 Vlachs, 26 Serbs and 11 others.

There is in the area a monument called Mečkin Kamen (Bear's Stone). This was the place where Pitu Guli's band (cheta) was trying to defend the town of Kruševo from the Turkish troops coming from Bitola. The whole band and their leader (voivode) perished and Kruševo as well as many of the nearby villages were set to fire by the Ottomans.

Features

Postcard with picture from Krushevo - 1903

Kruševo is a picturesque mountain town. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 metres (4,400 ft), Kruševo is the highest town in the Republic of Macedonia. Kruševo is known for its many fine examples of 19th century domestic architecture. The town is full of old and more recent houses built in the style of old Macedonian architecture.

It is home to Mečkin Kamen, an historical landmark which marks the spot of the uprising of 1903. On 2 August every year, it is the site of the traditional Macedonian Independence Day celebrations, which are attended by the President of Macedonia and other Macedonian political leaders.

Kruševo also hosts the Makedonium monument to the Ilinden Uprising and a number of museums of the Ilinden Uprising.

The towns galleries include an exhibit of 19th century icons and a memorial to the master of modern Macedonian painting Nikola Martinovski who was born in this town.

Because of its elevation, Kruševo is one of Macedonia’s winter sports destinations; the same quality also makes this pine-forested getaway a comfortable destination in summer, when the Kruševo air stays cooler and more pure than in the arid lowlands.

The "Ethno-Town Project"

There is a project called "Kruševo ethno-town", supported by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Macedonia, developed by few enthusiasts. According to that project, Kruševo shall look like a town from the beginning of the 20th century, while it was the center of the Ilinden Uprising in 1903, leading to the creation of the first Republic on the Balkans, The Krusevo Republic. People will be dressed like Ottoman Turks and Macedonian revolutionary freedom fighters. The project wants to make Kruševo a main tourist destination in five years.[6]

Notable people

See also

References

View of Kruševo
  1. ^ Vacalopulos, Konstandinos A. Modern history of Macedonia, Thessaloniki 1988, p. 138-139
  2. ^ Иванов, Йордан. Българите в Македония, София 1917, с. 333 (Ivanon, Yordan. Bulgarians in Macedonia, Sofia 1917, p. 333), Ванчев, Йордан. Новобългарската просвета в Македония през Възраждането, София 1982, с. 115 (Vanchev, Yordan. New Bulgarian education in Macedonia during the National Revival, Sofia 1982, p. 115)
  3. ^ Божинов, Воин. Българската просвета в Македония и Одринска Тракия 1878-1913, София 1982, с. 73 (Bozhinov, Voin. Bulgarian Education in Macedonia and Adrianopole Thrace 1878-1913, Sofia 1982, p. 73)
  4. ^ Романски, Стоян. Македонските ромъни, Македонски преглед, г. I, 1925, кн. 5-6, с. 83-84 (Romanski, Stoyan. Macedonian Romanians, Macedonian review, 1925, vol. 5-6, p. 83-84) According to other sources the Rumanian school was established in 1868 by A. Margarit - Ласку, Стојка. Од историјата на ароманскиот печат во Македонија. Списанијата "Братство" и "Светлина", Скопје 2007, с. 122
  5. ^ Васил Кънчов. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, стр.240 (Kanchov, Vasil. Macedonia — ethnography and statistics Sofia, 1900, p. 39-53).
  6. ^ Macedonian newspaper 'Vreme'
Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Krushevo in the winter
Krushevo in the winter

Kruševo is a small town in Western Macedonia. Historic Kruševo was one the center of the Macedonian Ilinden-Uprising. Today the main celebrations of the National holiday on the 2nd of August are held here. Kruševo is the centre of the Vlach minority in Macedonia.

Understand

Hidden up in the mountains between the woods, Kruševo has managed to preserve a genuine appeal. The town has the same layout as a century ago and around 80 traditional houses are preserved, so it is a good place to admire and learn about traditional architecture. Unfortunately, being so small and isolated the town has had problems coping with the transition. The town is a winter skiing center with paths good for beginners.

As of 2002, the population of Kruševo county was 9684, composed of 64,8% Macedonians, 10,53% Vlahs, 19,3%Albanians, 3,25%Turks.

History

Kruševo is famous for being one of the first balkan republics and the highest town in Macedonia. It developed into a large prosperous town in the 18th century. It was inhabited by Macedonian Vlachs(Macedo-Vlahs) and Macedonians from the Reka region in Western Macedonia called Mijaks. Both suffered a lot from Ali Pasha Janinski, an Albanian aristocrat, and his army, so they gathered in Bitola asking for help from the Turkish administration. The governor offered to let them stay in Bitola and the Vlachs who were traders and goldsmiths accepted, but the Mijaks and the Vlachs who had large herds of sheep and were used to living in the mountains, didn’t have anything to do in Bitola, so they were allowed to found their own city. It was a good combination, as the Vlachs were rich and the Mijaks were the best builders in the Balkans, and both groups had a very sophisticated sense of aesthetics, so they created the wonderful Kruševo we have today. On 2nd of August 1903 the Ilinden Uprising started in Kruševo, the biggest rebellion of the Macedonians against the Turks. On the freed territory Kruševo Republic was established which lasted for 10 days and Nikola Karev was proclaimed president. He wrote the Kruševo Manifesto which called all peoples that live in Macedonia to join them in the struggle for freedom.

  • Settled on 1350 meters above the see level, Kruševo is the highest city in the Balkans.
  • In 1926 Kruševo was visited by the internationally renown architect Le Corbusier who admired the local architecture.

Get in

Busses have stopped going to Kruševo, but there is a minibus going back and forth couple of times a day and taxi from Prilep wouldn’t cost much since it is just 30km away.

minibuses from Skopje to Kruševo 07:45; 16:45 minibuses from Kruševo to Skopje 05:30; 15:00 minibuses from Prilep to Kruševo 06:40; 06:50; 11:00; 15:00; 16:40; 18:45 minibuses from Kruševo to Prilep 05:30; 06:00; 06:45; 08:15; 09:00; 12:00; 17:00 minibuses from Bitola to Kruševo 13:00; 16:00; 18:30 minibuses from Kruševo to Bitola 06:30; 15:20

Get around

The town is small and pleasant for walking around and a walk through the woods to reach the monuments is recommendable.

  • Kruševo architecture – As the city was started from scratch, the Vlachs were willing to invest and the Mijaks were excellent builders, in Kruševo a very interesting architecture has developed. The houses are freestanding, mostly symmetrical, without open spaces typical for other towns in Macedonia. The back of the houses are built of stone, while the front of socalled “bondruk” construction of wooden columns and beams covered with white plaster. There is almost always a well in the ground floor. On the main facade usually there are painted decorations in blue colour. Blue is also usually used for the window frames and other details of the facades. On the upper floor there usually is a small balcony with a triangular pediment above it to put accent on the symmetry of the house.
Image:Churchinkrusevo.jpg
St. Nikola Church
  • St. Nikola Church – built in 1905 on the site of an earlier church that was burned after the Ilinden uprising. St. Nikola church is the cathedral in the town and it is situated in the old bazaar. The iconscreen of the earlier church, that suffered in the fire, was made by the famous woodcarver Petre Filipovski-Garkata whose other work include the iconscreen of the church of Sv.Spas (St.Saviour) in Skopje and the iconscreen of St.Jovan Bigorski Monastery.
  • St. Jovan Church – was built in 1897. The iconscreen was made by Nestor and Lazar Aleksievski. Inside also notice the two large stoves typical for Krushevo houses.
  • Nikola Martinovski gallery – Nikola Martinovski (1903-1973) one of the most important Macedonian contemporary painters was born in Krushevo and to the town he donated 62 paintings which are now exhibited in his birth house. The house itself is excellent example of Krushevo architecture and it is worth exploring. Also a small ethnological museum has been set up inside the house. Visiting the gallery gives you a chance to admire not just Martinovski works, but also the beauty of Krushevo houses.
  • Museum of Ilinden Uprising – is set up in an old house in which the Krushevo Republic was proclaimed. Through photographs, documents, maps and weapons the period prior, during and after the Ilinden uprising is explained.
Mechkin Kamen
Mechkin Kamen
  • Meckin Kamen(Bear's Stone) - This was the place where the band of Pitu Guli was trying to defend the town of Krushevo from the Turkish troops coming from Bitola.

Tose Proeski's grave site Tose Proeski was a very famous Macedonian singer who died in a fatal car crash in Croatia on 16th of October 2007. Tose's hometown was Krusevo . When you come to see Krusevo visit Tose's grave and pay your respects.

Eat

There are some pizzerias and restaurants in Krusevo.If you would like to eat roast meat(skara) you should go to the "ШАПЕ" restaurant and if you are in a mood for pizza you should go to the "Андора" pizzeria

  • VilaGora, Pitu GUli 53a, [1]. The best accomodation site of Krusevo - Macedonia  edit

There are couple of hotels in Kruševo, including Montana Hotel with breathtaking views over the city, but a cheaper option is to rent a room in a home (300-450 denars per person).

Also in Krusevo there is Association for Development of Tourism and Hospitality, that can help you finding private appatments. you can visit their home page www.adth-krusevo.org

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Kruševo

Plural
-

Kruševo

  1. A town in the western-central part of the Republic of Macedonia.

Translations


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message