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Kula
Кула
—  Town  —

Coat of arms
Location of Kula within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°36′N 19°32′E / 45.6°N 19.533°E / 45.6; 19.533
Country Serbia
District West Bačka
Settlements 7
Government
 - Mayor Svetozar Bukvić
Area [1]
 - Municipality 481 km2 (185.7 sq mi)
Population (2002 census)[2]
 - Total 19,301
 - Municipality 48,353
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 25230
Area code +381 25
Car plates SO
Website www.kula.rs
Map of Kula municipality

Kula (Кула) is a town and municipality in the West Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town Kula has a population of 19,293, while the Kula municipality has a population of 48,306.

Contents

Name and history

In Serbian, the town is known as Kula (Кула); in Rusyn as Кула, in Hungarian as Kula, in German as Wolfsburg, and in Turkish as Kula.

The name Kula means "tower" in Turkish. In the 16th-17th century, a tower with Ottoman military garrison existed at this location, hence the name of the town. During Ottoman rule, the settlement was populated by ethnic Serbs.

Since the end of the 17th century, Kula belonged to the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1733, the population of the settlement numbered 251 houses and its inhabitants were Serbs. Hungarians started to settle here in 1740 and Germans in 1780-1785. At the beginning of the 20th century, the population of Kula was approximately 9,000 Germans, Hungarians and Serbs. After 1918, the settlement was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. She was occupied by Hungary between 1941-1944 during World War II.

Inhabited places

The Kula municipality includes the towns of Kula and Crvenka, and also the following villages:

Demographics (2002 census)

Ethnic groups in the Kula municipality

Settlements by ethnic majority

Settlements with a Serb ethnic majority are: Lipar, Nova Crvenka, Sivac, and Crvenka. The settlement with a Rusyn ethnic majority is Ruski Krstur. Ethnically mixed settlements are: Kula (with a relative Serb majority) and Kruščić (with a relative Montenegrin majority).

Ethnic groups in the Kula town

Languages in the Kula municipality

77% of the inhabitants of the Kula municipality declared Serbian as their mother tongue in a 2002 census.

Politics

There is an initiative among the inhabitants of Crvenka and Ruski Krstur that these two settlements become their own municipalities, completelly separate from Kula.

Gallery

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External links

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. http://webrzs.statserb.sr.gov.yu/axd/Zip/OG2006webE.zip.  
  2. ^ (in Serbian) Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2003. ISBN 86-84443-00-09.  

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