Kuopio: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  City  —
Kuopion kaupunki
Central Kuopio seen from the Puijo tower

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 62°53′33″N 027°40′42″E / 62.8925°N 27.67833°E / 62.8925; 27.67833Coordinates: 62°53′33″N 027°40′42″E / 62.8925°N 27.67833°E / 62.8925; 27.67833
Country Finland
Region Northern Savonia
Sub-region Kuopio sub-region
Settled 1653
Charter 1775
 - City manager Petteri Paronen
Area (2009-01-01)[1]
 - Total 1,728.54 km2 (667.4 sq mi)
 - Land 1,124.03 km2 (434 sq mi)
 - Water 604.51 km2 (233.4 sq mi)
Area rank 54th largest in Finland
Population (2009-12-31)[2]
 - Total 92,642
 - Density 82.42/km2 (213.5/sq mi)
Population rank 9th largest in Finland
Population by native language [3]
 - Finnish 97.8% (official)
 - Swedish 0.1%
 - Others 2.1%
Population by age [4]
 - 0 to 14 15.6%
 - 15 to 64 68.9%
 - 65 or older 15.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code FI-70100
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.5%
Website www.kuopio.fi

Kuopio is a Finnish city and municipality located in the region of Northern Savonia. A population of 92,642[2] makes it the ninth biggest city in the country. The city has a total area of 1,728.54 square kilometres (667.39 sq mi), of which 604.51 km2 (233.40 sq mi) is water[1] and half forest. The population density is only 82 /km2 (210 /sq mi), but the city's urban areas are populated very densely (urban area: 1 617.6 /km²[6]), nationally second only to capital Helsinki (urban area: 1 690.0 /km²[6])[7]. The population of the entire Kuopio region is 119,472.[8 ]

Kuopio was founded in 1653 by Governor Peter Brahe, but the official date is recognized as November 17, 1775, when King Gustav III of Sweden ordered the establishment of the city of Kuopio. The municipality of Vehmersalmi joined the city of Kuopio on January 1, 2005 like the municipality of Kuopion maalaiskunta in 1969 and the municipality of Riistavesi in 1973. Karttula will join Kuopio in 2011[9].

Kuopio is almost completely surrounded by lake Kallavesi.

The city is surrounded by lake Kallavesi, and several parts of it are built on islands. Kuopio's ample waterfronts and islands are also utilized in the Saaristokaupunki (lit. Archipelago city) -project, the biggest residential area currently being built in Finland[10]. Saaristokaupunki will accommodate a total of 14,000 inhabitants in 2015. All houses will be situated no more than 500 meters from the nearest lakeshore[11].

Kuopio is known for its association with a national delicacy, Finnish fish pastry (Kalakukko), and the dialect of Savo, as well as the hill of Puijo and the Puijo tower. Besides being a very popular outdoor recreation area, Puijo serves also as a stage for a yearly World Cup ski jumping competition.

The city has a nationally unique feature in its street network, where every second street is practically a pedestrian and cycle street[12], so called "rännikatu" (lit. rain gutter street). These streets provide pedestrians a calm environment aside from the main street traffic[13]. This setup dates back all the way to 1776 and the first town plan by Pehr Kjellman. Originally rännikatu, gränd (in Swedish) were created as a fire barrier to prevent a possible fire escalating in a city mostly built with wood.[14]

The Finnish Orthodox Church is headquartered in Kuopio, where its primate, archbishop of Karelia and all Finland Leo (Makkonen) is seated. The largest church of Finland, Evangelical Lutheran Church has a diocese in Kuopio, which is shepherded by bishop Wille Riekkinen.

Transport connections to Kuopio include Pendolino trains and air service from Kuopio Airport with Finnair, Blue1 and Finncomm (domestic, to Helsinki-Vantaa), and airBaltic (international, to Riga[15]).

Biggest Employers as of Jan 1, 2008[16]
Employer Staff
City of Kuopio 5 905
Kuopio University Hospital 3 898
University of Eastern Finland 1 732
PeeÄssä Co-op 734
Savo Consortium for Education 706
Niuvanniemi Hospital 629
Itella 553
ISS A/S 490
Savonia University of Applied Sciences 439
Honeywell 370
Keskisuomalainen 296
Kesko 296
Tieto 288
OP-Pohjola Group 265
Lemminkäinen Group 263


Education and business

Higher Education in Kuopio
University Students
University of Eastern Finland 6 229[17]
Savonia University of Applied Sciences 5 000[18]
HUMAK University of Applied Sciences ~150
Sibelius Academy ~100
Kuopio City Hall (built 1882–1886) on a fair day.

Kuopio has always been a city of education. Some of the first schools offering education in Finnish (such as the School for the Blind in 1871, and the Trade School in 1887) were established in Kuopio. Currently the most important institutions are the University of Eastern Finland, the Savonia University of Applied Sciences, Vocational College of Northern Savonia and the Kuopio department of the Sibelius Academy.

Kuopio is known as a strong center of health (e.g. it has the biggest yearly enrollment rate of medical students in Finland), pharmacy, environment, food & nutrition (all legalized Clinical and Public Health Nutritionists in Finland graduate from the University of Eastern Finland), safety (education in Emergency Services is centered in Kuopio[19 ]) and welfare professions, as the major organisations University of Kuopio, Savonia University of Applied Sciences and Technopolis Kuopio are particularly oriented to those areas.

Technology centre Technopolis Kuopio is situated in Kuopio Science Park.

There are about 4,200 enterprises in Kuopio[16], of which approximately 180 are export companies[20]. These provide about 45,000 jobs[20].

People and culture

Kuopio is known as the cultural center of Eastern Finland. A wide range of musical (from kindergarten to doctorate-level studies) and dance education is available and the cultural life is active. Notable events include ANTI – Contemporary Art Festival, Kuopio Dance Festival, Kuopio Rockcock, Kuopio Wine Festival and Finland Ice Marathon. A notable place, however, to enjoy the local flavor of Kuopio life and food is Sampo, a fish restaurant loved by locals and tourists as well.

In Finland the inhabitants of Kuopio have a special reputation: they are known as jovial and verbally joking. Within the Savo culture, the onus is placed on the listener to interpret the story. People of Kuopio region and Eastern Finland have always had many health problems and the mortality has been higher than on an average in Finland. Because of this, Eastern Finland has been a sweetspot for Public Health studies. The North Karelia Project by the University of Kuopio in coordination with the National Public Health Institute and the World Health Organization, beginning in the 1970s was one of its first steps towards world class research.

During the 2000s, Kuopio has placed very well in a number image, popularity and city-attractiveness surveys. In 2007 it was placed third, behind Tampere and Oulu.

Puijo tower, built in 1963 (3rd; 2nd from 1906 was demolished when this was completed; 1st was built in 1856)

Kuopio is the seat of the Finnish Orthodox Church. This is an autonomous cell within the autocephalous jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. It is the only mainstream Orthodox faction to celebrate Easter on the Latin date. The late Archbishop Paul had been successful in producing literature of popular theology.

Notable persons

The Fighting Capercaillies by Ferdinand von Wright in 1886 is one of Finland's best known paintings.

Sports in Kuopio

Kuopio bid for the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics, a youth sports festival in the tradition of the Olympics. It became a finalist in November 2008, but ultimately lost to Innsbruck, Austria. Kuopio's image as a small city with a large University and many active young people was considered a model of what the International Olympic Committee seeks for the Games.[21]

International relations


Twin towns — Sister cities

Kuopio is twinned with:


  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2009" (in Finnish and Swedish) (PDF). Land Survey of Finland. http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/Pintaalat_kunnittain_1.1.2009.pdf. Retrieved 20 February 2009.  
  2. ^ a b "Population by municipality as of 31 December 2009" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland. http://www.vrk.fi/vrk/files.nsf/files/4AD425C09E8E9093C22576AA001D7112/$file/091231.htm. Retrieved 13 January 2010.  
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=060_vaerak_tau_107_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+kielen+mukaan+sek%E4+ulkomaan+kansalaisten+m%E4%E4r%E4+ja+maa%2Dpinta%2Dala+alueittain++1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 29 March 2009.  
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=050_vaerak_tau_104_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+i%E4n+%281%2Dv%2E%29+ja+sukupuolen+mukaan+alueittain+1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2010". Tax Administration of Finland. 24 November 2009. http://www.vero.fi/download.asp?id=5853;25512. Retrieved 13 January 2010.  
  6. ^ a b "Taajamissa asuu 84 prosenttia väestöstä". Statistics Finland. 15 January 2008. http://www.tilastokeskus.fi/ajk/tiedotteet/v2008/tiedote_001_2008-01-15.html. Retrieved 7 January 2009.  
  7. ^ Kuopio 2015: Jalankulku-, joukkoliikenne- ja autokaupunki. Finland’s Ministry of the Environment. p. 42. ISBN 978-952-11-2852-3. http://www.ymparisto.fi/download.asp?contentid=75863&lan=fi.  
  8. ^ Kuopion Kaupunkilehti, 19 March 2008, bottom of page 4)
  9. ^ "Karttula sulautuu Kuopioon" & "Karttula ja Kuopio yhteen", Savon Sanomat: 1 and 3, 1.7.2008  
  10. ^ "Kuopion korkein asuinkerrostalo nousi harjakorkeuteen", Suomen Kiinteistölehti: 14, 2008-10-16, http://www.kiinteistolehti.fi/uutiset.php?id=4289  
  11. ^ "Kallaveden syleilyssä". Saaristokaupunki. Kuopio. http://www.saaristokaupunki.fi/index.php?id=5. Retrieved 7 January 2009.  
  12. ^ WP2: Accessibility, Synthesis Report. Universell utforming. 26 March 2004. p. 14. http://www.universell-utforming.miljo.no/file_upload/wp2_accessibility_synthesis.pdf.  
  13. ^ Description of the Case Areas. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2 May 2002. p. 8. http://virtual.vtt.fi/virtual/prompt/case%20areas.pdf.  
  14. ^ "Napoleon ja Kuopio: Kuninkaiden Kuopio". Memory of Northern Savonia. Museums of Northern Savonia. http://www.pohjois-savonmuisti.fi/verkko_nayttelyt/napoleon_ja_kuopio/kustaa_III.htm. Retrieved 11 January 2009.  
  15. ^ "Ilmasilta Kuopiosta Latviaan aukeaa", Savon Sanomat: 14, 2008-01-25  
  16. ^ a b Kuopion työpaikat ja elinkeinorakenne 1.1.2008. Kuopion kaupungin yrityspalvelu. 2008. pp. 1–2. http://www.kuopio.fi/attachments.nsf/Files/040607115432639/$File/elinkeinorakenne.pdf?OpenElement.  
  17. ^ "Key Data for 2007". University of Kuopio. 2007. http://www.uku.fi/english/data.shtml. Retrieved 9 January 2009.  
  18. ^ "In English". Savonia University of Applied Sciences. 2009. http://portal.savonia.fi/amk/english. Retrieved 9 January 2009.  
  19. ^ Emergency Services College
  20. ^ a b "Elinkeinoelämä". City of Kuopio. 7 October 2008. http://www.kuopio.fi/net.nsf/TD/131103132915063?OpenDocument. Retrieved 9 January 2009.  
  21. ^ Innsbruck and Kuopio Make Final Shortlist For 2012 Youth Olympic Winter Games
  22. ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr Destrict". © 2009 Twins2010.com. http://www.twins2010.com/fileadmin/user_upload/pic/Dokumente/List_of_Twin_Towns_01.pdf?PHPSESSID=2edd34819db21e450d3bb625549ce4fd. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  23. ^ "Opole Official Website – Twin Towns". Uk flag.gif Flag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish) © 2007–2009 Urząd Miasta Opola. http://www.opole.pl/miasto/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=20&Itemid=108. Retrieved 2009-06-18.  

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Market Square during the Sunday flea market
Market Square during the Sunday flea market

Kuopio [1] is in Eastern Finland.


Kuopio is one of the many Finnish towns founded under Swedish rule. The town was established as a village in the 1500s and incorporated as a City in 1782. Kuopio is surrounded by lakes from three sides, which supplies loads of beaches and the feeling of water being always close. Part of the wooden houses arranged as a grid have been preserved in the centre which makes it a nice place to visit. Kuopio has a population of around 90,000.

  • Airplane - One hour's flight from Helsinki. Kuopio Airport[2] (IATA: KUO; ICAO: EFKU) is located 14km north of Kuopio and most flights have bus connection to city centre. Fares €5 adults, 2,5€ children. Taxi to city centre costs €18. Airport served by Finnair, Fincomm Airlines, Blue1 and Air Baltic which has flights to Riga.
  • Train - about 4-5 hours from Helsinki. Tickets and timetables information VR[3]
  • Bus - good connections from all directions. Timetables, rates and tickets information Matkahuolto[4]
  • Car - national main road 5 from Helsinki and main road 9 from Turku.

Get around

Kuopio bus network covers almost the whole city. The center of the city is Keskusta. Buses generally go in two directions from Keskusta, so look that you take the right bus to the right direction!

1-turn ticket workdays:2,9€ adults/1,4€ children 4-11 years

1-turn ticket Sundays: 3,8€ adults/1,8€ children 4-11 years

11PM - 4AM ticket: 3,8€ adults/1,8€ children 4-11 years

24h ticket gives you unlimited travel 24h from the time of purchase. Buy from the bus. Prices: adults 7,5€ and children 3,8€

Information about lines (in Finnish): Kuopion liikenne [5]

Summer night view from Puijo tower
Summer night view from Puijo tower
  • The Puijo Panorama Tower [6] lurks over the city on the highest hill far and wide. From here you have a stunning view over the neighbouring lakelands.
  • The Orthodox Church Museum [7] is a leading museum of Orthodox Churches in Europe.
  • The Old Town Centre is south east from the main square and you can just walk around following your feet.
  • The Minna Canth House is the original house where the famous first Finnish female writer Minna Canth lived. Most noticeable it contains a replication of the Minna Canth room where she is said to have written some of her work.
  • The Kuopio Quarter-Block Museum [8] in the old town has plenty of old buildings done up in their original style 150 years ago containing also a pharmacy museum and most enchantingly a little history of Wonderous Healers in Eastern Finland of which still two or three exist and offer their service to believing people today!
  • The Kuopio Shopping Hall [9] Over 20 local stallholders. Located at market square. Opening hours: mon-fri 8-17 and Saturdays 8-15.
  • Passenger Boat Cruises on Lake Kallavesi are worth trying during the summer season (June-August).
  • Rauhalahti Spa [10], [11] offers large indoor and outdoor swimming pools, a jacuzzi, an ice-cold pool, a children's pool, a waterslide, saunas and a steam room.
  • Kuopio Rock [12] is annually arranged rock music festival.
  • Kuopio Marathon [13]
  • Finland Ice Marathon [14]
  • Artiko, Haapaniemenkatu 12, Art handicrafts, gifts and utility items.
  • DaigaDaigaDuu, Puijonkatu 12, Hand made clothes, records, comic books, 60's and 70's second hand shop, minigallery.
  • Daxhund Ceramics, Itkonniemenkatu 25,
  • Pentik Pentik, Kauppakatu 32, stoneware
  • Hallin käsityökammari, Market Hall, Local handicrafts and gifts
  • Kalakukko fish pie, Kasarmikatu 15, The best-known speciality in the province of Savo is probably the ‘kalakukko’ fish pie. Once you have tasted warm ‘kalakukko’, it is hard to resist. The best places for shopping for a genuine ‘kalakukko’, consisting vendace or perch and bacon baked inside a rye crust, are the Market Hall and the Marketplace. In addition, the bakery shop of Kalakukkoleipomo Hanna Partanen, boasting a long tradition in the field, is open Mon-Sat 06.00-21.00.
  • Pikku-Pietari Market Alley, Only a stone's throw form the Marketplace is the idyllic Pikku-Pietari Market Alley, lined by old stables. The log buildings of the alley house a cafe with a terrace, art exhibitions and small boutiques. Handwork demonstrations weekly.
  • Sauna Nestori Sepecial shop for sauna products in the Market Hall.


The local specialty kalakukko, a type of rye bread pie stuffed with fish (the name literally means "fish rooster"), is available from the Main Square outdoor market and in several food shops. You should also try fried vendace (muikku, a fresh-water fish) at local restaurants.

The well-known Kukkonen Bakery, in operation since the 1920s, has been closed in May 2005.

  • Restaurant Sampo, Kauppakatu 13. Tasty fried small whitefish in a pub-like atmosphere, a real classic in Kuopio.
  • Restaurant Musta Lammas, Satamakatu 4. "Black Sheep" in english, the best restaurant in town, fine dining, pretty expensive.
  • Restaurant Wanha Satama, Passengerharbour (summer only) [15]
  • Restaurant Kummisetä, Minna Canthinkatu 44 [16]
  • Viking Restaurant Harald Tulliportinkatu 44 [17]
  • Restaurant Peräniemen Kasino [18], Väinölänniemi. Wooden lakeside restaurant and terrace since 1902. Beautiful and peaceful scenery. Open July and for private occasions from May to December.


Alko is the national alcoholic beverage retailing monopoly in Finland. Essentially, it is the only store in the country which retails beer over 4.7% ABV, wine (except in vineyards) and spirits. Alcoholic beverages are also sold in licensed restaurants and bars to ages 18 and up. Alko is required by law to sell drinks with lower alcohol content than 4.7% and non-alcoholic alternatives, but in practice carries a very limited stock of low alcohol beer, cider and non-alcoholic drinks and mixers as supermarkets sell the same products at a lower price.

  • Alko Kuopio Kolmisoppi Kolmisopentie 3
  • Alko Kuopio Petonen Jalkasenkatu 5
  • Alko Kuopio Prisma Savilahdentie 10
  • Alko Kuopio Päiväranta Päivärannantie 18
  • Alko Kuopio Sokos Haapaniemenkatu 24-26
  • Trube Markethall-caffee, Markethall
  • Burts Cafee, Haapaniemenkatu 20
  • Café Fado, Puijonkatu 15
  • Cafe Houkutus, Kauppakatu 36
  • Cafe Kaneli, Kauppakatu 22
  • Café Kolibri, Kappakatu 16-18
  • Cafe Sektori, Puijonkatu 23
  • Coffee House, Haapaniemenkatu 24-26
  • Ale pupi, Kappakatu 16
  • Armas, Kauppakatu 18
  • Beerhouse Pannuhuone 25-27
  • Gloria, Kauppakatu 16
  • Intro Bar & Grill, Kauppakatu 20, A bar and a restaurant in Kuopio centrum.
  • Malja Beer and Wine Restaurant, Kauppakatu 29
  • Restaurant Albatrossi, A storehouse-restaurant in Kuopio harbour. Open in the summer time.
  • Restaurant Apteekkari, Kauppakatu 1, A pub and club restaurant for adults in the city centre.
  • Henry's Pub, Kappakatu 18, A pub in the city centre. Rockmusic, live bands.
  • Kummisetä, Minna Canthinkatu 44, A restaurant in the city centre, popular among adult people.
  • Bar & nightclub Onnela, Vuorikatu 18
  • Passion Nightclub
  • Grand Virtanen
  • Best Western Atlas Hotel [19]
  • Best Western Hotel Savonia [20]
  • Finlandia Hotelli Jahtihovi [21]
  • Hotel Cumulus Kuopio [22]
  • Hotel Puijo Koto, [23]. Located near Puijo Ski stadium, not very far from the city center. Reasonably priced and cosy.
  • Hotel Puijon Maja
  • Rauhalahti Spa Hotel, [24]. Offers rooms and a swimming pool department (indoor and outdoor pools, a jacuzzi, an ice-cold pool, a children's pool, a waterslide, saunas and a steam room).
  • Holiday Centre Rauhalahti, [25]. Has nice cottages or holiday homes (11 also for winter use). The holiday centre is situated very near to Rauhalahti Spa.
  • Hotel Viihdekartano
  • Lokki Summer Hotel
  • Quality Hotel IsoValkeinen
  • Sokos Hotel Puijonsarvi [27]
  • Apartment Hotel Kuopio [28]
  • Youth Hostel Virkkula (Retkeilymaja Virkkula), [29].



Locally published newspapers include:

  • Savon Sanomat [30]
  • Viikkosavo [31]
  • Kuopion Kaupunkilehti [32]
  • Kuopio Tourist Service, Kuopio-Info, [33] KUOPIO-INFO Regional tourist information, Haapaniemenkatu 17
  • Puijo Slopes / Puijo & Antikkala, [34] Only 1,5 km from the city centre.
  • Kymppiareena, [35] Distance from Kuopio 37 km The only ski and multipurpose sports hall in the world built into rock lies below the Spa Hotel Vesileppis. The skiing, biathlon and curling facilities are available 12 months a year. For children there is also a snow play area. Services: hotel, spa, restaurant, pub, cafe, meeting rooms, gym, squash, indoor ice rink, physiotherapy, Kymppi Areena
  • Tahkovuori or Tahko, [36] Tahko is a strong Finnish tourist center, both during winters and summers. It is situated in a small town named Nilsiä, about 70 kilometers from the city of Kuopio.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Kuopio discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Wikipedia has an article on:


Proper noun


  1. A city in eastern Finland.



Proper noun


  1. Kuopio

Simple English

Kuopio is a Finnish city. It is the biggest city and cultural center of Eastern Finland. The population of Kuopio is 90,000, and it is the 8th biggest city in Finland. The city is very wide and has a lot of lakes inside it; several parts of it are built on islands.

The traffic connections of the city are good with trains and aeroplanes. There is a university of Kuopio, too. Kuopio is known as a strong center of welfare and health profession, as the university is particularly oriented to those areas.

In Finland the people of Kuopio have a special reputation: they are known as happy and funny people.


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