Kurgan Oblast: Wikis


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Kurgan Oblast (English)
Курганская область (Russian)
-  Oblast  -
Map of Russia - Kurgan Oblast (2008-03).svg
Coat of Arms of Kurgan oblast.png
Coat of arms of Kurgan Oblast
Flag of Kurgan Oblast.svg
Flag of Kurgan Oblast
Anthem None[citation needed]
Political status
Country Russia
Political status Oblast
Federal district Urals[1]
Economic region Urals[2]
Administrative center Kurgan[citation needed]
Official languages Russian[3]; Russian[4]
Population (2002 Census)[5] 1,019,532 inhabitants
- Rank within Russia 53rd
- Urban[5] 56.3%
- Rural[5] 43.7%
- Density 14 /km2 (0/sq mi)[6]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7] 71,000 km2 (27,413.3 sq mi)
- Rank within Russia 43rd
Established February 6, 1943[8]
License plates 45
ISO 3166-2:RU RU-KGN
Time zone YEKT/YEKST (UTC+5/+6)
Government (as of November 2009)
Governor[9] Oleg Bogomolov[10]
Legislature Oblast Duma[11]
Charter Charter of Kurgan Oblast
Official website

Kurgan Oblast (Russian: Курга́нская о́бласть, Kurganskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Kurgan.



Kurgan Oblast is located in Southern Russia and is part of the Urals Federal District. It shares borders with Chelyabinsk Oblast to the west, Sverdlovsk Oblast to the north, Tyumen Oblast to the east, and Kazakhstan to the south.


Oleg Bogomolov has served as governor of the Kurgan Oblast since 1996. He is a member of the United Russia Party. The legislative body of the oblast is the 34-member Kurgan Oblast Duma. The United Russia Party currently holds the majority of seats in the Oblast Duma.

Administrative divisions


Russians (932,613) are the largest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast, making up 91.4% of the population. Other prominent ethnic groups in the region include Tatars (20,899) at 2%, Bashkirs (15,343) at 1.5%, Kazakhs (14,804) 1.5%, and Ukrainians (11,243) at 1.1%. The remainder of the population identified with over 140 different ethnic groups each accounting for less than 0.5% of the population. A small number of people (391) declined to state their ethnicity on the survey.

  • Total Population: 1,019,532
    • Urban: 574,381 (56.3%)
    • Rural: 445,151 (43.7%)
    • Male: 470,578 (46.2%)
    • Female: 548,954 (53.8%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,167
  • Average age: 38.2
    • Urban: 37.5
    • Rural: 39.0
    • Male: 35.2
    • Female: 40.5
  • Number of households: 388,304 (with 1,005,735 people)
    • Urban: 220,813 (with 566,984 people)
    • Rural: 167,491 (with 438,751 people)
  • Births (2008): 11,937 (12.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2008): 15,626 (16.3 per 1000)[12]


The oblast's economy is based on agriculture and industry. Kurgan benefits from transition fees of the oil and gas pipelines crossing the territory. The pipelines arrive from the oil fields of neighboring Tyumen and Tomsk Oblasts and continue to processing facilities in the Urals.[13] The largest company of the region is Kurganmashzavod, known for its BMP-2 and BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, which are in service in 29 countries.[14]


  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ According to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia, Russian is the official language on the whole territory of the Russian Federation. Article 68.2 further stipulates that only the republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian.
  4. ^ According to Article 68.2 of the Constitution of Russia, only republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian
  5. ^ a b c Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  8. ^ Charter, Article 10
  9. ^ Charter, Article 78-1
  10. ^ Official website of Kurgan Oblast. [Biography of Oleg Alexeyvich Bogomolov, the Governor of Kurgan Oblast] (Russian)
  11. ^ Charter, Article 80
  12. ^ http://kurganstat.gks.ru/digital/region1/2007/demo1208.htm
  13. ^ "Kurgan Region". Russia Profile. 2008-05-23. http://www.russiaprofile.org/resources/business/districts/kurgan. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  14. ^ "About company". Kurganmashzavod. http://www.kurganmash.ru/en/about/. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 


  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №1 от 16 декабря 1994 г. «Устав Курганской области», в ред. Закона №467 от 24 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 171. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №242, 21 декабря 1994 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #1 of December 16, 1994 Charter of Kurgan Oblast, as amended by the Law #467 of June 24, 2009 On Amending Certain Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the date specified by the provisions of Article 171).

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Russia : Urals : Kurgan Oblast

Kurgan Oblast is a region in Russia's Urals region.

  • Dalmatovo - site of the Dalmat Monastery, once famed as the "pearl of the trans-Urals," currently being restored after Soviet abuse and once more a working monastery
  • Kurgan
  • Shedrinsk


Astride the Trans-Siberian Railway and dotted with lakes, Kurgan Oblast keeps itself busy primarily by making automobiles.

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