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Kurla
Kurla
Location of Kurla
in Mumbai and India
Coordinates 19°04′N 72°53′E / 19.06°N 72.89°E / 19.06; 72.89
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District(s) Mumbai Suburban
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)

Kurla (Marathi: कुर्ला ) is a major suburb of Mumbai. It is also the name of one the busiest railway stations on the Mumbai suburban railway on the central and harbour railway lines of Mumbai. Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT) (near Kurla)is a train terminus for some out-station passenger/express trains

Contents

History

The name of Kurla has originated from a name of a small fish "Kurli". This suburb is built on a seawater where earlier these small fishes were found[citation needed].

In actual terms, suburb Kurla is called to be as Coorla. Kurla in Salsette, a station on the Peninsula railway ten miles north-east of Bombay, is with six other villages, Mohili, Kolikalyan, Marol, Shahar, Asalpe, and Parjapur, the property of Mr. Ardeshir Hormasji Wadia, a Parsi merchant of Bombay, who pays for them a yearly quit-rent of £358 (Rs. 3587). The villages were originally given, in 1808, to Mr. Hormasji Bamanji Wadia in exchange for a piece of land near the Apollo pier gate in Bombay. The difference between the value of the villages and of the ground in Bombay, £864 (Rs. 8640), was at first paid yearly to Government. It was redeemed and the estate conveyed in fee simple in 1840-41. Kurla has two cotton mills, one of them, the Dharamsi Punjabhai being the largest cotton spinning and weaving mill in the Presidency, with 92,094 spindles and 1280 looms and a capital of £600,000 (Rs. 60,00,000). It employs about 3550 workmen and pays in wages about £40,000 (Rs. 4,00,000) a year. The other is the Kurla Spinning and Weaving Mill with a capital of £130,000 (Rs. 13,00,000). The village has a population of 9715, about half of them mill-hands, the rest chiefly fishers, husbandmen, and salt-makers. The Christians, who number about 1500, have a church of the Holy Cross, built during Portuguese rule and rebuilt in 1848. It measures 125 feet (38 m) long, forty-seven broad, and forty-five high. It is in good order and has a vicarage attached, with a vicar who has a monthly Government allowance of £1 (Rs. 10). Attached to the church is a school, with an average attendance of thirty-three boys who are taught reading, writing, arithmetic, Christian doctrine, and music. The master plays the violin in church. The owner of the village, Mr. Ardeshir Hormasji Wadia, contributes 12s. (Rs. 6) a month to the expense of the school. On a small hill, about ten minutes' walk from the church, is a cross believed to have miraculous power. The municipality, which was started in 1878, had, in 1880-81, an income of £325 (Rs.3248) from house, mill, and lime kiln taxes, representing a taxation of 8d. (5 annas 4 pies) a head. The expenditure during the same year was £213 (Rs. 2135), of which £126 (Rs. 1257) went in scavenging. The station traffic returns show an increase in passengers from 162,268 in 1872 to 336,898 in 1880, and in goods from 594 to 8973 tons.

The Mithibai Hormasji Wadia Dispensary was built by Mr. Bamanji Hormasji Wadia in 1855, and endowed by him with £1200 (Rs. 12,000). It is in charge of an assistant surgeon, and, in 1880-81, had an attendance of 7367 out-patients. The salt pans cover an area of about 66 acres (270,000 m2) and yield a yearly revenue of £3418 (Rs. 34,180). There is also a considerable manufacture of shell lime. Kurla is connected with Sion on Bombay island by the Sion causeway, which bears the following inscription: ' This causeway was begun in May 1798 and was finished in January 1805, during the administration of the Honourable Jonathan Duncan Esquire. It cost £5037 (Rs. 50,374). It was doubled in width, and other improvements added, in 1826, under the government of the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone, at a further cost of £4000 (Rs. 40,000). The causeway was originally constructed under the superintendence of Captain William Brooks of the Engineers, and the additions and improvements made in 1826 under that of Captain William Tate of the same corps.'

Localities

Some of the residential areas in Kurla include:

  • Quresh Nagar (Kasaiwada)
  • Sonapur lane Kurla West.
  • Hilphi House (House of a Portuguese Builder)
  • A. H. Wadia charity trust owned by Rich Parsi is Located on A.H.Wadia Marg.
  • BMC colony located near NEW MILL ROAD & H.P.KELUSKAR MARG.
  • LIG,MIG and HIG Colony at Vinobha Bhave Nagar is also famous.
  • Nehru Nagar: The Government Dairy is located in this area; it has Mumbai's second biggest BEST depot
  • Kamgar Nagar: A residential area with row houses (now developed as bungalows)
  • Shriv Shrusti: A residential colony near the bus depot
  • Chhadva Nagar: A residential colony near Bhabha Hospital
  • Murli Milan Society: A residential colony near Bhabha Hospital
  • ST Bus depot for state transport.
  • Connected to Lokmanya Railway Terminus
  • Pipe Road is most popular and crowded area in Kurla west.
  • Village hall road is popular for Christians residing here.
  • Vinobha Bhave Nagar
  • Other important localities in Kurla West are New Mill Road, CST Road, Taximen's colony, Station Road, Gol Building, Subhash Nagar, Brahminwadi,Kapadia nagar, Kismat nagar etc.
  • Jai Shankar Chowk is situated on New Mill Road at Kurla West and the people are living in Jai Shankar Chowk are from Kaikadi Samaj. 90% people in Jai shankar Chowk are working in BMC and Air India.
  • Jai Bhawani Chowk, New Mill Road
  • Bail Bazaar, Wadia Estate, Sindhi Camp (Sindhi's, Kanojia's, Malwanees Etc reside)
  • This area is being affected by the SRA Schemes few are (Sandesh Nagar, Sayog Nagar, Kranti Nagar etc the area from where the Mithi River passes by).
  • Jarimari, Kajupada, Safed Pool Etc
  • Cinema halls in Kurla - Aakash and Bharat near Kurla station, Kalpana, Kamran and King near Kurla bus depot
  • Municipal school in Bail Bazar, Shree Krishna Mandir in Bail Bazar

Education

Kurla has one engineering college, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, and several schools. Some of the schools in Kurla are Green Bombay Urdu High School (Quresh Nagar, Kurla - E), Michael High School(English medium high school...S. K. P. Walavalkar High School Marathi and English Medium, Shishu Vikas Mandir High School (Marathi Medium), Green Bombay High School, Anjuman Tabligul Islam, Swami Vivekanand High School and College, Holy Cross High School (Kurla), Gandhi Bal Mandir High - A.J.AKBAR- School(Marathi), Karthika High School,-A.J.Akbar's - Kedarnath Vidya Prasarini (KVP) English High School, Michael High School, Shree Gujarati Samaj Vidhyalaya, St. Judes high school, St. Joseph's High School, Shivaji Vidyalaya, Bharat Education Society's Vivek English High School (Kurla East).Al-Barkat, K.M.S.P. Mandal's High School (Marathi Medium)

Famous residents

  [Dr.Anjanabai Magar]Ex. MLA Of Congress.
  • Rajhans Singh, Corporator and Leader of Opposition
  • Dutta Samant, Indian politician and trade union leader
  • Shaikh Shamim Ahmed Ex. MLA, Ex MLA & Indian politician and Senior Congress leader
  • Obaid Azam Azmi (urdu poet & prosodian - ex Special Executive officer Government of Mahrashtra)
  • Iqbal Abdulla, indian cricketer, Playing in Kolkata Knight Riders [IPL]
  • Kamran Khan, Rajasthan Royals' Strike bowler
  • Balwinder Sandhu, Indian Test Cricketer
  • Jatin Kanakia, Indian Comedy Actor
  • Nawab Malik, former minsiter with housing portfolio for Maharashtra
  • Khan Sharif.M.Irfan(MECHANICAL ENGINEER)
  • Suhail Qureshi Aalam panah of Kasaiwada

See also

Kurla
Next station south:
Sion, India
Mumbai suburban railway : Central Railway Next station north:
Vidyavihar
Stop No: 11 KM from starting: ? Platforms: 8
Kurla
Next station south:
Chunabhatti
Mumbai suburban railway : Central Railway (Harbour Line) Next station north:
Tilak Nagar (Mumbai)
Stop No: 11 KM from starting: ? Platforms: 8

Mehmood Durrani was great Urdu Poet born in Burhanpur. Kurla Station Chowk renamed in Honor of Mehmood Durrani right now it call Mehmood Durrani Chowk

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