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Kurnell
SydneyNew South Wales
Kurnell.JPG
Captain Cook Memorial Obelisk
Population: 2,110 (2006 Census)
Postcode: 2231
Location: 22 km (14 mi) south of Sydney CBD
LGA: Sutherland Shire
State District: Cronulla
Federal Division: Cook
Suburbs around Kurnell:
Port Botany Phillip Bay La Perouse
Woolooware Kurnell Pacific Ocean
Cronulla Cronulla Bate Bay
Kurnell sandstone cliffs, view towards Pacific Ocean

Kurnell is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Kurnell is located 22 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Sutherland Shire.

Contents

Location

The Kurnell Peninsula is the southern headland of Botany Bay. Cronulla and Woolooware are the only adjacent suburbs. It is a 10–12 minute drive from the centre of Cronulla. La Perouse is located opposite, on the northern headland of Botany Bay. Often known as Far Kurnell by the locals.

The eastern side of the peninsula is part of Botany Bay National Park, with sheer sandstone cliffs dominating the coastline. Silver Beach provides protected swimming in Botany Bay, with views towards the city. Towra Point Nature Reserve is located on the western side of the suburb.

History

There are two theories for the origin of the name Kurnell. It is either a deviation of an Aboriginal word "collonel" or a deviation of the name of an early settler, John Connell.

The original inhabitants on the Kurnell Peninsula were the Gweagal tribe of the Tharawal (or Dharawal) clan of indigenous Australians. Kurnell is considered to be ‘the birthplace of modern Australia’, as it is the place where Captain James Cook landed on 29 April 1770, when navigating his way around Australia on his ship, the Endeavour. [1] The landing place is located on the north-eastern part of the national park. Sutherland Point is named in honour of a crew member, Scotsman Forby Sutherland, who died of tuberculosis during their eight days here and was buried on the shore. Cape Solander is named after Swedish botanist Daniel Solander, a colleague of Joseph Banks.[a] Inscription Point was named by the Australian Philosophical Society in 1822 when they secured a plaque to the cliff face to mark the point of the Endeavour’s crew first landing.

Dampier Street, Tasman Street and Torres Street commemorate other navigators in Australia’s history.

Sir Joseph Banks Memorial

The first land grant of 700 acres (2.8 km2) was made in 1815, to Captain James Birnie, who established Alpha Farm. 'Alpha' is the first letter in the Greek alphabet and the name was thought appropriate for the first farm in the area. In 1821 John Connell Junior was also granted land here and used it for timber getting. His father purchased Alpha Farm from Birnie and by 1842 the Connell family's estate was over one thousand acres (4 km²) in size. In 1860, Alpha Farm was sold to Thomas Holt (1811-88), who owned most of the land that stretched from Sutherland to Cronulla. The area was known as Birniemere for a time and Holtmere was once a locality.

Before the 1920s, Kurnell was used by fisherman as schools of several varieties of fish inhabited the Botany Bay foreshore and the open sea. Fishermen built numerous huts and shacks which sheltered them for the weekend fishing. During the Great Depression, from the late 1920s, many severely affected low-income families took up residence there. The area was known as Happy Valley.[2]

Places of interest

Cook's Landing Place monument

The northern part of the peninsula is a historic site known as Captain Cook’s Landing Place with a number of memorials located here:

  • the Captain Cook Memorial Obelisk
  • the Sir Joseph Banks Memorial
  • the Solander Monument
  • the Sutherland Monument

The Discovery Centre provides information and displays relics from the early days in Kurnell’s history. Endeavour Heights is a recreation area in the Botany Bay National Park. The Kurnell Lookout provides brilliant views of Botany Bay and the northern headland of Botany Bay at La Perouse.

Cape Solander is popular amongst whale watchers during the migration season.

Commercial areas

The small residential area with a population of 2600 (as at 30/06/07 source ssec.org.au) is located to the north with a small group of shops in the village of Kurnell. Kurnell is dominated by an industrial area, which includes the Caltex Oil Refinery. Refined petrol is piped to the other side of Botany Bay in an underwater pipeline. The Kurnell Desalination Plant, currently under construction, is expected to provide much of the rest of Sydney with an alternative water supply. It has been criticised on environmental grounds (greenhouse gases and impact of large amounts of deoxygenated brine), and was shelved, but was resumed after the March 2007 N.S.W. state elections. Continued widespread protest by residential, environmental, and community groups was declared to be irrelevant. Immediate work began on a pipeline under Botany Bay to carry desalinated water to northern suburbs and the size of the desalination plant was doubled.(source, smh.com.au-search. Desalination). Total water stored in the Sydney catchment was at a low of 36.9% on 7 June 2007 but rainfall increased volume stored to 64% as of 7 Feb 2008. [3]The water supply of Kurnell is supplemented with bore water.

The Kurnell sand dunes

Sand mining on the peninsula has depleted the area of much of the sand that was originally there. It has been said that 40 metre deep pools now form in the dunes [4].Pools are clearly visible in view from Google Earth. The remaining sand dune is used as a recreational off-road area for 4 wheel drives. The Cronulla sand dunes formed part of the location for the films Forty Thousand Horsemen, directed by Charles Chauvel in 1940 and Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome. Sand dunes are currently being replaced with domestic and industrial waste. The only road to Kurnell Peninsula is also flanked by a sewerage treatment plant. [5]

Sport and recreation

Triathlons are held in Kurnell annually. There are running tracks through Botany Bay National Park, as well as running along the beach and swimming in the netted area of Silver Beach. This location also offers fishing, sailing, scuba diving and windsurfing activities. There is a free shuttle bus service during whale watching season, departing from the parking area of the office of the National Park.

Boat Harbour Beach is the location of a 4WD park. Access can be gained via Captain Cook Drive. People are permitted to drive on the beach with their 4WDs. An entry fee is required and one may drive along the beach for at least two kilometres.

Gallery

Notes

^[a] The current name and location are variations from the original. Cook's name was "Point Solander", referring to a rocky point approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the present Cape Solander.[6]

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Sydney/Sutherland Shire article)

From Wikitravel

Oceania : Australia : New South Wales : Sydney : Sutherland Shire

The Sutherland Shire is a district in the south of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia around 25km south of Sydney City

Understand

Sutherland Shire is primarily a residential area. Its primary tourist destinations are the beach suburbs of Cronulla, the bushland of Australia's oldest national park the Royal National Park and the first landing point of Captain Cook at Botany Bay in Kurnell.

Many people refer to this area of Sydney as "the Shire". And certainly almost all of the residents of the area do.

It is surrounded by water, with the Ocean to the east, Port Hacking to the South, the Georges River and Botany bay on the North, and the Woronora river on the west. It has numerous opportunities for uncrowded swimming, boating, bushwalking, and exploring the parks, gardens and history of the area.

The Sutherland Shire would be a destination to consider if you were looking to stay in Sydney, but want to avoid the expense, parking hassles, and crowds of the city centre. It offers cheaper accommodation, less crowds, free parking, access to beaches, parks, and bushland, shopping and other amenities and is an 30-40 minute train trip or drive to the attractions at the city centre.

Get in

See Cronulla and Royal National Park for information on how to access those areas, and the information with the attractions on how to access them.

By train

Cityrail [1] runs trains to the district every 15-30 minutes. The journey takes around 30-45 minutes. There are 13 Cityrail stations within the Sutherland Shire district.

The city train stations of Central, Town Hall, Martin Place and Kings Cross offer a direct service. From the other city stations you will need to change at Central to platforms 24/25.

From Sydney airport change at Wolli Creek station.

By car

From the north there are three bridges over the Georges River that link to the Sutherland Shire. If you follow the Princes Highway south from the Sydney CBD towards Wollongong, you will enter the Sutherland Shire crossing the river at the Tom Ugly's Bridge. The journey will take around 30 minutes. Alternatively, you could travel along Rocky Point Road and cross Captain Cook bridge to enter the shire through Taren Point.

From the south Wollongong just follow the signs to Sydney via the Sydney freeway, and as soon as you seen the "Welcome to Sydney" sign, you have made it. The journey takes around 30 minutes but can be congested at peak times.

By bicycle

The cycleway from Sydney Olympic Park follows the Cooks River to the edge of Botany Bay through Southern Sydney. It enters the Sutherland Shire over the Captain Cook bridge and continues largely off-road or on quiet roads to Cronulla. It then continues on a wide shoulder on a 80km/hr road to Kurnell. Sydney cycle routes are generally not well marked, and you should do some research on the route and take a map so you don't get lost or end up on a very busy road. Sharkbike [2] is the Sutherland Shire Bicycle User Group.

By bus

There are bus [3] connections to Miranda direct from Hurstville and from Rockdale. Both are slower and more expensive than the train.

Get around

By car

Car is the easiest way to quickly and easily get around the district. It takes around 20 minutes to drive from east to west, and around 15 minutes north to south.

By public transport

Public transport is available, but it doesn't run with the frequency of services closer to the city. Expect Cityrail [4] trains to run every 30 minutes all week connecting the major centres. Expect buses to run about every hour to most places on weekdays, up to 3 hourly on a weekend, and to stop running around 8pm.

  • Sydney Buses [5] only runs one bus, to Miranda Fair from Rockdale. It services Taren Point on route.
  • Veolia [6] is the largest bus company operating in the District, services the areas away from Cronulla. It services Sutherland, Grays Point, Gymea Bay, and over the Menai.
  • Veolia now also incorporates the bus services linking Miranda, Caringbah, Cronulla and Kurnell. The timetables are up to date on their website, but their maps are not yet updated. Some of the buses still have the Buslink livery.
  • Caringbah Bus [7] services Lilli Pilli from Caringbah.

Sydney Transport Infoline [8] provides information on all bus and train times to any street address or attraction. It will recommend the quickest method at the time you wish to travel.

See

See Cronulla and Royal National Park for sights in those areas of the Sutherland Shire.

Other sights in the Sutherland Shire include:

  • E.G. Waterhouse National Camellia Garden, President Avenue, Caringbah (2 minutes drive/20 minutes walk from Caringbah along President Avenue). 9am until 5pm. A large garden area, with many varieties of flowers. Playground, artificial creeks and waterfalls, and a duck pond. Ducks are fat and usually very well fed. Teahouse in the gardens, popular spot. free.  edit
  • Joseph Banks Native Plants Reserve, Garnet Avenue, Kareela (Entrance is hard to find, take Bates Drive from Princes Hwy (signposted to Kareela), left on Alpita to end, Left on Garnet to end, left on Manooka to end). until 4pm. A large collection of native plants, paved walks, barbecues well stocked with wood, and water views. This place is unknown to most, and is never crowded, except when hosting and occasional wedding. Lots of Australian plant species, and well worth grabbing some sausages, some matches, and heading over for a barbecue. free.  edit
  • Peace Park/Japanese Garden, Eton Street Sutherland. A small, unassuming garden in Sutherland, celebrating the sister city relationship between the Sutherland Shire and Chuo in Tokyo. Cherry blossoms flowering in the spring. Possibly a nice place to visit for any homesick Japanese tourists in the area. free.  edit
  • Como Pleasure Grounds, Cremona Road, Como (Walk down the hill from Como Station, turn left on Cremona Road, and follow until the end). Historically Como was a popular recreation ground for Sydneysiders on the steam train for a day out by the water. Today, it is still a popular park. There is a swimming pool, swimming enclosure on the Georges River, a cafe on the waters edge, playground, barbecues, picnic tables. Its popular with teenagers on weekends to hang out, eat, swim. There is a marina where you can hire small motor boats to explore the Georges River. There is also a Thai restaurant, with a take away kiosk, serving Thai and Australian food. free.  edit
  • Captain Cook's Landing Place, Captain Cook Drive, Kurnell (Over Captain Cook Bridge, and along Captain Cook Drive, or train to Cronulla station and a 987 bus to Kurnell), [9]. Sunrise to Sunset. You can stand on the rock where Captain Cook first stepped ashore, starting the process of European settlement. The landing place is also now next to a large oil refinery. There is a monument walk here, and an interpretive visitors centre. The area is never crowded with visitors, and many Sydneysiders have never visited. There are usually plenty of available and well maintained electric barbecues and picnic tables by the water. Buses can be a couple of hours apart so check the times. [10]. Sutherland Shire used to be named the birthplace of modern Australia, referring to European settlement. Now the aspects of the Aboriginal and European settlement interaction are emphasised, and interpreted in the visitors centre in the park. There is a National Park Admission fee ($11/24hr) to drive into the Park. If you only want to visit the monuments and see the landing place you can easily park just by the beach outside the park and not incur any fee to walk along the monument track from the other end. Foot or bicycle access is always free..  edit
  • Sydney Tramway Museum, Rawson Pde, Loftus (Adjacent to Loftus Railway Station, no entry from Metroad 1 heading south), [11]. Sundays 10am until 5pm. They have an old Bondi tram, overseas trams, and tramrides, including rides to the Royal National Park. They also have a large display area Adult $15 Child $8.  edit
  • Botany Bay National Park, Captain. After visiting the landing place, there are several walks and drives within the park. One of the better ones is the walk to Cape Solander. The cliff aspect is nice, and views right out to see and across Ctonulla. You also lose the industrial view on this walk as well, which is so noticable on the monument walk.  edit
  • Towra Point Wetland, Captain Cook Drive. The Towra point wetland is an imporant resource for migratory birds, with mangroves and inter-tidal mud-flats. It is a protected area, and mostly not open to visitors. The National Park Visitors Centre at Kurnell does organise tours every month or so. There are three points available to view over the wetland, each off Captain Cook Drive, and worth stopping at if you are on the way to Kurnell. Between November and March you may spot the migratory Eastern Curlew, which spends the other half of the year in Russia. Take your binoculars.  edit
  • Hazelhurst Regional Gallery, The Kingsway, Gymea (Exist from the station, and proceed straight ahead), [12]. 10am-5pm. Very much a community art gallery, surrounded by pretty gardens. Nice coffee shop in amoungst it all. free.  edit

Do

Do the things there are to do in Cronulla and the Royal National Park and then:

  • Dive, Shiprock Point Marine Reserve, [13]. Shiprock point in Dolans Bay has a marine reserve. Some tropical fish can even be seen here in the summer months, when the water is warm in February mainly. You can see many fish varieties snorkelling along the rocks all the way around from Lilli Pilli point to Shiprock. Watch out for fishermen outside the reserve, and watch out for speedboats in the channel. Shiprock dive can hire equipment or do training courses.  edit
  • Swim in the Port Hacking, Lilli Pilli Point, Gymea Bay, Grays Point. The Port Hacking River lies along the Southern Boundary of the Sutherland Shire, and separates it from the National Park. The Port Hacking is a clean waterway, nice for swimming (except for possibly the day after heavy rain). There are enclosures (nets) for swimming along the waterway, usually uncrowded. You can swim outside the enclosures if want to. The biggest threat is jetskis, sharks are very rarely seen. From Lilli Pilli Point, there is a large sand spit you can swim out to at low tide. There are some little sting rays out there that can sting you if you tread on them. It hurts, but it not otherwise dangerous.  edit
  • Boat on the Georges RIver. The Georges River is navigable all the way from Botany Bay to Liverpool, and there are lots places to launch your boat in the area. There are beaches, parks, inlets and river more than enough for a day or two on the river. The Woronora River flows into the Georges at Bonnet Bay.  edit
  • Como Marina, (park at Como Pleasure Grounds, and walk down to the marina, or ten minutes walk down Cremona Road from Como Station), [14]. You hire a motor boat by the hour, a explore the Georges River and Woronora River waterways or take a picnic and make a day of it. You can hire pontoon with BBQ for up to 10 people. from $30/hour.  edit
  • Kayak on the Woronora, Woronora (By the old Wororora Bridge, if driving follow the signs to Woronora, or it is about 15 minutes walk steep downhill from Sutherland Station. You can catch the bus back up, but they run infrequently on weekends. Check the timetable [http://www.connexnsw.com.au]). The Woronora is a easy river for kayaking or canoeing for an hour or whole day. Boat traffic is slow, and the river is usually protected and calm. In an hour you can kayak from the boatshed up to the Woronora Bridge or vice-versa. For a longer trip (if you are fit) you can go all the way up to the Needles, which is really the limit of navigation of the river, and a nice swimming spot. You can hire a kayaks everyday from Woronora Boatshed. Prices are $15 for the first hour, and $10 for each hour after that. There usually is no requirement to book. , and explore the many inlets around Bonnet Bay, or if you are fit, even go upstream to the needles. Take sunscreen, covering clothing, and a hat.  edit
  • Star Boatshed, 131 Prince Edward Park Rd, Woronora (Just over the creek bridge, on the right). Hires kayaks, dingies, canoes. Has coffee and milkshakes  edit

Buy

Cronulla has an open air shopping mall, but also:

  • Miranda Fair, The Kingsway, Miranda (Immediately adjacent to Miranda train station), [15]. Mon-Sun 8:30am 5:30pm, Thu open until 9pm. Food Hall open until 7pm nightly. One of Sydney's largest undercover shopping malls.  edit

Eat

There are a selection of places to eat at Cronulla but elsewhere in the Sutherland Shire:

  • Miranda Fair Food Halls, Kingsway, Miranda (adjacent to Miranda Station). open until 7pm, and 9pm Thursdays. Cheap food, including the major chains. Lots of choice, a place to eat, but no ambiance.  edit
  • Mr India, Old (50m east of Sutherland Station). Open for lunch and dinner. Eat in or take away, Mr India will give you a very tasty Indian meal for well under $10. The Naan is cooked fresh to order, and is best used to soak up the Lamb Korma.  edit
  • Pauls Hamburgers, Princes Hwy, Sylvania (Just south of the Tom Uglys Bridge). Wednesday-Sunday. A local institution, was serving hamburgers through a hole in the wall 40 years ago. Any resemblance to the chain hamburgers is entirely coincidental, this is a different animal. Order one with the lot, and a Pina Colada milkshake, and walk down to the river and eat it under the bridge.  edit
  • Gymea Bay Road (North), Gymea Bay Road (Just north of Gymea train station, turn right out of the station). Lots of great cafe food in Gymea. Modern Australian Cuisine  edit
  • Moshka, Box Rd, Jannali (Just east of the train station at Jannali). Moderately priced Indian restaurant with flair, and really tasty food. If you don't feel like Indian, the Thai Tiger, is next door down, and Little Italy is on the corner. You will need to book on Friday/Saturday nights, but other times just walk in.  edit
  • Historic Como Hotel (Como Hilton), Cremona Rd, Como (from Como station walk down the hill to Cremona Road, and turn left. Short walk to the hotel.), [16]. The original Como Hotel burnt down in 1996. See the original burnt door still in the Hotel. The new hotel looks even more historic than the old one did, and has a great balcony overlooking the bay and the cricket oval. There is a barbecue on the balcony most weekend lunchtimes.  edit

Sleep

There is accommodation in Cronulla and there is camping and a YHA in the Royal National Park. Please see those articles fro details.

Also in the Sutherland Shire there is:

  • Abcot Inn, Princes Hwy, Sylvania Heights (On the left hand side of the Princes Hwy heading south, about 2km after Tom Uglys Bridge), [17].  edit
  • Metro Motor Inn, Jackson Pde, Miranda (Opposite the entry to Miranda Fair car park on Jackson Ave), [18].  edit
  • Sutherland Motel, Aldgate St, Sutherland, [19]. Motel style accommodation, easy walking to the pool, and about 1.5km from the station  edit

Contact

Internet Terminals

All Sutherland Shire Libraries [20] provide full Internet access for $3.30 per hour to travellers. There are libraries at Cronulla, Caringbah, Miranda, Sutherland and elsewhere, that are open Monday to Friday and Saturday Mornings. Only Sutherland is open Saturday and Sunday afternoons. Bookings are taken, and you may need to book at peak times.

Wifi

Gloria Jeans Coffee by the station in Sutherland provides free Wi-Fi for customers, as does the cafe two doors down in the Eton Arcade, and various other cafes around. Usually you will need to get the password from the counter.

There is free Wi-Fi in both the food courts in Miranda Fair shopping mall, courtesy of the McDonald's restaurants there, as well as at the McDonalds in Kirrawee and Sylvania.

The libraries have Wi-Fi for $2 for 2 hours - buy a card from the counter.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

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