Kurukshetra: Wikis

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Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
Location of Kurukshetra
in Haryana and India
Coordinates 30°00′N 76°27′E / 30.00°N 76.45°E / 30.00; 76.45
Country  India
State Haryana
District(s) Kurukshetra
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website kurukshetra.nic.in

Kurukshetra About this sound pronunciation (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is a district in Haryana state of India. It is a holy place and is also known as Dharamkshetra ("Holy City"). According to the Puranas, Kurukshetra is named after King Kuru, the ancestor of Kauravas and Pandavas, as depicted in epic Mahabharata. The importance of the place is attributed to the fact that the Kurukshetra War of the Mahabharata was fought on this land and the Bhagavad Gita was preached on this land during the war when Lord Krishna found Arjuna in a terrible dilemma.[1]

Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' has written an epic poem by the title of Kurukshetra. It is a narrative poem based on the Santi Parva of the Mahabharata.[2] It was written at a time when the memories of the Second World War were fresh on the mind of the poet.[2]

Thanesar or Sthaneswar is a historical town located adjacent to what is now the newly created Kurukshetra city. Thanesar derives its name from the word "Sthaneshwar", which means "Deity of the Place". The Sthaneshwar Mahadev Temple, whose presiding deity is Lord Shiva, is believed to be the oldest temple in the vicinity. Local hearsay identifies the legendary "Kurukshetra" with a nearby obscure hamlet, and with the active abetment of the state government. It is presently experiencing a tourist boom.[citation needed] A few kilometeres from Kurukshetra is the village known as "Amin", where there are remnants of a fort which is said to be Abhimanyu's fort.

In some ancient Hindu texts, the boundaries of Kurukshetra correspond roughly to the state of Haryana. Thus according to the Taittiriya Aranyaka 5.1.1., the Kurukshetra region is south of Turghna (Srughna/Sugh in Sirhind, Punjab), north of Khandava (Delhi and Mewat region), east of Maru (=desert) and west of Parin.[3]

Contents

History

A manuscript of Mahabharata depicting the war at Kurukshetra

It is written in Puranas that Kurukshetra is named after the King Kuru of Bharata Dynasty, ancestor of Pandavas and Kauravas.

The Vamana Purana tells how King Kuru came to settle on this land. He chose this land at the banks of Sarasvati River for embedding spirituality with 8 virtues: austerity (tapas), truth (satya), forgiveness (kshama), kindness (daya), purity (sucha), charity (dana), yagya and brahmacharya. Lord Vishnu was impressed with the act of King Kuru and blessed him. God gave him two boons, one that this land forever will be known as a Holy Land after his name as Kurukshetra (the land of Kuru) and the other that anyone dying on this land will be going to heaven. The land of Kurukshetra was separated between two rivers — the Sarasvati and the Drishadvati.

Bronze Chariot with Lord Krishna and Arjuna

This land has been known as Uttravedi, Brahmavedi, Dharamkshetra and Kurukshetra at different periods. When King Kuru came on this land it was called Uttarvedi. Over the period this land has been ruled by many empires. Bharata Dynasty came and settled on this land.

Later the Battle of Mahabharata was fought on this land, during which Lord Krishna preached Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna.

It reached the zenith of its progress during the reign of King Harsha, during which Chinese scholar Hieun Tsang visited this land at Thanesar. By the archaeological grounds it has been proved that Ashoka the Great made Kurukshetra a centre of learning for people from all over the world. Mughals also ruled this land. Sufi saint Sheikh Chehli's tomb on this land is an evidence of this fact.

Places of interest

  • Brahma Sarovar: Every year lakhs of people come to take a holy bath at Brahma Sarovar on the occasion of "Somavati Amavasya" (Sacred No-Moon Day that happens on a Monday).
  • Sannihit Sarovar: This Sarovar is believed to be the meeting point of seven sacred Saraswatis. The sarovar, according to popular belief, contains sacred water. Bathing in the waters of the tank on the day of Amavasya (night of complete darkness) or on the day of an eclipse bestows blessings equivalent to performing the ashvamedh yajna.
    Bhishma Kund
  • Jyotisar: The famous site where Bhagavad Gita was delivered to Arjuna
  • Krishna Museum: Has some historical artifacts and paintings depicting the Mahabharata war.
  • Kurukshetra Panorama and Science centre: A world-class panorama depicting the Mahabharata war with scientific explanations justifying every episode in the war. There are also several scientific exhibits designed to kindle a curiosity for science.
  • Kalpana Chawla Planetarium
  • Light and Sound Show : A newly built tourist attraction which highlights some aspects of Geeta Saar through lights and sound.
  • Dharohar: A must visit to know the tradition and culture of Haryana; located in Kurukshetra University.
  • Bhishma Kund at Naraktari: The place where Arjuna shot an arrow towards the earth to quench Bhisma Pitamah's thirst.
  • Saraswati Forest Reserve: It is a large reserved forest area with rich flora and fauna in Kurukshetra district.
  • Sheikh Chehli ka makbara (tomb): This monument is maintained by the Archeological Survey of India. It was built during the Mughal era in remembrance of Sufi Saint Sheikh Chehli, believed to be the spiritual teacher of Mughal Prince Dara Shikoh.
  • Sthaneshwar Mahadev
  • Kamal Nabhi
  • Valmiki Ashram
    Kurukshetra in a map of the Indian subcontinent's ancient cities
  • Birla Mandir
  • Gurdwara Raj Ghat Patshahi Dasvin
  • Gurdwara Chhevin Patshahi
  • Gurdwara Siddh Bati Patshahi Pahili
  • Pehowa
  • Ban Ganga in village Dayalpur
  • Bhadrakali Mandir - a temple that is one of the 52 Shakti Peethas. As per the story in Hindu mythology, the goddess Sati killed herself by entering the Yagna of Raja Daksha as a protest against the insult of Lord Shiva. Remorseful Lord Shiva wandered across the whole universe with the corpse of his beloved Sati on his shoulder. To bring him back to the original mood, it was necessary to destroy the corpse of Sati. Lord Vishnu hence cut the corpse in 52 pieces with his Sudarshana Chakra. The different parts fell at different places where the temples of the goddess were later built by the devotees. Collectively, these are known as the 52 Shakti Peethas. One of them is in Kurukhsetra, where the leg of the goddess fell.

Jhansa

Jhansa is a village in the Kurukshetra district. It is known for its river and canals, and the Markanda temple, built on the banks of the Markanda River.

There is a beautiful scenic view in the village where SYL Bhakhra Canal and Markanda River intersects. In the summer you can have a chilling bath in Gulla Canal and Bhakhra Canal.

Educational institutes

Hospitals

  • Charitable Eye Hospital
  • Sahni Nursing Home: De-addiction center/for drug and alcohol addicts. It is located on the main road (pipli road) Kurukshetra.

District administration

  • The Superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, is responsible for maintaining Law & Order and related issues in the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Haryana Police Service and other Haryana Police officials.
  • The Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, is responsible for the management of the Forests, Environment and Wild-Life in the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Haryana Forest Service and other Haryana Forest officials and Haryana Wildlife officials.
  • Sectoral development is looked after by the district head/officer of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, etc. These officers are from various Haryana state services.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ History of Kurukhsetra
  2. ^ a b Das, Sisir Kumar (1995). A History of Indian literature. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 908. ISBN 978-8172017989. 
  3. ^ Agarwal, Vishal: Is There Vedic Evidence for the Indo-Aryan Immigration to India? (PDF)

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Kurukshetra [1] is a holy city in India/haryana. It is the place of holy war Mahabarata and this is the birth place of Srimad Bhagwat Gita.

Get in

Rail Kurukshetra is a junction on the main track of northen railway, i.e., Amritsar - New Delhi. It is 150km from New Delhi and 250km from Amritsar

Road Grand Trunk Road or National Highway No 1 passes by Kurukshetra. So it is easy to reach by the road from Amritsar, Ludhiana, Chandigarh, New Delhi. There is also direct connectivity to Haridwar and Patiala.

By Road

The Grand Truck Road(GT Road) also known as NH-1 runs through Kurukshetra(The Land of Mahabharta). It's 150 km from Delhi and also approximately same distance from Chandigarh as well. You can catch a bus from Chandigarh ISBT and Delhi ISBT.

==By bus==

You can catch a bus to Kurukshetra from Indraparasth bus station in New Delhi. You can get a bus from Kashmiri Gate Bus station. Kurukshetra is 150 km from Delhi. Traveling from Delhi to Karnal by a bus takes normally 3 to 4 hours depending on the traffic conditions in city range of Delhi.

By train

Train to Kurukshetra can be taken from either New Delhi Railway Station or from Old Delhi railway station, and Nizzamuddin as well. Train takes two and half hours to reach Kurukshetra from Delhi. And is taken a passenger train it takes 3 to 4 long hours in this case.

Get around

Auto-rishaws (Three-wheelars, shared, are the only available option to move around the city.

See

*Brahm-sarovar The memoirs of Al Beruni, called 'Kitab-ul-Hind' mentions this sacred water tank. The water tank is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is said in the scriptures that the holiness of performing 'Ashvamedh Yajna' can be achieved by a dip in this sacred water tank. This place is believed to be the land where civilization was born. Lord Brahma is said to have created the universe from this land. Just in the vicinity of this sacred place are the Birla Gita Mandir and Baba Nath's haveli. The sight of Kurukshetra is exquisite especially in winters when birds migrate from ever different landmasses to take a dip in the waters. This beautiful looks all the attractive during the 'Deep Daan' and Aarti during Gita Jayanti in the later November and early December.

  • Sanhit-Sarovar Situated at a distance of 3 km from Kurukshetra Railway Station on Pehowa Road, Sannihit Sarovar is believed to be the permanent abode of Lord Vishnu. It is believed that entire range of Tirthas assemble here on the Amavas day and if a man performs Shradhs at the time of solar eclipse and takes bath in this tank, he aquires the fruit of 1000 Ashwamedh sacrifices. The tank is 500 yard in length and 150 yards in breath. Pilgrims are led first to this holy spot at the time of solar eclipse. The idols of Lord Vishnu, Druv Bhagat, Lord Hanuman and Goddess Durga are placed here. Pilgrims also visit to Pandas and Tirath. Purohits who have their offices on the banks of Sannhit Sarovar, keeping the records hundreds of years old of the pilgrims coming from various parts of the country. People come here for Shradhs of their ancestors.
  • Sthanswer Mandir
  • Bhadra kali Mandir
  • Birla Mandir
  • Jyotisar
  • Panorma
  • Krishna Museum
  • Harsh ka tilla
  • Harshwardhan park
  • Sheikh Chilli Tomb
  • Jindal Park
  • Chatti Patshahi Gurudwara Sikh Gurus have visited Kurukshetra from time to time. Pilgrims go to the Pnadas of their area and sign in their register after taking a bath.

Do

For a one day trip:

  • Take a dip in Bharam sarovar
  • See the temples around
  • Go for Jyotiser
  • See the big Mahabartha Painting in panorma
  • Go for Sheikh chili tomb and harsh ka tilla
  • Have rest and in Jindal park and enjoy Musical fountain
  • Have Bhadr kali darshan in the evening
  • Have Sthaneshwar shiv ji darshan also

Buy

Nothing specific

  • Hot millions-sec 17
  • Domino's pizza-sec-17

Drink

No hard drinks will be available in Kurukshetra.

Movies

The city has several cinema halls with the classical single screen format.The city has single Mall named kessel with 3 screen multiplexes

Sleep

There are many dharmshalas for a budget accommodations, a few are:

  • Jat Dharmashala, near Birla Mandir.
  • Saini Samaj Bhavan
  • Bhraman Dharamshala, near old bus stand.
  • Agarwala Dharamshala, near railway station.

For a better accommodation hotels are:

  • Parakeet,A government one near Pipli.
  • Neelkanth
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