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Kutchi
કચ્છી / کچھی Kachhi
Spoken in India, Trinidad And Tobago , Pakistan. Also UK, USA, Kenya ( Some Parts Of Guyana) and others.
Region South Asia
Total speakers 866,000[1]
Language family Indo-European
Writing system Arabic script, Gujarati script
Official status
Official language in No official status.
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3 kfr
Indic script
This page contains Indic text. Without rendering support you may see irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts. More...

Kachhi (also spelt Cutchi, Kutchhi or Kachchhi, (Sindhi: ڪڇي)(Hindi: कच्छी ) (Urdu: کچھی) is an Indo-Aryan Language spoken in the Kutch region of the Indian state of Gujarat, with approximately 866,000 speakers.

It is also spoken in the Sindh province of Pakistan, and notably in large areas of eastern Africa by Muslims from the Indian subcontinent. It is spoken by the Kutchi people, which includes groups such as the Rajput Jadejas, the Bhanushalis, Bhatias, Brahmins (Rajgor Ganyathy - Bhuj), Meghwals, Visa Oswals, Dasa Oswals, Lohanas, Jains, Nizari Ismaili, and various Muslim communities in the region, including Muslim Khojas, Hingoras, Mutwas, Jats and the Kutchi Memon community.

Contents

Closely-related languages

Kachhi is related to Sindhi, spoken in neighboring Sindh, Pakistan and parts of India, and Gujarati, because the Kutch District is geographically between Sindh and Gujarat.

Kachhi is often thought to be a mixture of Sindhi, Gujarati and Rajasthani. Its lexical content shows the very large extent to which the language is a complex combination of Sindhi and Gujarati. It is likely that such linguistic similarities are the result of migrations over the centuries across the desert stretching from present-day Sindh to Saurashtra and Kutchh to the east, and Rajasthan.

Most Kachhis living in India are bilingual or trilingual, due to exposure to closely-related neighbouring languages such as Gujarati. Many residents of Pakistan are also bilingual or trilingual; many residents of Karachi speak Kutchi. Kutchi can not be written in Urdu script but it can be written in Sindhi or Gujrati scripts.

Cast also includes KANBI, RABARI, and AHIR (Abhir).

Common words and phrases

There are distinct regional accents and variations in grammar. As in many languages spoken along Asian trade routes, there is substantial borrowing from Persian and Arabic -- words like "duniya" (world), "jahannum" (hell), and "naseeb" (fate), are routinely used by many speakers of Kachhi. Many Kachhi speakers also speak Gujarati as a separate language, especially as it is the language in which Kachhi speakers customarily write. Kachhi speakers' Gujarati accent and usage tends towards standard forms that any Gujarati speaker would be able to understand.

To give an indication of dialects and regional variations, the Sindhi question "Kithe vino ta?" (where are you going?) would be posed in Kutchhi as "Kadaa vano ta?"

The following words are commonly used by Hindu individuals of descending from the Kutch rural area of Gujarat, India, who, especially if in east Africa, reject Kutchhi. These are colloquial forms of general Gujarati phrases that are often used in daily conversation in villages, particularly of the Kutchi predominance and are Gujaratisized versions of Kutchi words. An example of such follows:

Hayo/chhadyo hane (Gujarati Bas chhodo have : now drop it)
Avero/Javero ( Gujarati - Aawun' chhun' / Jaaun' chhun' : I am coming / going)
Kichri Khaay to? (Gujarati - Kichri khaao chho? : Are you eating Kichri?)

Writing system

Kachhi is normally written using a modified version of the Gujarāti script. Many books and magazines are published the language using the modified Gujarāti script, including Vadhod ("Inquiry"). Kachhi is also written in the Devanagari script by some speakers. In earlier times it was written in Khojki script, which is now extinct.

Kuro - કોરો - what
Burr-a-buur - ભરોભર - Ok
Laat - લાટ - nice
Khapey - ખપે - want
Munke dE - મુકે ડે - give (it to) me
Jaga - જગા - place
BhOOkh -ભોખ - hunger
KIdaa - કડા - where
HalyaN- હલ્યા - welcome
Maaru - માડુ - man
Chhokro - છોરો - boy
Naam - નાલો - name
KUtoo - કોત્તો- dog
Minnee - મન્ની - cat
Undar - કો - mouse
Undhurr - અંદર - there
Achija - અચીજા - goodbye
Choviaar - ચોવિયાર - dinner before sunset
Kii ai - કિં અહિયે - how are you?
Pann-jo - પાંજો - our
Gal-yu - ગાલ્યું - talk (as in 'Talk is cheap')
Dill - ધીલ - heart
animal-janawar
toje gaan bo gundaito - bo waj saaf ji jaroor ai - Excuse me, where is the nearest hospital?

Famous Kutchi speakers

mujo-my

See also

KANBBIes

Aahirs (Aabhir)

RABARIes

KANBI casts http://www.geocities.ws/bhudia/

External links

KANBI casts surnames and ancestry http://www.geocities.ws/bhudia/

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Simple English

Kachchi is a language and is spoken in regions such as Rann of Kachchh, Sindhustan; Karachi, Pakistan. Over 50,000 people spoke it in 1998. It was the mother tongue of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

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