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Kyōhō (享保 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Shōtoku and before Gembun. This period spanned the years from 1716 through 1736. The reigning emperors were Nakamikado-tennō (中御門天皇 ?) and Sakuramachi-tennō (桜町天皇 ?).[1]


Change of era

  • 1716 Kyōhō gannen (享保元年 ?): The era name of Kyōhō (meaning "Undergoing and Supporting") was created in response to the death of Tokugawa Ietsugu. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Shōtoku 6, on the 22nd day of the 6th month.

Events of the Kyōhō era

  • 1717 (Kyōhō 2): Kyōhō reforms are directed and overseen by Shogun Yoshimune.[2]
  • 1718 (Kyōhō 3): The bakufu repaired the Imperial mausolea.[3]
  • 1718 (Kyōhō 6, 8th month): The bakufu established a petition-box (目安箱 meyasubako ?) at the office of the machi-bugyō in Heian-kyō.[3]
  • 1721 (Kyōhō 6): Edo population of 1.1 million is world's largest city.[4]
  • 1730 (Kyōhō 15): The Tokugawa shogunate officially recognizes the Dojima Rice Market in Osaka; and bakufu supervisors (nengyoji) are appointed to monitor the market and to collect taxes.[5] The transactions relating to rice exchanges developed into securities exchanges, used primarily for transactions in public securities.[6] The development of improved agriculture production caused the price of rice to fall in mid-Kyohō.[7]
  • August 3, 1730 (Kyōhō 15, 20th day of the 6th month): A fire broke out in Muromachi and 3,790 houses were burnt. Over 30,000 looms in Nishi-jin were destroyed. The bakufu distributed rice.[3]
  • 1732 (Kyōhō 17): The Kyōhō famine was the consequence after swarms of locusts devastated crops in agricultural communities around the inland sea.[8]


  1. ^ Titsingh, Issac. (1834). Annales des empereurs to japon, pp. 416-417.
  2. ^ Bowman, John Stewart. (2000). Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture, p. 142.
  3. ^ a b c Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital, 794-1869, p. 320.
  4. ^ Foreign Press Center. (1997). Japan: Eyes on the Country, Views of the 47 Prefectures, p. 127.
  5. ^ Adams, Thomas. (1953). Japanese Securities Markets: A Historical Survey, p. 11.
  6. ^ Adams, p. 12.
  7. ^ Hayami, Akira et al. (2004) The Economic History of Japan: 1600-1990, p. 67.
  8. ^ Hall, John. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. 456.



External links

Kyōhō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st
Gregorian 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:


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