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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Native name: 九州
Japan kyushu map small.png
Kyūshū region of Japan and the current prefectures on the island of Kyūshū
Location East Asia
Archipelago Japanese Archipelago
Area 35,640 km2 (13,760 sq mi) (37th)
Highest point Kujū-san[1] (1,788 m/5,870 ft)
Prefectures Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Ōita, Saga
Largest city Fukuoka
Population 13,231,995
Density 332.38 /km2 (860.9 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Japanese

Kyūshū (九州 Nine Provinces ?)[2] or Kyushu is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. Its alternate ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国 Nine States), Chinzei (鎮西 West of the Pacified Area), and Tsukushi-no-shima (筑紫島 Island of Tsukushi). The historical regional name Saikaidō (西海道 West Sea Circuit) referred to Kyūshū and its surrounding islands.

Kyūshū has a population of 13,231,995 (2006) and covers 35,640 square kilometres (13,760 sq mi).



The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyūshū. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyūshū.

The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Osumi, and Satsuma.

Today’s Kyūshū Region (九州地方 kyūshū-chihō) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyūshū and also Okinawa Prefecture to the south:

The world’s 37th largest island by area, Kyūshū is smaller than Spitsbergen but larger than New Britain and Taiwan. By population, it ranks 13th, having fewer inhabitants than Borneo or Sulawesi, but more than Salsette or Cuba.

Economy and climate

Map of Kyūshū region with prefectures

Parts of Kyūshū have a subtropical climate, particularly Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain, including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal processing.


Major universities and colleges in Kyūshū:

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Kujū-san, Japan
  2. ^ "Nine Provinces" may also refer to Jiuzhou, a historical division of China

Coordinates: 33°00′N 131°00′E / 33°N 131°E / 33; 131



Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia has an article on:




Proper noun




  1. Alternative spelling of Kyushu.


Proper noun

Kyūshū (kanji 九州, hiragana きゅうしゅう)

  1. The third largest of Japan's islands.

Simple English

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this name.


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