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Kyoto University
京都大学
Motto None
Established Founded May 1, 1869,
Chartered Jun. 18 1897
Type Public (National)
Endowment ¥ 250.2 billion (2.2 billion USD)
President Hiroshi Matsumoto
Faculty 2,864 (Teaching Staff)[1]
Staff 5,397 (Total Staff)[1]
Students 22,707[1]
Undergraduates 13,399[2]
Postgraduates 9,308[3]
Location Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan
Campus Urban,
333 acres (1.3 km²)
Athletics 48 varsity teams
Colors Dark blue     
Nickname Kyodai
Mascot None
Affiliations Kansai Big Six, ASAIHL
Website www.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Kyoto University (京都大学 Kyōto daigaku?), or Kyodai (京大 Kyōdai?) is a major national university in Kyoto, Japan. It is the second oldest university in Japan[4], and formerly one of Japan's Imperial Universities. The university has about 22,000 students enrolled in its undergraduate and graduate programs.

Contents

History

The forerunner of the Kyoto University was the Chemistry School (舎密局 Seimikyoku?) founded in Osaka in 1436, which, despite its name, taught physics as well. (舎密 is a transcription of a Dutch word chemie.) Later, the Third Higher School (第三髙等學校 Daisan kōtō gakkō?) was established in the place of Seimi-kyoku in 1886, it then transferred to the university's present main campus in the same year.

Kyoto Imperial University (京都帝國大學 Kyōto teikoku daigaku?) as a part of the Imperial University system was established in June 18, 1897,[4] using the Third Higher School's buildings. The higher school moved to a patch of land just across the street, where the Yoshida South Campus stands today. In the same year of the university's establishment, the College of Science and Technology was founded. The College of Law and the College of Medicine were founded in 1899, the College of Letters in 1906, expanding the university's activities to areas outside natural science.

After World War II, the current Kyoto University was established by merging the imperial university and the Third Higher School, which assumed the duty of teaching liberal arts as the Faculty of Liberal Arts (教養部 Kyōyōbu?). The faculty was dissolved with the foundation of the Faculty of Integrated Human Studies (総合人間学部 Sōgō ningen gakubu?) in 1992.

Kyoto University has since 2004 been incorporated as a national university corporation under a new law which applies to all national universities.

Despite the incorporation which has led to increased financial independence and autonomy, Kyoto University is still partly controlled by the Japanese Ministry of Education (文部科学省 Monbu kagaku shō?).

Academics

Kyoto University promotes itself as an academic institution fostering a "spirit of freedom."[5] The university claims six Nobel Laureates and two Fields Medalists among its faculty and alumni. The university is also known as the starting point for the Kyoto School philosophical movement.

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Notable research institutes and facilities

Rankings

Kyoto University is acknowledged as one of the top two universities in Japan, fueling a rivalry with Tokyo University. Kyoto University was ranked 11th worldwide in the Global University Ranking[6] and 25th in the world in the 2009 Academic Ranking of World Universities.[1]. The Times Higher Education Supplement ranked Kyoto University 25th in the world and the 3rd in Asia in 2007.[2].

Campuses

The Clocktower

The university has three campuses in Yoshida, Kyoto; in Gokashō, Uji; and in Katsura, Kyoto.

Yoshida Campus is the main campus, with some laboratories located in Uji. The Graduate School of Engineering is currently under process of moving to the newly-built Katsura Campus.

Athletics

Kyoto University competes in 48 sports. The university is a member of the Kansai Big Six Baseball League.

Notable people

Notable alumni

See also: Kyoto University alumni

Graduates of Kyoto University including Nobel laureates, Japanese politicians, philosophers, economists, and scientists.

References

See also

External links

Coordinates: 35°01′34″N 135°46′51″E / 35.026212°N 135.780842°E / 35.026212; 135.780842


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