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Kyrgyzstani som
Кыргыз сом (Kyrgyz)
Киргизский сом (Russian)
1 Kyrgyz som (1999/2000) 100 Kyrgyz som (2002)
1 Kyrgyz som (1999/2000) 100 Kyrgyz som (2002)
ISO 4217 Code KGS
User(s) Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
Inflation 6.4%
Source The World Factbook, 2006 est.
Subunit
1/100 tyiyn
Plural som
tyiyn tyiyn
Coins
Freq. used 10, 50 tyiyn, 1, 3, 5 som
Rarely used 1 tyiyn, 10 som
Banknotes 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000 som
Central bank National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic
Website www.nbkr.kg

The som (Kyrgyz: сом, sometimes transliterated as "sum" or "soum") is the currency of the Kyrgyz Republic in Central Asia. The ISO 4217 currency code is KGS. The som is sub-divided into 100 tyiyn (Kyrgyz: тыйын). The som was introduced in May 10, 1993, replacing the Soviet ruble at a rate of 1 som = 200 rubles.

Contents

Etymology

In the Soviet Union, speakers of Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek called the ruble the som, and this name appeared written on the back of banknotes, among the texts for the value of the bill in all 15 official languages of the Union. The word som (sometimes transliterated "sum" or "soum") means "pure" in Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uyghur and Uzbek, as well as in many other Turkic languages. The word implies "pure gold".

Coins

Coins exist in denominations of 10 and 50 tiyin (also spelt tyiyn & tyin), which are made of brass plated steel, and 1, 3 and 5 som, made of nickel plated steel. Coins were first issued in January 2008, and they are minted in Kazakhstan. There are several commemorative coins made of silver and gold, and a special collector's issue of brass 1 tiyin coin. Nickel plated steel 10 som coin will be issued for circulation in 2009.

Banknotes

In 1993, the government issued 1, 10 and 50 tyiyn notes and the Kyrgyzstan Bank issued notes for 1, 5 and 20 som. In 1994, the Kyrgyz Bank issued a second series of notes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 som. A third series followed from 1997 onwards in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 som.

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1997 series

Third series
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark printing issue
KyrgyzstanP15-1Som-1999(2000) a.jpg KyrgyzstanP15-1Som-1999(2000) b.jpg 1 som 120 × 60 mm Green-orange Abdylas Maldybaev Komuz, kylkyak, Bishkek Philharmonic Orchestra As portrait 1999 February 7, 2000
KyrgyzstanP13-5Som-1997 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP13-5Som-1997 b.jpg 5 som 135 × 65 mm Dark blue Bubusara Beyshenalieva Kyrgyz National Opera 1997 December 17, 1997
KyrgyzstanP14-10Som-1997 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP14-10Som-1997 b.jpg 10 som Dark green Kasym Tynystanov Mountain ranges of Kyrgyzstan and the Dzhety-Oguz tract
KyrgyzstanP19-20Som-2002 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP19-20Som-2002 b.jpg 20 som Ochre-red Togolok Moldo Manas Mausoleum As portrait, and value 2002
2009
August 15, 2002
July 1, 2009
KyrgyzstanP20-50Som-2002 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP20-50Som-2002 b.jpg 50 som 145 × 70 mm Red-violet Kurmanjan Datka Uzgen architectural complex of the 11-12th centuries
KyrgyzstanP21-100Som-2002 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP21-100Som-2002 b.jpg 100 som 150 × 72 mm Green-violet Toktogul Satylganov Khan Tengri
KyrgyzstanP22-200Som-2004 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP22-200Som-2004 b.jpg 200 som 155 × 74 mm Yellow Alykul Osmonov Lake Issyk Kul 2000
2004
August 28, 2000
August 2, 2004
KyrgyzstanP23-500Som-2005 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP23-500Som-2005 b.jpg 500 som 160 × 76 mm Violet Sayakbay Karalaev Sayakbay Karalaev and images from the Manas (epic) 2000
2005
August 28, 2000
November 1, 2005
KyrgyzstanP18-1000Som-2000 a.jpg KyrgyzstanP18-1000Som-2000 b.jpg 1000 som 165 × 78 mm Grey-green Jusup Balasagyn Takhti Sulaiman, Mount Sulaiman 2000 August 28, 2000
These images are to scale at 0.7 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the banknote specification table.

2009 series

In 2009 the Kyrgyzstan bank issued a 5000 som, with a new edition for 20, 50 and 100 som denominations.

Fourt series
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark printing issue
20 som 2009 ob.jpg 20 som 2009 rev.jpg 20 som 2009 July 1
50 som 2009 ob.jpg 50 som 2009 rev.jpg 50 som 2009 July 1
100 som 2009 ob.jpg 100 som 2009 rev.jpg 100 som 2009 July 1
5000 som 2009 ob.jpg 5000 som 2009 rev.jpg 5000 som 168 × 80 mm (Not Exact) White-green Suimenkul Chokmorov Ala-Too 2009 March 2
One of many currency exchange kiosks in Bishkek's Dordoy Bazaar, quoting value of foreign currencies in Kyrgyz som
Current KGS exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD CNY RUB
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD CNY RUB
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD CNY RUB
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD CNY RUB

See also

External links


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