L: Wikis

  
  
  

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L
Basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd    
Ee Ff Gg Hh
Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt
Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
L is the twelfth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English (pronounced /ˈɛl/) is spelled el or occasionally ell.[1]

Contents

History

The letter L is derived from the Egyptian crook or goad which stood for /l/. This originally may have been based on an Egyptian hieroglyph that was adapted by Semites for alphabetic purposes. The Greek letter Lambda Λ (upper case) or λ (lower case), as well as the equivalent Etruscan and Latin letters, represent the same sound as the Semitic letter.
Egyptian hieroglyph Proto-Semitic Lamd Phoenician
lamedh
Etruscan L Greek
Lambda
S39
Proto-semiticL-01.png PhoenicianL-01.png EtruscanL-01.png Lambda uc lc.svg

Pronunciation

In English, L can have several values, depending on whether it occurs before or after a vowel. The alveolar lateral approximant (the sound which the IPA uses the lowercase [l] to represent) occurs before a vowel, as in lip or please, while the velarized alveolar lateral approximant (IPA [ɫ]) occurs in bell and milk (see Dark L). This velarization does not occur in many European languages that use L; it is also a factor making the pronunciation of L difficult for users of languages that either lack, or have different values, for L^, such as Japanese or some southern dialects of Chinese.
L can occur before almost any plosive, fricative, or affricate in English. Common digraphs include LL, which has a value identical to L in English, but has the separate value voiceless alveolar lateral fricative (IPA /ɬ/) in Welsh, where it can appear in an initial position.
A palatal lateral approximant or palatal L (IPA /ʎ/) occurs in many languages, and is represented by GL in Italian, LL in Spanish and Catalan, LH in Portuguese, and Ļ in Latvian.
In English writing, L is often silent in such words as walk or could (its presence modifies other letters' sounds, i.e. 'wak' might be more likely to be pronounced such that it would rhyme with 'back').

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of L
NATO phonetic Morse code
Lima ·–··
ICS Lima.svg Semaphore Lima.svg ⠇
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille
In Unicode the capital L is codepoint U+004C and the lowercase l is U+006C. In some fonts, a lowercase l may be difficult to distinguish from a 1 (one) or an uppercase letter I (i). A more stylized version based on the handwritten ℓ is sometimes used - this is often used as a suffix on a number to represent litres. Its codepoint is U+2113 and its numeric character reference is "ℓ". Capital I (i) can also be hard to distinguish from a lowercase l (L), as many fonts use a vertical bar for both of these characters. In recent times, many new fonts have curved the lower-case form to the right and is increasingly common, especially on European road signs and advertisements.
The ASCII code for capital L is 76 and for lowercase l is 108; or in binary 01001100 and 01101100.
The EBCDIC code for capital L is 211 and for lowercase l is 147.
The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "L" and "l" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ "L" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989) Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged. (1993); "el", "ells", op. cit.
The basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter L with diacritics

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
LetterL.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L
Basic Latin U+004C

Contents

Translingual

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Letter

L upper case (lower case l)
  1. The twelfth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

L or l
  1. Symbol for liter or litre.
  2. Symbol for the Roman numeral 50; Previous XLIX 49, Next LI 51
  3. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for leucine

See also

Other representations of L:

English

Pronunciation

 Audio (UK)help, file

Letter

L (uppercase, lowercase l)
  1. The twelfth letter of the English alphabet, preceded by K and followed by M.

Noun

L
  1. (sports) The statistic for the number of losses by a team or player limited by some criteria (e.g. this season, at home, on turf)
  2. Alternative spelling of el (elevated train).
    • 1925 February 21, "Co-operation" (cartoon), The New Yorker, page 2,
      PLEASE! HELP US KEEP THE "L" AND SUBWAY CLEAN

Derived terms

  • (sports): OTL

See also

Abbreviation

L
  1. (US politics) Libertarian.

American Sign Language

Letter

L (Stokoe L)
  1. The letter L

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /ɛl/

Letter

L (capital, lowercase l)
  1. The twelfth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous: K
  • Next: M

Finnish

Noun

L
  1. laudatur

Galician

Abbreviation

L
  1. leste (east)

Synonyms

  • (east): E

Italian

Pronunciation

Noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
L
Wikipedia it
L m. and f. inv.
  1. The tenth letter of the Italian alphabet
  2. The twelth letter of the Latin alphabet

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

L (capital, lowercase l)
  1. The fifteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /l/. Preceded by K and followed by M.

Slovene

Wikipedia-logo.png
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
L
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

L (capital, lowercase l)
  1. The 13th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by K and followed by M.

Spanish

Letter

L (upper case, lower case l)
  1. The 13th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

L is the twelfth (number 12) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for L

  • For clothing, L sometimes means "large size".
  • In Roman numerals, L means the number fifty.
  • The city of Chicago, Illinois has an elevated train called the "Chicago 'L'".
  • L is also the first letter that the famous Luke Bynt ever said
  • A character from the manga and anime Death Note.
  • In Wheel of Fortune, L is one of the six letters given to any contestant participating in the "Bonus Round."
  • L is the symbol for litre, a unit of volume.



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Town, which are similar to those in the above article.








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