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L-2 Grasshopper
Taylorcraft L-2M N52347
Role Observation and Liaison
Manufacturer Taylorcraft
Introduction 1941
Primary user United States Army Air Force
Developed from Taylorcraft Model D
Interior of Taylorcraft L-2M N52347

The Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper is an American observation and liaison aircraft built by Taylorcraft for the United States Army Air Forces in World War II.

In 1941 the United States Army Air Force ordered four Taylorcraft Model Ds with the designation YO-57. They were evaluated in the summer of 1941 during maneuvers in Louisiana and Texas where they were used for support purposes such as light transport and courier. General Innis P. Swift, commander of the 1st Cavalry Division, coined the 'grasshopper' name after witnessing a bumpy landing.[1] This led to a production order under the designation O-57 Grasshopper. In 1942 the designation was changed to L-2 Grasshopper).

In World War II, the AAF began using the L-2 in much the same manner as the observation balloon was used in France during World War I--spotting enemy troop and supply concentrations and directing artillery fire on them. It was also used for other types of liaison and transport duties and short-range reconnaissance which required airplanes that could land and take off in minimum distances from unprepared landing strips.

Contents

Variants

YO-57
Military version of the Taylorcraft Model D, four for evaluation with a 65hp YO-170-3, later became O-57 then L-2.
O-57
Production version with minor changes and a 65hp O-170-3 engine, 20 built, re-designated L-2 in 1942.
O-57A
O-57 with modified cabin and military radios and an observers seat that could face backwards, 336 built, re-designated L-2A
L-2
O-57 re-designated in 1942,a further 50 built.
L-2A
O-57A re-designated in 1942, a further 140 built.
L-2B
L-2A with modifications for artillery spotting with a 65hp Continental A65-8 engine, 490 built.
L-2C
13 Taylorcraft Model DC65 impressed into Army service.
L-2D
One Taylorcraft Model DL65 impressed into Army service.
L-2E
Two Taylorcaft Model DF65 impressed into Army service.
L-2F
Seven impressed Taylorcraft Model BL65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp O-145-B1 engine, one originally designated UC-95.
L-2G
Two impressed Taylorcraft Model BFT65s with 65hp Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
L-2H
Nine impressed Taylorcraft Model BC12-65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp Continental A65-7 engine.
L-2J
Five impressed Taylorcraft Model BL12-65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp O-145-B1 engine.
L-2K
Four impressed Taylorcraft Model BF12-65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
L-2L
Single impressed Taylorcraft Model BF30 with side-by-side seating and a 50hp Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
L-2M
L-2A with close-fitting engine cowls and wing spilers, 900 built.
TG-6
Model ST.100 three-seat training glider variant with enlarged fin area, wing spoilers and a simpler landing gear, 250 built.
UC-95
One impressed Taylorcraft Model BL65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp O-145-B1 engine, re-designated L-2F.

Specifications (Taylorcraft L-2)

Data from US Liaison Aircraft in action

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer
  • Payload: 480 lb (218 kg)
  • Length: 22 ft 9 in (6.9 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 5 in (10.8 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 8 in (2 m)
  • Empty weight: 680 lb (309 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,200 lb (544 kg)
  • Useful load: 450 lbs (204 kg)
  • Powerplant:Continental O-170-3 4-cylinder air-cooled engine, 65 hp (48 kW)

Performance

References

  1. ^ *Graff, Cory (2003). Shot to Hell: The Stories and Photos of Ravaged WWII Warbirds. St. Paul, MN: MBI Publishing Co.. ISBN 0760316090.  

External links

See also

Comparable aircraft

Related lists


L-2 Grasshopper
Taylorcraft L-2M N52347
Role Observation and Liaison
Manufacturer Taylorcraft
Introduction 1941
Primary user United States Army Air Force
Developed from Taylorcraft Model D
File:L2
Interior of Taylorcraft L-2M N52347

The Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper is an American observation and liaison aircraft built by Taylorcraft for the United States Army Air Forces in World War II.

In 1941 the United States Army Air Force ordered four Taylorcraft Model Ds with the designation YO-57. They were evaluated in the summer of 1941 during maneuvers in Louisiana and Texas where they were used for support purposes such as light transport and courier. General Innis P. Swift, commander of the 1st Cavalry Division, coined the 'grasshopper' name after witnessing a bumpy landing.[1] This led to a production order under the designation O-57 Grasshopper. In 1942 the designation was changed to L-2 Grasshopper).

In World War II, the AAF began using the L-2 in much the same manner as the observation balloon was used in France during World War I--spotting enemy troop and supply concentrations and directing artillery fire on them. It was also used for other types of liaison and transport duties and short-range reconnaissance which required airplanes that could land and take off in minimum distances from unprepared landing strips.

Contents

Variants

YO-57
Military version of the Taylorcraft Model D, four for evaluation with a 65hp YO-170-3, later became O-57 then L-2.
O-57
Production version with minor changes and a 65hp O-170-3 engine, 20 built, re-designated L-2 in 1942.
O-57A
O-57 with modified cabin and military radios and an observers seat that could face backwards, 336 built, re-designated L-2A
L-2
O-57 re-designated in 1942,a further 50 built.
L-2A
O-57A re-designated in 1942, a further 140 built.
L-2B
L-2A with modifications for artillery spotting with a 65hp Continental A65-8 engine, 490 built.
L-2C
13 Taylorcraft Model DC65 impressed into Army service.
L-2D
One Taylorcraft Model DL65 impressed into Army service.
L-2E
Two Taylorcaft Model DF65 impressed into Army service.
L-2F
Seven impressed Taylorcraft Model BL65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp O-145-B1 engine, one originally designated UC-95.
L-2G
Two impressed Taylorcraft Model BFT65s with 65hp Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
L-2H
Nine impressed Taylorcraft Model BC12-65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp Continental A65-7 engine.
L-2J
Five impressed Taylorcraft Model BL12-65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp O-145-B1 engine.
L-2K
Four impressed Taylorcraft Model BF12-65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
L-2L
Single impressed Taylorcraft Model BF30 with side-by-side seating and a 50hp Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
L-2M
L-2A with close-fitting engine cowls and wing spilers, 900 built.
UC-95
One impressed Taylorcraft Model BL65s with side-by-side seating and a 65hp O-145-B1 engine, re-designated L-2F.

Specifications (Taylorcraft L-2)

Data from US Liaison Aircraft in action

General characteristics
  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer
  • Payload: 480 lb (218 kg)
  • Length: 22 ft 9 in (6.9 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 5 in (10.8 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 8 in (2 m)
  • Empty weight: 680 lb (309 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 1,200 lb (544 kg)
  • Useful load: 450 lbs (204 kg)
  • Powerplant:Continental O-170-3 4-cylinder air-cooled engine, 65 hp (48 kW)

Performance

References

  1. *Graff, Cory (2003). Shot to Hell: The Stories and Photos of Ravaged WWII Warbirds. St. Paul, MN: MBI Publishing Co.. ISBN 0760316090. 

External links

See also

File:Seal of the US Air United States Air Force portal

Comparable aircraft

Related lists








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