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LB&SCR B1 class: Wikis


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LB&SCR B1 Class
214 Gladstone preserved in the National Railway Museum.
Power type Steam
Designer William Stroudley
Builder Brighton Works
Build date 1882-1891
Total production 36
Configuration 0-4-2
UIC classification B1'
Gauge 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
Trailing wheel diameter 4 ft 6 in (1.37 m)
Locomotive weight 38.7 long tons (39.3 t)
Fuel type Coal
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 18¼×26 in (464×660 mm)
Class B1
Retired 1910–12 (10)
1925–33 (26)

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway B1 Class is a class of 0-4-2 express passenger steam locomotives, known from the name of the first, No. 214, as the "Gladstones".



They were the last express passenger design of William Stroudley, and were a larger and improved version of his Richmond class of 1878. Thirty-six locomotives were turned out from Brighton railway works between 1882 and 1891, and were used for the heaviest London to Brighton express trains. All were named after politicians, men associated with the railway, or places served by the railway. In 1889 No.189 Edward Blount was exhibited at the 1889 Paris Exhibition and received a gold medal.

The locomotives were originally designated "Class B" together with the "Richmond Class" but were later designated B1 class by D.E. Marsh.

During the first decade of the twentieth century the class were gradually replaced by Billinton B4 class locomotives and were transferred to secondary duties. Withdrawal began in April 1910 and by the outbreak of the First World War ten had been scrapped.

Southern Railway

The remaining twenty-six locomotives passed to the Southern Railway in 1923, but withdrawals recommenced in 1926 and the last surivior (No. 172) was withdrawn in 1933.[1]


The first of the class, 214 Gladstone, was preserved as a static exhibit thanks to the efforts of the Stephenson Locomotive Society and is normally on display in the National Railway Museum, York.


  1. ^ Bradley, D.L. (1972). Locomotives of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway: Part 2.. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. 

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