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Similar to the experience of non-heterosexual people in Africa during the arrivals and expansions of Abrahamic religions through various imperialistic and colonial attritions into the continent, the lives of homosexual, bisexual and transgendered Afro-Americans - both those who were imported from Africa and those who were descended from such coerced migrations but were born in the Americas - were highly influenced by the doctrines of both European-descended Christianity (which tended toward highly-homophobic dialogue in its expressions against non-heterosexuality) and the African-descended traditional religions which were preserved by African slaves in the Americas.

It was only during the latter half of the 20th century that the atmosphere for LGBT Afro-Americans was significantly liberalized in the political and legal sector in most American countries (while Afro-Americans in their entirety experienced waves of independence movements in the Caribbean and ethnic civil rights movements in countries where Afro-Americans dwelt in demographic minorities). However, in the 21st century, non-heterosexual people remained persecuted in predominately-black areas of the former British colonies of the Caribbean due to predominating religious fundamentalisms (derived mostly from Roman Catholic and various Protestant denominations) and cultural bigotries.

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North America

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United States and Canada

A minority of U.S. Afro-Americans identify openly as LGBT, while a larger number of Afro-Americans are closeted about their sexuality. However, openly-LGBT Afro-Americans have contributed extensively to many cultural and political events and institutions in the process of the ethnicity's enfranchisement and participation in the melting pot of the country while also becoming increasingly visible participants in the movement for LGBT civil rights in the United States. While LGBT African Americans often face homophobic bigotry from heterosexual African Americans (often derived from religious motivations), they also have come into conflict with LGBT European-Americans due to matters of race and color in United States LGBT culture.

Various celebrations of U.S. Afro-American LGBT identity include various Black gay prides in predominately-black suburban areas of the United States. In addition, various endeavors to increase Afro-American representation in LGBT media have been undertaken in the 21st century, such as the short-lived television series Noah's Arc.

Former British colonies in the Caribbean

In contrast to the relative political liberalization of LGBT Afro-Americans in North America, legal, political and cultural structures retain anti-LGBT laws and practices dating from the colonial period in most former British colonies in the Caribbean, a similar outcome as most former British colonies in Africa (with the sole exception of South Africa). In addition, greater concentrations of Afro-American Christian clergy rail against

Latin America

The experience of LGBT Afro-Americans in the former French and Spanish colonies of the Caribbean has largely followed the general LGBT dialogue with the governments and religious institutions of their respective countries, as sodomy laws were mostly stripped from the civil codes of such countries' governments in the 20th century. However, in addition to the homophobic imprint of European-imported culture and religion, LGBT Afro-Americans in Latin America also enjoyed the comparative sexual liberalization which existed in the Afro-American religions which are practiced with much more frequency and cross-ethnic popularity in Latin American countries[1].

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References


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